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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 38, Issue 12 - Dec 2000
Volume 38, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 38, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 38, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 38, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 38, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 38, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 38, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 38, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 38, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 38, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 38, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
An Analysis to the Actual Condition of Tight Skirts Construction According to the Difference Between Body Size and Products Size
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~8
In this study 61private brand skirts and 67 brand name skirts were compared to see if the skirts from the different markets were suitable for both comfort and movement. The researcher chose size 66 skirts with a waist circumference of 68~70cm and hip circumference of 92cm. The resets are as follows. (1) In the waist measurement, the minor brand skirts were made at the maximum measurement (70cm) and the department store brand skirts were at the minimum (68cm). (2) Compared with the standard back split length of 9cm for a 48cm-long skirt, the minor brand skirts had a split of only 4.5cm, while the department store brand skirts were 3cm less (split length-6cm). From this result, we see that both of them are less practical than they are supposed to be (3) For the department store skirts, the hip circumference and waist circumference show a significant correlation to skirt length (p<0.05) and back split length (p<0.001). Larger waist & hip measurements equal longer split length. For the minor brand skirts, the length of the split shows a significant correlation to the depth of the hem-line Shorter split equals smaller hem depth. From these results, it can be concluded that the two groups of skirts do not differ except for back split length and waist circumference, but regarding the split length, both of them should be modified for else of movement and comfort.
Children's Social Information Processing and Social Behavior in relation to Peer Status
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 1, 2000, Pages 9~23
This study was designed to test the differences in children's social information-processing patterns and bahavioral characteristics among four different groups of peer status, and to evaluate the predictability of peer status from social information-processing and social behavior. In addition, age and sex differences were assessed. The subjects were 80 boys and 80 girls identified as popular, average, neglected, and rejected by their peers in the first and the third grade. They responded to a sociometric test and three hypothetical social dilemmas, while behavioral characteristics were rated by their teachers. The data were analyzed by ANOVAs, and discriminant analyses. The results showed that children's social information-processing patterns were not significantly different by peer status except the number of interventions requested. Whereas children's behavioral characteristics were different by peer status in all of the four domains. Children's social information-processing patterns and behavioral characteristics were different in part by age and sex. The important predictors of peer status were hyperactive-distractive, anxious-withdrawn, sociable-prosocial behaviors, and the number of interventions requested.
A Study on the Russian Textile Design
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 1, 2000, Pages 25~38
This study focuses on the Russian Constructivist Textile Design in the post-revolutionary period, of the early 20th century. Russian textile of the time is highly valued in the west in terms of innovative changes in aesthetic directions, which has become one of the most important centers for the development of new textiles, or the origin of industrial design. Most of brilliant mass-production patterns were produced specially by the pioneers of constructivists such as Stepanova and Popova who were influenced by 'Maxism' through the Revolution regarded themselves as productivists for the proletariat. They were inspired by the avant-garde movements, which were involved with traditionalism, futuristic mechanism, stylization of nature, pure geometrical and abstract form. Early textile design was based on the relationship between the graphic methods of design and the technology because they regarded art as physical, intellectual and technical production. They created all the excitement made from the primary simplest forms of precise mathmatical shapes, such as the circle, the triangle, the rectangle and horizontle and vertical lines. These geometric design can be interpreted as the mechanization of the artists'labor, or methods in line with the technology of mass production, however partly roots in the rich tradition of Russian decorative art. On the other hand, stable crystalline construction on the surface reflect urban architectural complex, and the world of industry in graphic form. They were interested in illusion of movement, cinematic movement of vertical linear rhythms, optical formations and vibrations, by composing a multi-leveled constructions by several spatial planes, or color-field, and combining structures of several intersecting matrices, and superimposing parts of the forms on each other. All these characteristics of the Russian textile designs reflect the complex interactions between 'art and society' of Constructivist's idea and represent the traits of the epoch.
University Students' Economic Distress and Coping Behavior in Meal Management
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 1, 2000, Pages 39~49
This research investigated the effect of socio-economic variables and economic distress variables on the university students' coping behavior in meal management. The data used in this research included 544 university students in Ulsan Areas. The independent explanatory power of socio-economic variables was larger than economic distress variables. But the explanatory power was increased in the regression analysis model that was included both the socio-economic variables and the economic distress variables. The influencing variables that effected the level of coping behavior in meal management were the amount of discretionary expenditure, gender, status of housing, employment distress and income distress.
A Study on Primary Children's Peer Victimization
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 1, 2000, Pages 51~58
This study assessed the degree to which children are subjected to victimize by peers using a peer nomination scale and self-report. The subjects were 122 children in the fourth through sixth grades. About 7% were identified as extremely victimized group. Age and gender were not related with victimization scores. The inter-item correlations and item-total correlations of the peer nomination were high. The correlation of victimization scores measured by peer nomination and self report was significant. Children's victimization scores were not correlated with their aggression scores, which means victimized children were not homeogenous.
Consumer Concerns for Safety to Cow's Milk Produced by Biotechnology in the United States
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 1, 2000, Pages 59~73
The purposes of this study were to determine the factors that influence consumer concerns for safety to cow's milk produced using food-related biotechnology and to find the similarity and difference among concern factors relating short-term and long-term risk perception. Telephone interviews were conducted and the data were collected from households(n=1,466) nationwide in the U.S. And the data were analyzed by probit model and LIMDEP softare package. The data demonstrated that consumers were concerned about food safety from consuming milk produced using food-related biotechnology. The concerns were found to be influenced by demographic factors(gender in short-term, gender and age in long-term) as well as psychological aspect such as outrage(heard about bGH, milk belief about naturalness, expected benefit in short-term, heard about bGH, expected benefit in long-term) and attitudinal factors(animal rights group, locus of control in short-term, animal rights group, cancer history, locus of control in long-term). The results suggest that consumers have concerns for safety to cow's milk produced by biotechnology and the most factors influencing consumer concerns were similar between short-term and long-term period, though a few factors such as cancer history, milk belief about naturalness and age were different.
A Study on the Housing Life Style of Families Living in Metropolitan Areas I: with special reference to patterning of Housing Life style
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 1, 2000, Pages 75~87
The aims of this study are to establish a mode of housing life style that meet the demands of families living in big cities, and the contribute to the development of a better housing life style pattern by considering metropolitan residents' choice of housing and basic concepts of their behavioral patterns. The results of this study were as follows: 1. Value orientation of family life was divided into value orientation of family and value orientation of housing. Value orientation of family was constituted of four factors such as 'harmony', 'leisure and hobbies', 'individual development and its support' , 'education' . Value orientation of housing is constituted of three factors such as 'physical characteristics of house' , '\`environmental condition', 'socio-economic conditions of housing'. The comprehensive life values were constituted of six factors such as 'the importance of communal family', 'the importance of housing decoration and housing life benefits', 'the importance of security and holding environment' , 'the importance of familial harmony', 'the importance of privacy', 'the importance of convenience and natural environment'. Based on three factors, were found to be fine types of value orientation of family life which were 'pursue healthy of family', 'comfort of family', 'clean environment', 'convenient environment', and 'harmonious relationship among family members'. Variables influencing the value orientation of family life were property and price of housing. 2. Consumption propensity when buying house, furniture and durables were constituted of four factors which were propensity to 'beauty', 'fashion', 'tradition and symbol', and 'pragmatic use'. Based on these factors, there were found to be four types of consumption propensity when buying house, furniture and durables which were 'fashion', 'tradition and symbol', 'beauty', and 'pragmatic use'. Variables influencing spending habits were found to be objective social class (SES), types of residence, wife's educational background, and price of housing. 3. Propensity to using space were constituted of three factors which were 'convenience', 'politeness and social grace', and 'housekeeping'. Based on these factors, there were found to be three types of propensity to using space which were 'individuality', 'convenience', and 'politeness and housekeeping'. Variables influencing propensity to use of space were found to be objective social class (SES), wife's educational background, types of homeownership and price of housing 4. According to this study, there were found to be six patterns of housing life style: 1) family that seeks formalist life, 2) family that seeks harmonious life, 3) family that seeks active healthy life, 4) family that combine various factors, 5) family that seeks convenience, 6) family that stresses environment.
Housing Values of Rental Housing in Ulsan
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 1, 2000, Pages 89~98
The study attempts to explore housing values focusing on rental housing. It will be helped to supply rental housing, to clarify the prediction and th research in household moving. Major findings are the followings: 1. Housing values of rental housing in Ulsan showed
Environment & Geography
Economy & management
in order. 2. The level of housing values in Ulsan was middling. 3. The types of housing values of rental housing showed
in order. 4. The type of housing values differed according to sex, pre-type of dwelling, and pre-area.
A Study for the Enhancement of Korean Married Womans's Quality of Life - Development of A Program and Effect Analysis -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 1, 2000, Pages 99~122
The purpose of this study was to develop a program for the enhancement of Korean married women's quality of life(LQ) based on the results of the first year study(1996) and the second year research(1998). In order to construct a program, a psycological type test was conducted to 505 women and four preliminary programs were carried out focusing on self-esteem, understanding of one's own personality dynamics, efficient communication, positive emotion, social belongingness and expressions of feelings of unfinished business. For the final program, Jung's theory of psychological type(MBTI, Satir's family therapy approach and psychodrama were applied. An experimental and a control group were designed consisting 16 women for each group. The program was carried out for 6 weeks for the experimental group. The result of treatment were as follows: 1) There was a difference statistically in LQ related to family harmony, serif-achievement and improvement of relationship with in-laws. 2) There was a statistical change in psychological factors of expression of feelings, self-esttem, communication, and positive emotions. 3) The program participants self reports indicate that the program was effective for the reconstruction of family relationship, self-understanding, group coherence, and instigation of hope. The reports also shows that the program was effective for the perceptual changes in parent-child, wife-husband and siblings' relationships. In conclusion, the program developed for the enhancement of Korean married women's life quality(LQ) based on the Jung's psychological type theory, Satir's family therapy approach and psychodrama was erective for the improvement of LQ.
Family Life of married Womens in Chonbuk: Focused on Family Relationship
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 1, 2000, Pages 123~138
This study examines family relationship of married women in Chonbuk area as a part of study on family life. Data were collected by questionaires. The sample consisted of 1142 married women. The major findings were summarized as follows: Chonbuk married women was marital relationship as the important family relationship. The family value orientions showed traditional value orientions. The family solidarity of Chonbuk married women mark medium level. We expect this program to be helpful in marital relationship for the strong family.
The Changes in Transportation Expenditure Patterns of Urban Households During 1985-1998
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 1, 2000, Pages 139~154
The purpose of this study was to identify the changes in transportation expenditure patterns of urban households during 1985-19o8. The data were drawn from 'Annual Report on the family Income and Expenditure Survey' by National Statistical Office, Republic of Korea. For data analysis, frequency, percentile, mean, and multiple regression analysis were utilized by the SAS window program. The results of this study were as follows; Frist, the levels of public transportation expenditure showed increasing trend, whereas the portions of public transportation expenditure have showed decreasing trend during 1985-1998. And both the level and the portion of private transportation expenditure showed increasing trends during 1985-1998. Second, the marginal propensities to consume of public transportation have decreased, whereas the marginal propensities to consume of private transportation have increased during 1985-1998. Third, income elasticities of public transportation showed decreasing trend during 1985-1998, impling that consumers have less demand public transportation with increasing income. And income elasticities of private transportation showed increasing trend till 1993, and then showed decreasing trend till 1998, impling that consumers have perceived the car as one of necessary goods rather than luxury goods gradually since 1993.
A Study on Self-Efficacy, Perceived Social Support and the Psychological Adjustment in the Bereaved Old People
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 1, 2000, Pages 155~170
The purpose of this study was to examine to the effect of self-efficacy and perceived social support on adjustment in terms of depression. The subject was composed of 174 bereaved older adults in the first 10 years of their spousal bereavement. The major results of findings were as fellowing: 1. Bereaved old persons experienced emotional loneliness(35.8%) as the most stressful life event. 2. Bereaved old persons perceived higher self-efficacy and social support showed lower level of depression than those who perceived lower self-efficacy and social support. 3. The factor to have influence on the depression of bereaved old persons most relatively was appeared as self-efficacy.
Needs for the employer-supported day care service of the married man and women workers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 1, 2000, Pages 171~183
The purposes of this study were to identify the needs for the employer-supported day care service and to analyze the factors related to the needs for the day care service of the married employees. KLFI(1995)'s National data were used and three Logistic models and one Catmod model were employed to analyse the effects of the independent variables on the needs for the day care service. The results of this study were as follows: First, half of employed workers needed the employer-supported child care service. Second, they preferred the day care center near their residential area than in their work site. Third, according to their age, type of occupation, and their difficulties for the childcare and household work, employed men and women needs on site day care differently. Finally, their needs for the expenditure of duty care service differed by their age, sex, and occupation, and their levels of difficulties for the childcare and household work. These findings suggest that duty care service for the employed man and woman are supported diversely according to their needs and preferences.
Effects of Childhood Attachment on Attachment Transition and Loneliness in Adolescence: An Examination of Attachment Transfer Process Model
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 1, 2000, Pages 185~198
Recently, many researchers have been interested in attachment processes in adolescence. However, the nature of attachment formation and transfer during this developmental period were not answered yet. This study examine the mechanism of attachment transfer from parents to friends, and the effects of childhood attachment styles on the level of attachment transfer and loneliness in adolescence. The resets show the majority of participants(70%) used their parents as primary attachment figures but were in the process of transferring attachment-related functions from parents to peers. There were the significant effects of attachment style, the level of transfer or state and trait loneliness in adolescence. This study provide the implications and limitation for conceptualization and measurement of adolescent attachment formation and loneliness.