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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 38, Issue 12 - Dec 2000
Volume 38, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 38, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 38, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 38, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 38, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 38, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 38, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 38, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 38, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 38, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 38, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
The Influence of Family Adaptability and Cohesion on Marriage Satisfaction and Distress of Married Couples
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 10, 2000, Pages 1~14
This study was to identify the influence of family adaptability and cohesion on marriage satisfaction and distress of married couples. For the data 434 married couples Living in Pusan, Korea were chosen. The data were analyzed using M, SD, t-test, factor analysis, MANOVA, scheffe-test, Pearson's correlation, multiple regression, and path analysis. The findings of this study are as follows; First, marital satisfaction is higher for husbands than wives. Physical and psychological distress are higher for wives than husbands. Second, married couples who perceived family adaptability to be higher level are higher marital satisfaction. And husbands who perceived family adaptability to be higher bevel are higher physical distress than other levels of adaptability. Third, husbands who perceived family cohesion to be higher level are higher marital satisfaction, and are lower psychological and physical distress than other levels of adaptability. Wives who perceived family cohesion to be higher level are higher marital satisfaction, and are lower psychological distress than other levels of adaptability. Fourth, for husbands, family adaptability, cohesion and marital satisfaction have significant direct effect on psychological and physical distress. Besides, family cohesion are indirectly associated with psychological and physical distress For wives, family cohesion and marital satisfaction have significant direct effect on psychological distress. Besides, family cohesion are indirectly associated with psychological and physical distress.
The School-Age Children's Copings: Cross-Situational Consistency and Internal/External Locus Control
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 10, 2000, Pages 15~26
This study was to investigate cross-situational consistency in copings and copings according to an internal/external locus of control. The subjects were 489 the sixth grade children selected from seven elementary schools in Seoul. The data were analyzed using Pearson's correlation and ANOVA Major findings were that (1) Correlations among corresponding copings across stress situations-such as parents, friend-alienation, friend-conflict, and loaming related stress situations- ranged from r=.27 to r=.67, reflecting cross-situational consistency in copings. (2) Generally, children with an internal locus of control used more active coping behaviors, but used less passive and aggressive coping behaviors than children with an external locus of control in stress situations.
The Consumer Deposit Program(CDP) for Plastic and Paper Shopping Bags: Its Implications for Environmental Issues
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 10, 2000, Pages 27~43
The CDP in Korea has been enforced for conserving resources and reducing environmental pollution since March, 1999. Therefore this thesis aims to investigate the degrees of consumer participation(CP), recognition and support, and to analysis of demographic variables, consumers' psychology, and attitudes which may influence the degrees of CP recognition, and support for the CDP. The results were as follows: First, the time of surrey was found to be statistically significant in consumer recognition and support. The degree of recognition was the lowest in first time. And the degree of consumer support was the highest in first time. Second, education, employment status and house shape were found to be statistically significant. The degree of consumer recognition was the highest among junior college graduates. The employed group was found to be the highest in the degree of participation. Third, the significant factors which influenced the degree of recognition was the time of survey, the perceived difficulty, effectiveness of the Consumer Deposit Program. The perceived difficulty, the time of survey were found to be related with the degree of consumer support. The most influential variables which influenced the degree of consumer participation were house shape, the perceived effectiveness, the degree of resource recycling, job and the degree of consumer recognition.
A Study on Classifying Body Forms for the Standards Regarding Size and Grading Method(II)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 10, 2000, Pages 45~51
This study illucidated the importance of drop Value in the resets of surveying the current values of sizing and grading. Therefore, it is meaningful to get the classification of body form with the appropriate distribution of drop values of the body. The distribution of drop value and the frequency of each form is very helpful to name the combined sizing or coverage of ready-made clothes. This study aimed at classifying body forms with various drop values using multivariate analysis for sizing and grading. Factor analysis and cluster analysis were done using measured values from unmarried women. The resets are as follows; The factor which explains body forms was obtained by factor analysis, and the representative major 18 items which have important roles in classifying body forms were selected among the measured values with high factor loading and communality. 1) The body forms were classified into 3 groups based on the characteristics, frequencies and distributions of them obtained from cluster analysis. 2) Each classified body form showed conspicuous difference in drop value and the difference of body form mainly resulted from the difference between bust and hip(drop value) in Korean unmarried women. 3) Discriminant analysis showed that the most significant discriminant factor of the trunk classification were bust circumference, upper bust circumference, hip circumference and stature. 4) The cover ratio of size studied in this study for the Korean Sizing system for women's garment were founded high.
Analysis of Father's Role in Korean Biographies
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 10, 2000, Pages 53~68
Children team about their roles through literature, receive the information about the roles of family members and come to accept them. Especially, father's roles in biographies are so diverse, not consistent, compared to mother's roles, that it world be judged to be difficult for the children who had read to form the concept of the father's roles. As the father's roles in the fairy tales have important effect upon the formation of the children's role concept toward their fathers, the purpose of this study is to investigate the father' role appeared in Korean biographies. The method used for this study is the content analysis of the context related with fathering in Korean biographies. It is found that the most frequent father' role appeared in Korean biographies was a friend and companion such as to talk with child about the child's future. And the second frequent father's role in Korean biographies was a family ancestor, such as, to pray for a son's birth, to name the child, to arrange the child's marriage. The third role was that of a loaming helper. These results have been discussed in the light of former studies, and the limits of study method also have been discussed.
An Analysis of Children's Video Uses
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 10, 2000, Pages 69~83
A survey analysis of children's home video usage was carried out for 659 parents who have four to six year old children. Descriptive analysis and chi-square tests were used to answer research questions. The results showed that 90% children enjoyed watching video and parental mediation of children's video programming selection and coviewing was differed by children's age and birth order. Children's preferences for video programming were also differed by their sex, age, and birth order. For example, male children enjoyed violent video programming most, on the other hand, female children enjoyed non-violent video programming most. Furthermore, children's imitation behavior after watching video programming were differed an sex and age. For example, male children imitated video programming more than female children did. Implications are discussed.
Women's Wear Brand Positioning According to Brand Loyalty
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 10, 2000, Pages 85~95
The purpose of this study was to identify brand loyally of women's wear and construct brand positioning maps by using multidimensional scaling(MDS). There were significant differences between brand loyal and indifferent group in ages, income, occupation status and level of education. Significant differences were found between groups in the degree of importance of attributes (design/color, fashion, quality, store image, salesperson's attitude and brand reputation) when evaluating brands. The positioning maps upon the similarity and preference of brand image were composed by use of MDS.
An Analysis of Consumer information Gap: Another Consumer Problem in an Information Society
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 10, 2000, Pages 97~115
This study stems from the speculation that consumer life will be limited if consumers are not involved in the cyberspace and focuses on the differences of consumer competence as a result of information gaps among consumers. A cluster analysis is applied for cortege students who are ahead of the rest of the society in terms of the information level. Over the half of the students is grouped as a general level of information, about one quarter of those as an advanced level, and about one tenth as a behind level. The levels of consumer competence are very much differed among the three groups of students. This result indicates that information gap will be another source of consumer problem in an information society. Therefore, much more attention should be focused on the information gaps among consumers.
Analysis on the Current State of Batterer Intervention Programs
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 10, 2000, Pages 117~132
The purpose of this study was to analysis on the current state of batterer intervention programs in South Korea. This study was composed of two parts. First, intervention programs for domestic violence batterer in foreign countries were reviewed. Second, bitterer programs in South Korea were explored. In order to expand these bitterer programs in South Korea, culturally appropriate intervention, more innovative research on comparison analysis of diverse intervention approaches, program impact, type of curriculum, and intervention protocol, evaluation criteria, requirements pertaining to program facilitators, political assistance, and coordinated community response and community service are strongly needed.
The Effect of Subjective Evaluation of Fabric Hand on Judge's Age and Sex -Enzyme Hydrolyzed Denim fabrics-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 10, 2000, Pages 133~142
The subjective hand and preference of enzyme hydrolyzed denim fabrics were evaluated using the scale developed. The factors affecting consumer's taste for polyester fabrics were analyzed by the statistical technique. The effects of alkaline hydrolysis on the properties of polyester fabrics were evaluated by subjective and objective hand measurements. The lower the age of evaluators, the more sensitive their feeling. As the age decreased, evaluators felt fabrics become flossy and soft surface property is smooth, flexible, warm, refined. They didn't catch the sense of durability, moisture related property and sense of shape recovery. The lower the age, the fabric was more preferred. Women were more sensitive and consistent than men.
The Determinants of Job Satisfaction and Work Condition of Married Women -Focus on the Comparison of Salaried with Self-employed-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 10, 2000, Pages 143~156
The purpose of this study were to compare the job satisfaction of married salaried women with that of self-employed, and to identify the determinants of job satisfaction of both of them. The sample consisted of 176 salaried women and 123 self-employed from data of 1998 Korea Household Panel Study, and analyzed into Frequencies, Percentile, t-test,
-test, and Multiple Regression. The findings showed that self-employed had larger proportion of home-based worker, worked more hours, and had more earnings than the salaried, and that the job satisfaction of salaried worker were higher than that of self-employed. The determinants of job satisfaction of total working women were educational level, perception of present economic status, health status, number of eamers, weekly working hours, and their income. In case of salaried worker, educational level, health status, number of earners, weekly working hours, and their income had effect on their job satisfaction, while the factors contributing job satisfaction of self-employed were health status, region, weekly working hours, and income.
Disintegration and Reconstruction of the Family/Kinship Structure Among the Rural Families of Korea
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 10, 2000, Pages 157~180
This study focused on the disintegration and reconstruction of the family/kinship structure among the rural families of Korea. For this study, detailed data about the value related to the family/kinship, the family relationship, The attitude of divorce and remarriage, the social network, and the family/kin rites are gathered A total 593 subjects completed structured questionnaires. Major conclusion of the study are as follows : First, most of the rural respondents are found to support familism and boy preference slightly, and not to agree the reward of child value. So, their attitudes toward traditional values are changing slowly than urban residents. Second, the rural respondents shared the common perceptions that spousal and parent-child relationships has been changed toward the direction that the positions of wives and children are respected and the their influences are increased in the past 10 years. In addition, generational differences in the perceptions of relationship change and appropriate roles of wives and husbands are discovered. However, sex differences previously revealed in Seoul study were not found in the case of rural respondents. Third, generally, there are both remaining and changing aspects of conservative attitude toward divorce and remarriage, the level of change is different according to age and sex. And the difference by age is stronger than by sex. Fourth, the social networks of the respondents is characterized by two distinct trends, namely, strong parent-adult child ties and the close relationships between neighbors. fifthly, in the family/kin rites, traditional aspects coexist with changing aspects under the influence of industrialization and westernization. But the aspects of attitudes toward rites, it is showed the non-traditional tendency. Respondents who support westernization and socialization of family rites are young, highly eamed, and Christian.
The Financial Status of Family Business: Comparison of Home-Based Family Business with Onsite Family Business
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 10, 2000, Pages 181~197
The purposes of this study were to compare financial status of home-based family business with that of ensile family business, and to analyze the factors effected on financial status of both business groups. The sample consisted of 295 home-based family business and 418 ensile family business among self-employed household of 1998 Korea Household Panel Data, and analyzed into Frequencies, Percentile, t-test,
-test and Regression. The findings were as follows: First, in case of financial status of household, there was no significant difference between home-based family business and ensile family business. Second, in case of financial status of business, total sales amount and net profit of home-based family business were lower than those of onsite family business, however net profit to total sales ratio of home-based family business was higher than those of onsite family business. Third, the factors contributing to total expenditure to total income ratio of home-based family business were business owner's present economic perception, future economic expectancy and residence, while business owner's age, the number of children and of tamer, and residence were significant variables contributing to same ratio of onsite family business. The factors contributing to total asset to total debt ratio of home-based family business was only business owner's future economic expectancy, however factors affected on the counterpart were business owler's future economic expectancy and job type of family business. Fourth, the variables of sex, age, educational level of family business owner, job type and family type of family business were associated with net profit to total sales ratio of home-based family business, and sex, educational level of family business owner, job type of family business, and the number of employees were related to same ratio of the counterpart. In addition, educational level of family business owner, job type and residence were related with total sales to the number of employees ratio of home-based family business, and educational level of family business owner and job tape of family business were related to same ratio of ensile family business.
Mother's Psychological Factors and Young Children s Internalizing & Externalizing Malbehaviors
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 10, 2000, Pages 199~213
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of mother's depression, mother's negative self-acceptance, and father's psychological health perceived by mother, meditated by marital quality, on children's internalizing & externalizing behaviors. On the basis of precious literature, the theoretical model was specified and estimated. Subjects of this study consisted of 285 preschool children's mothers(160 boys and 125 girls aged from 5- to 7-year-old) drawn from fine child-care centers in Chung-ju City. The results were as following: Mother's depression was a statistically significant factor directly influencing on children's internalizing & externalizing behaviors and indirectly influencing on children's internalizing behavior through the marital quality. 2. Mother's negative self-acceptance was a statistically significant factor indirectly influencing on children's internalizing behavior through the marital quality. However, it did not haute any effects on either children's internalizing behavior or externalizing behaviors. 3. Father's psychological health perceived by mother was a statistically significant factor indirectly influencing on children's internalizing behaviors through the marital quality and directly influencing on children's externalizing behaviors. 4 Marital quality was strongly related to children's internalizing behaviors both directly and indirectly, however, it was not statistically associated with children's externalizing behaviors. Therefore, the model showed marital quality can be a mediating variable for children's internalizing behaviors only. The findings of results is to generate more broad-minded thinking about how mother's psychological factors, marital quality, and children's internalizing behaviors are interrelated.
The Users' Needs and Evaluation on the Rural Kitchen Space
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 10, 2000, Pages 215~225
The objectives of this study were to prove that the rural kitchen style followed the urban's style and to find the different needs of rural western kitchen style from urban's through the evaluation of users. Interview data were collected by 100 residents in Chonbuk rural area and were analyzed qualitatively and Quantitatively. The results showed that the westernization of rural kitchen, as predicted about 12 years ago, ran after the urban's. In addition to the urban kitchen style, the users of the rural western kitchen desired 'the second kitchen' near to their Ma-dangs and main kitchens. The safety, convenience and comfort of it were satisfactorily evaluated, especially the convenience factor was very important in the rural kitchen design. They also wanted to arrange the refrigerator for Kim-chi or the larger refrigerator in it and to plan the L-DK type.