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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 38, Issue 12 - Dec 2000
Volume 38, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 38, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 38, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 38, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 38, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 38, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 38, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 38, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 38, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 38, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 38, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
Structure of the consumption expenditure by income bracket -Comparative analysis before and after IMF-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 12, 2000, Pages 1~14
The purpose of this study is to identify the change according to income bracket and the trade-off between expenditure items by analyzing expenditure patterns of the urban households as a reset of the IMF. The results of this study are as follows; The composition percentage and the amount of consumption expenditure of urban households after IMF decrease in all classes. But the change of composition percentage by the decrease of consumption expenditure is different in every class. The percentage of decrease of the upper class is higher than that of the lower class in an essential expenditure of household, which is food. And the percentage of decrease of the lower class is higher than that of the higher class in the discretionary expenditures such as clothes and education.
Ecological support system for promoting youth culture in a new millenium age A study of Adolescents consumer conspicuous consumption - Comparisons between seoul city, small and medium-sized cities and towns -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 12, 2000, Pages 15~28
The purpose of this study is to analyze Adolescents spending habits and examine it. The data was collected from 1125 high school students and their parents nationwide. The resets are as follows. 1. About seventy eight percent of the responded students own relatively high-priced goods such as brand-name jeans (59.1%), a mobile phone (31.9%), perfume with a price of 50,000 won or more (26.5%), CD Player (24.4%) or electronic pocket diary (17.1%). The percentage varies according to region. 2. The Adolescents tendency for conspicuous consumption is reflected by 2.92 points out of a total 5 points, while their mothers'marks 2.18 points. By region, conspicuous consumption behavior is more common in Seoul than in other small and medium-sized cities and towns. Also, the more mother attribute children's behavior internally, the lower the childeren's competence is.
Consumer Risk Perceptions and Milk Consumption associated with Food-Related Biotechnology: Exploring Gender Differences
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 12, 2000, Pages 29~45
The purposes of this study were to determine what factors influence risk perceptions of females and males for milk produced using food-related biotechnology, to test whether risk perceptions or other factors influence self-protection actions and to estimate milk demand response in light of self-protection actions and other economic and demographic factors. The expected utility model was applied to explain the way consumers would take self-protection actions regarding risk perceptions and to drive milk demand. Telephone interviews were conducted and the data were collected from households(females=1,029, males=437) nationwide in the U.S. And the data were analyzed by Heckman two-step method using the software package LIMDEP. Risk perceptions were found to be influenced not by demographic factors but by outrage factors as well as attitudinal factors in both females and males, although some factors were different. In addition, risk perceptions and labeling availability were found to significantly influence self-protection actions in both groups. Furthermore, as an important concern in this study, self-protection action was found to significantly influence milk demand in only male group, implying a consistent behavior of males. Also milk price and household size were found to significantly influence milk demand in both groups. In fact, the results did demonstrate that labeling availability significantly influenced self-protection actions. That is, in markets where labeled laternatives were present, concerned consumers were more likely to self protect by substituting to these products. A policy implication of this result is that labeling food products produced using biotechnology enhances consumer choice. Hence, consumer could express a more accurate demand response and reduce the perceived food safety risk. Furthermore, education for females might be necessary to have a consistent behavior because self-protection action did not significantly influence female's milk demand, though they have greater risk perceptions than males have.
An Ecological Study on Working Mother's Parenting Stress
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 12, 2000, Pages 47~58
The purpose of this study was to investigate working mothers'parenting stress. The study was approached from an ecological perspective. Data were collected from 185 mothers who were professionals, office or labor workers, and have their children enrolled at the day care center located at their workplace. All the subjects lived in Seoul. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The working mothers'parenting stress was found to be at a moderate level(Mean=2.30). 2. The hierarchical and stepwise regression analyses revealed that significant variables in explaining the parenting stress of working mothers were the degrees of attachment with the subject's mother(
=-.23), the degrees of flexibility in working conditions(
=-.19), educational level(
=.18), the degrees of husbands'participation in child care(
=-.17), and the number of children (
=.16). These variables explained 17.2% of working mother's parenting stress. 3. It was found that the effect of microsystem variables on working mothers' parenting stress were greater than the combined effects of mesosystem, exosystem and macrosystem variables.
A Study on Iron Nutritional Status and Dietary Iron Bioavailability of Postmenopausal Women in Jeon-Ju Area
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 12, 2000, Pages 59~71
The purpose of this study was to assess the iron nutritional status and dietary iron availability of postmenopausal women residing in Jeonju area. The anthropometric parameters, nutrient intake and biochemical status of iron were measured from 57 postmenopausal women aged 50∼74 years old. Mean values of hemoglobin(Hb), hematocrit(Hct), serum iron(Fe), total iron binding capacity(TIBC) and serum ferritin(Ferritin) concentration were 12.82
100.7ug/ιrespectively. Prevalence of iron deficiency greatly varied by indices from 14.04% when judged by Ferritin(<20ug/ι) to 40.4% by TIBC(>360
g/dl. The anemic subjects assessed with Hct percent(36%) represented 22.8%, whereas 21.1% of the subjects possessed less than 12g/dl of Hb. Ferritin concentration showed a significantly negative correlation with TIBC(r=-0.343, p<0.01) and a positive correlation with MCHC(r=0.361, p<0.01). The mean daily intake of iron was 10.62mg and intake of heme iron was 5.3%(0.56mg) of total iron intake. Total absorbable iron caculated by the method of Monsen was 0.49mg anti bioavailability of dietary iron was 4.61%. Ferritin Concentration was positively associated with total iron intake(r=0.264, p<0.05), dietary nonheme iron(r=0.286, p<0.05) and iron of animal food (r=0.364, p<0.01). But Ferritin concentration was not correlated dietary heme iron(r=-0.137, p>0.05). Major food groups of iron intake were vegetables(20.15%), cereals(19.59%) and fishes(12.34%) in postmenopausal women. Intake of eggs was positively associated with Ferritin(r=0.473, p<0.01).
A Study of the Development of Disposable Diapers for the Elderly in Need(II)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 12, 2000, Pages 73~84
This article is a continuing report about a development of disposable diapers for the elderly in need. In previous report, the first prototypes of disposable diapers in two different categories have been developed. One was a panty type and the other was a pad type. These prototypes were results of property test and wear test of existing disposable diapers in each categories. Yet, in order to develop useable products, the second property and wear tests using the first prototype diapers were carried out. Considering the resets of the second tests, enhancements to the first prototypes were made to refine the second prototypes. The panty type diaper were altered to be longer to prevent evacuation from leaking and fit better. The pad type diapers were altered to reduce thickness for comfort and wearing appearance when get dressed. Ultimately a lot more disposable diapers will be required in future. Resulting suggestions are as follows. Anthropometric data around hip area of elderly in both sexes have to be collected to give meaningful information to diaper manufacturers, so that they can manufacture for different sizes and different sexes. Also we suggests that diapers for specific disease such as diabetics have to be designed accordingly.
Consumer Classification and the Group Characteristics By Satisfaction/Dissatisfaction with Electronic Commerce
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 12, 2000, Pages 85~99
The purpose of this study was to classify consumers barred on satisfaction with electronic commerce and to understand group differences in personal and behavioral characteristics. An on-line survey among hitel users was conducted from August 5th through 14th of 1999 and 678 replies were analyzed. This study identified four groups of consumers based on satisfaction with electronic commerce. They were 'the generally satisfied'. 'the generally dissatisfied', 'the satisfied with e-commerce while dissatisfied with the Internet', and 'the dissatisfied with e-commerce while satisfied with the Internet'. Demographic and behavioral characteristics of the four groups were significantly different. Implications on consumer education, consumer policy, and customer services of e-business were discussed.
A study on the Perfume Purchasing Behaviors and Fashion Leadership
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 12, 2000, Pages 101~110
The purpose of this study were to investigate the influences of fashion leadership on consumers'evaluation of domestic and imported perfume product, and perfume purchasing behaviors and to find out the demographics and consumer value on fashion leadership. The data were collected from 369 female college students using questionnaire. The results were as follows: First, there were significant differences on consumers'evaluation of domestic and imported perfume product between the groups on fashion leadership. The higher the fashion leadership, the much positive consumers'evaluation of imported perfume product. Second, Fashion leaders'the frequency of perfume usage and the pieces of perfume product were higher than fashion followers. The most important perfume attribute of all groups was scent, and fashion leader took the much significant view of brand name than fashion followers. Third, Fashion leaders'economical level and pleasure oriented value was higher than fashion followers.
An Analysis of Consumer Instantly Impulse Purchasing Propensity in Cyber Market
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 12, 2000, Pages 111~129
The purpose of this study is to investigate the level of consumer instantly impulse buying in cuber market user. Also this study analyzes causal effect on consumer instantly impulse purchasing by demographic and social, place and promotion, consumer emotion state, and consumer internal and psychological variables. The data had been collected from on-line research method with 1,034, as using cuber market. The major statistical methods used for data analysis are frequency, percentile, mean, factor analysis, multiple regression analysis, Pearson's correlation analysis, and path analysis. The result of causal effect analysis were as follows; First, the variables affecting possession oriented materialism were sex and age. Second, the variables affecting self-control were sex, income, account of credit card, and instantly state of mind. Third, variables directly affecting instantly impulse purchasing were serif employed, banner advertisement, experience of cuber shopping, shopping mall pattern, instantly state of mind, purpose of shopping, happiness and success oriented materialism, and self-control. Also sex, income account of credit card, and instantly state of mind emerge to indirectly effect via self-control. Especially, the variables of success oriented materialism and instantly state of mind influenced on the highest of relative variables in consumer instantly impulse purchasing.
Pro-Environmental Food Consumption Behavior Pattern
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 12, 2000, Pages 131~143
This research aims to examine the pro-environmental food consumption behavior of two groups; the housekeepers and the restaurant cooks. The rationale for choosing these groups as target of research lies in the fact that they are expected to be the most active subject for enhancing the desirable culture of food consumption, through their close involvement in the whole process of food consumption in society. This study assumes the four areas of activity to be the meaningful categories in the investigation of the pro-environmental food consumption behaviour; planning of menu and purchasing the food materials, cooking, eating, and disposal of the leftover. By using these four categories, we attempt to provide with the empirical typology of pro-environmental food consumption behaviour and the analysis of the relations of it with socio-demographical variables. Their pro-environmental behaviors are divided into four types:
The positive awareness of pro-environmental cooking and eating,
The positive awareness of pro-environmental food consumption behavior,
The passive awareness of pro-environmental cooking and eating,
The passive awareness of pro-environmental food consumption behavior. There is no significant difference among the numbers of the cases that belong to each behavioral type. Seen in overall, however, we can say that the larger number of the cases belong to the passive type of behavior. Two socio-demographical variables of tole housekeepers and the restaurant cooks show significant corelations with the behavioral types of pro-environmental food consumption with the confidence level P<0.05, but there is no significant co-relations in other variables like gender, marital status, age, income, Engel coefficient, education. We also found that there is no great gap between the housekeepers and the restaurant cooks in their positive awareness of pro-environmental food consumption, the percentage of each group belonging to the type being 51.9% and 48.1%, respectively, but that the former shows much greater number than the latter in belonging to the passive awareness type of the pro-environmental food consumption, 75.3% and 24.7%, respectively. Although the restaurant cooks can be said to be more ego-friendly than the housekeepers, if we consider the rapidly growing trend of outgoing-diner, more efforts should be exerted to develop the education and advertisement program for enhancing the restaurant cook's pro-environmental awareness and propagating the desirable food consumption cloture.
Parental Expectations of Academic Performance and Adolescents' Adjustment Behaviors
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 12, 2000, Pages 145~158
The purpose of this study was to examine the relative importance of parental expectations to adolescents'psychological, behavioral, school-based adjustment, and academic achievement. Subjects of this study consisted of 359 adolescents(177 boys and 182 girls) in Cheong-ju City. There was a statistically meaningful difference in the effect of parental expectations of academic performance on adolescents'adjustment according to sex of adolescents'. Maternal pressure, support form mothers, and paternal pressure were significant factors predicting adolescents'relative psychological adjustment and academic achievement. Support and pressure from mothers were associated with adolescents'behavioral adjustment. The research suggest that maternal pressure was the strongest risk factors in relation to the effects of parental expectations of academic performance on adolescents'adjustment.
The Relations of Acculturation and Parenting Behaviors of Korean-Chinese Mothers in Yanbian Area to Adjustment of their Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 12, 2000, Pages 159~175
This study examined the relations of acculturation and parenting behaviors of 279 Korean-Chinese mothers living in Yanbian Area in China to Adjustment of their eighth- and ninth-grade children. The mothers completed a questionnaire consisted of items regarding daily eating habits(food life) and language use, the acculturation scale, and the parenting scale, and their children completed the depression, self-esteem, and social competence scale. While most of mothers preferred Korean food to Chinese food, they preferred Chinese to Korean in daily language use. The mothers'ethnic identity was negatively related to depression of their children, whereas their out-group orientation was positively related to social competence of their children. In general, the relation between mothers'acculturation and adjustment of their children was not mediated by their parenting behaviors. But maternal warmth and acceptance partly mediated the relation between their out-group orientation and social competence of their children. These results imply that their acculturation tends to have direct effects on adjustment of their children.
The Awareness of an Ecocity and A Willingness to Move to an Ecocity
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 12, 2000, Pages 177~188
This study was performed to investigate the awareness of an ecological city and its related variables and the willingness to move to an ecological city and its related variables. Data were collected through a questionnaire survey given to 491 residents in Mokpo, Kwangju and Muan in Chollanam Province. Awareness of the ecotogical city was medium level, half of the respondents were not aware of the ecological city. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to estimate the effects of the variables on the awareness of the ecological city. The most significant variable was environmental knowledge. Next, experience in environmental education and homeownership effected on the awareness of the ecological city. Those who knew about environmental pollution and environmental disruption had a self-reported higher degree of awareness of the ecological city. Those who had experience in environmental education as well as those who lived in their own house were more aware of the ecological city. Other variables were not statistically significant. Half of the respondents were willing to move to the ecological city. Seven variables were related with willingness to move to the ecological city. Those who knew about the environmental pollution and environmental disruption preferred to move to the ecological city. Those who lived in multi-housing had more of a willingness to move to the ecological city. People with a higher education as well as the younger group preferred to move to the ecological city. Those who were more aware of the ecological city and had more ecological-oriented values had more willingness to move to the ecological city. Salaried men and professionals were more willing to move to the ecological city than non-employed people. Among those variables environmental knowledge was the only influential variables on willingness to move to the city.
Analysis of Private Educational Expenditures of Korean Households
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 12, 2000, Pages 189~206
Study results showed most households spent money on private educational expenditures. Various sociodemographic and parents'cognitive variables were significantly associated with private educational expenditures; family income had the greatest influence. Seven clusters were identified on the basis of each percentage of expenditures allocated to four private educational methods out of total private educational expenditures. The resets of this study may be useful in understanding the private educational expenditures in Korea and have implications in the government policy decision-making on private education.
Ecological support system for promoting youth culture in a new millenium age -A Study on the Korean high school students's values and a comparative research in their parents' values
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 12, 2000, Pages 207~223
This study was the explorable research on the actual condition comparatively analyzing values targeting the 1125 pairs of high school students and their parents. This study revelled the following results. First, significant differences were found in high school students'values according to their gender, class type, and residential area. Thus, values are shown differently by personal backgrounds or characters among peer group. Second, high school students and their parents revealed significant differences in values of life, home, society and nation.
A Comparison of Opinions on a Consumer Education Program for the Information Society between the Professionals and the Consumers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 12, 2000, Pages 225~239
The purpose of this study is to emphasize the importance of considering both counterparts, demanders and suppliers, of consumer education when a consumer education program is developed. In order to do that, opinions of both professionals and consumers on consumer education program in the information society are compared and analyzed. Also, the differences of consumer education program in the information society are discussed based upon the opinions of these two groups. This study finds out that there are many conflicts between professionals and consumers. Therefore, two questions shoed be considered when a consumer education program is developed and is applied in a practical setting: 'Is this appropriate for consumer education'and 'what is the demand of consumers who will actuary get that education'.
Structural Changes and Inactivation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in Grape Juice Induced by High Hydrostatic Pressure
Koh, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 12, 2000, Pages 241~248
Anthropometric Measurements and Volumetric Measurement of the Human Female Breast
Lee, Kyung-Mi ; Park, Hei-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 12, 2000, Pages 249~256
Creation of the Fashion Design from Pot Art Image
Lee, in-Seong ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 12, 2000, Pages 257~269