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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 38, Issue 12 - Dec 2000
Volume 38, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 38, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 38, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 38, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 38, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 38, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 38, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 38, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 38, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 38, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 38, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
The Dyeability and Antimicrobial Activity of Saururus Chinensis(I)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 3, 2000, Pages 1~9
Saururus-chinensis was used for the natural due stuff extraction and concentration to produce the condensed dye liquid. Using this liquid, the silk and the cotton fabrics were dyed. And then the K/S value, color difference were measured in order to determine the dye ability and the antimicrobial activity. The K/S values of silk were much higher than those of cotton. In terms of the silk fabric, the Al, Cr-premordanting and Fe, Cu-simmordanting method was most efficient of the mordanting method. The various suface colors on the dyed fabric were resulted according to used mordants and mordanting methods. The dye fastness was significantly improved when mordants were added. Among them, Al-mordant improved more than 1 level. The Cu, Fe-mordants showed the greatest antimicrobial activity on both of mordant treat silk and cotton.
A Study on the Family Ethics of Cho-Seon Dynasty in "Sa So Jeol"
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 3, 2000, Pages 11~24
The purpose of this study was to review the contents of the family ethics of Cho-Seon Dynasty in
Sa So Jeol
written by Deok Moo Lee in 1775. The major findings on the family ethics of Cho-Seon Dynasty can be summarized as follows: 1) The marital relationship must keep to be equal, although they have different characters in the personality and different roles in the family. And husband/wife has to respect each other, to try to do for the marital harmony, and to treat nicely to his/her spouse. 2) In the parents-children relationships, children shoed respect and support their parents sincerely while parents’lifetime and perform an ancestral sacrifice wholeheartedly after parents’death. And parents haute the right and duty to educate their children. They have to teach their son to attend to his studies with diligence and teach their daughter to make efforts for the family and kin relationships. If parents or children are in fault, children shoed request to rethink the parents’fault to their parents earnestly and parents must also admonish their children with love. 3) In the sibling relationships, they have to show the fraternity each other. And the younger has to respect especially to elder brother.
Quality of Child Care Environment and Toddler's Adjustment in Child Care Centers - Based on Child Care Centers in Inchon-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 3, 2000, Pages 25~42
To examine toddlers’adjustment in child care centers according to the quality of child care environment, the followings were asked; 1. Are toddlers’adjustment in child care centers different by toddlers’individual characterisitcs, caregiyer’s individual characteristics, and/or care center variabless\ulcorner 2. Are the quality of child care center different by caregiver’s individual characteristics and child care center variables\ulcorner 3. Are toddlers’adjustment in child care centers different according to the quality of child care center\ulcorner Forty caregivers and 108 toddlers in 40 child care centers in Inchon were randomly selected. After 2 hours of observation in each child care center, the quality of child care environment were rated using Infant/Toddler Environment Rating Scate(ITERS) by 2 observers and toddlers’adjustment in child care centers were rated by caregivers using the Preschool Adjustment Questionnaire(PAQ). Toddlers’adjustment in centers were different by toddlers’gender, caregiver’s age, caregiver’s educational level, group size, and the adult/child ratio. The quality of child care environment of child care centers was different by caregiver’s age, caregiver’s career level, the length of working time, group size, and the adult/child ratio. Finally, toddler’s adjustment in child care centers were significantly different by the quality of child care environment of child care centers.
A Study on the Housing Life Style of Families Living in Metropolitan Areas II -with special reference to characteristics of independent variable-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 3, 2000, Pages 43~57
The aims of this study were to analyze the influence of related variables on a mode of housing life style, and the related variables to propensity to housing life stymie. The results of this study were as follows: 1. Variables influencing value orientation of family life were property and the price of housing. 2. Variables influencing spending habits were objective social class (SES), types of residence, education of wife, and price of housing. 3. Variables influencing propensity to using space were found to be objective social class (SES), education of wife, types of homeownership, and price of housing. 4. Variables influencing housing life style were objective social class (SES), subjective social class, housing class, family life cycle, housing life cycle, types of residence, site of residence, age of husband, age of wife, education of husband, education of wife, income, property, job of husband, types of homeownership, size of housing, and price of housing.
The Comparison of Somatotype by the Body Consciousness and Physical Measurements
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 3, 2000, Pages 59~70
To compare physique classification by body consciousness and anthropometric index, 83 students were chosen from May to June 1998. Anthropometry including weight and height were measured and food frequency was examined by questionnaires. The results are as follows; 1) Average age of the subjects is 20.7, height 160.8cm and weight 51.4 kg. 2) All anthropometric indices and body fat percentage are highly correlated and all anthropometric indices show high and positive correlation with weight, but negative correlation with height. 3) The 55.4-75.9% of subjects were normal range by criteria of BMI and RI respectively, but the 40% of subjects were obese range by the self-consciousness of leanness/obesity. 4) The lean group was thinner in trunk and extremities, taller and lighter than the obese group. 5) When we investigated the groups classified by the body consciousness, the significant differences were found in the physical measurements related with feeling about self-obesity.
The effect of an after-school program on social competency of school-aged children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 3, 2000, Pages 71~84
This study firstly focused on development of an after-school program for school-aged children, and secondarily exploring the relationship between the after-school program and social competency of school-aged children. The program was composed of 10 two-hour sessions. The main goal of the program was to instill a sense of self-acknowledge, self-worth, responsibility and belonging to society and social activities. The subjects of this study were 29 children of first, second and third glades at the elementary schools in Seoul. This program was administered from March to May 1999. The data were analysed by frequency, mean, and paired t-test using the SAS program package. The major findings of this study were summarized as follows; There were significant differences in the degrees of social competency between before and after participating in the program(t=1,92 p<.05). The after-school program for school-aged children affect social competency variable as ‘initiative’(t=3,52 p<.001), but do not affect ‘sociability’, ‘responsibility’or ‘self-disclosure’. These results lead us to conclude that an after-school program of this type would be useful for developing peer-interation and for later social competency.
Home Management Performance and Problem of Rural Elderly Living Alone
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 3, 2000, Pages 85~97
The goal of this study is mainly to improve the quality of life for the elderly by understanding the actual condition of the home management which includes their family relationship, family finance, and household work carried out in their domestic lives and diagnosing problems possibly restated from the condition. The result includes the following. The characteristics of rural elderly living alone: They have lived in rural area since their marriage which is over 40 years long in average, The tend to be satisfied with living apart themselves. The majority of the families are the first son in their family. In home management regard: First, in family relationship, the way the elderly in their nuclear family state communicate with their spouse is limited, and they hardly speaks together. So it is encouraged for couples to forge their own specific relationship and to plan for their odd age in their younger age. Also, they tend to be satisfied with living separated from their children, but at the same time, the closer they live in distance from their children, the more often they meet their children as well as they talk on the phone. They especially depend on their first son for offerings for ancestors and matters to occur after their death, while they get emotional support from daughters. Second, in family finance, their income varies in range from 200,000 to 3,000,000 won. In the majority f the famines, the wives are in charge of finance. The cost of living is mainly spent on flood, clothing, and housing, or the cost of offerings for ancestors if they are the head family. Third, Meanwhile, the housewives under 70 years old are positive about household work and tend to consider it pleasant for their children and their husband. Generally, the older they are, the more they dislike household labor. For example, food preparation is especially considered a major problem. Community dinning rooms, food delivery service, volunteers, and home helper and neighborhood could be help.
A Case Study on the Process of Post-Divorce Adjustment
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 3, 2000, Pages 99~120
This study was undertaken to examine difficulties confronted by interviewees during post-divorce adjustment, and to investigate factors which influence critically to the post-divorce adjustment.. Interviewees were confronted with severe economic difficulties but the post-divorce adjustment was not much influenced by such economic difficulties. Supportive social network such as parents, brothers and sisters, friends, self-help group of single parents was related to the positive post-divorce adjustment. After divorce, some interviewees did not tend to meet their friends. All parents thought their children to be sources of support throughout the divorce process and their post-divorce life. On the other hand, some noncustodial parents felt guilty and a serious deprivation. Divorce initiator factor was not related to the post-divorce adjustment. To the most interviewees, the period before the decision to divorce was the most difficult one.
The Effects of Sucrose, NaCl and Acetic acid on the Quality Characteristics of Stored Cooked Rice
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 3, 2000, Pages 121~130
This study attempted to determine the effects of sucrose, NaCl and acetic acid on the quality characteristics of cooked rice stored at 20
for 72 hours. It conducted a moisture content, color value, texture and RVA(Rapid Visco Analyser) viscosity on stored cooked rice. Moisture contents of all groups ecreased during storage and that of cooked rice with NaCl were significantly lower than that of other groups. In color, lightness(L) of cooked rice with various additives seemed higher than that of control group and reduced b value of cooked rice with acetic acid showed that the color became less yellow. In texture, the hardness of cooked rice with NaCl and sucrose was higher than that of control group, whereas that of cooked rice with acetic acid was similar to that of control group. Adhesiveness of cooked rice with acetic acid was higher than that of other groups and it was shown that texture could be improved by the addition of acetic acid. The initial viscosity of cooked rice with acetic acid was markedly higher than that of other groups and finial viscosity was lower than that of other groups. It seemed that addition of acetic acid could retard the retrogradation of stored cooked rice.
Determinants of Food Management Behavior of Housewives in Island Areas -Comparison between Hansan and Ullung Island-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 3, 2000, Pages 131~147
The purpose of this study was to identify food management behavior of housewives in island areas and to find if the behavior patterns were different between the regions, Hansan and Ullung island. An instalment based on previous researches was designed to measure food management behavior and was administered to 274 housewives in 1994 and 1998. Considering the condition of cooking-equipment possession, the percentage of possession for refrigerator, mix, electric range were significantly higher for households in Hansan Island than their counterparts. For food-budget planning, those in Ullung Island were more likly to plan their budget than those in Hansan Island. Menu planning patterns, considerable factors for food selection as well as cooking, and eating habits between meals were tuned out to be different between Hansan and Ullung areas. The findings of this study suggest that the condition of cooking-equipment possession, food-budget and menu planning, considerable factors for food selection and cooking, eating habits between meals were likely to vary depending on regions. Although housewives in two areas were living in island, they were not necessarily be uniform for all households but were diversified in food management behavior. Half of the respondents in Hansan Island and three-forth of the respondents in Ullung Island reported they had not planned their meal budget. The percentage of those who did not have their planned menu was 52.7∼54.1% in Hansan Island and 37.1∼38.5% in Ullung Island. When purchasing food material, housewives in Hansan Island consider the seasoning food as the most important factor, whereas those in Ullung Island consider family preference as the most important factor
A Study on Wear Sensations of Tecel Fabrics in Hot Environments
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 3, 2000, Pages 149~161
The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of Tencel fabrics on physiological reactions of a human body and thermal comfort under the hot environment. The 3 females subjects in their twenties were selected and a wear sensation test of the subjects was performed with four experimental ensembles made of cotton and Tencel fabrics for the study in the hot environment(3
, 70%RH). The resets of the test were summarized as follows: For the mean skin temperature, Tencel garments showed about 0.2
lower than that of the cotton garment. The temperature of the rectal was 0.2
lower for Tencel garments than that for the colon garment. In the form of ensembles, the order of rectal temperature of the subjects for both Tencel and cotton ensembles was 1>IV>III>II. In the body weight loss according to garment materials, Tencel had a lower and more uniform than the cotton Thus, it could concluded that if the perspiration took into account, garments made of Tencel can be more ideal than that of the cotton. The heart rate and oxygen consumption appeared to be proportional to each other. For the heart rate, ensemble TI and TII of Tencel were much lower than ensemble CI and CII. For whole enembles except for TIV, Tencel ensembles showed relatively better thermal sensation and comfort sensation than the cotton ensembles. In the fatigue sensation, the reactions of the subjects were “slightly fatigue” and “fatigue” for the cotton, but “neutral” and “slightly fatigue” for Tencel.