Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 38, Issue 12 - Dec 2000
Volume 38, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 38, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 38, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 38, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 38, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 38, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 38, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 38, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 38, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 38, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 38, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
The Relationships between Parents' Attitudes toward Emergent Literacy and Home Literacy Practices with Toddlers and Preschoolers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 6, 2000, Pages 1~13
The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationships between parents'attitudes toward emergent literacy and home literacy practices with toddlers and preschoolers. The researcher developed the instrument based on a literature review and on other researchers'(Fitzgerald, Spiegel, & Cunningham, 1991; DeBaryshe & Binder, 1994) questionnaires for parents of toddlers and preschoolers. The researcher did a pilot study to examine the appropriateness of the questionnaires with 68 parents. A total of 274 parents who sent their children to daycare centers participated in this study in central Pennsylvania. To analyze the data for this study, The researcher employed Frequency, Mean, Standard Deviation, Pearson's correlations, Multiple Regression Analysis. Demographic characteristics and parents'attitudes toward emergent literacy which consisted with writing and reading attitudes of literacy were related to home literacy practices for toddlers and preschoolers.. Writing attitudes and verbal participation in reading were the most predicting variables in home literacy practices. The results of this study addressed the importance of the role of belief systems in literacy teaming between parents and children.
Determinants of Father's Role Performance
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 6, 2000, Pages 15~28
The purpose of this research was to examine variables contributing to the father's role performance. The study has been designed to measure the quantitative(i.e. amount of involvement) and the qualitative(i.e. depth of affection/care) values in their modes of child-rearing practices by taking a clouter look at the father's views on their careers and on offspring. Subjects were 516 fathers of school-age children. Analyzing the factors that determine the quantitative and qualitative aspects of child-rearing practices by the fathers, the sense of fulfillment/value in life is the decisive factor behind the affection(i.e. qualitative) in the child-rearing practices. The resets indicated that the father's perceptions on their careers and on their children constitute the critical factors behind the qualitative and quantitative aspects of child-rearing practices, albeit holding such factors as the parents'working hour or as mothers with outside jobs under control.
Relations between Child Temperament and Parental Disciplinary Practices
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 6, 2000, Pages 29~41
This primary purpose of this study was to analyze relations between child temperament and parental disciplinary practices. The subjects were 220 mothers and 220 fathers of kindergarten children. Child temperament was assessed using Colorado Childhood Temperament Inventory and parental disciplinary practices were measured by Parenting Scale. Resets indicated that (1) Fathers recognized their male children's temperament as more soothable and less emotional than those of female children whereas mothers recognized their male children's temperament as more active than those of female children. (2) Fathers recognized their children's temperament as more active than did mothers, but mothers recognized their children's temperament as more soothable than did fathers. (3) Children who were more sociable, less emotional, more sootable, and had longer attention span and persistence were related to more effective patemal disciplinary practices. (4) Children who were less emotional and had longer attention span and persistence were related to more effective maternal disciplinary practices. (5) Paternal disciplinary practices were explained by children's emotional temperament, whereas the best predictors of maternal disciplinary practices were children's emotional temperament and attention span and persistence.
The Effect of Psychological Characteristics and Peer Acceptance on Korean Female Adolescents' Clothing Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 6, 2000, Pages 43~57
The purposes of this study were 1) to identify the effects of psychological characteristics and peer acceptance on female adolescents'clothing behaviors(clothing attitudes and preference for up-to-date style), and 2) to determine the differences in psychological characteristics and clothing behaviors among subject groups classified by sociometric status. The questionnaires dealing with public/private self-consciousness, adolescent egocentrism, self-efficacy and clothing behaviors were adapted from precious studies. Peer acceptance was measured using Coie and Dodge(1983) method. The data were collected from 485 middle and high school girls living in Seoul, Korea. From the results of multiple regression of psychological characteristics and peer acceptance on clothing behaviors, clothing sexual attractiveness, clothing exhibition, and clothing importance were found to be influenced by public self-consciousness, adolescent egocentrism and peer acceptance. Fashion leadership and psychological dependence were influenced by egocentrism and self-efficacy. Preference for up-to-date style was influenced by egocentrism, public self-consciousness and self-efficacy. One-way ANOVA was used for analyzing the differences in research variables among subject groups classified by sociometric status. From the reset of middle school girls it was revealed that ignored group showed the highest score in clothing importance, whereas both popular group and rejected group showed the lowest score in social self-efficacy. In high school girls, controversial group showed the highest scores in adolescent egocentrism, fashion leadership, and preference for up-to-date style.
A Study on the Degree of Self-Monitoring, Perceived Risk and the Appeal Types of Advertising Impact on Cosmetic Purchase Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 6, 2000, Pages 59~70
The purposes of this study were to investigate the effects of the degree self-monitoring, perceived risk and the types of advertising in cosmetic purchase behavior. The data were obtained with an experimental design which was 2
2) mixed factorial design. The subjects were classified 280 pre-test subjects into 70 high level of self-monitoring subjects and 70 low level of self-monitoring subjects. The data were analysed with ANOVA, using the SAS program. The result of this study can be summarized as follows ; In experimental I, the effect on the consumer preference was the significant 2-way interaction effects between the degree of the self-monitoring and appeal types of advertising as well as between the types of cosmetic products depending on perceived risk and appeal types of advertising. In experimental II, the effect on the consumer purchase intention was the significant 2-way interaction effects between the degree of the self-monitoring and appeal types of advertising as well as between the types of cosmetic products depending on perceived risk and appeal types of advertising.
Relationship between Preschoolers' Theory-of-Mind and Parenting Style
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 6, 2000, Pages 71~79
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between preschoolers'theory of mind and parenting style. The mothers of 66 3- and 4-year-olds were given questionnaires eliciting information about parenting style, SES, number of younger and older siblings, the time child spends with mother. Three variables were positively correlated with theory of mind: age, number of older siblings, and affective parenting style. The time spent with mother was negatively correlated with theory of mind. Factors most strongly affecting theory of mind were child's age and mother's affective parenting style. The resets are consistent with recent research showing that parenting style may be important for theory of mind understanding.
A Study on the Interventional Needs for Relapse Pevention Program Among Adult Substance Abusers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 6, 2000, Pages 81~100
The purpose of this study was to develop the framework for the relapse prevention program. The study examined interventional needs for a relapse prevention program among adult substance abusers. The total of 107 adult substance abusers were surveyed and asked about their interventional needs for the relapse prevention program. The questionnaire was developed by the researcher on the basis of several theories such as problem behavior theory, ecologica1-developmental theory, social support theory, and coping theory. Results showed that admit substance abusers wanted the program to deal with such issues related with individual, family, social skills, and drugs. The implications of study findings were discussed.
Mother's Attributions and Control Behavior for Child's Misbehavior of Moral Norm and Prosocial Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 6, 2000, Pages 101~116
This study integrated mother's control behavior of child's misbehavior within social domain analysis and the framework of attributional models of social cognition. The purpose of this study was to identify, compare and contrast maternal attributions and control responses according to child's age and domains of social behavior, and to investigate that mother's social cognition factors(authoritarian attitude and self competence perception) influence material inference and responses for their child's acts. Then this study was to find out whether mother's attribution would mediate their socialization techniques. For empirical research, 654 mothers with 5.6 year old and 8.9 year old children as subjects answered the structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed by frequencies, t-test, oneway ANOVA, and multiple regression. The major findings were as follows: First, according to child's two domains of misbehavior, there were differences in mothers'attribution and control behavior. Also mothers regarded older child's behavior as more dispositional cause and as more deserving of punishment than younger child's. Second, mother's authoritarian altitude of parenting, self-competence perception, and educational level were significantly related to mother's judgment. Third, the more authoritarian attitude mothers had, the more dispositional factor of children they attributed. And the lower self-competence mothers perceived. the more internal factor of child they attributed. Finally, maternal attributions and control responses are interrelated. When they attributed their children's misdeeds to internal dispositions, they respond with more stronger control behavior. The results suggested maternal social cognition mediate socialization behavior.
Economic Stress, Marital Conflict, and the Quality of Life under Economic Crisis
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 6, 2000, Pages 117~133
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of perceived economic stress & marital conflict on the quality of life under economic crisis in Korea. Data were collected from 236 couples during May and June 1998, when the Korean economy was under the control of International Monetary Fund (IMF). Many couples reported the unstability of job and the experience of economic strain events. However, the perceived level of marital conflict and the quality of life were not so bad. Husbands perceived economic stress and quality of life higher than wives did. The path analysis showed gender difference in the perceived economic stress as well as in the indirect effect of economic strain events on the quality of life through economic stress and marital conflict. In addition, family income directly affected the quality of life for husbands, but not for wives.
The Effects of Economic Hardship, Parents' intro-extrovert Personality and Depression on Parenting
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 6, 2000, Pages 135~147
The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of economic hardship. parents'intro-eatrovert personality, and depression on parenting. The subjects were 487 seventh to ninth grade children and their parents. Data were collected through questionnaires. Children from which family experienced severe income loss perceived fathers'child-rearing attitudes as more warm/nurturant when fathers had extrovert personality. On the other hand, children under the worse paternal working condition perceived mothers'child-rearing attitudes as more warm/nurturant when mothers had introvert personality. The impacts of family income loss on mothers'rejecting/inconsistant child-rearing attitudes were exacerbated by its indirect effect through maternal depression.
Primary Study of Developing Prevention Program for Adolescents′Deviant Behaviors in Low Income Families
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 6, 2000, Pages 149~169
The purpose of this study was to examine the environmental characteristics of adolescents in low-income families, identify the high-risk & protective factors among environmental contexts surrounding adolescents, and investigate the relative importance of high-risk & protective factors to adolescents'psychological and behavioral adjustment separately. The present study was the primary research of developing prevention program for adolescents'deviant behaviors in low-income families. Subjects of this study consisted of 176 adolescents drawn from 8 social-welfare institutions in Chungbuk province. The pilot study was done to examine the applicability of survey instrument. Data were analyzed by the frequency, percentage, Pearson correlation, stepwise regression using SPSS/WIN program. The results were as followings: 1. There was statistically correlated with each other in environmental high-risk and protective factors except an housing environment. The results implies that environmental contexts itself surrounding adolescents in low-income families can be either high-risk factors or protective factors. 2. The adolescents in low-income families perceived that stresses from consumer and school environments were high-risk factors among other environmental contexts. 3. The adolescents in low-income families perceived that resources from friend and school were protective factors among other environmental contexts. 4. The stresses from friend and eating behaviors were significant factors predicting adolescents'relative psychological adjustment. However, the behavioral adjustment was not predicted by environmental contexts. 5. The resources from school, consumer, and eating behaviors were significant factors predicting adolescents'relative psychological adjustment. Also, the resources from school, eating behavior, and family were predictors of behavioral adjustment. This research implies that the findings can be based on the development of prevention program for adolescents deviant behaviors in low-income families.
Children's Sensation Seeking, Maternal Childrearing Behavior and Children's Problem Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 6, 2000, Pages 171~183
This study investigated the relationship among children's sensation seeking, maternal childrearing behavior and children's problem behavior. The subjects were 470 5th and 6th grade elementary school students in Pusan, Korea. Zuckerman's questionnaire on sensation seeking(1994), Park, Young Yae's questionnaire on maternal childrearing behaviors(1995) and Kim Hye Ryun's questionnaire on children's maladjustment behavior(1993) were used. The results were as follows : (1) According to sex, there were significant differences in sensation seeking stores, the aggressive behavior scores and distracted behavior scores. The boys got higher scores than girls in sensation seeking scores, and also in aggressive behavior scores and distracted behavior scores. (2) There were significant positive correlations between sensation seeking scores and the aggressive behavior scores for both boys and girls. And there were significant positive correlations between sensation seeking scores and the distracted behavior scores for both boys and girls. (3) Both sensation seeking and maternal child rearing behavior predicted aggressive behavior and distracted behavior for both boys and girls. For boy's aggressive behavior, sensation seeking and maternal child rearing behavior explained 8%, 8%, respectively. For boy's distracted behavior, sensation seeking explained 5%. And for girl's aggressive behavior, sensation seeking and maternal child rearing behavior explained 27%, 9%, respectively. For girl's distracted behavior, sensation seeking and maternal child rearing behavior explained 28%, 7%, respectively. The sensation seeking variable was the important predictor influencing on children's aggressive behavior and distracted behavior. Implications of this study were discussed in terms of sensation seeking and socialization.