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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 38, Issue 12 - Dec 2000
Volume 38, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 38, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 38, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 38, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 38, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 38, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 38, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 38, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 38, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 38, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 38, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
A Family system of Family Business: Participation within a Family in a Small Family Business
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 7, 2000, Pages 1~12
Although the term 'family business' is relatively new, this style of business is universal. An Unusual feature that must be noted, is that even though it is a common style of business is not clearly defined. The purpose of this study is to identify the different family participation patterns, and the variables that effect different types of participation. '1997 Daewoo Panel Data' was used. Some descriptive statistics and a multinomial logit model were employed for the analysis. The standard type of business focused on in this study was a family owned and operated 'ma and pa' typed business and the sample was limited to households where one or both of the partners involved in a family owned and operated business. The main resets obtained from this sample were as follows: 1. Personal characteristics such as respondents' gender, age and educational level were important variables that effected the participation of family members in the business. As can be seen in the gender analysis, family businesses owned by men showed all available patterns of family operated businesses in relatively high numbers. A large percentage of businesses owned women were of self-employed pattern. According to the analysis by age and educational level, young people with a high level of education tend to managed their small businesses by employing others rather than utilising the self-employed or family operated pattern. 2. While big families showed a high percentage of a combination pattern of a family-run, and ordinary employer/employee company, relatively small families usually opted for purely family-run businesses. Whether the family have children under 6 or not, and the number of children under 6 did net significantly effect to the patterns of the family system of small family businesses. 3. The size, location and kind of family business also effected participation patterns of the family members significantly. These results suggest that further study will be required to gain more exact and meaningful information to help Korean family businesses.
The Financial Status of Household and Business in the Family Business
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 7, 2000, Pages 13~26
The purpose of this study were to identify the financial status of the home based business, and to analyze the factors effected on it. The sample consisted of 713 self-employed from data of 1998 Korea Household Panel Study, and analyzed into Frequencies, Percentile, t-test,
-test, and Regression Analysis. The findings showed that the household income and expenditure level of female self-employed was higher than those of male self-employed. In case of financial status of business, male self-employed's net profit was higher than female's and the net profit to total sales ratio of male self-employed was greater than female's. The factors contributing to total expenditure to total income ratio were sex, educational level, future economic expectancy, residence and home ownership of self-employed, while the factor effect on total asset to total debt ratio was only total household income. The Variables of sex, educational level of self- employed, job type of home based business and the number of employees in home based business were associated with net profit to total sales ratio, age and educational level of serif-employed, and job type of home based business was related to total sales to the number of emploees ratio(labor productivity).
A Study on the Work Environment and Location of Family-owned Small Business
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 7, 2000, Pages 27~37
According to recent statistics, the number of family-owned small business have increased. And these growing numbers have created an urgent need for researchers and government to analyse and plan for this population. The purposes of this study were to identify the determining factors of the location of family owned small business and to analyze the factors related to their job satisfaction, and life satisfaction. The data used for this study, were 713 self-employed men and women which were elected from the panel data of 1998 MIPS of Daewoo Economic Research Institute. Statistics performed for the analysis were frequencies, percentiles, t-test,
, OLS and Logistic analysis. It was found that the person who work at home-base small office were the residents of smaller city, and are older than the office-going attendants. The variable which effects the job satisfaction of the home-based workers was the educational background. And sex was the only factor which affects the job satisfaction of the office-going attendants. It was also found that job satisfaction affects the life satisfaction significantly in both group.
Parental Disciplinary Practices as Predictors of Peer Acceptance
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 7, 2000, Pages 39~52
This study investigated whether parental disciplinary practices mediated the status of peer acceptance. From a sample of 420 kindergarteners, twenty were classified as popular children and twenty were classified as rejected children using sociometric assessment and their parents(40 mothers and 40 fathers) were responded to a parental behavior questionnaire Results were as follows: 1. Compared to rejected children, popular children had fathers who participated more actively in child-rearing practices and mothers who were less overprotective in child-rearing practices. 2. Popular children had fathers who were more affectionate and more actively participated in child-rearing practices than mothers were, whereas rejected children had fathers who were more overprotective than mothers were. 3. Reasonable guidance made by parents was uniquely predictive of peer popularity, whereas parental overprotection was the best predictor for peer rejection.
The Perceived Stresses and Family Strengths by Fathers and Mothers having Mentally Retarded Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 7, 2000, Pages 53~65
This study is for examining the differences of perceived stresses and family strengths between the parents according to socio-demographic backgrounds(age, educational level, income and the degree of disorder) of the parents having mentally retarded children. The results were as follows. First, in the overall perceived stress level, there was no difference between fathers and mothers, but when compared in stress areas, fathers experience more distresses in general interpersonal areas than mothers. Fathers also shows differences according to the degrees of their income and their perception about disorder compared with mothers showing differences according to the degree of income. Second, there were no differences in family strengths perceived by both fathers and mothers, but were significant differences according to the level of education and income. Another words, higher the education and income level, higher is their family strengths level. Third, there were positive correlations between the perceived stresses and family strengths, and significant differences in family strengths according to the stress level(higher/lower part of the group). In other words, when the perceived stress level is high, the level of perceived family strengths is low.
A study on the Child and Family-Friendly Policies of the New Labour Government in Britain
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 7, 2000, Pages 67~77
This study reviews and analyses the policy changes happened in Britain regarding the family and children. Traditionally Britain has employed non-interventionist policies for the family and child care assuming the family as a private domain. This policy had been reinforced during the Thatcher regime. However the traditional families that Beveridge had idealized have been rapidly disappearing and child poverty has become critical concern for Blair's New Labour government with the rising number of lone parent families. The New labour's child and family-friendly policies to enhance the family life have been examined on the basis of government reports on Child Benefit, WFTC, Child Support Agency and the plans to support parents and to implement the child and family-friendly practices.
The Soundness of Homelife and the Stress of Home Management Perceived by Housewives
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 7, 2000, Pages 79~92
The purpose of this study is to verify the soundness of homelife and the stress of home management perceived by housewives living in Seoul as well as to investigate how the soundness of home life affects the stress of home management. In total, 914 housewives were studied to serve as a data sources. The major result are as follows : 1. Communication variables huts the strongest effect on the soundness of home life. 2. Wife's self-actualization influences the soundness of home life and home management stress. 3. Wife's internal-external control has an positive effect on the soundness of home life and home management stress. 4. The soundness of home management variables-family unification, time, psychological health, human ability, physical health should be developed as human capital.
Appearance Satisfaction of Female Consumers: Toward the Relationships with Appearance Types and Perceptions
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 7, 2000, Pages 93~102
The purposes of this study were to categorize female consumers based on appearance satisfaction and to examine the differences among the categorized groups on appearance types and appearance perceptions (appearance interest, stress related to appearance, and the extent of cosmetics use). A total of 518 responses collected from a questionnaire survey to female consumers was analyzed. Cluster analysis on appearance satisfaction identified four groups including the types of: Feature satisfaction(32%); Skin satisfaction(31%); Dissatisfaction(19%); and Overall satisfaction(16%). Chi-square and ANOVA analyses revealed significant differences among the four groups on the 6 appearance types (face line, face size, skin tone, skin blemish, skin elasticity, and wrinkles) and the stress related to appearance.
The Psychological Characteristics of the Unemployed, and the Negative Emotions and Behavioral Changes in Their Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 7, 2000, Pages 103~116
The purpose of this study was to find out the psychological characteristics of the unemployed, and their children's negative emotions and behavioral changes in the context of the increasing family dysfunction caused by the IMF economic crisis. The subjects were 184 public labor workers in Busan. They answered the questions about the psychological characteristics of themselves and their children, and their children's behavioral changes. Frequency analysis,
test and logistic regression were used for data analyses. The results were as follows. The unemployed showed high levels of negative emotions and perceived their social supports as low. As well, they interpreted their quality of life as poor. They perceived their economic difficulty as high and the perception was influenced by negative emotions as well as the economic situation. Children of the unemployed showed middle levels of negative emotions, and positive and negative behavioral changes. These changes were influenced by their parent's psychological characteristics. In light of these results, psychological counseling services from social welfare centers are needed to be more actively supporting the families of the unemployed.
Development of Computer Software "Compare & Evaluation Program for Household Consumption"
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 7, 2000, Pages 117~132
The purpose of this study is to develop a computer software titled "Compare & Evaluation Program for Household Consumption". This software is developed in Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0. For the data of this program, the family Income and Expenditure Survey(1998) produced by the National Statistical Office in Korea is used. This program compares income and consumption expenditure for each household with those for standard household according to income level and family life cycle. This program gives information and suggestion for household consumers to manage rational household consumption. Also this study investigates validity and usefulness of the software program by interviewing 20 households used this program.
The State of the Family Ethics in the Period of the Early Deconstruction of Confucian Family Ethics (From the Beginning of 1880's to the 3.1 movement of 1919)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 7, 2000, Pages 133~152
This study was inquire into the state of the family ethics during the period of the beginning of 1880′s to the 3.1 independence movement of 1919 which has been the black period in the history of Korean family ethics. The research was conducted by analyzing the newspapers, magazines, related literature and articles of the period. It was the beginning of the 1860′s and by the "Cheondo-Kyo" (the Religion of the Heavenly) way that the issues regarding the equality of sexes as the central concern of the modem family ethics came to be the object of the social discourse for the first time in Korean history. The social discourse had come to be positively activated around 1900, when the intellectuals of the "Korean enlightenment" had begun to the feel necessity of the modernization of Korean socialite and the importance of the women education as the essential part of it. However, the activation of the social discourse itself, especially with the newspapers of that period did not mean the changes of the traditional Confucian family ethics, but the discourse of the modernizing forces had become the seeds for changing the family ethics of the Korean people. The made chauvinistic nature of the family ethics of the period was not so much different from those of the preceeding patriarch societies, but the state of the family ethics during the period are characterized by several social phenomenon such as the rising needs of using the "Hangle"(Korean alphabet) instead of Chinese character for the equal education of the both sexes, increasing practices of the early marriage, customs of trade marriage in accordance with the demand of excessive weeding presents, and regarding social consciousness of the traditional family ethics as patriotics attitude against the Christian rejection of the ancestor worship ritual.
The current trend in the studies of the Role of the Father - Analysis on America and Japan -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 7, 2000, Pages 153~165
The purpose of this article is to document the trend in studies on the role of the father. A large number of studies on parent-child relationships have been focused on the nature of mother-child relationships. Since the 1970s, the role of the father has become an increasingly popular topic in the U.S and Japan. Why has the father's role been forgotten for such a long time\ulcorner Why is the father's role being rediscovered in recent years\ulcorner Does the father have significant impact on child's development\ulcorner This proper reviews these issues in terms of sociocultural background, trends, and future implications of the studies. A comparison and determinants analysis regarding the extent of father-child interaction, of the lather's behavior, and its effects on the child in the U.S and Japan is provided.