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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 38, Issue 12 - Dec 2000
Volume 38, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 38, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 38, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 38, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 38, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 38, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 38, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 38, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 38, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 38, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 38, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
A Study of the Relationship among Management Strategic Type, QR System Adoption and the Usage Level of Technologies Focused on the Apparel Manufacturers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 8, 2000, Pages 1~11
The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship among management strategic type, QR system adoption and the usage level of technologies. Also the current situation about the management strategies for the Korean apparel manufacturers was examined in this study. A random sample of 102 apparel manufacturers was selected for the data collection. A survey method was used with the structured questionnaire, and for the data analysis, chi-square test, ANOVA and Duncan's multiple range tests were used. The resets were as following: 1. The most identified strategic type among Korean apparel manufacturers was analyzer and the defender. 2. The most frequently used technologies were small lot orders and the reduction in the inventory level, and the least used technologies were the electronic order system and UPS. 3. The management strategic type was significantly related to the adoption and the usage level of technologies.
A study on the animal figures in Scytian Ornament -focusing on the single animal figures
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 8, 2000, Pages 13~27
The background of single animal figures was originated from those northern mounted nomadic groups, which was Scythe style Culture. The art of the nomads working in the Scythian idiom was small in size and essentially decorative in intention, yet practically every object which can be associated with any unit in this group of people possesses many of the attributes essential to a real work of art. Clarity of conception, purity of form, co-ordination of rhythm and balance, and not least, an understanding and respect for the material employed were triumphantly blended by the Eurasian nomads to produce a distinctive style. In Scythian art the multitude of animal representations well illustrates the reoccupation of this nomadic people with animals in their environment. Usually only wild animals are represented. Commonly depicted are: stags and deer, lions or other large cats, eagles, birds heads (perhaps of ravens), griffins, snakes, hares, fish, goats, rams, boars, moose (elk), yak, sheep and bears. The occasional exception to the wild animal rule is domesticated horses-important because the Scythians were horse bleeders and their whole culture revolved around their dependence on the horse. The nomads had little reason to create object in honour of gods or men, but they had an instinct for beauty and the wish to surround themselves with the animal forms in which they had come to delight The Scytians tried to combine in a single rendering all the salient points of the animal they were delineating. They archived considerable success in the difficult task of showing in a single image the various and often incompatible poses assumed by a single animal in the course of its life. Zoomorphic motifs were used not simple for decorative effect, but to trim the object into amulets, with magical power to assist in hunting, and to protect the owner from harm.
The Relationships Between Midlife Working Women s Psychological Well-Being and Reward/Cost of Family Role and Work Role
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 8, 2000, Pages 29~51
The purpose of this study is to examine how midlife working women's psychological well-being is associated with their reward/cost of family role and work role according to their kinds of job. For empirical research, 627 married working women living in Seoul, aged between 40-55 answered the structured questionnaire. The subjects consisted of 301 professional working women and 326 non-professional working women. The data were analysed by the frequencies, mean, oneway ANOVA, and multiple regression. The major findings were as follows 1) Two sub areas of midlife working women's psychological well-being-self esteem and life satisfaction-were higher than an average level. 2) The more midlife working women performed family role and work role, they perceived reward more than cost. 3) For the professional working women, the more they perceived the reward of family role and work role, the higher their psychological well-being was. The more they perceived the cost of family role and work role, the lower their psychological well-being was. These consequencies applied to not only general reward/cost of family role and work role but also interrole reward/cost between family role and work role. For the non-professional working women, general and interrole reward of family role and work role had the positive effects on psychological well-being. Their general cost of spouse role, general and interrole cost of mother role, general cost of work role had the negative erects on psychological well-being. However interrole cost between spouse role and work role did not have a significant effect on psychological well-being. Finally, the result of multiple regression analysis showed that general reward of work role had the largest positive effect on midwife working women's self-esteem. General reward/cost of spouse role had the largest effect on their life satisfaction.
Family Life Issues of Married Womens in Chonbuk: Focused on Family Life Problems & Solution
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 8, 2000, Pages 53~68
This study examines family life problems & solution of married women in Chonbuk area as a part of study on family life Issues. Data were collected by questionnaires. The sample consisted of 1142 married women. The major findings were summarized as follows : (1) The degree of recognition about family life problem is rated economic life > woman's parents-in-law> woman's real parents> spouse> children related problems. (2) In the family conflict solution types, the most used types is a rational. (3) The degree of recognition about the family violence is rated abusive languages of husband>husband behavior under the influence of alcohol wife's child abuse>husband's child abuse>abusive languages of wife>battered wife. (4) The kins are still considered the primary source for functions of personal support. Also, the needs for the children related equipments is higest among the public support equipments.
The Relationship between the Perceived Father's/Mother's Values, Father/Mother-Student Emotional Intimacy & Father's/Mother's Over-control and University student's Alienation
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 8, 2000, Pages 69~84
This study intended to investigate the relationship between father's/mother's values(materialism, competitive achievement pressure, neighborhood relations), father/mother-student emotional intimacy & father's/mother's over control and university student's alienation, and examin the relative influences of independent variables on university student's alienation. For this purpose, data were obtained from 402 male 7nd female university students in Seoul and Inchon, and analyzed by factor analysis, Cronbach's
, frequencies, %, Pearson's r and stepwise multiple regression. The major findings were as follows : 1) father's and mother's values had significant relations to university student's alienation. As father and mother had more materialism and competitive achievement pressure, their university student was more alienated, and as father and mother had more neighborhood relations, the student was less alienated. 2) Emotional intimacy between father/mother and student had negative relation to university student's alienation. As the level of emotional intimacy was higher, the student was less alienated 3) Father's and mother's over control had positive relations to university student's alienation. As father's and mother's over control was higher, the student was more alienated. 4) Mother's neighborhood relations, father's and mother's over control, mother-student emotional intimacy and father's materialism had influences on university student's alienation in descending order. These independent variables explained 25. 0 % of the total valiance. Father's materialism and father's/mother's over control increased the level of university student's alienation, but mother's neighborhood relations and mother-student emotional intimacy decreased the bevel of student's alienation. Emerging evidences suggested that in order to prevent or decrease the university student's alienation, their parents should have less materialism and more neighborhood relations, and should not use over control on their university student but produce more emotional support.
A Study for Dietary Attitude and Food Behavior of Elementary, Middle and High School Students of Korea
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 8, 2000, Pages 85~97
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dietary attitude and food behavior of elementary, middle and high school students in Korea. The subjects in this study were 7,698 boys and girls in large cities in Korea. The questionnaire was made and distributed to the students to answer the questions. Followings are the results of this study : 1) Father and mother's average ages were 45 and 41 years old, respectively. 2) Most students thought dietary life was more important than clothing or residentary life. Dietary habits such as irregularity of meal, frequencies of skipping meal and of eating out increased in higher grade than in lower grade, and in girls than in boys. 3) Most students, especially in elementary school, recognized that their own bad dietary habbit was unbalanced diet. Irregular meal time and eating too much were also pointed out as problems by middle and high school students. 4) Most students thought that the most effective meal for health was breakfast, but they replied the tartest meal as dinner. 5) Students tended to prefer Korean style food. Cooked rice and kimchi, ramyun, and pizza were ranked the most preferred food when they were hungry. 6) Elementary school students ate meals more regularly than higher grade students, and girls ate meals more regularly than boys. 7) Skipping rate of breakfast was higher than that of lunch or dinner, and the percentage of meal skipping students was increasing with grade elevation. No time to eat or eating between meals was the reasons of irregular meal time. 8) Frequency of dining with family was decreased, but frequency of eating out with friends was increased with increasing grade. The gravity of dining out is increasing rapidly in Korean adolescents. Therefore, nationwide nutrition education policy is necessary to constitute a right dietary environment and a desirable dietary altitude.
Generational Differences in Korean Baby-Delivery Culture between Young Mother and Grandmother Generations
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 8, 2000, Pages 99~110
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in traditional baby-delivery practices between young mother and grandmother generations. The subjects were 118 young mothers and 118 their own mothers or mothers-in-law in Tae Gu district. Young mothers had the first baby aged from 2-to 2.5-year-old. The subjects answered the questionnaires on Korean traditional baby-delivery practices developed by the researchers based on literature reviews. The data were analyzed using Frequencies, Percentages, Crosstabs, and t-test. The results of this study were as follows: 1. More grandmothers believed in supernatural being who influenced pregnancy and used to be called as 'grandma Sam Shin', expected to have son, and had charms then young mothers. But less grandmothers had sexual intercourse at the time of ovulation, took physical care, and practiced fetal education than young mothers 2. On the other hand, no generation differences were found in dreaming of foretelling conception(Te Mong), eating a restroative and food to get pregnancy, and washing own's hair or body and avoiding attending a funeral near the time of baby-delivery. 3. Most of young mothers gave birth in hospital with the doctor's heap, whereas most of grandmothers did at their home with the help of the experienced old women. Most of young mothers'husbands were at the waiting room in the hospital, but about half of grandmothers'husbands were at work when their wives grove birth.
The Relationships between Prematurity Stereotype, Optimism and Parenting Stress
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 8, 2000, Pages 111~124
The study of prematurity stereotyping is important because the optimal development of premature infants may be threatened by the operation of the stereotape. The study was conducted in which mothers were asked to rate unfamiliar infants shown on videotapes. The infants were described as either full term or premature and as either male or female. Each mother was asked to rate the infant on 23,7-point adjective scales(S-KISS) and to answer several other questionnaires(LOT, PSI). In the study, infants labeled premature were rated more negatively than were infants labeled full term, but infants labeled male and female were rated similarly. The behavioral implications for child rearing as a result of this "prematurity stereotyping" were considered. Correlational analyses revealed significant relationships between prematurity stereotyping and parenting stress, optinism and parenting stress. Optimism effects parenting stress
Ecological Support System for Promoting Youth Culture in a New Millenium Age A Study on the Need for the Adolescent' Developmental Task Program -With particular attention to high school students and their parents-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 8, 2000, Pages 125~140
The purpose of this study is to find out the high school student's need for the program. The data was collected from 1125 high school students and their parents. The results of this study are like the following. 1 High school students and their parents all showed more than 3 points on the need for the program. 2. They revealed the highest need for programs on school as well as peer-related tasks and self-related tasks, respectively. On the other hand, parents were found to have the need for programs than student do. 3. Significant differences were found among students in their major, class type, and also among parents in gender of their children, class type, residential area, education status, and monthly average income. 4. Highschool-students and their parents all showed the highest points and displayed interest in selecting academic course suitable for their aptitude.
Human Capital and Consumption Structure in Husband-Wife Households
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 8, 2000, Pages 141~157
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of husband-wife's human capital on household consumption structure. This study used the 1996 Expenditure Survey of Urban families from National Statistics Office. Of the samples, 62.36 percent of the households had the same educational attainment for husband and wife. The households with more educated couples tended to have more household income and more household expenditure. Regression analyses showed that the educational level of husband-wife was found to be a significant factor on most household expenditure categories after controlling other household characteristics. Specifically, significant and positive effects of the educational level of husband-wife were found on the expenditures for food at home, food away from home, housing, clothing, education, and transportation.
A Study on the Relationship between Curriculum Orientations and Professional Teaching Practices of Home Economics Teachers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 38, issue 8, 2000, Pages 159~168
The purpose in this study is to determine the relationship between the curriculum orientations and professional teaching practices of Korean secondary school home economics teachers for the development of home economics curriculum. The instruments, Individual Curriculum Orientation profile(ICOP) and Professional Teaching Practice(PTP) were used to survey randomly selected 525 home economics leachers. The curriculum orientations explored were academic rationalism, technical, cognitive process, personal relevance, and social reconstruction. The professional teaching practices examined were customary-instrumental, interactive and reflective practices. Using canonical correlation, home economics teacher's teaching practices were found to be significantly related to their curriculum orientations. However, only 17.7% of the variability in professional teaching practices was explained by the five curriculum orientations.