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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 39, Issue 12 - Dec 2001
Volume 39, Issue 11 - Nov 2001
Volume 39, Issue 10 - Oct 2001
Volume 39, Issue 9 - Sep 2001
Volume 39, Issue 8 - Aug 2001
Volume 39, Issue 7 - Jul 2001
Volume 39, Issue 6 - Jun 2001
Volume 39, Issue 5 - May 2001
Volume 39, Issue 4 - Apr 2001
Volume 39, Issue 3 - Mar 2001
Volume 39, Issue 2 - Feb 2001
Volume 39, Issue 1 - Jan 2001
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Design Preference of Clothing According to the Age of Chinese Women Consumers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~10
The purpose of this study was to analysis of design preference according to age of consumers in order to obtain basic informations which are necessary for the development of designs that can satisfy the needs and desire of Chinese consumers. The style, color, fabric pattern, fabric, image, and shape of clothing were used for design preference variations. The study was implemented by surveying 280 females living in Beijing, China. The results were as follows: 1) There were significant differences in the preference of style of outdoor clothes according to age. Chinese women in the age of twenties and fifties prefer to wear casual clothes. Preference ratio was more than 60% 2) There were significant differences in the preference of color of spring and summer clothes, but there was no difference in the preference of color of autumn and winter clothes. 3) There was a difference in the preference of fabric pattern of outdoor clothes. Generally Chinese women showed 50% of preference for the no patterned outdoor clothes. 4) There were no differences in the preference of fabric materials. Preferred material for spring and summer was cotton fabrics, and that for autumn and winter was woolen fabrics. 5) In the research of the preferred image of outdoor clothes, generally Chinese women showed the most preference for elegance style. Chines women who are in the age of thirties to forties preferred feminine style. However, Chinese women who are in the age of fifties like to choose simple style. 6) There was a significant difference in the preference of length of jacket and skirt, and generally Chinese women preferred to wear medium length of jacket and skirt. There was no difference in the preference of design of collar and shape of pants. However most Chinese women showed preference for tailored collar and straight shaped pants.
Korean Women's Clothing Behaviors Observed by the Korean Who Has Lived in the U.S.A.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 1, 2001, Pages 11~27
The purposes of this study are to (1) point out Korean women's clothing behaviors as seen by the Korean who has lived in the U.S.A. (2) identify cultural and social factors to influence on Korean women's clothing behaviors (3) suggest directions for desirable change in clothing consumption behaviors of Korean women. Verbatim texts of 16 interviews concerning Korean women's perception and experiences of fashion in Korea and the U.S. are interpreted through the analysis of the interviews. The results are as follows: 1) In Korea, the changes in fashion are not only distinct but also foster then those in America. 2) Korean women have a tendency to conform in the way they dress themselves, while the women in the U.S.A. put emphasis on the individuality rather than the current fashion. 3) When they go shopping, Korean women take a great note of what the brands represent, but their American counterparts take the neatness, easeness of cleaning and practicality into consideration. 4) In Korea, the clothing behaviors are influenced by the rapid social changes, its internalization trend, the traditional Confucianism and the pressure to conform according to the collectivism.
Parents-Adolescent Conflicts and the Ways of Representing the Conflicts
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 1, 2001, Pages 29~38
This study was done to investigate how different the degrees of the parent-adolescent conflicts and the ways of representing the conflicts were according to the sex. The subjects were 468 high school students. For data analysis, mean, standard deviation, ANOVA, and Duncan-test were used. The main results of this study were as follows; 1. There were significant differences between the sex in the degrees of the parent-adolescent conflicts. 2. The ways of representing the conflicts were found to be argumentative behaviors in boys and discursive behaviors in girths. 3. There were found significantly different according to sex in the ways of representing the conflicts according to the degrees of the parent-adolescent conflicts.
Personal Resources and Their Effects on the Life Satisfaction of the Retired husbands and Their Wives
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 1, 2001, Pages 39~51
This study was to examine the effects of economic, social, psychological, and marital resources on the relationship between retirement related stress and life satisfaction among the retired husbands and their wives. Economic resources included actual income, the amount of reduced income after retirement, and perceived adequacy of income, while social resources consisted of the supports from children, relatives, friends and neighbors. Psychological resources constituted sense of mastery and marital resource was measured by the emotional supports from the spouse. Data from 178 couples in Seoul revealed that retirees and their spouse perceived retirement as a very stressful extent, with husbands viewing their retirement as more stressful than their wives. The retirement related stress was found to be the most significant predictor on the life satisfaction of the couples. For retired husbands, life satisfaction was closely associated to sense of mastery and supports from children and relatives. The health status, perceived adequacy of income, sense of mastery, and supports from children and relatives were related to life satisfaction for wives. Therefore, the effects of personal resources on life satisfaction were smarter than that of retirement related stress for both retired husbands and their wives. Along with discussions, implications for retirement education and suggestions for future study are provided.
A Comparison of Early School Adjustment Between institutionalized and Home-Reared Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 1, 2001, Pages 53~64
This study investigated early school adjustment of institutionalized and home-reared children. Subjects were 118 institutionalized (56 first and 62 second grade children; 66 boys and 52 girls) and 125 home-reared children (69 first and 56 second grade children; 65 boys and 60 girls) in Seoul. Data were analyzed with t-test and two-way ANOVA. Measures of school adjustment included relationships with leachers, relationships with peers, attitudes on school atmosphere, and observance of school regulation. Results showed that institutionalized children had lower scores than home-reared children in school adjustment, especially relationships with peer and observance of school regulation. For institutionalized children, there was a significant difference in attitudes on school atmosphere depending on grade. For home-reared children, there was a significant difference in school adjustment depending on sex.
The Change in Consciousness and Expenditure on Kyung-Jo after IMF Economic Crisis on Cheju Island
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 1, 2001, Pages 65~80
This study aimed to investigate the changed consciousness and expenditure on Kyong-Jo after IMF economic crisis and the some factors which have effects on the change. The expenditure on Kyong-Jo included donations and gifts associated with congratulations and condolences. The data were collected through the personal questionnaire on Cheju Island. The sample consisted of 400 married adults whose age were between 20 to 65. The independent variables were some individual characteristics, household related variables, and Kyong-Jo related variables. The dependent variables included the change in consciousness and expenditure on Kyong-Jo. The data were analyzed by methods such as frequencies, means, Multiple Regression and Logistic Regression analysis. Major results were as follows. The respondents perceived that Kyong-Jo is fundamentally a good custom to help each other when some one is in the hard time. Their perception of the expenditure on Kyong-Jo has not been changed even since IMF economic crisis. 70% of the respondents staid that there was little difference of the expenditure on Kyong-Jo before and after IMF economic crisis. This trend is in contrast to the perception and the expenditure of the people who lived in the other residences after IMF economic crisis. The factors which had significant effects on the respondent's consciousness of the expenditure on Kyong-Jo were occupation, whether owns a house or not, household income, and household assets. The change of household expenditure on Kyong-Jo was effected by the respondent's sex, occupation, household income, household assets, and social network. These results suggested that the respondents on Cheju Island more strongly hold the conservative perception to the expenditure on Kyong-Jo rather than the people in other residences
The Type of Elder Care Arrangements and its Consequences for Mental Health Among Physically Frail Elderly
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 1, 2001, Pages 81~90
This study focuses on the type of elder care arrangements and its consequences for mental health among physically frail elderly. Based on data from 410 frail older people, this study reveals the following results: (1) Frail elderly in family caregiving situation shows better mental health in terms of depression and psychological well-being than those in self-care or public institutional situation, (2) but this positive effect of family caregiving on mental health, especially depression, among older people is partly explained by the differences in income and marital status among older people in different caregiving situations, (3) the factors which are significantly related to mental health of older people are income in family caregiving situation, and education in both self-care situation and institutional situation. The results of the study emphasize the importance of family resources in family caregiving situation and of personal resources in self7are or institutional situation.
Non-Starch Polysaccharides of Cell Walls in Glutinous Rice, Rice and Black Rice
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 1, 2001, Pages 91~102
The non-starch polysaccharides in the cell wall of rice, glutinous rice, and black rice, were analyzed. They were fractionated into fractions; water-soluble, hot writer-soluble, ammonium oxalate-soluble, sodium hydroxide-soluble, potassium hydroxide-soluble, and the alkali-insoluble, according to the solvent solubility. The dietary fiber contents were 5.4% in glutinous rice, 4.2% in rice and 7.5% in black rice. The sodium hydroxide soluble fibers were abundant in each kind of rice, especially 4.01% in black rice. The water soluble fibers were 80% of dietary fiber in glutinous rice, 66% in rice, 86% in black rice. It was supposed that the content of the water soluble fibers in rice was increased by pounding. Pectic substances in water soluble fibers, hot water soluble fibers, and ammonium oxalate soluble fibers fraction, were 2.4% in glutinous rice fraction,1.59% in rice, and 1.12% in black rice. Alkali soluble fibers were considered as hemicellulose. Black rice contained 5.80% of hemicellulose, which was more than twice as much as glutinous rice(2.58%) and rice(2.22%). Alkali insoluble fibers were considered as cellulose, which showed no considerable difference. Among samples content of uronic acid in glutinous rice, rice and black rice were 0.9%, 0.66%, 1.8% respectively. Uronic acid of black rice was twice more than other samples tested. The fraction of black rice that uronic acid was extracted at most was the fraction of sodium hydroxide. Mono saccharides of the fraction was the glucose, the arabinose, the xylose.
Effect of Partial Replacement of Rice Flour with Black or Brown Rice Flour on Textural Properties and Retrogradation of Julpyun
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 1, 2001, Pages 103~111
This study was attempted to investigate the effect of partial replacement of rice flour with black or brown rice flour on texture properties and retrogradation of Julpyun(Korean rice cake). In sensory evaluation, the Julpyuns replaced black or brown rice flour 20% had high score in color, flavor and overall acceptability not including mouthfeel. As the result of the measurement with texture analyzer, hardness, gumminess and chewiness of Julpyuns tended to decrease in proportion to the amount of black and brown rice flour in the formula. These resets implied that the degree of retrogradation of black and brown rice Julpyuns might be low. Julpyuns replaced with black rice were a little lower than those of brown rice in the hardness. In the retrogradation speed by Avrami,s equation, the rate constants of Julpyun replaced black and brown rice flour was lower than that of milled rice, restating in delay in firming.
A Scheme for Standardization of the Apartment Management Expenses Levy in the District of Busan(I)-Focused on the Apartments of the Individual Heating System-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 1, 2001, Pages 113~136
The purpose of this study was to develop a scheme for standardization of the apartment management expenses levy focused on the apartments of the individual heating system in Busan. The researcher with apartment managers and executive secretaries of Busan Citizen's Coalition for Economic Justice performed a scheme for standardization through discussion of 20 times as well as investigation of theoretical literature. This scheme for standardization was based on the Act for Community of Dwelling Houses. It is
to show the scheme for standardization of apartment management expenses levy all-inclusive.
Q-sort Description on Maternal Behaviors of One-Year-Old Infants
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 1, 2001, Pages 137~149
Matemal behaviors of Korean mothers of one-year-old infants (26 boys and 21 girls) were observed at home. Mothers were from middle to upper-middle class families in Seoul. Trained observers visited the infant's home for 3 to 4 hours and observed infant-mother interactions in natural situation. After the home visit, observers sorted the Maternal Behavior Q-set into 9 piles, from most characteristics to least characteristics of the mothers. In general, Korean mothers were quite sensitive and responsive in their interactions with one-year-old babies. Mothers interpreted baby's cues correctly, noticed when baby was distressed, and slowed pace down to wait for baby's response. Maternal behaviors were somewhat different according to whether they interacted with boys or girls. Mothers of boys were observed to be less sensitive in their interactions than mothers of girls. Mothers of boys were more unaware of or insensitive to baby's signs of distress, their responses were more delayed, and provided baby to constant and unphased barrage of stimulation thus made baby overwhelmed. In contrast, mothers of girls enjoyed face-to-face interactions, slowed pace down, and their interactions revolved around baby's tempo and state
Path Model for the Family and School Environment Affecting Adolescent Suicidal Ideation Mediated by Depression
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 1, 2001, Pages 151~167
This study tests the path model which examines how the variables of past and present family dynamics, school adjustment, filed life events affect the adolescents'depression which in tum influencing their suicidal ideation. In the path model, the exogenous varialbes were negative parenting experience in childhood, maladjustment history of the family (e.g., alcohol, divorce), present parent-adolesecent communication, school adjustment, filed life events were used, whereas the adolescent depression was used as the mediated variable. The endogenous variable was the adolescent suicidal ideation. The respondents of the survey were 635 adolescent who were 1st and 2nd grade of high school located in Seoul and Busan. Using SPSS for Windows, the path analysis was done for male and female adolescents separately, since female adolescents were found to report significantly higher degree of depression and suicidal ideation then were male adolescents. The results of the path analysis were as followings. First, for both the male and female adolescents, depression was the strongest predictor of their suicidal ideation. Also, school adjustment strongly affected the adolescents'depression as well as their suicidal ideation. Meanwhile, filed life events indirectly influenced the suicidal ideation only through the depression. Second, for the male adolescents, negative parenting experience in childhood affected both the depression and suicidal ideation, while the parent-adolescent communication directly affected the suicidal ideation. Third, for the female adolescents, maladjustment family history and negative parenting experience did not affect their depression, but the suicidal ideation. Meanwhile, parent-adolescent communication was a significant predictor of female adolescents'suicidal ideation as well as their depression. In conclusion, discussion on different path of male and female adolescents'suicidal ideation was provided.
The Study on Social Class and Conspicious Consumption Related to Dimensions of Clothing Price
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 1, 2001, Pages 169~178
In this study, we examined relationship among social class, conspicious consumption, dimensions of clothing price, and clothing buying behavior. The data were obtained by 290 female college students using questionnaire. The questionnaire were consist of four parts, dimensions of clothing price, conspicious consumption, clothing buying behavior, demographic factors. And the data were analysed with frequency,
-test, factor analysis, cluster analysis, ANOVA and Duncan test. The results were as follows. First, there was significant differences in social class and their attitude on dimensions of clothing price. Upper class consumers evaluate clothing price as Quality and dignity, on the other hand, lower class consumers perceived it as tendency for discount. Second, clothing selective standards was founded significantly different in social class. Clothing symbolic factor was more important to the upper class then lower class. Third, upper class consumers had a tendency of purchasing more clothes than lower class, and spend more money on clothing. Fourth, there was significant differences in conspicious consumption group and their attitude on dimensions of clothing price. Fifth, when conspicious consumption tendency is higher, importance of clothing price is highly perceived by college student. Sixth, Amount of clothing purchase and clothing expenditure were significantly different in conspicious consumption group. Consumers tend to buy more clothes and spend more money on clothes when they had high tendency in conspicious consumption.
Mother's Involvement and Children's School Adjustment in Poor Families
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 1, 2001, Pages 179~190
The purposes of this study are to explore mother's involvement in children's education and to examine its impacts on the school adjustment of poor family children. A total of 206 low-income mothers with a child attending elementary or middle school completed a structured questionnaire. Overall, the results show that the mothers tend to involve in their children's education to some degree. But the extent of maternal involvement is not uniform across the types of involvement. In order to analyze factors that affect the school adjustment which is measured as grades and attitudes toward school life, regression is perfomed. The mother-child relationship, the expectation for children's educational attainment and the involvement in school activities are found important in predicting the school adjustment of elementary school students. Also, it is found that the discipline including TV monitoring and the matemal expectation are positively associated with the school adjustment of middle school student.
A Study of the Patriarchal Characteristics at Workplace: Focused on the Perception of Employed Women in Chonbuk-Province
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 1, 2001, Pages 191~204
The purposes of this study are to find the general trends of patriarchal characteristics at workplace and to investigate the differences according to related variables. The concept of patriarchal characteristics at workplace is defined in terms of three aspects of work, human relation, and sexual harassment. The data were obtained through 880 employed women living in Chonbuk-Province. The major findings were as follows : 1) As to the aspects of work and human relation, it was found that employed women very highly experienced the inequality such as sexual division of labor, sex-discrimination, sexual segregation, and women degradation. 2) Over the 90% of respondents reported that they had experienced the victimization of sexual harassment at workplace at least once. 3) The work-related variables(the type of occupation, the size of workplace, the length of employed women's continuance service, the ratio of employed women at workplace) in the degree of patriarchal characteristics were more important then demographic variables(age, education, marriage status)
A Study of Parental Satisfaction and Child-Rearing Practices
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 1, 2001, Pages 205~219
The purpose of this study was examine what extent fathers and mothers direr in their parental satisfaction and child-rearing practices, to identify the variables which were related to the parental satisfaction and child-rearing practices, and to investigate the relationships between parental satisfaction and child-rearing practices. The subjects for this study consisted of 245 fathers and 245 mothers of kindergarten children. Descriptive analysis, Cronbach's
, t-tests, and correlations were used for data description and analysis. Results were as follows:
Paternal child-rearing practices were somewhat differed from maternal child-rearing practices, but parental satisfaction was not differed between fathers and mothers.
Factors contributed to patern satisfaction and child-rearing practices were somewhat differed from maternal satisfaction and child-rearing practices.
For both fathers and mothers, higher parental satisfaction was positively related to more reasoning guidance, affection, goal-oriented attitude, parental involvement, consistent nile-enforcement, and less authoritarian control.
Development of a Peer Competence Scale for Preschool Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 1, 2001, Pages 221~232
The purpose of this study was to develop a scale for evaluation of preschool children's peer competence and to examine its validity and reliability. The 15 items of the preliminary scale were completed by teachers, and peer rating scale for assessment of peer acceptance was administered to 365 children 5 to 6 years of age. The methods for data analysis included item analysis, factor analysis for construct validity, Pearson correlations between teacher's ratings of peer competence and children's ratings of peer acceptance for concurrent validity, and Cronbach's u for reliability. The 15 items of the scathe were found be satisfactory in terms of item response distribution and item discrimination. Factor analysis revealed that a 3-factor solution was the best fit: sociability, prosocial behavior, leadership in peer relations. Correlations between teacher's ratings and children's ratings were as significant. Cronbach'so ranged from .88 to .93 for three subscales and .93 for the total scale. It was concluded that the psychometric properties of the peer competence scale in general were acceptable for use.