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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 39, Issue 12 - Dec 2001
Volume 39, Issue 11 - Nov 2001
Volume 39, Issue 10 - Oct 2001
Volume 39, Issue 9 - Sep 2001
Volume 39, Issue 8 - Aug 2001
Volume 39, Issue 7 - Jul 2001
Volume 39, Issue 6 - Jun 2001
Volume 39, Issue 5 - May 2001
Volume 39, Issue 4 - Apr 2001
Volume 39, Issue 3 - Mar 2001
Volume 39, Issue 2 - Feb 2001
Volume 39, Issue 1 - Jan 2001
Selecting the target year
A Study on Evaluation of Residential Environments and Residential Alterations for Physically Disabled Women
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1~14
In order to develop a manual of residential alterations for the physically disabled, this case study was accomplished to analyze and evaluate residential environments and residential alterations for physically disabled women. Twenty-nine physically disabled women in Seoul and Kyunggi areas were the subjects of this study. With the evaluation checklist on physical environments of their housing, data on general characteristics of wall, floor, and all features and equipments and spaces of bedroom, kitchen, bathroom, living mom, entrance and balcony were gathered. Also, data on residential alterations were gathered through personal interviews. The data were collected from July 18th to July 25th in 2000. Frequency, percentage, and mean were used to analyze the data. In kitchen, small space, hee space under the sink and heights of the lower cabinets were not properly provided. In bathroom, door width, direction of opening door, adjustable height of shower, level difference, clear space for wheelchair user, and storage place were not appropriate to the disabled. Kitchen and bathroom showed high frequencies of alteration. But most of the subjects were not satisfied with the alterations of their housing. They also wanted to alter these two spaces in the future. In order to after their housing effectively appropriate information of the residential alterations was needed. If a guide or manual book for residential alterations was provided, the physically disabled people will more easily after their housing for safe and independent life.
A study on Clothing Behavior and Preference of clothing Design on the Comparison of Body types of Chinese Women
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 11, 2001, Pages 15~26
China adopted a free market economy and is a member of WTO. It has now emerged as one of the most promising markets in the word for the near future. The purpose of this study was to investigate of Chinese women clothing behavior and preference of clothing design by body types and to suggest basic information for high quality clothes merchandising of exporting to China. The subjects in this study were 280 Chinese women, aged from 20 to 50 living in Beijing. The survey was taken from June to July, 1999. SAS(Statistical Analysis System) is used for frequency, percentage, average, standard deviation,
-test, factor analysis. The results of this study are as follows. Ewamination on the Chinese womens clothing behavior showed that they attach importance to economy for purchasing clothes and have affirmative self-confidence. The thin body type women prefer to fashionable clothes while the fat body type has more reasonable economic behavior for clothing. It is needed to different merchandising project by body type in China..
The Realities in the Elderly Caregiving and Its New Direction: Revisiting Caregiving Researches in the 1990s
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 11, 2001, Pages 27~42
This paper reviews researches related with the elderly caregiving, which hale published during the 1990s. After analyzingthe 29 articles in this field, the major findings are as follows: First, the advantageous position in life chances which is consisted of socioeconomic status and resources tends to reduce th burden for the elderly care. The higher in social status, the more resources older adults have, the more advantageous in controlling their relationship with their children and caregivers. Second, values based on familism is more associated with providing caregiving services for their parents than those of filial piety. Third, the tendency that daughter-in-law takes the role of the primary caregiver suggests a possibility of diminishing her enthusiasm, and finally comes to recognize her role as an enforced one, as time goes by. Fourth, cargiving burden affects the diverse aspects of caregiver's way of life. When the lower class elderly has dementia, caregiving stress and hassle have reached at their peak level. For meeting the needs of reducing the burden for the elderly care, this study suggests community- based approach for the elderly care. This approach attempts to share the caregiving burden with local community. To share the burden means that the boundaries of caregivers does not limit family members, but to expand community. This attempt includes a plan that establishes multipurpose community center which provides comprehensive services and care for the aged. The theoretical rationale of this approach are also discussed.
Selection, Optimization, and Compensation(SOC) as Strategies of life Management in Mid-life Crisis
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 11, 2001, Pages 43~62
This study investigated the relationships among Selection, Optimization, and Compensation(SOC) as strategies of life management in mid-life crisis respect to gender and age. The subjects of this study were 170 females and 182 males at the ages between 40 and 60 living in Seoul. Selection, Optimization, and Compensation(SOC) as strategies of life management were assessed by SOC-questionnaire while mid-life crisis was assessed by Mid-Life Crisis Scale. The data were analyzed using frequencies, percentiles, means, standard deviations, Cronbach's
, two-way ANOVAS, and Pearson's correlations. Except compensation there was no significant difference in Selection and Optimization as strategies of life management as a function of gender and age. No signigicant difference was found in mid-life crisis as a function of gender and age. There were significant negative correlations among Selection, Optimization, and Compensation(SOC) as strategies of life management and mid-life crisis except the individuation.
Adolescents' Social Network and their Self-Perceived Competence
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 11, 2001, Pages 63~72
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of adolescents'social network and their self-perceived competence. In this study 207 seventh and ninth grade adolescents completed Social Network of Relationships Inventory(NRI) and Self-Perception Profile For Children(SPPC). The data were analyzed by Frequencies, Percentiles, t-test, Cronbach's
, Pearson's correlation. Major findings were as follows: 1) Social network of relationships with various social agents made different contributions to the prediction of adolescents'self-perceived competence. 2) In social network of relationships, boys perceived significantly higher than girls for the social support from teacher. In Competence, boys perceived significantly higher than girls for the social acceptance and athletic competence. 3) In social network of relationships, the seventh grader perceived significantly higher than the ninth grader for the social support from mother, father and teacher. In scholastic competence, athletic competence, physical appearance and global self-worth, the seventh grader perceived significantly higher than the ninth grader.
Innerwear Consumer Segmentation According to the Shopping Orientation
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 11, 2001, Pages 73~88
Apparel has been generally considered to be high involvement merchandise. But, there are many kinds of merchandises with various attributes within the apparel category. Among apparel merchandises, innerwears have been known to be relatively low-involved and convenience products. Lately, many brands with brand name, high quality, and fashionability were launched, and innerwear consumers became more sophisticated and individualized. Therefore, investigating the shopping orientations and behavious of innerwear consumers is needed. Consumers perceived the images and attributes of competing brands to be similar. So, those brands in competition need to establish differentiation strategy. Generally, the innerwear shopping orientation of consumers was passive and low-involved. But, they could be segmented into apathetic group, brand oriented/loyal group, and rational/economic purchaser group. These groups showed significant differences in demographic characteristics, store patronage, and information sources of innerwear. Therefore, there are consumer groups with various shopping orientations and purchasing behaviors in the innerwear market.
A Theoretical Review for developing a Korean Type Marital Satisfaction Scale
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 11, 2001, Pages 89~106
The purpose of this study is to critically review the related issues of marital satisfaction scale in order to develop a Korean Type Marital Satisfaction Scale. Especially definitional ambiguity, unit of analysis theory of marital satisfaction and issues about measurement and cultural implication are reviewed. Also a section deals with suggestions that could be considered to develop Korean Type Marital Satisfaction Scale.
An Analysis on the College Wonen's Buying and Using Behavior of Cosmetics According to Life-style Types
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 11, 2001, Pages 107~128
The objectives of this study were to classify the consumer group based on the lifestyle traits of cortege women, to examine the demographic characteristics of each group, and to find out the differences of buying and using behavior of cosmetics among each group. The survey was conducted and 392 samples were analyzed by SPSS package program. The results of this study were as follows; 1. The lifestyle types were clasified 4 groups. They were named 'Progressive fashion pursuing type' 'Reality adaptable living-satisfaction type','Traditional frugal faithful type','Passive living-unconcern type'. 2. The demographic characteristics of each lifestyle group showed meaningful differences according to the following variables ; major, average monthly pocket money, religion, living standard, educational level and occupation of the head of a family. 3. The buying behavior of cosmetics(the degree of product involvement, information search behavior, product choice criteria, store choice criteria) showed meaningful differences among each lifestyle group. 4. The using behavior of cosmetics( the motive of make-up, the extent of make-up, average monthly cosmetics expenditure) showed meaningful differences among each lifestyle group.
Korean Caregiver's Perceived Benefits and Costs of the Coresidence with the Elderly Parents - focused on Rural and Urban Difference -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 11, 2001, Pages 129~144
In spite of rapid sociocultural changes and an increase in the number of nuclear families in recent years, quite many families in Korea still have taken the extended family form where daughter-in-law provides care for the elderly parents. Even though the nature of the inter-generational relationship in Korea is reciprocal in many regards, most of the studies looked at the burden or costs of coresidence with the elderly parents while relatively little attention has been given to the positive side of the coresidence. This study is an attempt to fill this gap in the area. The purpose of this study is to examine not only the costs but also benefits of the coresidence with the elderly parents. We also explore whether there is a rural-urban differences in costs and benefits of coresidence and related factors. For the purpose, data were gathered from 876 daughters-in-law of three generational family both in rural and urban area, using structured questionnaire. The statistical methods used for data analysis were descriptive statistics, cross tables, and regression analysis with SPSS/PC+ program. The major findings of this study were as follows: Marital and economic status of the elderly parents, age, job status and filial responsibility attitude of caregiver, sibling support, and coresidence duration were the significant variables predicting the level of perceived benefits. Marital status of elderly parents, income, job status, educational level, and filial responsibility altitude of caregiver, residence region affected the level of perceived costs. Rural-urban differences are found in many aspects of coresidence experiences and related factors. Rural caregivers receive higher level of the sibling support, have more traditional final responsibility altitude and perceived less costs and more benefit than urban caregivers. There also are differences in the factors influencing the level of perceived costs and benefits between rural and urban area. Level of sibling support and final responsibility attitude have significant impact on both the perceived costs and benefits. But there are differences in terms of that perceived costs and benefits of urban caregivers are affected by job status of caregivers while those of rural caregivers are affected by educational level of caregivers and marital status of elderly. The results confirm that Korean caregivers experience both positive and negative aspects of coresidence and shows that the nature of the inter-generational relationships differ between rural and urban Korea.
The effect of Shopping Attitude Characteristics on Clothing Purchase Attitudes Utilized to CATV Home Shopping
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 11, 2001, Pages 145~160
The purpose of this study was to classify consumer groups according to shopping attitude and analyze buying intention and evaluation criteria of apparel product, opinion to CATV home shopping among consumer groups. The subjects of this study were 270 women living in Chonbuk and Chonnam regardless their experiene in CATV home shopping. For data analysis frequency, percentage, mean,1-test, factor analysis, Cluster Analysis, Duncan Multiple Range test, were conducted. The results were as follows; First, the type of shopping attitude were classified into the following subdivisions: merchandise assortment oriented type, adventure oriented type, indifferent type, economy oriented group, recreational oriented group. Second, shopping attitude were shown to have the significant differences according to education, the structure of family, working in double hamess. Third, the significant differences among the classified shopping attitude groups were found in buying intention, evaluation criteria of apparel product, and opinion to CATV home shopping.
A Study on the perspectives on Curriculum of Middle School Home Economics Teachers and Technology Teachers by Socio-demographic Variables
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 11, 2001, Pages 161~174
In the 7th curriculum revision, Home Economics and Technology are combined into one subject, Practical Arts(Technology Home Economic), from 5th to 10th grades. The purpose of this study was to ewamine what perspectives home economics teachers and technology teachers have on curriculum. A questionnaire survey was carried out to the 297 middle school home economics teachers and technology teachers across the nation, to find out the differences of their perspectives on curriculum by independent variables. The findings of this study were as follows: 1) Both groups of home economics teachers and technology teachers supported interpretive, emancipators, and technical perspective on curriculum in the order named. 2) Teachers who have teaching experience of 21 years or more showed higher orientation toward technical perspective than those who have teaching experience of 10 years or less in assumptions on society, educational goal, Knowledge, and teaching-loaming method. 3) Public school teachers showed stronger orientation toward technical perspective in assumptions on teaching-learning method, and toward emancipatory perspective in assumptions on society. 4) Teachers who majored in or took charge of Technology generally had strong orientation toward technical perspective, whereas those who majored in or took charge of Home Economics oriented more toward interpretive or emancipatory than technical perspective.
Intercultural Experience and Socio-Psychological Adjustment of the Children Returing from Abroad
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 11, 2001, Pages 175~192
This study investigated the relationships between inter-cultural experience and socio-psychological adjustment to the current life among children who have refilmed from living abroad. The subject of research consisted of 102 boys and 110 girls from fourth grade through sixth grade who returned to their home country after living in a foreign correlation Data were collected from 5 elementary schools in Seoul. Descriptive statistics, t-tests, correlation analysis and regression were used for data analysis. The results of children's social-psychological adjustment were represented by 3 categories: school/friend relationship, stress/strain and language/learning. The following are the summarized results; First, girl students were more likely to adapt to school/friend relationships in Korea and had lower stress/strain than boys. Second, the children having shorter period of residence in foreign county, lower adaptation ability to different culture and extrovert personality showed higher socio-psychological adjustments after returning to Korea. Third, the adjustment to school/friends was influenced by period of residency in the foreign county, the experience of different culture, and extrovert personality. The experience of different culture and extrovert personality effected stress/strain, and the adjustments to language/learning were influenced only by the ewperiecne of different culture. Lastly, the experience of different culture was the most important variable influencing all 3 categories of socio-psychological adjustments.
The Changes of Neighbor and Family Relation by Joining Communal Childcare Cooperative
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 11, 2001, Pages 193~208
The changes of neighbor relation by joining communal childcare cooperative are as follows. Neighbors who are cooperative members are consultant who advise on childcare and communal parents who nurture children in communal local society. They are also consultant on problems of couples because one can reveal difficulties and troubles in the relation with the spouse easily to the neighbors. They admit gradually that their daily life can also be shared with other families. Living with neighbors extend the boundary of family and form a sound family culture. On the other hand, because their relationship is satisfactory, they have no need to form relationship with neighbors who are not cooperative members. They regard neighbors who are not cooperative members as 'peoples with different color from us'. Also they recognize exclusive eyesight from neighbor who are not cooperative members. The changes of family relation by joining communal childcare cooperative are as follows. In the relationship between wife and husband, both husband and wife take equal responsibility of childcare and that husband gets to familiar with household matters. In the relationship between parents and children, equality comes true and parents get to blow wars to be good parents. And they neither attach to their children nor bear expansive delusions on their children.
Maternal Separation Anxiety: The Relations to Mothers' Characteristics, Children's Initial Temperament, and Overprotective Parenting Behaviors
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 11, 2001, Pages 209~222
The purpose of this study was to examine the relations between mothers's and children's characteristics, maternal separation anxiety, and overprotective parenting with a sample of 212 mothers of 3-6 year-old children. The subjects reported maternal separation anxiety, children's initial temperament, their own experience in the childhood and personality, and overprotectiveness. The results indicated that 1) mothers who experienced higher parental acceptance showed higher maternal separation anxiety; 2) mothers who perceived that their children had avoidant temperament showed higher material separation anxiety; 3) mothers who showed higher separation anxiety reported higher overprotectiveness; 4) maternal separation anxiety played a mediating role in the relations between children's approach-avoidance temperament and mothers' sheltering behavior
A Study on the Prediction of Clothing formability of Men's Shirts from Mechanical Properties
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 11, 2001, Pages 223~232
This study, by explaining the relationship between mechanical properties and clothing formability, aims to propose functional data for tailoring performance of fabrics of good tailorability. The KES-FB system was used to measure factors of mechanical properties and also the technique of stepwise-block-regression method was applied to investigate relationship between functional properties and mechanical properties of men's shirks. As results of vasual inspection of men's shirts, it showed that good fabrics had higher value in the LT, bending properties, shear properties and RC than poor fabrics in Total Appearance Value(TAV). And finally, A formula was obtained for calculating the VIA of men's shirts from functional properties which were calculated from the mechanical properties.