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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 39, Issue 12 - Dec 2001
Volume 39, Issue 11 - Nov 2001
Volume 39, Issue 10 - Oct 2001
Volume 39, Issue 9 - Sep 2001
Volume 39, Issue 8 - Aug 2001
Volume 39, Issue 7 - Jul 2001
Volume 39, Issue 6 - Jun 2001
Volume 39, Issue 5 - May 2001
Volume 39, Issue 4 - Apr 2001
Volume 39, Issue 3 - Mar 2001
Volume 39, Issue 2 - Feb 2001
Volume 39, Issue 1 - Jan 2001
Selecting the target year
An Analysis of Current States and Curriculums of Interior Design Major at Vocational High Schools and Suggestions for Improvement
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 12, 2001, Pages 1~14
The purpose of this study was to analyze the current states of interior design as a major at vocational high schools and to suggest ways in which it can be improved. Three hundred and four students and twelve teachers of two vocational high schools comprised the sample population for this study. Data was collected using two methods, questionnaires and interviews. Frequency distribution, mean, and chi-square tests were used to analyze the data. The findings of this study are as follows: The student respondents were more interested in studying residential design, furniture design and making, drafting and perspective drawing than other areas of study. Most teachers had difficulties teaching the subject of residential design because they were not well educated with this area. Surprisingly most students hoped to extend their education to a university or college after graduation, not to enter the workforce. According to teachers'responses, almost ninety percentage of students entered university or college. And more than two thirds of the students desired to study an interior design related major at the university level. Among graduates having jobs, half of them were working in interior design fields. If the students had to choose their jobs, they would work in interior design fields. The variables differentiating several related careers after graduation were school, grade, and sex. The students viewed interior design, interior coordination, and CAD related work as fields likely to enter upon graduating from vocational high schools; however, teachers viewed furniture making, interior accessorizing, and home fashion as fields more appropriate to the students'level of training. The teacher respondents criticized the textbooks in four categories; suitability with the students'level was average or below average; students'interest level and students'understanding level were average or above average; and whether the book was easy or difficult to be utilized for the purposes of teaching was also average or above average. The criticism was a little diverse depending on each book or each chapter. The teachers pointed out several problems using those books, such as insufficient examples or explanation, lack of coherence between some chapters, and an incompatibility with the allotted time frame in class. The merits of the textbooks varied such as a well organized structure, ability to generate students'interest. This study revealed that the strategy for improving the interior design major at vocational high schools should invoke, 1) dividing students into two groups-one to enter a university; the other to have jobs after graduation to focus their interests. 2) improving textbooks more appropriate to the students. 3) providing present teachers the opportunities for in-service training and hiring new teachers with credentials more suitable to educate students who desire to be interior designers.
A Study on the Development of the Cyber Ethic Educational Program Establishing Program for Establishing Cultural Framework in Cyber Spaces
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 12, 2001, Pages 15~35
This research aims to investigate the casual effects of not only the level of ethic awareness in general among internet users but also the level of internet skills on inadequate behaviors in cuber spaces. This research also try to develop the framework for the cyber ethic educational program in order to establishing adequate attitudes in cuber spaces. For accomplishing the purposes of this research, the data, 522, had been collected from both on-line and off-line. The major statistical methods for data analysis were frequency, factor analysis, multiple regression, and path analysis. The results of this casual effect analysis were as follows: 1. There were positive direct causal effects of sex, occupation, place for internet use, and internet skills on inadequate behaviors in cuber spaces. On the other hand, the negative casual effect of the awareness of legal ethics on inadequate behaviors in cuber spaces. 2. Such variables as sex, age, internet-related and the awareness of ethics in general had indirect causal effects on the inadequate behaviors in cuber spaces through the variable which is the awareness of cyber ethics. The implications of this findings were discussed.
The Causal Model of Mother's Parenting and Children's Locus of Control to Self-Control in Elementary School Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 12, 2001, Pages 37~50
The purpose of this study was to explore a causal model of mother's parenting and children's locus of control to self-control in elementary school children. The subjects were 582 children of 4th, 5th and 6th grade. The instruments were Self-Control Rating Scale for Children, Locus of Control Scale for Children and Parenting Scale. The major findings of this study were as follows. 1) Children's locus of control, mother's warmth-acceptance and permissiveness-nonintervention , mother's education level and children's sex predicted children's self-control. 23% of the variance of children's self-control was explainer by these variables. 2) Mother's warmth-acceptance had a direct and an indirect positive effect through children's locus of control on children's self-control and was the first contribution factor. Children's locus of control had a first direct effect on children's self-control. 3) Mother's permissiveness-nonintervention had a direct and an indirect negative effect through children's locus of control on children's self-control. Mother's education level had a direct and an indirect effect through children's locus of control on children's self-control. Children's sex had a direct and an indirect effect through mother's rejection-restriction on children's self-control. Mother's rejection-restriction had an indirect effect through children's locus of control on children's self-control. Family income had an indirect effect through mother's parenting on children's self-control. Father's education level had an indirect effect through mother's permissiveness-nonintervention on children's self-control.
Development of Criteria to Assess the Quality of Food and Nutrition Information on Internet
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 12, 2001, Pages 51~63
With the development of information technology, more and more internet sites are available to consumers. Increasing on the interests of diet and health in modem society, there are numerous internet sites dealing with food, nutrition and health. Considering the importance and expected roles of internet sites in information dissemination in the future world, it is important to put more efforts to encourage internet sites with more accurate an useful information. Up to present, not much work has been done on quality analysis and evaluation of the internet information. This study aimed to develop a model to evaluate and rank the internet information according to its quality so that consumers can be guided toward correct information source. Three models were adapted from the literature for pilot study to develop a model suitable for evaluation of contents of sites related to food and nutrition information. From the pilot study, a evaluation model was developed with criteria more relevant to Korean internet site by expert panel. Evaluation criteria of the model is authority, accuracy, objectivity, coverage, and user-friendliness. For the objective and systematic evaluation, scores were assigned totaling maximum 100 point to each evaluation criteria factors. The model developed in this study could be used as one for other internet sites in area other than food and nutrition.
A Study on the Development of Simulation for Make-up Coordination
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 12, 2001, Pages 65~77
The purpose of this study is to propose development of simulation for make-up coordination by computer graphics and web animation program. In the 20th century, the power of the internet and www has been growing at such a rapid speed and also has provided the possibility of numerous market. Especially the internet marketing of womens products like cosmetics come into the spotlight as the way of sales. Many companies advertise their new products and give useful guidline of make-up technic on the website. So the contents of the website is one of the important thing to lead customer to purchasing. For the reason, this study tries develope a simulation of model in which customer can select their shape of face, color and theme whatever necessary. The model, color, theme palletes were designed by 'PHOTOSHOP 6.0'and the web image of simulation was made by 'FLASH ANIMATION 5.0'. As a result of this study is 1. It can give the chance to customer to make their own image of shape, color and theme through the simulation more speedly and exactly. 2. It can help company to advertise their new products, offer service for customers and lead customers to purchasing. 3. By accummulating the database, it can help to develop educational make-up system.
Space Construction and Props Used in Window Display of Clothing Stores
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 12, 2001, Pages 79~90
Use of the right props in the window display of fashion stores is an essential factor of stimulating customers'interest in purchase, white display is known as important means of expressing fashion. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the practice of window display in domestic fashion stores in terms of props and space construction and to find the differences among 5 different brand types including adult women's, women's casual, men's, unisex, and sportswear. For this study, the window display of the 165 fashion brands was investigated according to the kinds of props used. The data were analyzed by using frequency count and percentage. The various kinds of props were used according to the different brand types and this result was found to be statistically significant. It was found that the four different types of mannequins were the most frequently used props in all fashion brands. And the other props used commonly in fashion stores included photographs, plants, furnitures, and outdoor displays. A variety of special kinds of props were used to attract customers depending on the types of brands. As a conclusion, the importance of selecting effective props was increasingly recognized and the prospect of window display was found to be dependent on the use of right props.
Characteristics of Continuing Care Retirement Communities in U.S.A.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 12, 2001, Pages 91~106
The purpose of this study was to examine the possibility of application of Continuing Care Retirement Community concepts for the development of elderly housing in Korea. The data was collected from 28 CCRC models in "Design", an Annual Publication of Nursing Homes Long Term Care Management, from 1999 to 2001. This paper comers the potential benefits of CCRC ; provide support services, prepare appropriate environment and promote social interactions. The further research about how to develop and manage CCRC will be necessary in the future.
A Study on the Types of Awareness of Cost and Benefit Consumer Complaining Behavior and Its Related Factors - focused on the Educational Services of Private Institutes -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 12, 2001, Pages 107~127
The objectives of this study were to investigate how the types of awareness of cost and benefit of consumer complaining behavior about the private educational institute services were classified, how different demographic and consumer complaining rebated characteristics were according to the types of awareness of cost and benefit about consumer complaining behavior, and what were the determinant factors of the types of awareness of cost and benefit about consumer complaining behavior. The survey of this study was conducted by means of self-administered questionnaire with 546 university students living in Seoul and Cheongjoo. They had an experience of studying in the private educational institute in recent two years. Major findings were as following: (1) The types of awareness of cost and benefit of consumer complaining behavior about the private educational institute services were classified into four - awareness of high cost and low benefit, high cost and high benefit, low cost and medium benefit, medium cost and medium benefit. (2) The attitude about complaints, the confidence of success about complaint, and the knowledge about complaints were different significantly according to the types of awareness of cost and benefit about consumer complaining behavior. (3) The types of awareness of cost and benefit about consumer complaining behavior were different significantly according to only a school year among demographic characteristics. (4) The determinant factors of the types of awareness of cost and benefit about consumer complaining behavior were the attitude about complaints, the confidence of success about complaints, the knowledge about complaints, and the major field of study.
The Effects of Maternal Monitoring and Information Sources of Maternal Knowledge on Externalizing and Internalizing Behaviors of Adolescents
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 12, 2001, Pages 129~140
The effects of material monitoring and information sources of maternal knowledge on externalizing and internalizing behaviors of adolescents were examined with a sample of 323 ninth-grade middle school students(163 boys and 160 girls) and their mothers. Data were collected using questionnaires regarding maternal monitoring, information sources of maternal knowledge, and externalizing and internalizing behaviors of adolescents. The major findings were that 1) unemployed mothers showed more monitoring than employed mothers; 2) mothers perceived that girls showed more self-disclosure and were more controlled by them than boys; 3) girls showed more internalizing behavior than boys; 4) the more adolescents were monitored by their mothers, the less internalizing behavior they showed; 5) the more maternal solicitation was used, the more externalizing behavior girls showed; 6) adolescents showed the least externalizing behavior when maternal monitoring was highly perceived by both mothers and adolescents. And perception of maternal monitoring by adolescents themselves plays an important role in showing less externalizing behavior.
A Study of Home Concept of Homelike Elderly Housing Facility Design
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 12, 2001, Pages 141~158
The purpose of this study was identifying the essential concept of home of middle class and aged housewives by using a critical incident methodology. All 30 subjects participated in structured interviews designed to elicit statements describing the attributes of home and non-home environment. The qualities of comfort, place-attachment, self-expression, fundamental values and personal identity, social relationships, economic value, and a suitable physical structure were associated with home environments, and were absent in residences which were not regarded as homes.
Needs for Consumer Information on Internet
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 12, 2001, Pages 159~175
The internet which is only opened for special class at the past, diffuse to all classes like junior.senior highschool and woman in general and it boost the internet's popularize. So the consumers can reduce the all physical.time cost, and now the internet settle in the most important method to find the informations. I hope this project can expect the protection the over-carrying of consumer information on internet and consumers can activity acquire the information in consumer's side. Also in the business's side, it promote the developing of fair information offers for lighten the inequality of information. And in the governments side, it's a basic information to plan the legal system for help the consumers to use the safe and correctness internet.
A Comparative Research on the fitness test of the Basic Bodice Patterns for Women
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 12, 2001, Pages 177~188
The purpose of this study is to investigate the fitness according to drafting method of the block patterns for women in Korea. The major findings of this study are as follows: 1. According to each sensory test of the frontal view, back view, side view and silhouette Block Pattern I is the best of them in summation of the sensory tests score. Block, Pattern D and I have good shape too. However the best block Pattern D shows good score in evaluation of overall fitness and silhouette. 2. Most of block patterns, which show high scores in sensory tests, are the Compromise Method taking merits of the Proportional Method and Short Measure Method among the Pattern Drafting Methods. Box-shape patterns show low score in the sensory tests. 3. Regarding to the number of measurement, the patterns of the Compromise Method using 6-8 measurements seem to be optimal. In degree of fitness, loose fit type basic patterns are better than other patterns from a viewpoint of the total satisfaction.
The Effects of Social Support Network on the Life Satisfaction of Married Middle-aged Women
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 12, 2001, Pages 189~203
The purposes of this study were to examine the social support network of married middle-aged women and its effects on the life satisfaction. The data were obtained through 395 middle-aged women living in Kwangju and Chonnam. The major findings were as follows. 1. Married middle-aged women mostly received companionable support and they were intimate with friends and family members of orientation obviously. 2. The life satisfaction of married middle-aged women was significantly influenced by emotional support from wife's family members of orientation, contact frequency with husband's family members of orientation, emotional support from their friends and intimacy with wife's family members of orientation.
A Study of Development of the korean-Marital Satisfaction Scale
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 12, 2001, Pages 205~224
This article presents the development of a self-report measure of Korean Marital Satisfaction Scale. Based on 'Family Process Model'and interviews with 183 married couple, 3 domain structures with 74 items were identified, which included interactional process, emotional process, and intellectual process. It was administerd to 289 couples to test reliability and validity. Overall reliability coefficients were high for each of the individual domains(
=.93). Face validity, content validity, content validity and concurrent validity respectively were demonstrated good. Additionally, divergent validity with scales of self-esteem and depression was observed. These results support the reliability and psychometric validity of the Korean Marital Satisfaction Scale in the assessment of key dimensions of marital process of Korean couples.
A study on Care-Oriented Morality and Justice-Oriented Morality in Young Adults
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 12, 2001, Pages 225~238
This study investigated the relationships of care-oriented morality and justice-oriented morality to gender and sex role identity in young adults. The subjects of this study were 42 males and 46 females, the age of 30 to 39 years old. Care-oriented morality was assessed by the Ethic of Care Interview(ECI) and justice-oriented morality was assessed by the Korean Defining Issues Test(DIT) while sex role identity was assessed by the Korean Sex Role Inventory(KSRI). Care-oriented morality of most of the subjects was on level 2. The P(%) score of justice-oriented morality of most of the subjects was found to be pretty high. Sex differences were found both in the levels of care-oriented morality and justice-oriented morality. That is, women were higherthan men both in care-oriented morality and justice-oriented morality. However, no significant difference in sex role identity types was found both in the levels of care-oriented morality and justice-oriented morality.
Development of a Group Therapy Program for Social Readjustment of Delinquents Under Probation
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 12, 2001, Pages 239~251
This study aimed at developing a Social Readjustment Group Therapy Program for delinquents under probation. This program intended to enhance the participants'self-esteem, impose control, daily life habits and relationship with parent. Thirty one male delinquents were chosen from a Probation Center in Seoul, and were divided into one of the four small groups. Group Therapy based on Solution-Focused Brief Therapy Model was given for three hours for ten sessions by four group leaders and four assistants. Results showed meaningful improvement over all of the above target behaviors, especially self-esteem.
A Study on the Adolescent Consumers' Behavior Conformity in Brand Choice -Focused on Casual Wear-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 12, 2001, Pages 253~269
The goal of this study is to examine the level of disposition conformity in everyday life and behavior conformity in clothes brand choice, and analyze the effects of disposition conformity and influential variables on behavior conformity in brand choice. For this analysis, the data were collected from 478 middle school and high school students in Seoul through surveys. Frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Pearson's correlation coefficient, ANOVA, t-test, Duncan's multiple range test and multiple regression have been used to analyze the research objectives. Main findings are following; First, the 62.8% of the students showed high level of disposition conformity, and the 60.7% of them showed relatively low level of behavior conformity in brand choice. The adolescent consumers'disposition conformity to the reference groups in everyday life is in the order of parents, peer group, and mass media star. Second, the group differences in disposition conformity are diversified by independent variables. Among socio-demographic variables, disposition conformity to peer group differ by grade and disposition conformity to parents differ by the parents'education. Sex causes differences between groups in all disposition conformity except parents. In economic variables, the perceived level of living raises differences between groups in disposition conformity to the parent and whole disposition conformity. As the degree of disposable money gets higher in buying clothes, adolescent consumers conform more to the mass media star. Disposition conformity to parents and peer group were also differed by self-esteem. Third, significant variables, which affect the adolescent consumers'behavior conformity in brand choice, are grade, their mother's education, degree of disposable money in buying clothes, and disposition conformity to peer group and mass media star.
A Study on the Family Value Orientation of unmarried Adult Child : Relationship to the Family Value Orientation of their Parents and Related Variables
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 12, 2001, Pages 271~284
The purpose of this study was to find out the relationship of attitudes of parents and their unmarried adult child concerning the family value orientation. In addition to this study examined the relationship to child's family value orientation and related variables. The major findings 1) Gender, mother's value of marriage, religion were influential factors on the child's value of marriage.2) Gender and mother's value of sex role were influential factors on the child's value of sex role. 3) Child's gender was only influential factor on child's value of child. 4) Gender, mother's value of filial piety, father's value of filial piety were significant factors which have some effects on child's attitudes toward value of final piety. 5) Gender, mother's value of familism, religion were significant factors which have some effects on child's attitudes toward value of familism. 6) Gender, mother's family value orientation, father's family value orientation were influential factors on child's family value oreintation. In conclusion, this study found that child's gender was the most influential factor on child's family value orientations. And mother's family value orientations had strong effects on children's family value orientations.