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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 39, Issue 12 - Dec 2001
Volume 39, Issue 11 - Nov 2001
Volume 39, Issue 10 - Oct 2001
Volume 39, Issue 9 - Sep 2001
Volume 39, Issue 8 - Aug 2001
Volume 39, Issue 7 - Jul 2001
Volume 39, Issue 6 - Jun 2001
Volume 39, Issue 5 - May 2001
Volume 39, Issue 4 - Apr 2001
Volume 39, Issue 3 - Mar 2001
Volume 39, Issue 2 - Feb 2001
Volume 39, Issue 1 - Jan 2001
Selecting the target year
Adolescents′Self-Esteem and Materialism as related to Clothing and flood Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 8, 2001, Pages 1~18
The purpose of this study was two folds; One is to explore the adolescents'self-esteem, materialism, clothing and food behavior according to their gender and socio-economic status(SES). The other is to examine the relations among those variables. The subjects were 530 high school students(246 boys; 284 girls) in Seoul. Data were collected through questionnaires. As results, boys and adolescents from higher SES show higher self-esteem compared to girls and those from low SES. There was no gender difference in materialism, but adolescents from lower SES haute higher materialism. Girls buy clothes and eat out more frequently and spend more money on them. As anticipated, there were significant negative correlations between self-esteem and materialism. Moreover, adolescents who hale higher self-esteem and lower materialism tend to behave more desirable patterns of colthing and food behavior.
A Study on the Activity Programs at Community Center for Citizens' Welfare toward New Millennium
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 8, 2001, Pages 19~36
Recently, the demand for pubic welfare has been expended to the comprehensive services terms of cultural, medical and psychological aspects and provision of information. These various demands for welfare services to improve citizens'quality of life could be effectively met by an integrated community center covered small regions rather than many existing individual institutions focused on specific services covered wide regions. The purpose of this study was to develop the activity programs for a proposed new millennium community center The activity programs classified into five types (administrative services; information and counselling; health and sports; leisure and culture; and child care and educational services) and each type included various unique activity programs not only for specific age groups but also for all age groups. In order to operate a new millennium community center effectively, the legal supports and systematic organizations to manage the community center should be required. Discussions and recommendations for these issues were included in the study.
The Causal Relations of Children′s Behavior Problems, Locus of Control and Mother′s Childrearing Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 8, 2001, Pages 37~52
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships of mother's childrearing behavior, children's behavior problems, locus of control and peer victimization. The subjects were 360 children of 4th and 6th grade and their mothers. The instruments were Peer Victimization Scale, CBCL, Locus of Control Scale for Children, Childrearing Behavior Scale. The major findings of this study were as follows; (1) The type of peer victimization had a significant difference between girls and boys. That is, boys were more focused on overt victimization than girls. There was no significant gender difference in relational victimization, And there was no significant grade difference in overt and relational victimization. (2) Mother's rejection-restriction childrearing behavior, children's social withdrawal behavior problems, extemal locus of control predicted children's peer victimization. 24% of the variance of children's peer victimization was explained by these variables. (3) Mother's rejection-restriction childrearing behavior was the first contribution factor and had a direct and indirect effect through children's locus of control on children's peer victimization. And children's social withdrawal behavior problems was second contribution factor and had a direct effect on children's peer victimization. Children's locus of control had a direct and indirect effect through children's social withdrawal behavior problems on children's peer victimization. Mother's warmth-acceptance and permissiveness-nonintervention childrearing behavior had indirect effect through children's locus of control on children's peer victimization.
An Analysis of the related factors to the stress of the Unmarried Mothers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 8, 2001, Pages 53~66
The primary objectives of this research is to identify the unmarried mother's (1) socio-demographic characteristics and (2) factors that correlates their stress and (3) factors that predicts their stress. This study uses the data based on interviews with 136 unmarried mothers selected purposive sampling from the 5 unmarried mothers protective institutions in Seoul, Pyungtak, Chunchon, Taegu, and Gwanju. The major findings were as follows. First of all, the age of the first sexual activity of the late-teens among the unmarried mothers are over the half. The portions over the one time abortion are 33.3%. Second, the social support part in the coping sub-category had positive correlation with the stress of unmarried mothers. And the age of the first sexual activity and my thought on the adolescent sex had negative correlation with the stress of unmarried mothers. Third, the age of the first sexual activity predicted the stress of unmarried mothers. Therefore, the comprehensive and systematic intervention programs should be required to ensure that they intervene the stress of unmarried mothers.
Computer-game Activities, Addiction and Aggression of Middle School Boys
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 8, 2001, Pages 67~80
The purpose of this research was to find the relationships between use of computer games, computer game addiction and middle school boy's aggression. The subjects were 511 boys of 2 middle schools in Kwang-ju, Korea. The method was self-reporting questionnaire. For data analysis, frequency distribution, percentage, Cronbach's u coefficient were estimated. ANOVA, Duncan test, Pearson's coefficient, and multiple regression analysis were used. The major findings of the research are as follows ; First, most boys(91.4%) play computer game more than once in a week. And have over 2 years computer game experience. Second, computer game addiction score and aggression score, in general, tend to be below the mean scores. Third, boys who play computer game activities of high frequency, start play computer game at earner age, spent playing longer times of computer game, and like more on-line game were addicted to the computer game more than who don't. And boys who spent playing long times on computer game were more aggressive than who don't. Fourth, the influencies of computer game activities variables on aggression were not found significantly. But the influencies of computer game addiction were found significantly.'Negative sentiment
sociality' was the most influencial variable on aggression. The influncies of 'Distortion of the reality'and 'Lost of self-control' was followed.
Factors Affecting Sun Protection Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 8, 2001, Pages 81~92
The purpose of this study was to find out the factors of Knowledge and attitudes related to sun safety and to determine the factors affecting sun protection behavior. The subjects were 167 adults in their twenties living in Busan. The results were as follows. 1. Four factors of knowledge about sun safety were identified: ultraviolet ray risk, sunscreen, sun protective clothing, and nil protective color. 2. Four factors of attitudes toward sun exposure were identified: attractiveness, emotion, conformity, and health concern. 3. Four factors of sun protection behavior were identified: sunscreen/parasol, shade, hat/sunglasses, and sun protective clothing. 4. Compared to women, men were relatively more risk to skin damage due to less proportion that used sunscreen and a parasol. 5. Factors of sun protective behavior, such as sunscreen/parasol, shade, hat/sunglasses, and sun protective clothing, were associated with the Knowledge related to ultraviolet ray risk. 6. Wearing a hat and sunglasses was predicted by the attractiveness, which defined as positive attitudes toward tanned appearance. 7. Shade use was affected by the perception of sun exposure as happiness and relaxing. 8. Health concern was the strongest predictor of sunscreen/parasol use.
An Ecologcial Approach to the Study of Family Welfare: A Review of Literature
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 8, 2001, Pages 93~106
The primary purpose of the study was to review both domestic and international literature and intervention programs designed from an ecological perspective in dealing with issues on family welfare. This study cites several research evidence that indicates why an ecological model is a relevant alternative to investigate issues in family welfare. The strengths of the ecological approach and limitations of the present study were discussed. Suggestions for future research were made based on the review of literature.
A Study on the Preference for Fashion Design According to Fashion Value of Net Generation's
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 8, 2001, Pages 107~120
The purpose of this study is to characterize the preference for fashion design according to fashion value of Net generation's. This study has 824 samples of individuals aged from 13 to 24. These sampling data are analyzed by frequency analysis, cross-tabs analysis, T-test, LSD-test, MANOVA and ANOVA utilizing SPSS WIN package. The results of this study are as follows; Net generation's is economic value higher than other fashion value and prefer for ring cuffs, mandarin sleeves, shirt collar, round neckline, tailored pants, blue color, check pattern according to economic value. It is proved that in case of shirt, people prefer ring cuffs, raglan sleeves, shirt collar, for jacket, prefer coat cuffs, mandarin sleeves, tailored collar, for jumper, they prefer single cuffs, set in sleeves, soutien collar and for T-shirt, prefer round neckline. For the design and length of pants, people prefer long tailored pants, color of blue and check designed one. It is proved that women haute a higher degree of preference for sleeve-design, neckline-design and color than men do.1318 teenagers have a higher preference for sleeve-design, neckline-design and color than semi-adult. Above university educational-course Net generation has a higher degree of preference for sleeve-design, neckline-design and color than high school educational-course Net generation does. A class of average monthly income of 2-3 million won has a higher degree of preference for neckline-design and color than other lasses do. And there is no difference at the preference for the fashion design when considered classes of average monthly expenditure on purchasing clothes.
The Impact of Financial Attitudes and Financial communication On Financial Satisfaction
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 8, 2001, Pages 121~136
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of financial attitudes and financial communication on financial satisfaction. For this study, in 2000, questionnaires developed by the researcher were given to 320 households in Kwangju. resulting in 262 households with usuable data. The data were analyzed by various statistical methods such as frequency, percentile, correlation analysis, t-test, Anova, Multiple Regression analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows; 1) Financial attitudes were significantly different according to age and monthly savings 2) Financial communication was significantly different according to age and financial subjective variables. 3) Financial satisfaction was significantly different according to monthly income, monthly savings, monthly living costs, debt, financial subjective variables and financial communication. The set of socio- economic characteristics variables accounted for 3% of the variance in the financial satisfaction. But the addition of subjective characteristics variables, financial attitude, financial communication resulted in an
change of 20, 23, 26%.
A Study of Tight-fit Bodice Pattern for 20's Women
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 8, 2001, Pages 137~154
This study was made to draft the tight fitting bodice pattern which horizontal and perpendicular stands are to be lightly set, with the consideration of characteristics of body shape in design of clothes. Measurement of body was conducted on 53 women in twenties, and observation was made on surface development pattern by adhesive tape addition method and gypsum method on three standard objects. In the study, bodice pattern was completed by using already made Somato- measurer, compared with existing bodice pattern, and the results are as follows. The result of the correlation analysis by body measurement shows that chest circumference has a relation to B
P-front neck point, side neck point, shoulder point, front interscye breadth point, and the item in spine scapulae point has relation to the item of back neck line, and front & back horizontal values. The degree of shoulder slant, width of armhole and of its depth, the amount of breast, back space, back length were shown to be directly measured from the body. In surface development pattern, tight-fit bodice pattern necessary to the breast volume and back space were shown to be investigated and these volume have to be given in setting up basic line for clothes design together with body measurement value. The result of sensory evaluation for appearance test on fitness shows higher value of research bodice including line of shoulder line, front and back interscye breadth, chest circumference, waist circumference, armhole circumference and of its depth, compared with the research bodice in most items. The result of this study is seen showing high effectiveness for the basic data to design the ready-made dress of high sensitivity of high value added tat.
Consumer Information Satisfaction on Internet -Focused on the Information of Household Electric Appliances
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 8, 2001, Pages 155~173
This study is to improve reasonable consumption as a consumer and interests of the consumers through analyzing the consumer satisfaction degree on product information provided on Internet, and to present basic information to contribute in protecting consumers through preventing harms on them due to insufficient or unnecessary information. The major results of the study are summarized as follows: 1) The degree of understanding characteristics in information focus on household electric appliances provided for the consumers on Internet found to be 'average'. 2) In the degree of significancy for information of the household electric appliances, consumers recognized information regarding services most important. 3) The overall satisfaction degree on information regarding household electric appliances on Internet was evaluated through giving a weight to the degree of significancy for the products and adding the satisfaction degree by information contents, and it was found to be 'average'.