Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 39, Issue 12 - Dec 2001
Volume 39, Issue 11 - Nov 2001
Volume 39, Issue 10 - Oct 2001
Volume 39, Issue 9 - Sep 2001
Volume 39, Issue 8 - Aug 2001
Volume 39, Issue 7 - Jul 2001
Volume 39, Issue 6 - Jun 2001
Volume 39, Issue 5 - May 2001
Volume 39, Issue 4 - Apr 2001
Volume 39, Issue 3 - Mar 2001
Volume 39, Issue 2 - Feb 2001
Volume 39, Issue 1 - Jan 2001
Selecting the target year
Content Analysis of Mother's Pregnance.Childbirth & Child Rearing on PC Communication
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 9, 2001, Pages 1~14
The purpose of this study was to explore the ideas about childrearing represented on the cuber space. The method used for this study is the content analysis and the data are articles on the Hitel bulletin board during 1 year. It is found that these articles dealt with problems of practices in the pregnancy-delivery, nurturing, teaching and interfacing between home and social institutions. Especially these articles put great emphasis on nurturing. For example, there are many articles about caring, development, health and hygiene of child. And from 1st to 6th month, there are many articles about nurturing. After 7th month, many articles about teaching and interfacing between home and social institutions are appeared. So from these results we might conclude that many functions of the home are transmitted to society too early.
The Relationship between Mother′Psychological Life Position and Children′s Social-Emotional Development
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 9, 2001, Pages 15~25
This study investigated the relationship between mothers'psychological life position and children's social-emotional development. Subject consisted of 303 children and their mothers enrolled in preschool at Seoul. A sample of mothers completed the questionnaire and teachers rated the social-emotional development instrument. The results showed that children's social-emotional development differed according to their gender and age. And there were differences between mothers'psychological life position as a function of educational level and employment status. Mothers'psychological life position was related to their children's social-emotional development.
The Study on the Stress Coping Program for Pregnant Adolescents
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 9, 2001, Pages 27~48
The objective of this study was to develop the stress coping program for pregnant adolescent to alleviate the stress levels and symptoms, and to cope with the stress adequately. The program of this study was based on the cognitive-behavioral theory and the stress management. The program was done twice a week totally 8 times and preview meeting was done 1 week before the program and follow-up was formed 4 weeks after finishing the program. one-group pretest-posttest design was held and the group was 13. In case of qualitative research, the content of discussion in the course of group process, investigation, and the materials which were made from the group members were classified and analysed to the objects of program. first, the common change of members was reduction of stress levels by attending stress management program. Second, the coping skills for stress were verified and improved. More than one new coping skills were acquired such as positive re-evaluation, persuasion, self-talk, I-message communication method, assertive self-expression, and problem settlement. Third, the group members admitted their irrational beliefs and partially had a change of it. The implications for the future practice are discussed.
The Financial Ratio as a Tool of Household′s Financial Status Estimation
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 9, 2001, Pages 49~61
The purpose of this study was to examine the usefulness of financial ratios as comparison analysis of households financial status. Two household types were discussed such as earner and self-employed. Financial ratios were developed for 2739 households for earners and 2147 households for self-employed using. Korean Household Panel Study from Daewoo Economic Research Center. Descriptive Statistics were used to analyze the financial ratios and seven different finantial ratios were utilized to compare the fiancial status of two different households type. Easers have more average income and net-assets than self-employed. However, using financial ratios, it was found that self-employed households were more stable than easer. The resets shows that the financial ratio analysis gives better tool to estimate households'financial status. Implications for financial educators, counselors, and planners are offered.
A Study on Children's Stress, Coping, and Motivation - Compare with Korean and American children -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 9, 2001, Pages 63~78
The purpose of this study is to compare how different the belief, social support, stress, coping and motivation between the Korean and American children. The data was collected from 157 Korean and 114 American students (5·8th grade). The resets were as follows: 1. Korean children's other dependency and pessimism level was significantly higher than those of American children. Also Korean children perceived higher than American children in the control-pressure stress and elf-respect stress. 2. Pessimism was observed the highest effect factor on Korean children's stress. 3. Korean students tried various coping under the relationship stress. 4. Problem oriented coping was found as an effective coping in Korean children. But the pursuit of support was found as an effective coping in American children.
A Study on Improving Child Playground Environment in Daejon
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 9, 2001, Pages 79~93
The purpose of this study is to develop the creative play environments for children. Physical environment is very important for play of child. Play activities of chad depends on materials and resources of physical environment around housing. To achieve the purpose of the study, following research questions are performed: 1) to investigating the play environments and its maintainence in Daejon 2) examining and analyzing the contents, safety, and functions of the playgrounds selected based on above findings 3) suggesting the creating play environments for child. Eighteen playground were selected and evaluated objectively by trainned personnel; the subjects(55children and 39adults) who used the playgrounds evaluated the playground subjectively. The results were as fellows: 1) Playgrounds selected in this study were conventional playgrounds, in which child can only do simple physical activities. The playground has installed fixed equipment in a row, in an effort to utilize whatever space available. However, such places are neither developmentally or economically sound. 2) The playgrounds evaluated in this study were very poor in matter of content, safety, and functions. The playgrounds lacks play materials, equipment, national features, storage, and do not follow national safety guidelines and standards. 3) The playground should offer much wider variety of natural material- textures including grass, dirt, stone, brick, plastic, metal, bark, leaves, sand, water, and a larger variety of plants, gardens, natural areas, and animals.
The Effects of Self-Esteem and Sociocultural Attitude toward Appearance on Clothing Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 9, 2001, Pages 95~102
The Effects of Self-Esteem and Sociocultural Attitude toward Appearance on Clothing Behavior. The purpose of this study was to investigate to relation between self-esteem and sociocultural attitude toward appearance and clothing behavior i.e. individuality/self expression, body improvement, social approval, sex appeal. Measurements were included Rosenberg's self-esteem, Thompson's sociocultural attitude toward appearance questionnaire and clothing behavior. The data were collected from 498 female university students in Seoul and Kyongki Province. The collection works were undertaken between the 15th of June and 30th of June, 2001, The data were analyzed using factor analysis, reliability test, analysis of variance, and multiple regression analysis. The results of this study were as follows : 1) Three dimensions of sociocultural attitude toward appearance were identified: internalization, social awareness, and concrete awareness. 2) Self-esteem and internalization of sociocultural attitude toward appearance had an effect on clothing behavior i.e. individuality/self expression, body improvement, social approval and sex appeal. Social awareness of sociocultural attitude toward appearance had an effect on body improvement, social approval, and sex appeal.
Ecological Support System for Promoting Youth Culture in a New Millennium Age An Ecological Approach to Adolescents′Spatial and Informational Environment
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 9, 2001, Pages 103~120
The purpose of this study was to contribute to adolescents'welfare by investigating an actual condition of harmful environment and finding helpful ones. A total of 1125 questionnaires were used for the final data analysis. The study revealed the following results. 1. When it comes to spatial environment, adolescents go to PC rooms most frequently among facilities. They showed that the degree of use of harmful facilities is extremely low. The study revealed that frequency of exposure to harmful environment can be reduced more efficiently if adolescents are made to realize the harmfulness than when they are simply made to follow strict regulations. Significant differences were found in spatial environment according to gender and residence. 2. When it comes to informational environment, TV had an enormous influence on adolescent and they were exposed to computer at an early stage than expected. The frequency to see pornography was on the higher increase than ever, which showed outstanding difference according to gender. Also, pornography was mainly spread through friends.
A Study on the Satisfaction with Occupation and Family living of Couples Inolved in the Family Business Management
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 9, 2001, Pages 121~135
This study was purposed to analysis the satisfaction with occupation and family living of husbands and wives involved in the family business management. Analyzed data was the KHPS (Korean Household Panel Study) which was collected by Daewoo Economic Research Institute. Subjects were 646 husbands and wives. Results were as fellows: 1) The family business was preferred by the middle age than younger one. In many cases, size of the family business was smart, but variation was relatively large. 2) Wives'satisfaction with family living was lower than husbands'one. Differences between wife's and husband's satisfaction with occupation were not appeared. 3) As couples'one were younger, as the satisfaction with health and couple's relationships were higher. Especially frequency of the out of meal and vacation experience in the last year were important variables in the satisfaction with family living.4) Frequency of the out of meal was important variable in the explaining the satisfaction with the income, stability, and a bright future of the family business.
Perception of Equity.Decision-Making Styles and Family Life Satisfaction in Dual-Career Couple
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 9, 2001, Pages 137~152
On the basis of the equity theory, as the couple perceives their relationship is equitable, they tend to make decisions jointly and are satisfied with their family lives. Therefore this study is aimed to identify the relationship among perception of equity, decision-making styles and family life satisfaction in dual-career couples. As a result of analyzing the cause-effect relationship, it shows that many socioeconomic
psychological variables have direct indirect impact on family life satisfaction through medium factor, so this study proves the application of the cause-effect modes. However the influence of the perception of equity of wives were higher than husbands.
A Study on the Complaining Behavior Type about Consumer Dissatisfaction and Its Discriminant Variables -focused on the Educational Services Services of Private Institute-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 9, 2001, Pages 153~174
The objectives of this study were to examine the propensity and to analyze some determinants of complaining behavior about the educational services of private institutes. The survey was conducted by means of self-administered questionnaire with 546 university students Living in Seoul and Cheongjoo. They had an experience of studying in the educational services of private institutes in recent two years. Major findings were as following: (1) The propensity of private complaining behavior about the educational services of private institutes averages 3.36 points out of 5. This score is beyond the middle slightly. Whereas the propensity of pubic complaining behavior is very low. (2) According to the discriminant analysis, tuition fee, information supplied for solving the dissatisfaction, and altitude about the complaining behavior are the determinants to distinguish between complaining/non complains behavior group of private complaining behavior. (3) Information supplied for solving the dissatisfaction, kindness of the stars, the establishment, the way of making tuition fees, the degree of awareness of cost, the attitude about complaining behavior, the confidence of success for complaining behavior are the determinants to distinguish between complaining/non complains behavior group of public complaining behavior.
Relationships between Child′s Self-Regulation and Stress
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 9, 2001, Pages 175~188
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between child's self-regulation and stress according to child's sex. The subjects for this study were 380 children of 5-6th grade selected from elementary schools in Busan. Lee, Soon-Kyu's questionnaires(1994) on child's self-regulation and Han, Mi-Hyun's questionnaires(1996) on child's stress were used. Statistical techniques such as Manova, Pearson's correlation, multiple regression, canonical were used. The resets were as follows : (1) According to sex, there were significant differences in child's self-regulation and stress. The girls showed more self-regulation and higher friend-related stress than the boys. The boys showed higher parent-related stress than the girls. (2) Relationships between child's self-regulation and stress showed as follows : The boys who used more impulsive-control perceived lower friend-related stress, lower school-related stress, lower teacher-related stress, and lower surroundings-related stress. And the boys who used more behavioral-control perceived lower school-related stress, lower teacher-related stress, and lower surroundings-related stress. (3) The predicted variable for boy's friend-related stress was impulsive-control. The predicted variables for boy's school-related stress, teacher-related stress and surroundings-related stress were impulsive-control and behavioral-control. (4) Among three dimensions of self-regulation for boy, the effective variables were impulsive-control and behavioral-control. And among six dimensions of stress were surroundings-related stress, school-related stress and friend-related stress. Implications of this study were discussed in terms of child's self-regulation and stress.
An Implied Meaning of Family Ethics Consciousness of Early Marriage Discourse During the Enlightenment Period of Korea
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 39, issue 9, 2001, Pages 189~207
The purpose of this study is to explore an implied meaning of family ethics consciousness from the interpretation of early marriage discourse during the enlightenment period of Korea. For the analysis, the estimated time frame of the enlightenment period wile be from 1860 to 1910 that was the time when the Japanese annexed Korea. The discourse of newspapers, Shinsoseols and magazines which are the text of the study have been analysed with the qualitative research technique. The major findings were as follows: 1. The intellects stated that the traditional practice of early marriage should be abolished, and should be replaced by a marriage that the groom and the bride dually agree upon. This argument meant that marriage was not an event for the parents or the family, but a life event for the couples themselves. 2. The practice of early marriage was criticized as it was one of the main reason of making marital relationship miserable. Also it was stated that the children could not follow the role of husband and wife. The importance of marital relationship was emphasized with the recognition that the marital relationship was the basic relationship within family and society. 3. The discourse, criticizing the parents'behavior that enforced the early marriage of children, stated that the children should not be the possession of parents but the public being of society. 4. The discourse also stated that the society and the parents should recognize their children as the human being to be protected from the early marriage which would result in physical damage of their children. Also the discourse asserted the rights of the children including their rights of education. The childhood were being formed in these discourses.