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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 40, Issue 12 - Dec 2002
Volume 40, Issue 11 - Nov 2002
Volume 40, Issue 10 - Oct 2002
Volume 40, Issue 9 - Sep 2002
Volume 40, Issue 8 - Aug 2002
Volume 40, Issue 7 - Jul 2002
Volume 40, Issue 6 - Jun 2002
Volume 40, Issue 5 - May 2002
Volume 40, Issue 4 - Apr 2002
Volume 40, Issue 3 - Mar 2002
Volume 40, Issue 2 - Feb 2002
Volume 40, Issue 1 - Jan 2002
Selecting the target year
Life Attitude Patterns and Post-Retirement Adaptation among Men Retirees
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~21
The purposes of this study is to classify retiree's job, leisure, and family attitude; to identify the characteristics of each attitude types; and to examine the retirement adaptation level of each attitude type. The major findings of the study are as follows: First, four attitude types can be categorized: 'the job involved attitude type', 'the total positive attitude type', 'the leisure positive attitude type', and 'the total negative attitude type'. Second, the result of the discriminant analysis shows that 'the job-family experience before retirement and number of unmarried children' element was the most crucial in classifying the retiree's attitude. And 'the retirement reception and individual resource element' was in orders of discrimination power Third, 'the total positive attitude type' is the highest level of retirement adaptation.
A Study on Characteristics Related to Adolescents Runaway drive: Focusing on Personal, Familial, School and Peer Variables
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 1, 2002, Pages 23~35
The purpose of this study was to examine the personal, familial, school and peer characteristics related to adolescents' runaway drive. The 259 subjects were selected from high school student in the city of Daegu. The major findings of study were as follows: 1. In respect of personal characteristics, the more runaway drive was, the lower self-esteem was and the higher anxiety, depression, and impulsive mind was. 2. In respect of familial characteristics, the more runway drive was, the lower family cohesion and family adaptation was and the higher the degree of parents' rejection was. And the higher runway drive was, the higher degree of child abuse and interparental conflict. 3. In respect of school characteristics, the more runway drive was, the lower school adaptation was. 4. In respect of peer characteristics, the more runway drive was, the higher degree of delinquency of peer.
Changing University Students Perceptions Toward the Aged: Effects of Knowledge and Experience of the Elderly
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 1, 2002, Pages 37~51
The purpose of this study was to explore university students′ perceptions about the elderly before and after an introductory course for gerontology. Sixty-two male and female undergraduate students participated in the study as a part of the course requirement. Throughout the semester, theme students received a series of classroom lectures on gerontology, as well as participated in diverse activities to experience elderly lives. A survey was administered with the students at the beginning of the first day of class and at the end of the semester. By the end of the unit university students were more likely to have accurate conceptions of and positive attitudes toward aging and the aged. More specifically, they were more likely to (1) perceive "old" and "getting old" as a positive one, (2) seem older adults spend their time on active self-development and social activities, (3) view older adults are important, (4) change opinions about what an old person and young person do together, and (5) have a positive outlook on their own future lives as older adults.
The Effects of Maternal Parental Beliefs, Efficacy and Stress on Mother s Parenting Behaviors
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 1, 2002, Pages 53~68
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of parental beliefs, efficacy and stress on mother's parenting behaviors. The subjects were 243 mothers of two to three-Year-old children in Seoul. The main results showed that parental beliefs, efficacy and stress were significantly related with parenting behaviors. That is, the resets of mutiple regression analysis indicated that parental efficacy, beliefs and stress were significant variables predicting mother's parenting behavior. However, the predictive powers of these variables were different depending on the characteristics of parenting behaviors. And the relationship between mother's parental stress and parenting behaviors was mediated by mother's parental efficacy. To conclude, mother's cognitions such as parental beliefs, parental efficacy, and a perception of parenting stress turned out to be the vital factors in predicting parenting behaviors.
Daily Life Activity Experiences and their Relations to Stress in Early adolescence
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 1, 2002, Pages 69~84
This study investigated characteristics of daily life activity experiences and their relations to stress in early adolescence. A sample of 134 8th graders carried electronic watches programmed to signal 7 times a day for a week at random times and reported their daily life activity experiences when signaled. Boys spent 33% of their waking hours in schoolwork, 46% in leisure, and 21% in maintenance activities. Girls spent 32% in schoolwork, 43% in leisure, and the other 25% in maintenance. Both boys and girls experienced more positive affect, cognitive, and motivation during leisure, whereas more negative psychological states during schoolwork. The major stress was schoolwork-related. The stress was significantly related to objective and subjective experiences of daily life activity.
The Analysis on Intergenerational transmission of Wife Abuse
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 1, 2002, Pages 85~98
This study examines the extent to which mediator variables, including hostility, paranoid, and attitude toward wife abuse, help explain the relationship between exposure to violence in family of origin while growing up and subsequent abuse against wives. SPSS 10.0 for windows is used to examine data obtained through 223 married men who live in Kwanju. The findings indicates that (a) exposure to violence in family of origin while growing up is related to all mediator variables; (b) exposure to violence in family of origin while growing up and mediator variables are associated with abuse against wife; (c) experiencing of child abuse predict perpetration of sexual abuse against wife, and witnessing of father-to-mother abuse account for more strongly perpetration of psychological and physical abuse against wife: (d) in general, exposure to violence in family of origin has more strong indirect impact on wife abuse for adult male.
The Perception of Online Store Attributes by Online Consumer Information Seeking Type
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 1, 2002, Pages 99~112
The purpose of this study was to examine characteristics of online consumer groups by information seeking type and to identify the variables influencing consumers'purchase intention of internet fashion product shopping by consumer groups. A questionnaire was administered to 456 adults who had purchasing experience at fashion outline shopping mall. SPSS 9.0 package was used for data analysis. Factor analysis,
-test, t-test, frequency, percentage, one-way ANOVA and stepwise regression analysis were utilized. The online store attribute dimensions of fashion online shopping main were tangibility, variety, marketing promotion, responsiveness, reputation, price and convenience. The online store attributes had directly different influences in the purchase intention of Internet fashion product shopping by online consumer groups. Outline information seeking type who had higher variety and reputation perceptions had more positively affected on the purchase intention of internet fashion product shopping. Offline information seeking type who had higher tangibility and variety perceptions had significantly positive influence on the purchase intention of it. Combination(online+offline) information seeking type who had higher price and responsiveness perceptions had positive impact on purchase intention of it.
Children s Peer Competence in relation to Maternal Parenting Styles and Children's Emotion regulation
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 1, 2002, Pages 113~124
This study examined the relationships of children's peer competence with maternal parenting styles and children's emotion regulation. Thirty boys and thirty-one girls in 3 to 6 years of age and their mothers participated. Mothers responded to Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire(Hwang, 1997), and teachers rutted each child using Peer Competence Scale(Park & Rhee, 2001) and Emotional Intelligence Scale(Lee, 1997). Mothers'acceptive parenting style and children's abilities to regulate emotion were positively related to children's peer competence. Children's emotion regulation rather than mothers' parenting styles predicted peer competence.
A Study on the Climacteric Symptoms and Dietary Patterns in Middle-Aged Women
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 1, 2002, Pages 125~134
The purpose of this study was to investigate relationship between the climacteric symptoms and the dietary patterns. The study was conducted with 285 middle-aged women(150 premenopause and 135 postmenopause) and the informations were obtained by questionnaires. The menophania of the premenopause and of the postmenopause women began to 15.6 and 16.6 years old, respectively. And it seemed that the middle-aged women had neutral attitude about menopause-related altitude. There was a positive correlation between the nutrition knowledge and the food habit, but these knowledge and habits had a little correlation with the climacteric symptoms.
Evaluation Descriptions and Dimension on the Sensibility of Internet Fashion Shopping Mall
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 1, 2002, Pages 135~146
The Purpose of this study was to identify the sensibility elements and the evaluative dimensions of internet fashion shopping mall to supply optimal experience to the customer. First, association words for internet fashion shopping mall by open-ended method and sensibility-expression-adjective feeling as navigating personally 57 shopping mall dealing with fashion products were collected. Collected adjectives were ranked after making index by frequency and diversity. Then, correlation analysis was executed to extract independent adjective and their opposite words. Semantic differential scale was made for internet-fashion-shopping-mall-evaluation. After preliminary investigation with this scale, factor analysis was implemented. 12 sensibility evaluation words were extracted. Then, 200 subjects evaluated satisfaction degree for 8 selected shopping mall. To explain the hierarchy of internet fashion shopping mall, cluster analysis was applied. The understanding of sensibility element and evaluative dimensions of internet fashion shopping mall can be utilized efficiently as basic materials when marketer plans internet shopping mall design and makes marketing strategy.
The Differences in Attitudes toward children s Emergent Literacy between Mothers and fathers and Their-Home Literacy Environments
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 1, 2002, Pages 147~162
The purpose of the study was to investigate the differences in attitudes toward emergent literacy between mothers and fathers in relation to two types of early educational centers and to explore relationships between the parents' attitudes toward literacy and their home literacy environment. The subjects were 1626 parents (813 mothers, 813 fathers), who had three to five years old children, from 14 kindergartens and 11 daycare centers in Seoul. The questionnaire based on Kwon's instrument of emergent literacy altitude (1999) was used. The data were analyzed by two-way ANOVAS, and correlation. The results were as follows : First, there were significant differences in attitudes toward literacy between the mothers and the fathers in relation to their children's ages. The parents of three-year-old children had more positive altitudes toward literacy than ones of five-year-old. The mothers had more positive altitudes toward literacy than the fathers, excepts in reading instructions and writing development. Second, the fathers with daughters had more positive attitudes toward literacy than ones with sons. Third, the kindergarten parents had more positive attitudes toward literacy than daycare parents. Fourth, there were significantly positive correlations between the parents' attitudes toward emergent literacy for young children and their home literacy environments.
A Study on Environmental and Recycling Consciousness and Behavior of Consumers Recycling - Focused on the Unused Clothing of Unmarried Working Women -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 1, 2002, Pages 163~178
This study, focused on reuse of the concepts of unused clothing recycling, was intended to provide basic materials and suggestions for establishing the drastic measures necessary for consumer education related to recycling by investigating how experiences in the recycling of unused clothes would show up according to environmental consciousness and recycling consciousness and then probing the scheme for the recycling of clothes. Since it was found that recycling consciousness was the variable that exerted a great effect on experiences in recycling unused clothes, consumer education about recycling will have to be revitalized. And detailed and specialized education on environmental consciousness is more important than emphasis on the importance of environmental consciousness.
The Incidence and Risk Factors of Adolescents Unwanted Sexual Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 1, 2002, Pages 179~194
This study investigates the incidence and risk factors of adolescents' unwanted sexual behavior for a sample of 769 adolescent males and females. Seven percent of the sample experienced unwanted sexual behavior. Female adolescents were more likely to be victims of unwanted sexual behavior Adolescents with an unwanted sexual behavior, as compared to those without, were more likely to have experienced pregnancy, to drink alcohol, to be sensitive to romantic circumstances, to love his/her parker, to have fathers with higher education, to have lower family income, to have friends with similar norms and attitudes, to be more experienced sexually, not to have both biological parent, to have parents who did not monitor their behavior closet, to get partner's pressure to get sexually involved, and to have higher devotion level toward parker or their relationship.
An Exploratory Study on Marital Dissatisfaction and Extramarital Relations among married Women
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 1, 2002, Pages 195~208
This study examines how marital dissatisfaction is connected with extramarital relations among married women. To explore this subject,1 am using in-depth interview techniques. The data from 16 married women who involved (and are involving) extramarital relations are collected in semistructured interviews. In this article, I describe four specific types of extramarital relations with particular relevance to marital dissatisfaction: (1) temporary extramarital relations caused by marital dissatisfaction, (2) positive extramarital relations as maintaining dissatisfied marriage, (3) unavoidable extramarital relations as breaking dissatisfied marriage, and (4) extramarital relations as a part of life with satisfied marriage. With these results, I believe that equity theory could be applicable in explaining the relationships between marital satisfaction and extramarital relations. There are limitations when the qualitative research is analyzed. One problem is measurement. It is difficult to measure equality (or equity), life dissatisfaction, and other concepts. furthermore, this study is not abbe to explain causal relationships among equality, life dissatisfaction, actual extramarital relations. The future study should perhaps be in quantitative research focused on the causal model in which all exchange variables are conceptualized and properly measured for the intimate relationship.
Analytic comparison of Clothing Purchase Behavior between Rural and Urban Housewives
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 1, 2002, Pages 209~224
In this study, Rural and urban housewives were compared in terms of their clothing practical use and clothing buying behavior. For the analysis, a nation-wide stratified sampling was made across the rural and urban areas. As a result, 400 subjects of housewives were selected and were asked to answer the questionnaire. Results of the analysis were as follows: 1. Both rural and urban housewives were found to have reliable knowledge about the kinds of clothes they are possessing. However, there were significant differences in the knowledge level of clothing practice methods, in clothing patterns of one′s favor, and in clothing buying behavior by the type of clothing. 2. With regard to the clothing buying behavior by the type of clothing, several differences were found between rural and urban housewives. Purchase motivation for formal wear, was found to be "I don′t have one" in overall, yet having a significant frequency difference between rural and urban housewives. Major evaluation criteria were "color and design" and "fits to me" for formal wear and "comfort and fitness" and "price" for casual wear, also having a significant frequency difference between rural and urban housewives. 3. Rural area housewives bought their formal wear in stores offering "low price or sale" while urban housewives looked at "quality and variety". The major source of information was "display and direct observation" and "previous experience" in both cases. The rural housewives bought clothes when they had any "event" and urban housewives bought them when they had "extra money or sale".