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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 40, Issue 12 - Dec 2002
Volume 40, Issue 11 - Nov 2002
Volume 40, Issue 10 - Oct 2002
Volume 40, Issue 9 - Sep 2002
Volume 40, Issue 8 - Aug 2002
Volume 40, Issue 7 - Jul 2002
Volume 40, Issue 6 - Jun 2002
Volume 40, Issue 5 - May 2002
Volume 40, Issue 4 - Apr 2002
Volume 40, Issue 3 - Mar 2002
Volume 40, Issue 2 - Feb 2002
Volume 40, Issue 1 - Jan 2002
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Junior-High School Girls' Slacks Pattern Grading by Using Apparel CAD System
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 11, 2002, Pages 1~9
Nowadays, the use of apparel CAD system is important to the mass production of ready to wear Especially, computer-based grading is the most important process to improve the fitness of clothes and to reduce the time needed to make patterns of several sizes. The purpose of this study was to suggest a standard sizing system for junior-high school girls' lower clothes and to suggest a grading method according to the sizing systems. The subjects were 402 junior-high school girls of 13 to 15 year's-old. The size intervals of waist girth and hip girth were 3㎝ and 4㎝ respectively. The sizing system, which had frequencies more than 4.5%, was classified 8 cases. For regular grading, two types of group were classified into 58-82/61-86/64-90/67-94 and 61-82/64-86/67-90/70-94. Among them, 61-86 and 64-86 size were adopted the basic size for the development of grading. According to the sizing system, hand-made patterns were manufactured. By measure of the each part of the slacks, new grading rule patterns were developed by each size. A new grading rule was different from the Moonwha grading rule. This result will contribute to clothing fitness of consumer and the amount of production.
Children's Strategies, Goals and Peer Acceptance in Peer Conflict Situation
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 11, 2002, Pages 11~22
This study investigated the difference in adopting strategies and goals and the relations in strategies, goals and peer acceptance in term of gender and ages under peer conflict situation. The 625 subjects were selected from the fifth and sixth graders of elementary schools and the first and second graders middle schools. The instruments of measurement were Conflict Resolution Measure, Sociometric Scale. The main findings of this study are as follows: 1) Children's strategies in peer conflict situation has significant difference according to gender and grade. 2) Children's goals in peer conflict situation has significant difference according to gender and grade. 3) There were signigicant correlation between strategies and goals. 4) There were significant correlation in strategies and peer acceptance.
A Comparative Study of Korean and YanBian Korean-Chinese Mother's Parental Role Satisfaction and Child-Rearing Practices
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 11, 2002, Pages 23~37
This study was designed to explore fundamental bases of parental role satisfaction and child-rearing practices by comparing Korean and Yanbian Korean-Chinese mothers who share the same cultural roots but live in societies with different ideology and values. Total of 314 mothers with children aged from three to six years participated in this study:- 160 Korean mothers from two cities in Korea and 154 Korean-Chinese mothers from two cities at YanBian in China. Parental Satisfaction Questionnaires by Hyun (1994) and Child Rearing Practice Measures developed by the researchers were used to measure mothers parental role satisfaction and child rearing practices. The results showed that Korean-Chinese mothers seemed to be more satisfied with their roles as parents than Korean mothers. Additional analyses with socio-economic variables reported that both Korean and Korean-Chinese mothers satisfaction about spousal support were higher and their role conflicts were reduced when the household income was higher. Interestingly, most Korean-Chinese mothers reported to be highly satisfied with spousal support whereas only highly educated Korean mothers seemed to be satisfied with spousal support. In addition, for child-related variables, Korean and Korean-Chinese mothers' parental satisfaction were not affected by their childrens gender or age but when they thought their childrens temperament was difficult, their role-conflict tended to increase.
A Study on Communication Improvement for the Early Marriage through Marital Relationship Enhancement Program
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 11, 2002, Pages 39~54
The goal of this study is to develop a program which can improve couples' communication skills that serve to enhance their relationships and to evaluate the effectiveness of the program. The summary of major result of the research were as follows; 1 The content of communication program for couples in the early marriage focused on improvement of communication skills, on enhancement of couples' intimacy and on coping ability for marriage life. 2. The developed program served to communication improvement for couples in the early marriage. Analyzing specifically the results of test before and after, the average scores of sub-areas such as listening, speaking and solving problems were all increased after the program than before the program. Significant differences of sub-areas appeared, either. 3. The developed program contributed to enhancement of couples' mutual understanding and their relationships
Gender Differences in Work-Family Spillover
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 11, 2002, Pages 55~69
The purpose of this study is to examine the gender differences in the level of work/family spillover and factors explaining the spillover. Data are gathered from 1,236 Korean men and women aged between 30 to 59, using the structured questionnaire. The main results of this study are as follows. First, both men and women perceive moderate levels of negative and positive spillover from work to family. Second, the levels of negative family to work spillover are higher than then of positive family to work spillover. Third, men report higher levels of positive family to work spillover, but lower levels of negative family to work spillover than women. Sander differences in the levels of negative and positive spillover from work to family are not found. Fourth, only job characteristic factors are associated with four types of spillover of women, while the level of household labor sharing and spousal support are associated with work family spillover of men. Band on these findings, theoretical implications in terms of work-family research and gender norms are discussed.
Wife Abuse and Opinions of Police, lawyers, and Doctors : Some Realities about the Myths
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 11, 2002, Pages 71~82
The purpose of this study is to identify the myth(erroneous beliefs) of police, lawyers, and doctors about wife abuse. Subjects included 194 police, 81 lawyers, 164 doctors, and 222 public who lived in Taegu and kyngbuk. The major findings of the study are follows; first, subject-groups commonly have the myth about wife abuse. Second, there are no differences by sex, formal education, and marital status. Additionally significant age differences are found in police and lawyers. Third, especially they have the myth about wife abuse-e.g. battered women could avoid being battered by simply leaving their batters, their husbands can stop the abuse by attending a counseling or therapy session and by deceasing the job-stress, and they must not to divorce for their children.
An Analysis on the Factors to Distinguish Consumers’ Willingness to Purchase Genetically Modified Organism(GMO)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 11, 2002, Pages 83~91
This study examined the consumers' willingness to purchase Genetically Modified Organism(GMO) and the factors to distinguish subjects with differential levels of their willingness to buy GMO. Data were collected from 506 male and female adults in Seoul, Daegu and Susan by the self-administered questionnaire. Frequencies, X²tests, F tests and discriminant analysis were conducted to analyze the data by SPSS Windows. The results of this study were as follows: (1) the concerns and the information-seeking behavior about GMO were generally high, but recognition of GMO was low, (2) the willingness to purchase GMO was generally high in that 2/3 of the subjects were willing to purchase it, and (3) the concerns about GMO, the information-seeking behavior, age and sex were the factors to distinguish acceptors from non-acceptors.
Natural Dyeing & Antimicrobiology of Nylon Fabrics
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 11, 2002, Pages 93~105
Nylon fabrics and stocking were dyed with artemisia dyeing solution, dyed with the natural dyestuffs that were manufactured from chestnut hulls by boiling in 0.5% NaOH solution and powdering in freeze dryer, and dyed with gromwell dyeing solution. Dyeabilities on nylon fabrics and stocking were good because of being amine group. All the dyed fabrics & stocking showed excellent in color fastness to laundering, and as poor as grade 1 to light fastness. But Light fastness of them could be improved to grade 3 or 4-5 by treatment with gallic acid and by repeated dyeing. Antimicrobial activities of the fabrics dyed with artemisia and gromwell against Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans were excellent in the aspect of bacteriostatic and fungistatic. There were not any distinct differences between mordant and non-mordant fabrics.
An Application of Family-Friendly Policy for Use of Female Resource
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 11, 2002, Pages 107~118
Many women experience the conflicting demands of work and family life according to the increase of employed women. Their demand for balance of two spheres makes the companies have family friendly policy. Family friendly policy is win-win policy which gives benefits to the employers and the employees by helping the employees to balance of their lives. But this policy has been recognized as the one for women and which only companies have to carry out. This study aims to suggest and extend the applicable field of the family friendly policy, and press that the whole society have to be family friendly. So, this study examined the necessity of family friendly policy in the aspects of company and society. And it showed how the employers, policy makers, general public society and communities support the family by carrying out and applying the policy in USA.
5-Year-Old Children's Script Knowledge According to Task Situation and Socioeconomic Status
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 11, 2002, Pages 119~130
This study investigated preschool children's script knowledge according to task situation and socioeconomic status. Subjects were seventy-eight 5-year-old children (38 low- and 40 middle-income children; 36 boys and 42 girls) recruited from three day-care centers in Seoul. Each child participated in the script knowledge assessment session. Assessment of script knowledge consisted of a picture-recognition and picture-sequencing task. Statistical methods used for data analysis were means, standard deviations, repeated measures ANOVA. Results showed that children's script knowledge scores were higher in familiar task situation than in unfamiliar task situation. Furthermore, middle-income children had higher scores of script knowledge than low-income children. Findings of this study indicate that there is the difference of script knowledge between low- and middle-income preschoolers
The Dyeability, Antibacterial Activity and Deodorization of Gardenia
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 11, 2002, Pages 131~140
The purpose of this study is to investigate the dyeability, antibacterial activity and deodorization on cotton and silk fabrics dyed with extracted solution from gardenia. The results are as follows: 1. The K/S value of silk fabrics was higher than that of cotton fabrics, and the K/S value was slightly increased by mordanting with
on cotton and silk fabrics. 2. Cotton fabrics showed yellow from GY to Y and silk fabrics showed yellow or reddish yellow from GY to Y-YR. 3. The fastness to washing of cotton fabrics was very poor and that of silk fabrics was middle or lower, excluding good fastness to wool contamination of both fabrics. The fastness to dry cleaning and rubbing of both fabrics was very good. The fastness to perspiration of cotton fabrics was middle or higher, but that of silk fabrics was much better than that of cotton fabrics. The fastness to the light of both fabrics showed very poor with 1 grade. Dyeing fastness was slightly improved by mordanting on both fabrics. 4. Silk and cotton fabrics did not show antibacterial activity, but the activity of silk fabrics was higher than that of cotton fabrics. The antibacterial activity was increased by mordanting. 5. The deodorization of dyed cotton and silk fabrics was excellent, and that of silk fabrics showed better than that of cotton fabrics.
A Study on the Changes of the Korean Wedding Culture in 20th Century - Focused on Seoul and Kyungsangdo-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 11, 2002, Pages 141~156
This study is about the wedding culture of Seoul and Kyungsangdo. This paper is a qualitative study that is based on interviews. As a result of this study, it became clear that before the industrialization of South Korea, there were different characteristics of wedding culture in each region. However, the unique characteristics of wedding customs in each region have been degenerated or exterminated, in tandem with the influx of customs from other regions, due to the dramatic urbanization of South Korea, and the development of transport and communication that appeared in the process of modernization. Furthermore, wedding customs were transformed from ceremonies based on a regional and kin-based community into those that were no more than mere events, which was derived from the industrialization and urbanization of Korea.
A Study on Clothing Appearance for a Career Woman according to the Heroines' Clothing in Cinema(I)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 11, 2002, Pages 157~170
This study is an attempt to establish an aesthetic and fashion sense of the heroine's image and fashion according to the social environment which is related to fashion transformation. Also, this study modem society's need for specific social occupational roles through fashion and clothing in cinema. first, individual people are estimating their social position and ability by his/her fashion style. Modem fashion styles are changing into various, complicated, gorgeous and attractive styles; however, the needs of professional women's clothing styles are fairly conservative. Second, classical, closed, and unobtrusive fashion styles are appearing in modem cinema's clothing depending on professional women's expertise in fashion styles. Third, changes of styles are varied by their colors and clothing design. Colors had not changed very much during the last 30 years; however, in the 1980's, white and grey colors, in the 1990's black and achromatic colors, and in the beginning of this century dark green and brown and also diverse colors have been used. But the brightness is so light and expressed by a quiet and cold style. Furthermore, the inner images are judged by their forms which is determined by how people choose their clothing styles. Consequently, women's clothing styles easily appear as a result of their preconceived ideas formed by their professional knowledge and ability.
Effect of Spousal Attachment on Job Attachment/Commitment, Job Quality, and the Support Provided for Wife in Male Early Adulthood
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 11, 2002, Pages 171~191
The purpose of this study is to analyse the effect of spousal attachment on job attachment/commitment, job quality, and the support provided for wife in male early adulthood. The research method was survey research. Based on adult attachment approach, the hypothesis was established. The secure attachment with spouse was no significant effect on job attachment/commitment, The anxious-avoident attachment with spouse was no significant effect on job attachment/commitment, and The anxious-ambivalent attachment with spouse was significant negative effect on job attachment/commitment. The secure attachment with spouse was significant positive effect on job quality. The anxious-avoident attachment with spouse as no significant effect on job quality, and The anxious-ambivalent attachment with spouse was significant negative effect on job quality. The secure attachment with spouse was significant positive effect on ordinary support for wife, The anxious-avoident attachment with spouse was significant negative effect on ordinary support for wife, and The anxious-ambivalent attachment with spouse was no significant effect on ordinary support for wife. The secure attachment with spouse was significant positive effect on nonordinary for wife, The anxious-avoident attachment with spouse was significant negative effect on nonordinary support for wife, and The anxious-ambivalent attachment with spouse was no significant effect on nonordinary support for wife. The results was discussed on the importance of spousal attachment for healthy job life and family life.
Evaluation of Farmer's Workload and Thermal Environment During Harvesting Grape in Summer
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 11, 2002, Pages 193~205
To evaluate farmers' workload during harvesting grapes in summer, this study investigated farmers' physiological, psychological responses, work postures and thermal environment around in the field. This field study was conducted in the Anseong County of Kyonggi Province at the end of August. Five career farmers (1 male, 4 females) volunteered as subjects. Three of them were over their sixties. During harvesting grapes in the field, physiological responses were monitored continuously. 1. Air temperature (T/sub a/), air humidity(H/sub a/), black globe temperature(T/sub g/), air velocity and WBGT around the grape field were 26.9℃, 77.7%RH, 32.8℃, 0.08㎧ and 26.3℃, respectively. Because farmers started the harvesting task in early morning, thermal environments weren't conditions to give farmers severe heat strain. 2. The percentage of the work postures was larger in order of standing, walking, and bending one's back posture. Particularly, the percentage of standing posture with raising both arms above shoulder of two farmers was up to 29% and 61% of the total work duration. 3. Rectal temperature (T/sub re/), mean skin temperature (T/sub sk/), clothing microclimate temperature (T/sub cl/) on the chest and the back, heart rate (HR) and energy expenditure (EE) were 37.2℃, 33.1℃, 32.0℃, 32.4℃, 88bpm and 1.3 Kca1/㎡/min respectively. In the point of these physiological results, we evaluated that the harvesting task was a moderate work. 4. All farmers expressed‘hard, hot, humid and slightly uncomfortable’ at the end of works for each subjective questionnaire. The grape harvesting tasks were not evaluated as a very hard work in the point of physiological work standards. But we considered 1) inappropriate work posture (standing posture with raising both arms above shoulder) and 2) farmers' age as burden factors. These findings suggest that adding adequate protective clothing/equipments for farmers may contribute to maintain their body temperature within the normal range, stabilize HR and decrease psychological strain.
The Influences of Family of Origin Factors on the Romantic Relationship through Anxiety Among the Unmarried Men of Early Adulthood in Korea
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 11, 2002, Pages 207~221
This study examined the characteristics of the steady date and the influences of family of origin factors and anxiety on the romantic relationship among the unmarried men of early adulthood. Ninety men dating for more than 2 months responded the questionnaire regarding differentiation of family of origin, parents' marital intimacy, trait anxiety, couple intimacy, couple individuation, and the demographic questions. Using SPSS Win 10.0, ANOVA and regression were conducted. The results found that: 1)‘methods of introduction’ ‘frequency of dating per week’ and ‘military duty’ were significantly related to the couple intimacy; 2) the men's age was negatively related to the couple intimacy and positively related to the couple individuation; 3) differentiation of family of origin affected men's anxiety which in turn affected the couple intimacy. In couclusion, summary and the implication of this study were discussed.