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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 40, Issue 12 - Dec 2002
Volume 40, Issue 11 - Nov 2002
Volume 40, Issue 10 - Oct 2002
Volume 40, Issue 9 - Sep 2002
Volume 40, Issue 8 - Aug 2002
Volume 40, Issue 7 - Jul 2002
Volume 40, Issue 6 - Jun 2002
Volume 40, Issue 5 - May 2002
Volume 40, Issue 4 - Apr 2002
Volume 40, Issue 3 - Mar 2002
Volume 40, Issue 2 - Feb 2002
Volume 40, Issue 1 - Jan 2002
Selecting the target year
The Influence of Objective and Subjective Evaluations about Peers′ Relative Competency on Children′s Problem Solving Performance
Hae Shin Hwang ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 3, 2002, Pages 1~9
Subjective Wearing Sensation of Sleepwear and Comfort Properties of the Fabrics in Winter
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 3, 2002, Pages 11~20
The purposes of this study were to investigate the subjective wearing sensation of sleepwear, and to evaluate the comfort properties of fabrics used in the sleepwear. Design of experimental clothing was pajamas made with four types of woven fabrics: plain weave and satin weave made by cotton and polyester. The comfort properties were evaluated with respect to thermal retention, Qmax, moisture regain, water vapor transmission, and air permeability. The wear trials of experimental clothing were performed in two different environments, single-detached unit(
R.H.) and apartment(
R.H), to evaluate microclimate temperature and humidity, and subjective wearing sensation. The results obtained from this study were as follows: 1. There were significant differences between the two environments on the clothing microclimate. 2. In the single detached unit environment, the microclimate temperature who wore cotton sleepwear was significantly higher than that of subjects wore the polyester sleepwear, whereas the microclimate humidity who wore polyester sleepwear was higher than that of subjects wore the polyester sleepwear. 3. In the apartment environment, the microclimate temperature who wore the polyester sleepwear showed higher than that of cotton sleepwear, whereas there was no significant difference between the cotton and polyester sleepwear on the microclimate humidity. 4 There were partially significant differences in subjective wearing sensation according to the fiber md weaving type of sleepwear regardless environment. 5. There were also partially significant correlations among the heat/moisture transmission properties of fabrics, the clothing microclimate and the subjective wearing sensation of sleepwear.
Space Elements as the Correspondent Elements with the Social Behavior Patterns in the Housing Unit
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 3, 2002, Pages 21~40
The aim of this interdisciplinary study is to understand the relationship between the social behavior patterns and space elements, specially micro-housing sociological point of view. It analyzed korean typical floorplans in the apartment housing, focused on the 4-criteria contact or isolation between the individual persons, communication between the generations, hierarchy of the gender and socialization with neighbourhood. It determinate concrete space elements involved correspondent factors with users' social behavior. By reviewing those factors found, it is suggested also the planning concept, that response users' social orientation. As the practical alternatives, some prototypes have been developed not only for improvement of housing plans, but also for resonable housing supply and sustainable usage.
Development of Premarital Preparation Evaluation Scale
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 3, 2002, Pages 41~53
The purpose of this study was to develop a scale for evaluation of premarital preparation. The subjects were 412 married couples(196 males and 216 females) who had been married for 1-37ears. They were selected from Seoul, Incheon, Daejeon, Gwangju, Pusan, and DaeGu. The questionnaire was composed of 82 items. The data was analyzed by frequencies, percentages, factor analysis, Pearson's r, and Cronbach'
. The major findings were as followings; 1. The 54 items of 82 items scale were selected through item discriminant method. The discriminant coefficients of the items(Cromer's V ranged from .33 to .68. 2. The 7 factors that were extracted from the factor analysis explained 42% of premarital preparation. The subscales were labelled as rearing child
financial management role division, maturity, understanding each other
sex, views about marriage, understanding his/her family and friends, capacity of communication and conflict resolution, and independence from parents. The criterion validity of this scale was assessed by the correlation between this premarital preparation scale and marital stability. All coefficients were significant(ranged from r=.10 to .44, p<.01, p<.001). 3. The internal consistency of this scale was acceptable(Cronbach's
The Effect of Family Related Stress and Social Support on the Ways of Coping of Adolescents
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 3, 2002, Pages 55~66
This purposes of study are to examine the effect of family related stress and social support on the ways of coping of adolescents and provide a ground necessary to improve it. A survey was conducted on 756 adolescents who were living in Naju. Collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression analysis. This study utilized two different models, direct effect model and buffering effect of social support in order to examine the effects of social support on the ways of coping of adolescents. Research findings suggest that the level of coping appeared to be low in general among adolescents. The finding of direct effect model of social support was that mother's support, father's support, sibling's support, lather's grade, mother's grade, and economic level effected the ways of coping of adolescents. But it was not empirically supported that the social support buffered the family related stress on the ways of coping. In other words, the effects of family related stress factor didn't decrease with the increase in the level of social support, however the level of coping increased at a mercy of the age and economic level. Finally, this paper attempted to provide some alternatives to effectively improve the ways of coping among adolescents based on empirical findings.
Institutionalized & Home-reared Adolescents' Perception of Social Support and Aggression
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 3, 2002, Pages 67~82
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation of social support and aggression of early adolescents. The subject were 220 adolescents aged 11 & 14 years, who were enrolled 11 child welfare facilities or 6 public schools(3 elementary & 3 middle schools) in Seoul. That is, 110 institutionalized(IA) & 110 middle class home-reared adolescent (HA)s were examined. They subjects were asked to complete the questionnaire on social support and aggression. According to the results, 1)IAs perceived less support from peers or adults and showed more aggressive behaviors than HAs. 2)Significant sex difference was observed in aggression. Girls showed lower level of aggression than boys. 3)Adolescents' aggression was significantly correlated with social support. The more support from friends, classmates, and parents HAs perceive, the less aggression they reported. Though support from peers was correlated significantly only with anger expression, support from parents was correlated significantly with all the components of aggression. And the more support from friends and classmates HAs perceive, the less aggression they reported. These findings implicate that social support is a important factor in preventing aggressive behaviors of early adolescents.
Estimating Retirement Consumption Needs Using Target Replacement Rate
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 3, 2002, Pages 83~97
This study estimates the consumption needs of preretired households through target replacement ratio approach. Based on the Life Cycle Model, this study used the household expenditure function to derive the target replacement ratio appropriate for each household. The target replacement ratio is estimated using the 1996 National Survey of family Income and Expenditure by National Statistical Office. The estimated target replacement ratio was 82.4% for married couple households, and 85.1% for single households. Total retirement consumption needs during entire retirement period was 161,620,000 won for married couple households, and 50,532,039 won for single households.
A Study on The Family Life Issues of Institutionalized Single-Mother Families in Seoul -Focused on the Needs Assessment of Social Workers and Mothers-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 3, 2002, Pages 99~113
The purpose of this study is to explore family life issues of institutionalized single-mother families in Seoul. Using in-depth interviews and self-administered questionnaires, this study is focused on the needs assessments of social workers and institutionalized single-mothers. Subjects were 4 social workers and 31 institutionalized single-mothers. The results of study showed that institutionalized single-mother families experienced economic, child rearing, emotional problems, negative stigma and the loss of social networks. Future research, theoretical and practical implications are added.
A Study on the Job Description and Necessary Abilities for Consumer Affairs Department in Business
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 3, 2002, Pages 115~136
The purpose of this study was to find out job description and necessary abilities for Consumer Affairs Department Service in business. This study was done using survey by mail to the representatives in Consumer Affairs Department in business. 354 representatives were used for the sample. The business was selected 32 among 107 in OCAP(Organization of Consumer Affairs Professionals in Business), from September 25 to October 5, 2000. The results were analyzed from 96 representatives, 23 business. The results of this study are as follows: 1. The degree of importance and participation on the job description in Customer Service Department was analyzed. The most important job was related to consulting. Consumer management and information collect & provision were next important job in consumer affairs. 2. When the degree of participation on the job description compared to the degree of importance, we found that the general level of participation on the job was a little lower than the degree of importance on the job. Especially, the biggest difference was found in the formation of focusing customer. The smallest difference was found in the field of consulting. 3. The most necessary ability for the representative of consumer affairs department in business was responsibility and sincerity, communication skill. The big difference of present ability and necessary ability of representative was persuasive power and communication skirt.
The Analysis on the Psychological Tendency and Relationship of Love Style among Single Men and Women in Korea - Focused on Jung's Theory of Psychological Type and Lee's Typology of Love -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 3, 2002, Pages 137~153
This research tried to examine how the love style is changed as the psychological tendency specifying individual personality types that other domestic and foreign researches have overlooked all this while. The subjects of this study were the college students and white and blue-collar employees. The instruments used in this study were the Love Attitude Scale and the MBTI (Myers-Briggs Type Indicator). When applying the MBTI and the Love Attitude Scale, 474 people were analyzed. To get the result, the data from the survey were processed by the statistical program, SPSS/PC
. Specifically, the statistical methods employed in this study were frequency, percentile, mean, standard deviation, factor analysis and chi-square. The major findings are as follows: 1. The most frequent love style among single men and women in this study was the Eros (46.6%). The next frequent love style was the Storge (40.3%). The Ludus occupied the least portion (13.1%) among single men and women. 2. The personality types over 10% among 16 personality types of MBTI were ISTJ (Introverted Sensing Type) (19.4%), ESTJ (Extroverted Sensing Type) (13.1%), and ISTP (Introverted Thinking Type) (12.4%). 3. As a result of observing the relationship of the love stymie and the psychological tendency among single men and women, the love style was found to have relationship with TF preference (Judgement function) and JP preference (Life Style). However, there were no relationships with the love style and EI preference (focus of Energy), SN preference (Perception Function).
The Analysis of the Environmental and Psychological Factors in Obese Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 3, 2002, Pages 155~164
This study was conducted to investigate the differences in environmental and psychological factors in children with obesity and to offer useful information for obesity treatment and prevention. 123 children of 5-6th grade in elementary school and their mothers were included in this study and divided into either the obese group and normal group(obese group: 61, normal group: 62) according to the Weight-Length Index(WLI). Results showed that between the two groups there no significant differences in family income, mother's occupation status, educational level, and anthropometric measurement. Nutritional knowledge in the obese group was significantly higher than that of the normal group(p<0.05). The mothers of children with obesity had a higher level of nutritional knowledge than the mothers of normal children(p<0.05). There were no significant differences in food behavior between the obese and normal groups. There were no significant differences in maternal child-rearing practices and in maternal attitude on flood behavior of children. Considering psychological factors ; 72.1% of the children with obesity appraised their body image as obese(p<0.05), and 54.1% of the mothers in obese group perceived their child's body shape as obese(p<0.05). The level of self-esteem were not significantly different when compared between the obese and normal groups. From these results, it was suggested that effective measures for obesity treatment and prevention should include nutritional monitoring, and such efforts need to be maintained in order to help the obese children and their mothers.
Comparison of Money and Credit Attitudes of Female College Students and Housewives
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 3, 2002, Pages 165~175
The purpose of this study is to compare the attitudes toward money and credit between housewives and female cortege students. Female college students were younger and economically dependent. Female college students(n=131) and housewives(n=96) were surveyed for the study. Results of the study were: 1) Housewives perceive money as a security, Female students did money as the emotional tool and the success. 2) Housewives tended to be more negative to use credit generally and more positive under the certain condition compared with female students. 3) Affective style of money attitudes among female students and cognitive style among housewives were more popular 4) Negative type of credit altitudes were more popular among both groups. 5) Negative type of credit attitudes were more poplar in cognitive style of money altitudes and tolerated type were more popular in affective style.