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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 40, Issue 12 - Dec 2002
Volume 40, Issue 11 - Nov 2002
Volume 40, Issue 10 - Oct 2002
Volume 40, Issue 9 - Sep 2002
Volume 40, Issue 8 - Aug 2002
Volume 40, Issue 7 - Jul 2002
Volume 40, Issue 6 - Jun 2002
Volume 40, Issue 5 - May 2002
Volume 40, Issue 4 - Apr 2002
Volume 40, Issue 3 - Mar 2002
Volume 40, Issue 2 - Feb 2002
Volume 40, Issue 1 - Jan 2002
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Relationship between Lipid Intake Style and Cardiovascular Disease of the Elderly
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 5, 2002, Pages 1~14
This study was administrated to find the effects of dietary habits and nutrient intakes on the development of cardiovascular disease in the elderly aged over 60. The 40 healthy elderlies(18 males, 22 females) and 40 hospitalized elderlies with the cardiovascular disease(23 males, 17 females) were subjected for the study. Body weight, height, BMI and blood pressure were measured. Also, health behaviors such as exercise, smoking, drinking and dietary habits, frequency of intake lipid food in the past, nutrient intake at the present were assessed by interviews and questionnaire. The results of this study are as follows. 1. Body weight and the BMI were higher in hospitalized male elderlies significantly than those of healthy male elderlies(p<0.05). But the blood pressure wasn't different between two groups. 2. The ratio of male subjects who do regular exercise was significantly higher in healthy group(p<0.01). And significant difference in the extent of stress was found between two female groups(p<0.05). 3. The amount of meal and salty taste showed significant difference between two female groups(p<0.01) but the other dietary habits such as meat preference were not different between healthy and hospitalized elderlies. 4. Compared with healthy male elderlies, hospitalized male elderlies showed significantly higher frequency of intake of fish in the past(p<0.05) and frequency of intake of lipid food such as pork and chicken was also higher in the hospitalized male elderlies, but no significant difference in nutrient intake at the present was found between healthy and hospitalized elderlies. 5. Nutrient intake of elderlies showed in the average daily intake of energy, Ca, vitamin
were lower than Korean recommended dietary allowances(CRDA). For female subjects, the cholesterol intake was positively correlated with body weight, meats and eggs intake showed positive correlation with body weight and the BMI(p<0.01).
A Study on the Textile for Protective Clothing of Fire Fighters
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 5, 2002, Pages 15~24
The following research conclusions were made, relative to the experiments of the textiles of fire fighters Protective Clothing. 1. When the body protection efficiency such as the thickness, the strength and heat resistance are considered, Nomex(N) is tuned out the best outer shelf, Gore-tex(KG) the best moisture barrier, and Wool-felt(WC) the best thermal barrier. 2. In the hygienic and sanitary efficiency also, N is turned out the best outer shelf, KG the best moisture barrier, and WC the best thermal barrier in its degree of water resistance, water vapour permeability, and air permeability. 3. In the washing and maintenance efficiency, too. N is turned out the best outer shell, KG the best moisture barrier, and WC the best thermal barrier, being considered the material's rate of contraction, the changing rate of frame resistance, water resistance, and water vapour permeability. 4. When considered the frame resistance against the reflection tape and reflection efficiency, O is the best material for it marks the highest score in the frame resistance and reflective effect.
A Comparison of Household Workspace Between Traditional Waga and Choga in Jeju - Focused on the Housing Authorized as Historical Preservation Units -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 5, 2002, Pages 25~37
The purpose of this study is to give basic information in comparison of workspace of traditional housing between traditional Waga and Choga in Jeju. The subjects of this study are six Waga (roofing tee system), authorized as Jeju Folklore Materials and five Choga (roofing thatch system), authorized as National Major Folklore Materials. The results of this study were as follows. 1. Household workspaces in Waga were separated by three places: Jungji, Chatbang, and Gopang. In Choga, it was separated by two places, Jungji and Gopang. 2 As a number of Jungji, Waga had one, which meant that two or more generations shared the kitchen facilities. Choga, it had one or two Jungji, which meant that each generation used different kitchen facilities. 3. functional space of division Waga was specific. So, meal preparation was done in Jungji, and dining was done in Chatpang. However, in Choga, both meal preparation and dining were done in Jungji. 4. The sequence of space, in the JungjiGeriBulDong style, which Jungji was located in the detached building, showed that the circulation directs: Gopang->Sangbang->Chatbang->Madang->Jungji. AnGeriJungji style, which Jungji was located in the main building, showed that the circulation directs: Gopang->Sangbang(->Chatbang)->Jungji. 5. In the size ratio of household workspace to whole size of the house, Waga occupied 30%, and Choga occupied 21%.
Prior Thinking and Posterior Thinking Formation of Children and Adolescents In Sinking Objects
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 5, 2002, Pages 39~51
The purpose of this study is to investigate prior thinking and posterior thinking formation of children and adolescents in sinking objects. The subjects consisted of twenty eight, 9- and 11-year old children and fourteen, 13-year old adolescents selected from one elementary school and two middle schools. The transcripts were analyzed to classify children and adolescents'prior thinking and posterior thinking frequency, reasoning response(evidence based response, idea based response) and reasoning method(valid method, invalid method). The data were analyzed by frequency, percentile, mean and standard deviation,1 test, ANOVA. Major findings were as followings: 1. Children and adolescents have already had prior thinking in sinking objects. 2. Children and adolescents applies their prior thinking to posterior thinking formation process. 3. There were significant differences in children and adolescent'posterior thinking formation process, especially choices in objects and reasoning methods depending on age. 4. There were significant differences in children and adolescents'reasoning response depending on presented evidences types.5. Through the experimentation, children and adolescents'prior thinking was different from their posterior thinking. There were significant differences in differences between the prior thinking and posterior thinking depending on age.
Shopper′s Attitude toward Online Stores: Effects on Store Satisfaction and Store Loyalty
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 5, 2002, Pages 53~62
The purposes of this study were to examine: 1)the dimensions of online store attitude; 2)the differences in the online store attitude by product category and store type; and 3)the effects of online store attitude on store satisfaction and store loyalty. Data were obtained from an online questionnaire survey to 850 online shoppers who were randomly selected from the panel of an online survey agency, and 615 responses were analyzed. Factor analysis extracted 5 dimensions of store attitude including: process and security; service; promotion and presentation; price and quality; and merchandise. MANOVA revealed a significant difference in the price and quality factor by product category and store type. Multiple regression showed that the effects of price and quality, service, and process and security on store satisfaction were significant. Also, price and quality had a significant direct effect on store loyalty which was also affected by store satisfaction.
A Study on Gender Identity shown in Movie Costumes from 1930′s to 1990′s -Focused on Masculinity and Feminity-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 5, 2002, Pages 63~78
The movie costumes may serve to change individuals'ego identity, shift a gender identity to another one and make multiple and plural gender identities shared. The unique identities shown in movies can influence the audience to the extent that they will imitate characters's costumes or appearance in their real life, replacing their inner, unrealizable and private fantasy with real one. The purpose of this study is to review the movies produced in 1930's and thereafter by categorizing the socio-cultural gender concepts into masculinity and feminity. Masculinity and Feminity are not attributions fixed by some physical characteristics, but it tends to be changed or expended by some social factors over time. In short, it may be a flexible, plural, individual and self-introspecive attribute. Movies present diverse types of masculinity and feminity, and in particular, the movie costumes specify them. In other words, the costumes may be model means expressing the masculinity and feminity, and the gender identities shown in the movies tend to be imitated, re-created or assumed by the audience. All in all, the movie costumes serve to take on the confrontation of masculinity and feminity between inner, unrealizable and private fantasy and external reality and thereby, expand it from internal to external issue and thus, change or reform masculinity and feminity.
A Survey on the Family Concepts and Values among the Citizens of Seoul
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 5, 2002, Pages 79~94
The family concepts and values are investigated in this research, using data from a sample of 999 residents aged 14 to 89 years in Seoul. The results indicate that the family concepts of the subjects imply marital and/or parent-child relationships with normative gender role. People tend to regard divorced, remarried, and adopted members as famines, while classifying gay/lesbian couples, members living together in a communal fashion, and single households into nonfamily groups. People evaluate that the current Korean family doesn't adequately meet the functional needs of families in emotional support, solidarity, recreation, leisure, social and economic security, and generational transmission of culture. More conclusions and implications are discussed.
The Discourse about‘Postmodern Family’and the Korean Family Changes
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 5, 2002, Pages 95~108
In this paper I will try to analyze some studies about the ‘Postmodern Family’in Western countries. I will try to find out, above all in Western countries, how much the concepts “Plurality”, “Individuality”, “Deinstitutionalisation”, “Relation”and “Postmodernism” are linked to each other. Also the ‘Postmodern Ftmily’concept is an interesting topic for the understanding of the recent changes and in future in the Korean family. In this paper I will try to explain the Korean family change with the concept and phenomenon ‘Postmodern Family’. The discussion about the ‘Postmodern Family’will provide much stimulus for the Korean family research area. Also this discussion about ‘Postmodern Family’for the recent Korean family research will be an important attempt to give a new light in studying the Korean modem family.
The Relationship among Perceived Social Support from Care Teacher, Internal Locus of Control, and School Adjustment of Institutionalized Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 5, 2002, Pages 109~118
This study focused on the relationship among perceived social support from care teacher(institution staff), internal locus of control, and school adjustment of institutionalized children. This also examined the differences of perceived social support, internal thou of control, and school adjustment by gender and the duration in the institution. Participant were 119 fifth-and sixth-grade elementary school studens(58 boys, 61 girts). Perceived social support from care teacher, internal locus of control, and school adjustment were measured by self-reports of institutionalized children. The data were analyzed, in SPSS Win program, by Cronbach's α, T-test, Pearson Correlations, Simple Regression, Hierarchical Multiple Regression. As expected, results confirm that perceived social support was associated positively with internal locus of control and school adjustment. further, perceived social support also exerts indirect effects on school adjustment, mediated by internal locus of control. However, none of these variables differed by gender and the duration in the institution.
A Study on Apparel Benefits and Buying Behavior according to Values and Lifestyles
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 5, 2002, Pages 119~132
The purposes of this study were 1) to classify female consumers on VALS, 2) to identify the differences of psychological characteristics and demographics among the classified groups, and 3) to investigate the apparel benefits, buying behavior, shopping practices and psychological characteristics of each groups. For the study, a sample of 340 female consumers participated in this survey research. The data was analyzed utilizing descriptive statistics, factor analysis, cluster analysis,
-test, one-way ANOVA and Duncan test. Seven dimensions of values were identified by factor analysis: Consumption-oriented, Achievement-oriented , Diligence/sincerity-oriented, Pessimistic value tendencious, conservative/conventional value oriented, Dignity-oriented and Socialite-oriented. Based on these dimensions female consumers classified into three clusters: inner values-directed group, passive/inactive group, and achievement-oriented group. Achievement-oriented group showed the highest scores in optimum stimulation level and materialism, and tended to be younger and be employed than the other two groups. Both inner values-directed group and achievement-oriented group showed higher scores in self-expression/individuality and quality out of five apparel benefit than passive/inactive group. Innovative communicators, fashion innovators and fashion opinion leaders were mostly in the achievement-oriented group, while fashion followers and fashion indifferents were mostly in the passive/inactive group. It was revealed that achievement-oriented group had a larger number of fashionable clothing items and experienced more activities in vogue. Also, there were significant group differences in shopping practice, such as average monthly allowance, number of annual purchase clothing items.
The Effects of Leisure Satisfaction on the Quality of Life in the Elderly
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 5, 2002, Pages 133~146
The purpose of this study was to verify a Structural Equation Model that constructed the causations among the leisure resources, health perception, leisure attitude, leisure satisfaction and the quality of life in the elderly. For the purpose, 208 elderly who were over sixty years old and inhabited in Seoul were given questionnaires. Questionnaires were distributed by means of a 1:1 personal interview method. A Measurement model and a structural equation model estimates by Maximum Likelihood method(ML method) utilizing LISREL 8.51 ver. The major results are summarized as follows: 1) A Goodness of fit is good of structural equation model presented in the study. 2) The higher their leisure resource is, the higher health perception is, the higher leisure attitude is the more leisure satisfaction. 3) The important valuable factor which affected the quality of life in the elderly was the leisure satisfaction. It showed powerfully if the elderly participate enjoyment, self-development and positive leisure activity, their leisure satisfaction would increase, consequently the Quality of life would be improved.
The Classification and Technological Level Analysis of Internet Consumer Information Sites
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 5, 2002, Pages 147~158
This study was intended to make an analysis of the classification of Internet consumer information provided on the Internet and its realities with a focus on the realities of information characteristics and technological level to provide systematized consumer information for consumers. As a result, the following findings were obtained: First, it was found that information on consumer panel research, anti-site and consumerism is lacking in terms of the type of information currently provided in the Internet consumer information classification. Second, it was found that up-to-datensess, communically and connectivity were high in the level of Internet consumer information characteristics. Third, it was found that publicity was realities well carried out in terms of the technological level of Internet consumer information but that the realities of publicity was still tacking. Fourth, it is thought that it is necessary to construct the Internet consumer information provision site through several eve-level programs for elementary, middle and high school students in a systematic fashion in order to provide diverse consumers with Internet consumer information at several levels.
A Study on the Attitude about the Family/Kinship Life of Netizen
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 5, 2002, Pages 159~177
The purpose of this exploratory study was to investigate how the information society affected the attitude about the family/kinship life of Netizen. For this goal, the data were collected from 305 Netizen who use the Internet. The major findings were as follows. Firstly, In Netizen, the support to familism and boy preference was low level. Secondly, in their altitude to the divorce and remarriage, there was a tendency which accepts a marriage with selection. Thirdly, they had a tendency to agree equal partnership in couple relationship. Fourthly, virtual community in cyber-space was found, but the loyalty of members was not enough strong. Fifthly, in the family/kin rites, it was showed non-traditional tendency. And in all aspects, some differences were found between men and women. The findings of the present study suggest that the couple relationship in the information society becomes more important, and there is a tend to increase acceptability to increase. In contrast, there is stiff another discrimination in cyber-space by focusing on traditional mother route.
A Study on the Forming Procedure of Consumer Satisfaction from Internet Shopping Experience
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 5, 2002, Pages 179~193
This study aims to examine the forming procedure of consumer satisfaction from Internet shopping experience. Many studies on the satisfaction have primarily focused on the examination of the antecedents of satisfaction along with the expectation-disconfirmation paradigm dominating the former studies. This study has built an Internet shopping expectation-disconfirmation model as to apply the expectation-disconfirmation into the condition of the Internet shopping. The summary of study represented in following. l. The expectation of risk and performance of benefit had a significantly positive effect on the perceived disconfirmation. In addition, an expectation of benefit and performance of risk had a significantly negative effect on the perceived disconfirmation. 2. A performance of risk and performance of benefit not only had a significantly indirect effect, but also a significantly direct effect on the consumer satisfaction. But expectation of risk and expectation of benefit had no significant direct effect on satisfaction. 3. Not only the perceived disconfirmation had a significant positive effect on satisfaction, but also an effect of the perceived disconfirmation on satisfaction(0.472) is larger than that of the performance of risk or performance of benefit. Meaning that, it is desirable for one to apply the expectation-disconfirmation model into the Internet shopping circumstances as much as the off-line markets.
Difference of Caring Needs According to Caring Experience of the Elderly with Dementia and Caring Situation
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 5, 2002, Pages 195~210
The purpose of this study were to find out the difference of needs of caring between care-givers and non care-givers, and to suggest the way of lessening vigorous task of care-givers for the elderly with dementia. Data were collected from 130 nationwide respondents intentionally divided into two groups; care-givers and non care-givers in the middle aged with middle and upper income. Collected data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, t-test using SPSS package. Since the result of survey, unexpectedly, showed no difference between two groups, it could be explained as that these two groups commonly had same needs of caring for the elderly with dementia. Major findings were as follow; 1) Most Koreans stiff thought family should be the main care-giver for the elderly with dementia prior to nation or society. 2) Responsibility of caring for the elderly with dementia would be better to be shared with children instead of focusing to a child. 3) They thought ideal residential facilities for the elderly with dementia were small-scale professional dementia facility(group home) rather than home or general elderly housing. 4) Professional dementia care hospital was one of the most needed facilities for the elderly with dementia, followed by short-stay and dar-care center. 5) It was revealed care-giving task was vigorous showing that most care-givers spent 1-5 hours a day for caring, while 13% of respondents spent 11-24 hours a duty. 6) 90% of care-givers took the responsibility of main care-giver because of duty of offsprings or spouses, and wanted to be free from their current circumstances. From the result of this survey researchers would like to suggest the establishment of diverse facilities for professional dementia care to lessen the caring burden for the elderly with dementia: group home, chronic hospital, short-stay, day-care center. Financial support from the government for the housing renovation of the caring families should be considered seriously afterward. It is needed to give the opportunity to select proper paid dementia care facilities according to their income and situation of household.
Information Society and the Subject of Family Resource Management
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 5, 2002, Pages 211~224
Because information society as a lather environment has different characteristics with the industrial one, we need to get the new guideline for the development of family resource management. So, this study was purposed to explore the importance of the information as a resource that is to be managed in the information society. To find the answer, challenge of the family resource management to be with, characteristics of the information and the information society, their effects on He family resource management, academic research patterns and activities of the public institutions were examined. As results, first, we need to focus on the family as a producer rather than a consumer. Second, we have to give the model of cuber life to the nomads in the information society. Third, we need to develope a new curriculm for students to play their parts in the ICT industry. Lastly, our efforts to make networks between researchers and persons in the In industry are needed.
The Study on the Effect of the Maternal Variables on the Verbal Abuse
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 40, issue 5, 2002, Pages 225~235
The purpose of this research is to delineate the effect of maternal variables of the verbal abuse. Such variables as the mother's age, her education level, and maternal parenting stress have been chosen for the analysis. The sample subject were 659 pairs of fifth/sixth grade of elementary school and firs/second grade of middle school, and their mothers. The major findings of the research are as follows: first, looking at the correlation between the mother's age/education level and the verbal abuse, the verbal abuse factor shows difference correlating to the mother's age/education level. Second, looking at the correlation between the material parenting stress level and the verbal abuse, the verbal abuse factor shows difference correlating to the maternal parenting stress level. Third, the result of multiple regression analysis on the effects of the maternal variables to the verbal abuse indicates that material parenting stress is the significant contributing factor. All in all, the maternal variables account for 9% of the verbal abuse score.