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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 41, Issue 12 - Dec 2003
Volume 41, Issue 11 - Nov 2003
Volume 41, Issue 10 - Oct 2003
Volume 41, Issue 8 - Aug 2003
Volume 41, Issue 7 - Jul 2003
Volume 41, Issue 6 - Jun 2003
Volume 41, Issue 5 - May 2003
Volume 41, Issue 4 - Apr 2003
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Mar 2003
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Feb 2003
Volume 41, Issue 9 - Jan 2003
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
Mothers' Interventions and Their Effects between Siblings Aged 3-5
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 1, 2003, Pages 1~13
The purpose of this study was to examine how mothers intervened in conflicts between siblings aged 3-5. The subjects of this study were 51 sibling dyads and their mothers. The siblings were asked to carry out 4 different tasks. The sibling conflicts occurring during the tasks and their mothers' interventions were observed and recorded. The results were as follows. Fist, mothers tended not to intervene in sibling conflicts. Second, when they intervened, they tended to use strategies considered less desirable such as ‘parental control’ Third, although small in numbers, some mothers intervened in sibling conflict in a positive way. In such cases, sibling conflicts ended in compromise and reconciliation. The implications for parent education were discussed.
Consumers' Awareness and Information Needs towards Food Hygiene(I): Focused on Pesticide Residues
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 1, 2003, Pages 15~26
The purpose of this study was to examine the consumers' awareness and information needs towards pesticide residues and to find out the factors affecting the information needs. Data were collected from 506 adults in Seoul, Daegu and Busan by the self-administered questionnaire. Frequencies, X²tests, and regression analysis were conducted to analyze the data by SPSS Windows. The results of this study were as follows: (1) many respondents showed the high concerns and information needs for pesticide residues (2) many people worried to eat vegetables, fruits and cereals in turn due to pesticide residues, and did not trust the results from food safety tests by the government, and (3) age, educational attainment and concerns about pesticide residues were factors affecting the consumers' information needs.
Children's theory of Mind in Making Stories
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 1, 2003, Pages 27~38
The purpose of this study was to investigate how the children show their theory of mind in making stories. Eleven children of age 6, twelve children of age 9, and eleven undergraduates made their stories using the picture book “Frog, where are you?”. All of the stories were audiotaped, parsed with clauses, and were coded into mental & para-mental categories. Results showed that the children used less mind-related terms, like belief, intent, desire, and emotion, than the adults did. And the children talked primarily about the characters' intent of the mind, whereas the adults expressed other mental processes. But there were no differences between age 6 and age 9, in expressing the theory of mind.
Analysis of the Effects of Householder's Occupation and Age on the Financial Structures
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 1, 2003, Pages 39~58
This study investigated the effects of the householder's age as a proxy for the family life cycle stage variable and the householder's occupation on the household financial structures. Household financial structures are analyzed by the components of two financial statements(the income and expense statement and the balance sheet statement) and selected financial ratios. The data came from the 1998 Korean Household Panel Study. It was found that the age profiles of household finances such as household income, expenditure, savings and consumption rate, financial assets, real assets and home ownership, debt and net worth usually vary according the householder's occupation. The ratios of debt repayment and the liquidity ratios also vary in part as age changes for each occupational group.
A Program Development and Implementation Enhancing to Understand Generations between Adolescent Children and Parents
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 1, 2003, Pages 59~76
The relationship between adolescent children and parents has a profound effect on not only the adolescents development into healthy adults but also the psychological welfare of the parent. A program focused to improve adolescents relationship with parents has not been developed until now. To achieve the educational goals enhancing mutual understanding, it is more effective to educate both the parents and adolescent children. Thus, this study developed and carried out a program in which adolescent children and mothers, being fully in charge of raising children, participated. The study analyzed the program effects after implementing on 6 pairs of adolescent children and mothers. The results are as follows: 1) adolescent children and mothers placed high values on the fact that they can understand each other well, 2) both parties accepted each other by recognizing the inevitability of the generation gap, and 3) the program gave them a chance to admit that they should try to communicate openly. Most of all, adolescent children could find self-confidence while mothers could collect valuable data essential to raise children and build a new mother's role model adapting to social changes.
The Effects of Children's Perception of Communications with Mothers and Self-Control on Game Addiction
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 1, 2003, Pages 77~91
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of children's perception of communications with mothers and self-control on game addiction. The subjects were 739 children of 4th, 5th and 6th grade. The subjects rated themselves on questionnaires regarding communications with mothers, self-control and game addiction scale. The major findings of this study were as follows: 1) 6th grade children addicted more than 4th and 5th grade children. And boys addicted more than girls. 2) Sex had a direct and indirect effect through children's perception of problematic communications with mothers and self-control on game addiction and was the first contribution factor Children's self-control had a first direct negative effect on game addiction. 3) Children's perception of problematic communications with mothers had a direct positive effect and an indirect positive effect through self-control on game addiction. Grade had a direct positive effect and an indirect positive effect through children's perception of open and problematic communications with mothers and self-control on game addiction. Children's perception of open communications with mothers had a direct positive effect and an indirect negative effect through self-control on game addiction.
The Impacts of Digital Markets on Consumers： Emerging Costs and Benefits of Digital Markets to Consumers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 1, 2003, Pages 93~110
This study delves into emerging costs and benefits of digital markets to consumers through in-depth interviews with 5 women and 4 men consumers. Four themes are founded from the analysis of the transcript as follows: 1) benefits of Internet shopping consisted with convenience, price efficiency, and fun, 2) distorted efficiencies consisted with distorted price efficiency, distorted time efficiency, and limited choices based on familiarity, 3) addiction to digital market consisted with waste, distorted satisfaction, and solidarity, and 4) stages in consumer types according to shopping experiences from the novice, the explorer, the expert, and the addict in part and the addict in part. These themes imply consumer benefits from economic and esthetic aspects and mixed consumer costs according to consumer's level of informatization. This study concludes that the digital market is morphogenic, flexible, fluid market and therefore, the real features of the digital market are yet to come. More research attention should be highlighted in the impacts of digital market to consumers from various perspectives with various methodologies.
A Study on Sexual Attitudes Sexual Behaviors and Parents-Children Relationships among College Students in Korea
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 1, 2003, Pages 111~124
This study tries to analyse the relationship between sexual attitudes and behaviors on the one hand and parent-child relationships on the other among college students in Korea. 1,237 students from different areas were surveyed. Sexual attitudes are subdivided into four aspects, namely, permissiveness, instrumentality, emotional exchange, and responsibility, and sexual behaviors into indirect and direct ones. Results are as follow. First, sexual attitudes and behaviors among the subjects are found being different, depending on such variables as sex, religion and dating experiences. Secondly, while being related with both indirect and direct sexual behaviors, the variable of co-residence with parents is significantly related with the aspect of permissiveness, but not with the other three aspects. Thirdly, the parent-child communication is significantly related with sexual attitudes. One who has an open pattern of communication with parents tends to have more desirable sexual attitudes and is better able to control sexual behaviors.
The Effect of Doubles Roles and Perception of Korean Married Women Professors About Combining their Career and Family
Juhee Park ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 1, 2003, Pages 125~138
Marital Conflict and Life Satisfaction in Aged Couples
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 1, 2003, Pages 139~153
The purposes of this study were to find the general trends of aged couples' marital conflict, life satisfaction, and to examine relationships between husbands' marital conflict, life satisfaction and those of wives, and to investigate effective variables influencing on their life satisfaction. The subjects were the 218 couples over 60 years old living in Gwangju. Trained researchers interviewed the subjects with structured questionnaires. Data were analyzed with mean, sd, Cronbach' α, paired-t test, Pearson's correlation and Hierarchical Regression using SAS program. The major findings were as follows; 1. The marital conflict scores of husbands and wives were lower than median and wives' marital conflict scores were higher than those of husbands. The average scores of life satisfaction were higher than median and Husbands achieved higher scores in life satisfaction than wives. 2. Husbands' marital conflict and life satisfaction were positively related to those of wives. 3. Husbands' life satisfaction was influenced by health, self-esteem, filial support, acquaintances' support, marital conflict. Wives' life satisfaction was influenced by income, health, marital intimacy, filial support, acquaintances' support, marital conflict. Spouses marital conflict was significantly effective variable to wives' life satisfaction, but no significant to husbands'.
Wearing, Dietary and Psychological Characteristics of Obese Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 1, 2003, Pages 155~167
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of wearing behavior of clothing and dietary behavior, and psychological characteristics on the obese children. For this purpose, the questionnaire method was used and the subjects were 1,501 elementary school children in the 4th to the 6th grade and their mothers (1,459), in Seoul, Busan, Daegu, Gwangju, and Andong cities. The children were divided into two groups, such as a normal weight group (NWG) and an obese group (OG). There were significant differences in adaptability to the cold and the heat, and in wearing behavior of clothing for body shape between NWG and OG. Scores for balanced dietary behavior was higher in OG than in NWG while dietary control perceived by their mothers was better in NWG than in OG. Stress was lower and self-esteem was higher in NWG than in OG. Experimental tests are needed to analyze the behavior of obese children on the basis of the obtained results of this study.
Types of Cyberspace Addiction and Adolescents' Psycho-Social Environment
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 1, 2003, Pages 169~185
The present study was to investigate whether Cyberspace addiction groups could be classified into types and examine the relationship with types of Cyberspace addiction and adolescents' psychological environment. The findings were as follows: First, adolescents' Cyberspace addiction was analyzed by factor analysis and classified by four different types, which were named as sensation seeking, life interference, time dependency, and psychological dependency. Second, male students experienced more sensation seeking and life interference tendencies than female students who experienced more psychological dependency tendency than male students. High school students experienced more life interference tendency than middle school students. Third, there was relationship with types of adolescents Cyberspace addiction and psychological environment. Adolescents who addicted Cyberspace with sensation seeking were more likely to avoid conversation with families, and had a tendency of compulsiveness and depression. Adolescents who addicted Cyberspace with life interference had a tendency of compulsiveness and depression, and had a problem of school life and family relationship. Adolescents who addicted Cyberspace with time dependency showed the compulsiveness and avoided conversation with families. Adolescents who addicted Cyberspace with psychological dependency were more likely to have peer relationship and had a tendency of depression. Conclusively, the psycho-social environment such as compulsiveness, depression, family and peer relationship, and school environment was related to types of adolescents' Cyberspace addiction more or less.
The Strategies for Improving Operation and Satisfaction of the Consumer Council Cite, Consumer Information Cite, and Anti-Cite in Internet
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 1, 2003, Pages 187~211
This study deals with activities in internet, including activities on consumer counseling, exchange of consumer information, and anti-sites. Among consumers having utilized those three types of internet sites, this study examines whether their satisfactions on them differ depending on their socio-demographic characteristics and types of activities and also explores which factors critically influence consumer satisfactions. According to the results of this study, consumers' satisfactions were higher when consumers evaluated counselors were objective, rapid, and reliable. Thus, Counselors must be more efficiently classify counseling contents, systematically manage, rapid, active and concrete answers for consumers applying for counseling. Second, in the case of consumer information site, the consumer satisfaction turns out to be positively related with exchange of consumer information, rapid provision of information, and reliability. Connection of relevant specialized information, encouragement of active information exchange among consumers, and objectivity and specialty in consumer information site are necessary to increase the quality of internet consumer information cite. Third, in the case of anti site, consumer satisfaction is higher in cases of consumer being joined in anti-site and in cases of objective and reliable sites. In order to facilitate the utilization of anti-sites, those solutions include systematic classification and management of writings listed in the site, active management of the site managers, reducing criticisms on the writings listed and objectivity of information provided, and active searches for solutions. Finally, in order to preserve consumer sovereignty, policy suggestions include improvements of service qualities provided in internet sites, active advertisement, improvement of site management through charging some fees for users, enhancing specialties.
Health Status and Health Behavior of Middle-aged Korean Men and Women： Focused on Gender and Age-group Differences
;;Ryff, C;Marks, N.;;;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 1, 2003, Pages 213~229
The purpose of this study is to examine the heath status and health behavior of middle-aged Korean men and women. Even though there has been increased concern about extremely high mortality rate of Korean middle-aged men and mental health problems of middle aged women, there is a dearth of empirical studies which examine the health status and health behavior of middle-aged men and women in Korea. This study attempts to fill these gaps. Data gathered from 1,667 men and women aged between 30-59 are analyzed to examine the level of physical health, mental health, perceived health and health behavior and to explore the gender and age group differences in these aspects. The results show that there exist gender difference and age group difference in health status: Women are less healthy than men and as age increased health status declined. Women at their 50s are least healthy and most unhappy suggesting age and gender interaction in health status. There exist a gender difference in health behavior: Men have regular check-ups more frequently than women and exercise more. These results are discussed in terms of the gender differences in the experiences, social roles and life styles over the life course.
The Analysis on Contents of School Consumer Education of the 7th Curriculum - Focused on "Home Economics & Technology" for 7th, 8th Grade -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 1, 2003, Pages 231~248
The purpose of this research is to analyze ‘consumer education system in middle school’, whether it is suitably organized to help students make the right decision in their daily life as a rational consumer in this fast changing “the Informational Society”. We divided the consumer education of “the Informational Society” into 4 fields of studies(consumer information technique, decision making on purchasing, consumer financial management, and consumerism) and made specific analysis for this research. The “Technology & Home Economics” textbook which follows ‘The 7th curriculum’ conducted by “Korean Educational Board” Ministry of Education & Human Resources Development for first and second grade in middle school were used for this analysis. The results founded are as follows: first, for the curriculum analysis according to the 4 fields of consumer education, both the first and the second grade students' textbook had consumer information technique as the major portion of the consumer education. Second, as a result of the comparison between the two grade levels showed that the second grade level has higher portion of consumer education in “Home economics & Technology” textbook than the first grade level. Third, the present status of consumer education showed that the first grade level's consumer education was only limited in consumer information technique, but the second grade level's consumer education was ranging evenly throughout the 3 fields of consumer education: consumer information technique, decision making on purchasing and consumerism. These results of this study contribute to the development of an efficient and desirable curriculum for the adolescent' consumer education, specially for school consumer education, in “the Informational Society”.
The Fabrics Dyeing using Gromwell Roots
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 1, 2003, Pages 249~257
For the efficiency in extracting gromwell colorant, methanol, ethanol and aceton were used as solvents. Also, to compare the results when dyed in various conditions and on various fabrics, the ratio of water-dye mixture, pH, temperature, and varieties of fabrics -wool, silk, cotton, nylon, ramie- were selected. L, a, b, ΔE, munsell and K/S value of each sample was measured and compared for the practical use. Water-dye mixture of 5:5 ratio showed the optimum dyeability. Not to mention wool and silk, but also cotton showed a satisfying dying result at the acidity of pH4. As the temperature increased, the dyeability of all three fabrics improved greatly. Especially, wool showed the highest improvement in terms of dyeability as the temperature increased. K/S values for wool and nylon showed superior results to the others in the gromwell colorant. The resulting color turned out somewhat different depending on the solvents used and the sort of fabric that was tested on. When the gromwell colorant extracted with methanol or ethanol was applied, the color of fabrics came out as purple or purpleblue. When the colorant extracted with acetone was used, the color of fabrics came out to be redpurple. The colorfastness to light showed low glades regardless to whichever solvents were used. The grades of colorfastness to laundering were recorded low numerical values, and its record became even lower when the gromwell colorant extracted with aceton was applied. The staining grade of the colorfastness to laundering showed a good grade in the range of 4 to 5. All the dyed fabrics showed a excellent drycleaning fastness.