Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 41, Issue 12 - Dec 2003
Volume 41, Issue 11 - Nov 2003
Volume 41, Issue 10 - Oct 2003
Volume 41, Issue 8 - Aug 2003
Volume 41, Issue 7 - Jul 2003
Volume 41, Issue 6 - Jun 2003
Volume 41, Issue 5 - May 2003
Volume 41, Issue 4 - Apr 2003
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Mar 2003
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Feb 2003
Volume 41, Issue 9 - Jan 2003
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
Varying Association Between Peer Problem Behavior and Adolescent Problem Behavior as a Function of Parental Rule Obedience
Yun-Joo Chyung ; Nancy Darling ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 2, 2003, Pages 1~11
A Study of Direction for Consumer Education Program of the Elderly in Cheju - the 1st one, on the focus of Consumer Capacity -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 2, 2003, Pages 13~29
The purpose of this study is to examine consumer characteristics according to analyze the level of consumer knowledge, skill, and consciousness through the comparison between young-elderly people and elderly people in Cheju. For the empirical analysis, the data was collected 428 consumers from May to June, 1999. The statistical methods for this study were descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, correlation using SPSS Win program. The major findings of this study were as follows; 1) The level of consumer consciousness was very high, but the level of consumer knowledge and consumer skill were low. 2) Drug un, Recall system, Frozen-food management, Indication for consumer knowledge; Planning, Discontent treatment for consumer skill; Responsibility for consumer consciousness area were very low state. 3) Correlation according to Pearson's γ²were positive relationship between all of that consumer knowledge and consumer skill and consumer consciousness areas. 4) Sum of 3 findings were no great difference between young-elderly people and elderly people. From now on, some suggestions from this study how to stress on the consumer knowledge and consumer skill as well as consumer consciousness of the elderly in Cheju.
Influences of Maternal Child Rearing Behaviors and Peer Acceptance on Children's Self Esteem
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 2, 2003, Pages 31~42
The purpose of this research is to find the relational influences of maternal child rearing behavior and peer acceptance on children's self esteem. The sample subject were 200 of fourth/sixth grade of elementary school. The major findings of the research were as follows : First, the scores of peer acceptance, social acceptance, behavior conduct, global self-worth and affect tend to be over the mean scores. Second, the influences of maternal child rearing behaviors and peer acceptance on children's self esteem found significant due to the sub-areas of self-esteem. The affectionate child rearing affects all sub-areas of self-esteem. Overprotection and peer acceptance affect social acceptance. In addition, gender affect cognitive ability and fade affects global self-worth.
The Effect of Individual, Relational, and Contextual Variables on Dating Violence of Premarital Males and Females
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 2, 2003, Pages 43~63
The purpose of this study is to investigate how much individual, relational, and contextual variables have an effect on the dating violence of premarital males and females. Researched are 369 male and female residents over 19 years who have experienced dating or were involved in any dating relationships in Daegu. The instruments of measurement are CTSⅡ scale and scales of relation to individual, relational, and contextual variables. The data are analysed through factor analysis, Cronbach's α, frequency, percentile, and stepwise regression analysis. The major findings of this study are as follows: First, individual variables that affect doing and victimization of dating violence are one's permission degree of dating violence, and psychological abuses experienced during childhood from one's mother. Second, relational variables that affect doing and victimization of dating violence are control toward one's partner, communication, conflict, commitment, intimacy, satisfaction of dating relationship, and feeling of inferiority toward one's partner. Third, contextual variables that affect doing and victimization of dating violence are familial relationships, friend relationships, and financial stresses.
The Life Course of Poor Female Household Heads: A Qualitative Analysis
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 2, 2003, Pages 65~92
This study explored and described the life course of poor female household heads. The data was gathered by in-depth interviews with thirteen poor female heads of households. Most of poor female household heads grew up in poor families. nev could not be educated properly due to their families' poverty and boy preference, and they moved to urban areas to become informal sector laborers. After the marriages, their living conditions became worse, because many of them got married to so lazy men who had alcoholic problems that were not willing to provide their families. The poor female heads of households were under difficulties owing to low income and unstable labor Condition. The economic hardship disturbed the interaction with kins and friends. Although they got in touch with these people, they had uncomfortable feelings because they did not have enough resources which made these relationships reciprocal. Therefore, social welfare policy were essential to support the poor female heads of households.
Job Stressors, Job Stress Symptoms and Job Performance of Workers in Fashion Industry
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 2, 2003, Pages 93~106
The purpose of this study was to investigate job stressors, job stress symptoms, and job performance of workers in fashion industry. The data were obtained from questionnaire completed by 529 workers who were employed in textile or clothing manufactures located in Seoul, Daegu, Busan, and Masan area. The SPSS package was used for data analysis which included frequency, mean, correlation, and factor analysis. Job stressors consisted of environmental related stressors, job related stressors(task characteristics and role characteristics) and organization related stressors(organization climate and career development). Most of job stressors were significantly correlated with job stress symptoms but their correlation coefficients were low. Among job stressors, quantitative work overload was found to be a major stressor. Workers in fashion industry appeared to evaluate their job performance relatively good. Also, it was found that behavioral and psychological symptoms were negatively correlated with job performance.
Dyeing of Wool and Nylon Fabrics with Chinese Scholar Tree Extract
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 2, 2003, Pages 107~121
This study was discussed the dyeing of wool and nylon fabrics with Chinese Scholar Tree extract. The extracts of Chinese Scholar Tree was prepared in the condition of heating at
, for 1 hour and cooling to 40C. And then the extracts of color matter treate with vacuum concentration at
, 30mmHg and dried with spray dryer. The dyeing of wool and nylon fabric in this experiment was also employed the mordant dyeing method such as pre-mordant, post-mordant and simultaneous mordant method. The mordanting agents used in this study were as followings ; aluminium potassium sulfate, copper(II) acetate monohydrate, chromium potassium sulfate
, Tin(II) chloride dihydrate, iron(II)sulfate
. For an evaluation of the dyeing property of the mordanting agents, the pre-mordant method, the repeat dyeing and the fastness of the light, dry cleaning, washing and rubbing measured respectively. From the results of the dye absorption, the optimum dyeing condition of the wool and nylon fabrics with Chinese Scholar Tree extract is at 80C dyeing temperature for 60 minutes. The optimum concentration of mordanting agent is Al, Cr, Sn 1%, Fe, Cu 2% solution. In general, the fastness property of the dyed wool and nylon fabrics had a comparatively high grade.
A Study on the Ceremonial Costumes in New Aboriginal Religious Groups in Korea
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 2, 2003, Pages 123~139
This study examines the characteristics of 45 sects of seven new aboriginal religious groups in Korea including Jeungsan sect, Tangun sect, Soowoon sect, Won Buddhism, Bongnam sect, Gahksedo sect, Shamanism sect through field study and various documents. The purpose of the study is to elucidate how their religious ideas are reflected in their ceremonial costumes and what characteritics and underlying meanings these costumes have, and I reached the following conclusions 1. The new religious groups in Korea modified or mixed the designs or names of existing outfits to convey their ideas or beliefs in their costumes. 2. The costumes of new religious groups turned out to have certain characteristics in common: they all reflected the times, Korean tradition, ancestor worship. 3. I looked at the symbolicity, names, and types of the outfit, and their color scheme to establish their structural characteristics, and it turned out that they an symbolized the creeds and ideas of each religion. The names of the costumes such as Way-Robe, Law-Robe, and Ceremony-Robe, for instance, had to do with Buddhism Taoism, and Confucianism. The most common type of costume consisted of traditional hanbok top, pant, robe, and some type of headpiece for men, and hanbok top and, skirt for women, and if women were to wear a robe, it usually meant the sect believed in sexual equality. There was also a tendency to simplify or minimize the dress code, which seems to indicate that the sect was trying to adapt itself to, the times. The most common type of the outer garment for men was a robe with narrow sleeves, straight lapel, and no slits, and a robe with wide sleeves, straight lapel, and slits for women. The color scheme of the costumes included blue, white, yellow, red, and black, reflecting the influence of the Yin-Yang and Five Elements idea and traditional preference for white of Koreans. 4. These religious costumes were worn at various ceremonies, ritual, and various anniversary services for the master and other dignitaries of the sect to render greater piety to those gatherings, to distinguish the sect from other religious groups, to clarify the meaning of the ceremony, and to heighten the devout feelings of the participants. Thus, the structure (the symbolicity, names, and types of the outfit, and their color scheme) and religious background of the costumes of the new aboriginal religious groups in Korea turned out to have inherited and mixed various element of traditional Korean outfit and those of existing religions to symbolize their religious ideas. Many religions in and fall, and each has its own dress codes, and I hope this study provides a framework and data for other researchers and leaders of new religious groups that will emerge in the future.
A Study on the Level of Satisfaction and Awareness Regarding the Importance of outdoor and Indoor Environments in Child Care Centers - On the Basis of Different Viewpoints from the Parents and the Teachers -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 2, 2003, Pages 141~153
The purpose of this study was to analyze and determine the level of the satisfaction and awareness of facilities in child care centers among teachers and parents. Special attention was given to both the indoor and outdoor environments from the viewpoints of both parents and teachers. The subject of this research focused on parents who leave their children at child care centers, and teachers who work for the center. The data was compiled by performing both T-tests and paired T-test. The information was processed by a program called SPSS WIN 10.0. The results were as follows ; 1. (a) With regard to the satisfaction of the external and internal facilities : It was determined that both the play rooms and the wall-pattern arrangements were satisfactory to both the parents and the teachers. (b) Regarding the awareness of the importance of facilities, while the parents focused more on the play rooms and the external environments, the teachers placed more importance on the bathrooms and the play rooms. 2. In the paired T-test that determined whether their individual opinions were different in terms of the satisfaction and awareness of facilities, it was interesting to see that both the parents and the teachers showed significant differences in their opinions and priorities about the porches, the play rooms, the bathrooms and the wall-pattern arrangements. In general, their awareness was much higher than the satisfaction with these facilities. 3. In the T-test that determined whether there were any tendencies in the satisfaction and awareness respectively in the two groups, the satisfaction rate was higher among the parents than the teachers. In terms of the awareness of the importance of the facilities, the teachers rated the bathrooms and the wall-pattern arrangements as a priority.
Women's Identity in the Korean Family Welfare Policies
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 2, 2003, Pages 155~170
By analysing women's identity rooted in Korean families and welfare policies related to families, this research aims to explore more gender-equal family welfare policies for the future. This research examines the change of families along with social changes, women's identity in families, the present family welfare policies, and women's identity in the family welfare policies. Social changes and the demand of market make influence on function and form of families. However, the broad social format of patriarchy persists and women's gender identity and gender role in families make little differences as ever. These women's gender role and gender identity are found in welfare policies related to families as they are. The women is regulated as dependent on male partner with the primary responsibilities on child rearing and elderly care. In addition, only focusing on families in need, Korean family policies are not generally established. Therefore, now, it is strongly suggested that Korean family policies concerning more diverse families should be launched with the gender-sensitive perspective.
Comparison of Anthropometric Indices and Health Related Factors of the Elderly Living in Incheon
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 2, 2003, Pages 171~185
The eight hundred fourteen male and female elderly living in urban and rural area of Incheon were compared in terms of anthropometric indices and health related factors. Mean height, weight, BMI, WHR, MAC, TSF, %body fat and systolic blood pressure of male elderly were 162.7cm and 162.0cm, 61.8kg and 58.3kg, 23.2 and 22.0, 0.91 and 0.89, 24.4cm and 24.0cm, 9.9mm and 11.5mm, 23.9% and 23.2%, 152.1mmHg and 150.0mmHg in the urban and rural respectively. In female elderly, mean height, weight, BMI, WHR, MAC, TSF, %body fat and systolic blood pressure were 150.3cm and 149.2cm, 55.9kg and 53.1kg, 24.4 and 23.4, 0.87 and 0.86, 25.4cm and 24.4cm, 20.2mm and 18.9mm, 37.2% & 35.4%, 142.2mmHg and 151.7 mmHg in the urban and rural respectively. As the age increasing, most of the anthropometric indices are decreased while systolic blood pressure are increased in both gender. The proportion of the subject with normal hearing were 73.1% in the urban, 61.4% in the rural and 61.8% in the male, 73.1% in the female. Hearing and tooth status became deteriorated as increasing the age and the more elderly felt themselves unhealthy as increasing the age. Aerobic(25.7%) and walking/jogging(18.4%) in the urban, walking/jogging (22.1%) and climbing(3.5％) in the rural were the preferred exercise in the elderly. Frequency of health promoting substance intake were very low and not significantly different between the urban & the rural, and the male and the female elderly. Neuralgia, diabetes, indigestion and cerebral stroke showed relatively higher morbidity in the elderly. Neuralgia was significantly higher in the female(23.3%) than in the male(13.1%). Diabetes was significantly higher in the female(22.4%) and the urban(21.9%) elderly than in the male(16.1%) and the rural(13.5%) elderly respectively. In conclusion, as the age increasing the height and weight of the elderly decreased significantly and BMI, WHR and body fat toned to decrease. Hearing and tooth status deteriorated significantly as the age increasing, especially in female elderly.
Content analysis of mother's child rearing on PC communication
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 2, 2003, Pages 187~198
The purpose of this study was to explore the ideas about childrearing represented on the cyber space. The method used for this study is the content analysis and the data are articles about child rearing on the Hitel bulletin board during 1 year. It was found that then articles dealt with problems of practices in the teaching, nurturing, interfacing between home and social institutions, and disciplining. Especially these articles put great emphasis on teaching. For example, there are many articles about children's cognitive development. And there are many articles about nurturing. Especially child's emotional care. Many articles about interfacing between home and social institutions are appeared. In early childhood, many child go to nursery center. So from these results, we might conclude that many mothers gave their children emotional care. And they didn't teach their children directly. Instead they bought many educational instrument.
A Study on Adolescents' Level of School Adjustment by Their Perceived Relationships with Parents, Peer and Teachers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 2, 2003, Pages 199~210
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of perceived relationships of the adolescents with their parents, peer and the teachers on their school adjustment. The data were collected from 385 male and female high school students in Seoul through the questionnaire method. The major result of the study were as follows: 1. About sixty percents of the respondents came from middle-class families who were being brought up by their parents. 2. Analysis of data revealed that degrees of relationship of the respondents with their parents and peer were higher than moderate, while the degrees of relationship with teacher was found to be moderate. 3. The adolescent' overall level of school adjustment was found to be at a moderate level. 4. The adolescents' levels of school adjustment were differed by birth order, father's occupations, family structures, economic status of the family, grade point average and religion. 5. The stepwise regression analyses yielded the results that relationship with the teacher, relationship with the peer, father's caring, birth order and economic status of family were significant factors in explaining the adolescents' school adjustment. On the base of the results of the study, the following suggestions were made in order to enhance adolescents' school adjustment: 1. Teacher education focused on guidance and counseling should be included in the teacher education and training program. 2. Parents education focused on fatherhood should be more emphasized.
The Study on Premarital Preparation of Single Men and Women
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 2, 2003, Pages 211~224
The purpose of this study was to investigate premarital preparation of single men and women. The number of subjects was 393 premarital couples(196 males and 197 females) in Seoul, Incheon, Daejeon, Gwangju, Pusan and Daegu. The self-administered questionnaire was composed of premarital preparation evaluation scale developed by Kim Hye Seon & Shin Soo Ah(2002). The data was analyzed by frequencies, percentages, mean, Cronbach's α, t-test, ANOVA, Duncan-test. The major findings were as follows: First, the level of premarital preparation status was somewhat higher than average and the level of premarital preparation awareness was very high. Second, preparation status of premarital couples was shown significant difference by some variables including sex, age, occupation, the period of dating, religion. Third, preparation awareness of premarital couples was shown a significant difference by some variables including sex, age, academic ability, the period of dating.