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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 41, Issue 12 - Dec 2003
Volume 41, Issue 11 - Nov 2003
Volume 41, Issue 10 - Oct 2003
Volume 41, Issue 8 - Aug 2003
Volume 41, Issue 7 - Jul 2003
Volume 41, Issue 6 - Jun 2003
Volume 41, Issue 5 - May 2003
Volume 41, Issue 4 - Apr 2003
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Mar 2003
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Feb 2003
Volume 41, Issue 9 - Jan 2003
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
The Design Feature of Self-work Model Senior Cohousing Projects in Denmark
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 4, 2003, Pages 1~19
In Scandinavian countries, where the society experienced change of typical nuclear family structure and higher vocational activity rates of married women earlier than East Asian countries, cohousing scheme has been evolved as an alternative housing to reduce housework for working women, and to reduce loneliness of elderly people who stay in their own homes. They can promote active mutual relationship among residents in the community. Korean family structure has been stemmed to more like extended family, but the tendency to live independently from their married children is getting more and more common in new cohort of senior citizens who are active, healthy, economically stable and higher educated. Korea has been industrialized rather rapidly since 1970's and faces to many societal phenomena about quality of life for senior citizens. Introduction of alternative housing solution for these senior citizens is necessary in Korea. In this paper, Danish senior cohousing scheme, particularly, self-work model project is described about its design feature in accordance to site planning, common facility, and dwelling unit. Aiming to mutual support and more frequent social contacts among residents, self-work model cohousing scheme has different design concept from the service mode scheme. Information about design feature of senior cohousing was collected from the published data with drawings and from field survey to 10 exiting projects in Denmark. Of those, 5 projects were described as a case study. It, hopefully, could provide practical information for architectural design when establishment of senior cohousing schemes start in Korea in the near future.
Analysis of Served Information by the Categories of Internet Sites Related to Early Childhood Education
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 4, 2003, Pages 21~33
The purpose of this study was to give early childhood educators information for differentiating internet information services related to early childhood education, and for making more positive educational effect with web information services. The main questions were there were and differences in the levels of information characteristics and the information contents according to the categories of those sites. The subjects were 47 internet sites frequently used by teachers and trained assistants rated them with rating scale. One way ANOVA and t-test were used for data analysis. The results showed that the levels of information characteristics dimensions had differences among the categories of sites. In addition to that the content quality of Portal sites were higher than those of other categories for children users, those of Portal sites and Daum Cafes were higher than corresponding quality of other sites for teachers.
A Study on the Status of Kimchi Preparation, Number of Side Dish and Breakfast Type of Housewives in the Yosu.Chonnam Area
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 4, 2003, Pages 35~43
This study was carried out to examine the status of Kimchi preparation, number of side dish and breakfast type of some houses in Yosu, Chonnam area. The survey was conducted from October to November, 2000 using a questionnaire. The results are as follows. The majority of monthly income of household was 1∼2 million won (50.1％). The highest family composition os couple and children with 75.6% and the highest number of family member was 3∼4 with 57.0%. The highest type of housing was an apartment with 67.1% while its ownership was, the highest in self-own with 69.9%. The 65.6% of respondants prepared Kimchi at home and the next was from the parent's home. The numbers of side dishes except Kimchi for each meal were 3∼4(63.2%). The major food of breakfast was boiled rice(86.7%). With decreasing age and family numbers and increasing level of education and income, the percent of boiled rice was lower whereas the percent of bread was higher.
Analyzing Consumer Behavioral Characteristics with Sales Promotion Orientation： Differences in Shopping and Promotion Usage Behaviors
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 4, 2003, Pages 45~56
The purpose of this study was to segment consumers based on sales promotion orientation and examine the differences between the consumer segments on shopping behaviors and promotion usage behaviors. A total of 462 responses collected from a questionnaire survey to subjects aged over 20s were analyzed. Cluster analysis on sales promotion orientation identified four groups including rational group(21%), active group(28％), insensitive group(22.1%), and interest group(28.9%) of sales promotion. ANOVA revealed significant differences among the four groups on shopping behaviors(information seeking, store visit, and clothing purchase) and promotion usage behaviors(the usage level of sales promotion, impulse buying, brand switching, and store switching). The active and interest groups were more actively seeking information than the other two groups were. The active group was most affected by sales promotion showing the highest impulse buying and brand and store switching behaviors, and the interest group was most active on store visit and clothing purchase. The insensitive group was the least engaged in all the behaviors.
Intergenerational Social Support Exchanges and Life Satisfaction Among the Rural Elderly： Sex and Age Group Differences
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 4, 2003, Pages 57~69
This study focused on individual differences in social support among older adults. The purposes of this study were to investigate sex and age group differences in social support and to examine the effects of intergenerational social support on life satisfaction among the rural elderly. Data were from 545 elderly over 60 years of age living separately from adult children in the rural area. With regard to sex differences in support exchanges, no significant differences were found in support-giving and support-receiving. Men reported giving more financial support to children than women, while women reported receiving more financial support from children than men. With regard to age group differences in support exchanges, there was less support-giving in older age group. Older parents in their 60s reported giving more financial, instrumental, and emotional support and receiving less financial support than the group of age 70＋ Regression analyses showed that life satisfaction of both men and women was affected by support size and the frequency of contact with children. Giving financial and instrumental support was significantly associated with life satisfaction of men, but giving and receiving each type of social support had no effects on life satisfaction of women. Life satisfaction of parents in their 60s was found to be positively associated with support size, giving financial support and receiving emotional support, and negatively associated with giving instrumental support. In the group of age 70＋, the frequency of contact with adult children and giving financial support had positive influences on life satisfaction.
Analysts of Factors Affecting Households' Educational Expenditure and Satisfaction on On-line Educational System
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 4, 2003, Pages 71~83
The purpose of this research is to analyse the factors affecting household's educational expenditure on on-line educational system, student's recognition of better remarks effect, and satisfaction of on-line educational system. The sample of this study was 484 parents who had experiences of using on-Une educational system for their children being from preschool to high school. The results were as follows ; First, the household's educational expenditure on on-line educational system was affected from the sex, children's school level, and using on-line educational system or not. Second, the significant variables which affected students' recognition of better remarks effect were husbands' job, number of children, the first child's school level, households' monthly expenditure, students' remarks at school, and using on-line educational system or not. Third, the satisfaction of on-line educational system was affected from husband's job, using on-line educational system or not, and the students' recognition of better remarks effect.
The Effects of Maternal Beliefs and Childrearing Behavior on the Preschoolers' Aggressive and Social Withdrawal Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 4, 2003, Pages 85~100
Maternal beliefs about preschoolers' displays of aggression and social withdrawal and the extent to which their strategies for dealing with these behaviors can be predicted from beliefs were examined. And the extent to which maternal childrearing behavior and preschoolers' social problematic behaviors can be predicted from beliefs. 202 mothers of 5-year-old(114 boys; 88 girls) were presented with descriptions of hypothetical incidents of peer-directed aggression and social withdrawal. Maternal beliefs were different according to kinds of problematic behaviors. Thus most mothers attributed preschoolers' aggression to situational factors, social withdrawal to disposition. Mothers felt embarrassed about aggression and concerned about social withdrawal. The power assertive strategies were more used for dealing with aggression than social withdrawal. The choice of strategies for dealing with these behaviors and maternal childrearing behavior were related to maternal beliefs. Also preschoolers' social problematic behaviors were effected from maternal beliefs and childrearing behavior.
Classification of Lower Frontal and Lateral Body Shapes - Junior-High School Girls Between the Ages of 13 and 15 Years Old-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 4, 2003, Pages 101~110
The effective construction for ready-made clothes is one of the central concerns of both consumer and manufactures in today's apparel industry. So in order to reduce the burden of stocks and increase clothing fitness, systematic information on typical body size and somatotypes is essential. This study was performed to provide fundamental data on junior-high school girls' somatotype by classifying the lower body somatotype and analyzing the characteristics of each somatotype. The subject were 236 Korean junior-high school girls. The subject were directly measured anthropometrically and indirectly analyzed photographically. By direct measurement, 5 factors were extracted through factor analysis and the subject were classified into 4 duster as their lower body front silhouette. By indirect measurement, 5 factors ore extracted through factor analysis and the subject were classified into 3 cluster as their lower body side silhouette. After combining the body types of the front and the side silhouette, we selected 4 basic body types out of combination.
A Study on the Clothing Consumption Pattern and Satisfaction of University Students
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 4, 2003, Pages 111~126
The purpose of this study was to investigate the clothing consumption pattern and satisfaction of the university students. 509 subjects were surveyed during the period of 2002, for statistical analysis, t-test, ANOVA(LSD), X²-test were used by SPSSWIN program. The results of this study were following; Number of clothing showed significant difference according to sex, income, and major Female students had more clothes than male students, but female student was not satisfied with thier number of clothing. University students spend the money below one hundred thousandwon on the purchase of clothing and they depend upon their parents for the cost. Their resources of fashion information are display of shop. Clothing consumption pattern showed significant difference according to sex and female students purchased on sale more frequently than male students. The needs of university students for formal wear was high. The reason for not wearing the clothes they have showed significant difference according sex, male students din't wear their clothes for ragging or unsuitableness of size but female students din't wear because thier clothes were old fashion or they lose interests in thier clothes. The tendency to have ethetic, easycare and high quality clothing of female student was stronger than that of male students. It is necessory business develop high quality formal wear at a low price, made in practical textiles and activative designed skirts for university students.
A Study on the Development of a Girls' High School Uniform Using Color Image and Design -Focusing on Daegu.Kyungbuk Area -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 4, 2003, Pages 127~142
A school uniform leads students to good behavior and have them enjoy desirable school life. We analyse the students' view through questionnaire. We asked 544 students questions about the degree of satisfaction on color, design and style of their uniforms. By analyzing the result of the questionnaire, we found the style of the uniform that students preferred. In this study, we suggest some useful information which is necessary to develop new uniform based on utility and creative aesthetic sense. The questionnaire using this research grounded on the questionnaire of the previous study and the subject selected the random samples out of girls' high school student in Deagu·Kyungbuk Area. The result analysis was peformed by SPSS, one of the statistical analysis method.
The Necessity of the Institutional Household from German Society and Development Scheme of Korean Home Economics
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 4, 2003, Pages 143~155
This study presents the institutional households as an object of research from german society, discussing their social necessity and development scheme. The results of the study will be useful informations for systematic researchs according to institutional household in South Korea. In recent years, the social functions of the institutional household have become an important issue in South Korea. In this respect, the requirements of customers, and other interested parties with regard to these institutions have changed, which results in a different general framework for the management of these institutions. For this reason, courses in the Economics of the Institutional Household were established as part of the Department of Private Household at some universities in South Korea. In order to assure the continuous development of the research on Economics of Institutional Household theoretical and practical support from different arise is required. In particular, three issues aries here: 1. the structure of the curriculum and the possibilities for its development in universities, 2. interdisciplinary research on the Economics of the Institutional Households in cooperation with other departments, 3. continuing cooperation between institutions and universities.
Cross-Cultural Study on the Pregnant and Childbirth Practices in Mother-Grandmother Generations of Korea, Hong-Kong, and the United States
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 4, 2003, Pages 157~168
This study was to investigate differences or similarities in pregnant and childbirth practices of Korea, Hong Kong and the United States and of mother-grandmother generations in each culture. The subjects were young mothers(YM) have baby from 2 to 2.5 years and their mothers or mothers-in-law(GM) in Korea(YM=118, GM=118), Hong Kong(YM=126, GM=78) and the United States(YM=105, GM=105). The subjects answered the questionnaires on pregnant and childbirth practices were constructed by specialists of child study in Korea, Hong Kong and the United States. Statistical analyses were by Frequencies, Percentages, Crosstabs, One-wav ANOVA, Scheffe' test, t-test. The results of this study were as follows. 1. Mother and grandmothers of Korea more tended to believe in supernatal being of pregnancy, to expect son, to eat a resortive and a food to help conceive, to inhibit attending a funeral at the time of childbearing, to practice fetal education than of Hong Kong and the United States did. 2. Relating sexual intercourse at the time of ovulation, maternal health care during the pregnancy, childbirth in hospital, husband's being in the hospital waiting room when their wife gave birth were much more prevailant in mothers than grandmothers did in Korea and Hong Kong.