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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 41, Issue 12 - Dec 2003
Volume 41, Issue 11 - Nov 2003
Volume 41, Issue 10 - Oct 2003
Volume 41, Issue 8 - Aug 2003
Volume 41, Issue 7 - Jul 2003
Volume 41, Issue 6 - Jun 2003
Volume 41, Issue 5 - May 2003
Volume 41, Issue 4 - Apr 2003
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Mar 2003
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Feb 2003
Volume 41, Issue 9 - Jan 2003
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
Urban Households' Purchase and Expenditure Decision Factors of Alcoholic Beverages
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 5, 2003, Pages 1~13
This study examined the determinants of urban households' expenditures on alcoholic beverages, using double-hurdle models to distinguish between the decision to purchase (purchase decision) and the decision of how much to consume (expenditure decision). Data for this study were drawn from the 2000 Korean Household Income and Expenditure Survey. Households were likely to purchase alcoholic beverages with increasing of household income, tobacco expenditures, and household size. The age, sex, marital status, occupation, education level, type of house ownership, residing city were significantly related to the purchase decisions. Among those households which drink, as household income and tobacco expenditures increase, the age, sex (male), marital status (married), and education level of a household-head, house ownership, residing city (Seoul) were positively related to and the presence of young children were negatively related to the expenditure level of alcoholic beverages.
A Proposal on the Elderly Consumer's Consumer Informationization Education in Chung-buk Province : Connection with the Informationization Education for the Community by Chung-buk Province
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 5, 2003, Pages 15~39
The purpose of this study was to suggest the elderly consumer's consumer informationization education connected with the informationization education for the community by Chung-buk province. Three hundred seventy nine elders were surveyed, with questionnaires from August 12 to September 30, 2002, and a hypothetical model of the consumer informationization education on the basis of the informationization education for the suggestion of the elderly consumer's consumer informationization education was tested. The results were as follows: the perception and the attitude on the informationization education of the elderly were, with a statistical significance, positively related to the perception and the attitude on the consumer informationization education of the elderly. The consumer informationization education (basis, application, attendance, and mission) on the basis of the informationization education (basis and application) in steps was supported as a suggestion for the elderly consumer's consumer informationization education.
Development ana Evaluation of Social Competence Enrichment Program for Institutionalized Children in Early Childhood
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 5, 2003, Pages 41~58
The purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate a social competence enrichment program for institutionalized children in early childhood. The program was developed to enhance institutionalized children's social competence. The program consists of sixteen 30-minute sessions. 19 institutionalized children (11 boys and 8 girls) participated in this program. The effect of this program was evaluated by institutionalized preschool children's emotional knowledge and interpersonal problem solving strategy. Assessment of emotional knowledge consists of identification and situation task. Interpersonal problem solving strategy includes forceful, prosocial, and manipulative strategy. Results showed that there was a significant experimental effect for emotional knowledge. Experimental children showed higher scores of emotional knowledge than control children. Also, there was a significant experimental effect for prosocial and forceful strategy. Experimental children showed higher ratio of prosocial strategy and lower ratio of forceful strategy than control children. The results of program evaluation revealed that this program was helpful for promoting institutionalized children's social competence.
Factors Affecting Internet Purchaser' ’Buying Frequency
Lee, Mi-Young ; Kim, K. P. Johnson ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 5, 2003, Pages 59~70
A Study on Rationality of Consumer Behavior of Children Consumer - Focused on the Higher Grade Children in Elementary School -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 5, 2003, Pages 71~87
This research focuses on rationality of behavior of children purchasing, using, and disposition in consideration of the importance of children consumers, also the purpose of this research is to provide the basic material of consumer education for children. This research was conducted a questionnaire survey of enrolled children and their mothers at 4 public and private elementary schools in Seoul and Kyonggi-do area. It progressed from September 2 to September 7 in 2002, and tea three hundred eighty six reponses except false entries were analyzed using SPSS/PC+ program. The results of the research are as follows; rationality of consuming behavior of children is higher when they are girls, their grades are lower, allowance' amount is larger and children record their allowance, children have lots of the experience of consumer education, children are less influenced by their group.
A Study on the Upper Bodytype of High School Boys for Development of the Bodice Pattern
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 5, 2003, Pages 89~97
Fitness of clothes becomes a major concern in apparel industry. But high-school boys had difficulties to buy ready-made clothes of good fit. To solve this problem, it is necessary to classify boys' upper body into several kinds of somatotypes. The purpose of this study was to classify upper body types of high school boys based on the analysis of their upper body types. The subjects for anthropometric measurement were 99 high school boys of 16 to 18 year-old. The result of factor analysis indicated that 5 factors were extracted from anthropometric measurements through analysis and those factors comprise 68.44% of total variance. 3 clusters were categorized using 5 factor scores by cluster analysis. Type 1 was taller than other types and was bending somatotype. Type 2 was straight somatotype and had average size. Type 3 was characterized by short and small figure and had bending somatotype.
A Study on the Sociocultural Attitude toward Appearance and Appearance-management Behavior - Focused on Females in Their Twenties -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 5, 2003, Pages 99~108
The Purpose of. this study was to investigate the relationship between sociocultural attitude toward appearance and appearance-management behavior. The method of the study was survey research by using questionnaires. Subjects were 323 females in their twenties. Statistical analysis methods were frequency, percentage, factor analysis, one-way ANOVA, X²-test, and Duncan's multiple range test. The results of the study were as follows. As for appearance-management behaviors of females in their twenties, they experienced in diet, plastic surgery, skin care, make up, and hair dyeing. There were significant differences in body satisfaction between groups according to body image distortion. Respondents were barely satisfied with their body, and the group with high body image distortion showed low body satisfaction. Sociocultural attitude toward appearance factors was analyzed into 2 factors, iternalization of mass-media and social recognition toward appearance, which respondents considered importantly. A significant difference was found in sociocultural attitude toward appearance and appearance management behavior. The group with positive sociocultural attitude toward appearance was analyzed to show high appearance concern and many experiences of appearance management behaviors.
Utilization of Database Information System in Daegu Fashion Brands
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 5, 2003, Pages 109~118
The purpose of this study was to analyze the utilization of Database Information System of Fashion Brands in Daegu area. The interviews, reviews of previous studies and the empirical investigations were processed for this study. The questionnaire was administered to 27 fashion brands in Daegu, Korea, from September to October in 2002. Data were analyzed by using frequency, mean and percentage utilizing SPSS statistical package. There were no brand differentiation in brand characteristics, items, target age and company size in Daegu Fashion brands. Awareness of Information Network and Usages of Internet marketing were in relatively low level. The rate of the brands possessing Web-site, POS system and Customer ID card were less than one third. More than a half of the brands had Customer Database system.
Consumer Attitudes Towards Irradiated Foods
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 5, 2003, Pages 119~130
This study investigated the consumer acceptance toward irradiated foods and the factors to distinguish subjects with differential levels of the acceptance. Data were collected from 462 adults in Seoul, Daegu and Busan by the self-administered questionnaire. Frequencies and logistic regression analysis were conducted by SPSS. The results were as follows: (1) the level of awareness about irradiated foods was very low, but the acceptance toward them was high; only 2.8% of the respondents answered that they heard about irradiated foods and knew them very well, and 60.4% were wiling to buy them, and (2) sex, subscription of consumer magazines, and concerns about irradiated foods were factors to distinguish accepters from non-accepters; the respondents who were males, subscribed for consumer magazines, and had high concerns about irradiated foods showed less willingness to irradiated foods.
The Characteristics of Family Foster Care Types and Factors of the Adjustability for the Foster Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 5, 2003, Pages 131~148
This study investigated family foster care characteristics according to types of foster parents-surrogate, kin, general parents and predicting factors of foster children's adjustability to new environment. Participants were 618 cases of foster parents in 17 areas of the country through stratified sampling. It was found that the surrogate foster parent, tends to be older, received less education, has lower income, and is in poor health, as opposed to kin parents or general foster parents. There were significant effects of foster parent's age, living arrangement, income, education, consideration of foster child, and the periods of foster care experience as well as child's sex, contact of biological parents on emotional, behavioral, and family relational adjustment of the foster children.
The Study on the Residents' Needs of Remodelling in the Deteriorated Apartment Housing
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 5, 2003, Pages 149~163
The deteriorated apartments make a social problem in now a days. After all a new alternative plan for deteriorated apartments such as the remodelling concept must be considered. This study aims to survey the needs levels among residents in deteriorated apartments relating to remodelling. It might provide the basic data which could be used for the analysis of consumers in the future implementation of deteriorated remodelling projects. The analytical methods applied for this study were t-test, one-way ANOVA, post-hoc estimation(Scheff test) by the SPSS 10.1 for Windows program. The analysis of the need levels for the areas of remodelling, by the family characteristic variable, residence value viewpoint, and residence satisfaction level, indicated that the demand level for ‘equipment ’was the highest, followed by the order of ‘structure’ and ‘interior’. The need levels for ‘security’, ‘parking lot’, ‘public facilities in apartment block’, and ‘landscape’ were generally low but in the group of high income, the need levels were comparatively high.
Relationships between Consumer Non-Ethics and Interaction with Salespersons
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 5, 2003, Pages 165~178
The purpose of this study was to understand the consumer non-ethical behavior and the interaction with salespersons and their relationships. For this purpose, adults in Chunlabuk-do were surveyed and 675 questionnaires were analyzed using SPSS statistical program. The results of the analysis were as follows: 1. Three dimensions of the consumer non-ethical behaviors were the unconscience, the illegality, and the deception. Two dimensions of the interaction with salespersons were the passive and the assertive interactions. 2. There were two clusters respectively; ethical and non-ethical groups for the consumer non-ethical behavior/ passive and assertive groups for the interaction with salespersons. 3. Generally, the more educated and the older persons were, the less they tended to be ethical and the more passively they tended to interact with the salespersons. 4. There were significant differences between the clusters of consumer non-ethical behavior and those of interaction. The non-assertive interaction group were found more in the non-ethical group and the assertive interaction group more in the ethical groups.
A Comparative Analysis of Production Process between Manufacturers and References of Clothing Construct in Universities - Focused on Skirts and Slacks-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 5, 2003, Pages 179~191
The study is to suggest easier making method of skirts and slacks as to compare production process between manufacturers and references of clothing construct in universities. Skirts and slacks have simple production process and they are basic subjects in clothing construct class. But most references have just contents which are to make basic styles of skirts and slacks made basic materials. Continuous development of new material and variety of style request more efficient and easer making method in the reference of clothing construct. So the making methods of references and manufacturers are compared and analyzed in this study In references, there are many hand work and sub-work because they are for a person who make own clothes. In contrast, manufacturers have to product many variety clothes of good quality for many people and think the production cost of clothes. They use more simple and efficient method that include their know-how to meet changing fashion situation. In making methods of skirts and slacks, differences between references and manufacturer are in sewing of waist band and zippers and location of interlining. Manufacturers use variedly sewing method of waist band according to material and their experience. Especially handling for wrong side inseam of waist band is distinct between references and manufacturers. References have basic and detail work and manufacturers know processing order having even grade work to keep continuous production. The making method of clothes have to change and improve according to the situation. The more useful making method get to include their merits and references need to add more practical method and knowledge.
A Study on the Wearing Method and Origin of Magoja
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 5, 2003, Pages 193~203
Magoja is a jacket for men and women. Magoja was worn between the jacket, jogori and the coat durumagi; that is over the jacket and under the coat. In the 19th century, Daewon-kun, who was wearing maqua, was in China and he came back to Korea. So, it was believed that the origin of magoja was from maqua from Qing. But, there were differences between magoja and maqua in their design. Therefore, I researched the origin of magoja and tried to know the design and the method of wearing magoja in the Chosun dynasty. The results are as follows. The design of magoja, especially its collar, was different from Chinese maqua. As analyzed above, it is difficult to regard the origin of magoja as deriving from Daewon-kun's maqua, which he wore when he went to Qing. Magoja-style jacket can be found from many old pictures. The collar of those jacket, whose style was waonsam-git unlike the present-day magoja, is consistent with the collar of sagyusam or baeja. And this kind of git style had existed for a long period of time as already studied in bangryungbangbi. Furthermore, the origin of this kind of jacket dated back to the maeksu of the Sung Dynasty; maek meaning Koguryo, maeksu was understood to indicate the style of the Koguryo jacket of short sleeves for the convenience of horseback riding. Maeksu, which varied in its kind and style, had been used as the equestrian clothes in China and was assumed to be particularly put on widely during the Yuan and Sung Dynasties. Maeksu continued to exist as daegeumeui during the Ming Dynasty but, later called magua, it was worn more widely ding the Qing Dynasty of the Manchus. This kind of maeksu or magua was the jacket which could be put on the coat and this style of wearing it during the Chosun Dynasty could be confirmed by the pictures. Therefore, magoja is not the jacket which was all of sudden derived from Qing's magua but one of traditional Korean clothes of the northern provinces which had existed for a long period of time. And magoja seemed to be put on more widely during the latter part of the Chosun Dynasty because of the influence of Qing's magua.
A Study on Factors Affecting Consumer's Housing Tenure Status
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 5, 2003, Pages 205~220
The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting consumer's housing tenure status by various household's characteristics. This study used 1997 KHPS(Korea Household Panel Study) by Daewoo Economic Research Institute and used 1,977 households for the analysis. The results of this research were summarized as follows; 1. There were major differences in household's characteristics by consumer's housing tenure status, except for the household's monthly income and savings. 2. Factors affecting consumer's choice of ‘owning’ a housing and taking a ‘chonsei’ system were very similar, but they affected in the opposite direction. 3. Factors affecting consumer's choice of taking a ‘chonsei’ system and ‘renting’ a house were much more similar, and they affected in the same direction. This study can be useful in developing housing service and design, and housing policy by consumer's choice of housing tenure status.
Analysis of Investment in Human Capital of Korean Households
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 5, 2003, Pages 221~232
This study examined the investment in human capital of Korean urban households. Data for this study were from the 2001 Household Income and Expenditure Survey and consisted of a sample of 2,681 households. The results of Gini's concentration coefficient showed high inequality of investment in human capital. To investigate which factors influence investments in human capital, various socio-demographic variables were analysed. High investment in human capital is shown in high society indicating that they transmit the advantage of education to their descendants. The results of this study is useful for welfare professionals who work in family well-being.