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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 41, Issue 12 - Dec 2003
Volume 41, Issue 11 - Nov 2003
Volume 41, Issue 10 - Oct 2003
Volume 41, Issue 8 - Aug 2003
Volume 41, Issue 7 - Jul 2003
Volume 41, Issue 6 - Jun 2003
Volume 41, Issue 5 - May 2003
Volume 41, Issue 4 - Apr 2003
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Mar 2003
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Feb 2003
Volume 41, Issue 9 - Jan 2003
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
A Study on Foot Shape of Women
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 6, 2003, Pages 1~12
The purpose of this study were to analyze the anthropometric data of feet of Korean women with aging, to categorize the women's foot shapes, and to compare the shoe size according to the foot shapes in order to provide the basic information for more comfortable shoes. Subjects of this study were 181 women over age 20. They were measured with the direct measurement method and the indirect measurement method. 26 items were measured from the right foot and 6 items were taken on foot outline. Factor analysis, cluster analysis, analysis of variance, post-hoc test, and cross tabs were peformed for statistical analysis of the data by SPSS program. There were significant differences in height items, breadth items, girth items, and angle items by subjects' age. The older subjects' feet were wide and thick with big deformity on toes. The arch height of the older ones was low. This implicates that the degree of deformity on toes, the foot ratio, the foot girth, the foot breath and the arch height as well as the foot length are needed to be considered in developing comfortable shoes. Nine foot construction factors were extracted by the factor analysis of anthropometric measurements; foot size factor, heel and instep factor, malleolus lateralis factor, malleolus medialis factor, foot shape factor, shape of toes factor, heel height factor, big toe height factor, and internal factor. On the basis of the cluster analysis, three different foot shapes were categorized. Type 1 was large and wide foot with little deformity on little toe. Type 2 was medium foot with deformation of big toe, and with the lowest arch height. Type 3 was small and narrow foot with the highest arch height. Distribution of shoe size according to the foot shape was analyzed. The ball of foot breath was of wide distribution than the ball of foot girth. This implicates that girth items and breath items of the foot should be enclosed for the same foot length in the shoe sizing system.
The Clothing Purchase Behavior of College Students: A Comparison of Different Money Attitudes
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 6, 2003, Pages 13~28
The purposes of this study were to identify money altitudes of college students and to examine both socio-economic characteristics and clothing purchase behaviors by different money attitudes. For this study, guestionnaires completed by 2-year and 4-year college students (n=426) were analyzed by factor analysis, cluster analysis, X²- test, and ANOVA. The results of this study were as follows: First, the money attitudes were composed of five factors and they were categorized by three clusters: cluster of considering the money as a tool for future safety, a way of approval and filling up emotions, and inclination toward stinginess and distrust. Second, the factors which were associated with money attitudes were academic level, education level of parents, household income, students' own income, and the economic level of their households. Third, in each type of attitudes, the clothing purchase behavior had four steps of decision making: problem recognition, information search, evaluation of alternatives, and the purchase. There were significant differences in the clothing purchase behavior among the money attitude styles.
Role Gratification and strain of East Asian Married Women Graduate students and American Married Women Graduate students： Related to Gender Role Resocializatin of East Asian Married Women Graduate Students
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 6, 2003, Pages 29~45
I compared role gratification and role strain of American and East Asian married women graduate students taking multiple roles of study, assistant work in the school, family care, and household management, etc. The American students experienced more strain overall than their East Asian counterparts. Perceived gratification and strain were strongly related to time demands for the American group and to economic conditions for East Asian group. The more nontraditional the gender-role altitudes of the East Asian students, the less strain they experienced. More than half of the East Asian students perceived that their own gender roles, but not those of their husbands had changed since they came to the United States. Perceived gender-role change of the husband was strongly related to role strain for the East Asian students.
Premarital Preparation Education Program based on the Integrated Approach Family Relation and Family Resource Management：for Happy Marital Life
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 6, 2003, Pages 47~61
The purpose of this study is to develop and to evaluate the premarital preparation education program based on the integrated approach of family relation and resource management to attempt to reduce marital distress. Using a combination of previous premarital education program and survey result of educational need, it is consisted of 4 sessions (session 1: Meaning and expectation of the marriage, session 2: Couple Communication, session 3: Love and Sexuality, session 4: Family Life Planning) The result of the evaluation, the efficiency of this premarital preparation program was proved. In the 11 couples evaluation data, those who had taken premarital education program were more likely to satisfied program and more likely to invite the others to join this program. When asked what content areas were most helpful, the two top ranking went to the Couple Communication (41.9% rated as helpful), and Family Life Planning (35.5% rated as helpful).
A Study on the Factors Causing the Female Adolescent Sexual Activity -Focused on the Peer Group's Sexual Experiences, Social Support and Coping-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 6, 2003, Pages 63~74
The purpose of this study is to examine factors causing the female adolescent sexual activity. 201 female adolescents participated in this study. Each participant was classified into the sexual activity experience or non-sexual activity experience group on the basis of survey. In total, 87 female adolescents have sexual activity experience, and 114 female adolescents have non-sexual activity experience. Analysis reported that sexual activity experience group was more positive on the adolescent sexual activity than non-sexual activity experience group. Also sexual activity experience group has more peers having sexual activity and pregnancy experience than non-sexual activity experience group. And, sexual activity experience group was more coping level and lower father social support than non-sexual activity experience group. Logistic regression analysis was conducted in order to determine the extent to which the attitude on the adolescent sexual activity, peer group's sexual experiences, social support, and coping factors affected on female adolescent sexual activity. As a results, peer's sexual activity and peer's pregnancy factors were significantly associated with it. Finally based on the results, the intervention strategies were suggested.
Structural Equational Modeling for Mother's Child-Bearing Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 6, 2003, Pages 75~90
The present study investigated causal relationship between child's temperament, mother's parental satisfaction, mother's marital satisfaction and mother's child-rearing behavior according to child's sex. The subjects for this study were 473 children and their's mothers of first-second grade selected from elementary schools in Busan. Han's questionnaires(1996) on child's temperament, Hyun's questionnaires(1994) on parental satisfaction, Choi's questionnaires(1994) on marital satisfaction and Hong's questionnaires(1996) on mother's child-rearing behavior were used. Data were analyzed with Manova, Pearson's correlation, Lisrel 8.5. The results were as follows : (1) According to sex, there were significant differences in mother's marital satisfaction and child-rearing behavior. The mothers of girls showed higher marital satisfaction. And boys perceived higher limit-setting and higher responsiveness. (2) For boys, mother's parental satisfaction and marital satisfaction revealed direct effect on mother's child rearing behavior. For girls, tempeament and parental satisfaction revealed direct effect on mother's child rearing behavior.
The Saving Decision of Female-Headed Households in the U.S.： A Comparison of Different Life Cycle Stages
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 6, 2003, Pages 91~104
Using the 1998 Survey of Consumer Finances(SCF), this study examined the factors associated with the probability of saving by female-headed households in the U.S, and investigated how these factors differ by life cycle stages. Age of children, age of female householders and their retirement status were used to categorize three life cycle stages: first stage - have at least one child under age 18; second stage - under the age of 62 and have no children under age 18; third stage - over the age of 62 and retired. Logistic regression analysis results indicated that those with higher education and income and who were White were more likely to save. An interactive model showed that life cycle stages were significantly related to saving decisions. Female-headed households in the first stage or the third stage were less likely than those in the second stage (reference group) to save. For female-headed households in the first stage and the third stage, the amount of income had significantly positive effects on the decision to save. Also, in the group of households in the first stage, the receipt of welfare assistance increased the probability of saving.
A study on Environment-friendly Consumption of Adolescents Consumers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 6, 2003, Pages 105~117
This study was intended to investigate specific plan to enhance the adolescents consumers' environment-friendly consumption behavior in their consumption. For this purpose, a questionnaire was conducted among middle and high school students. As a result, the following findings were obtained: The related items in the questionnaire were categorized into factors in an attempt to investigate consumers' environment-friendly consumption. Factor I was coded as active recycling and the use of refilled products and Factor Ⅱ was coded as the behavior of active savings. Adolescents consumers with more experiences in environmental activity showed the higher level of behavior of environment-friendly consumption, and female adolescents consumer did so than male adolescents consumer And adolescents consumers showed the higher level of practical behavior of environment-friendly consumption in case of data and document arrangement than in case of cleaning, and in case of voluntary social service than in case of only cleaning
Classification of Size System of Brassiere According to the breast types for Improvement of the Wearing Comfort
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 6, 2003, Pages 119~129
This study was peformed to establish the standard size system to be required for the production of brassiere. The subject were 155 Korean twenties-aged women and were directly measured anthropometrically. From 27 measurements, 5 factors were extracted through factor analysis. The accumulative contribution ratio is 76.92％. Factor 1 indicates the degree of obesity around the chest, factor 2 is the drooping degree of breast, factor 3 is the contours and prominence, factor 4 is the breast breadth and breadth of bust point, factors 5 is the volume of breast. The subject were classified into 3 cluster as their breast types through cluster analysis. Type 1 is the closest to the ideal breast shape and not too droopy. This group belonged to 75A. Type 2 has small breast and belonged to 70AA group. Type 3 is the obesest and has the biggest and droopy breast. This group belonged to 75B. The distribution of size of brassiere had 3 sections from 70 to 80 showing a rate of 81.94% and the sin of the cup had 4 sections from AAA cup to B cup showing a rate of 89.70％. The production ratio of each brassiere size, it was found that the brassiere size of highest production ratio was 75A(16.39％) in type 1,70AA(16.27%) in type 2, and 75B(13.72％) in type 3. This suggests that it is necessary to adjust for the production rate of brassieres
Effect of Socio-Economic Variables and Materialism on Hedonic and Utilitarian Shopping Value： Middle, High and College Students in Seoul and Ulsan
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 6, 2003, Pages 131~142
Consumer researchers' growing interest in consumer experience has revealed that many consumption activities produce both hedonic and utilitarian outcomes. The personal shopping value also has both hedonic and utilitarian dimension. This article describes the effect of socio-economic variables and materialism on hedonic and utilitarian shopping value. 820 middle, high and college students in Seoul and Ulsan were surveyed. A moderate degree of positive intercorrelation between hedonic and utilitarian shopping value support the trend of consumption ambivalence. Materialism is positively related to hedonic and utilitarian shopping value. While age is negatively related to utilitarian shopping value, it is unrelated to hedonic shopping value. The mean scores of hedonic and utilitarian shopping value in Ulsan is higher than in Seoul.
Caregiving for the Long-Term Care Elderly Women - Focusing on Caregiving Characteristics and Depression -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 6, 2003, Pages 143~156
The present study was initially designed to figure out the general condition of care giving system for the elderly women who need long term care and the level of their depression according to the conditions of care. And This research is intented to present appropriate policy that could help the establishment of supporting system for the fragile elderly women.1 used the data from <2001 National Study on the Needs for the Long-Term Care Elderly> by Korea Health and Population Institute. The results are as follows: First, Two third of all the respondents had serious problems (2-9 activities limits) in Instrumental Daily Living Ability(DAL). Most respondents reported “low” in satisfaction level related to receiving care, meaning the elderly had negative perception for the care from the family. The elderly expected their children to be as the primary care giver and mostly wanted to live with them in the future. Second, The majority of the long term care elderly women haven't used community service facilities very often and said they are not likely going to use the facilities in the future. Third, The respondents reported high in depression level as to lower satisfaction with their children's support, poorer health condition, more reluctant to use service facilities due to the cost, and fewer friends and neighbors resources around them. Therefore I could say that negative factors for the elderly women's psychological health were having unsatisfactory relationship with intimate people, developing physical illness, being in economic difficulties. That is, receiving less help from close family members, shrinking social network, and experiencing economic hardship would have negative effects on elderly women's psychological health. In the basis of these results, I suggest that in the mean time we shouldn't overlook the importance of the private support when we develop the public elderly support system.
A Study on the Design Preferences of the Current Infant Coveralls
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 6, 2003, Pages 157~166
The purpose of this study was to provide information on how to improve the current design of infant coveralls through analysis of the design preferences of Korean consumer. In order to compile the information about preferences with the detail design of infant coveralls, a questionnaire was administered to mothers of 241 infants (aged under 36 months) living in Seoul, and analyzed using the SPSS WIN.10.0 program. The results of this study were as follows : 1) Results of buying conditions and design preference of infant coverall : To the question asking what kind of materials they preferred according to the season as material for infant coverall, the respondents preferred cotton hit as the materials for summer, but padding material for winter. The most favored design type were a flat collar, regular bodice type without cutting line, a raglan sleeves, snap front fastener, elastic band cuffs. 2) There is significant difference in preferred material and design among the month of age groups. 3) Analysis of the differences in preferred material and detail design according to gender In preferred material, it seemed as if girl baby group prefer cotton knit material, while boy baby group prefer padding material. There is definite difference in preferred neckline type, girl baby group prefer flat collar, while boy baby group prefer stand collar.
A Literature Reviewed of Job Stress
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 41, issue 6, 2003, Pages 167~183
This study reviewed the literature pertaining to the cause and effects of job stress. Many definitions of stress have been offered and the diversity of these definitions has been generated by medical scientists, psychologists, and behavioral scientists. Most approaches dealing with job stress have involved listing of various sources of job stress, moderators, and outcomes. This study is concerned with the selection of variables, the relationships between job stressors and outcomes, and the effects of moderators on these relationships investigated in job stress research. A review of job stress literature presents that various job stressors (e. g., task characteristics, role characteristics, organizational characteristics, career development, and relationships), moderators (e. g., locus of control, type A and B personality, social support, and demographics), and outcomes (e. g., perceived stress, job satisfaction, job commitment, organizational commitment, performance, turnover, and physiological symptoms) were used for a greater understanding of job stress.