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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 42, Issue 12 - Dec 2004
Volume 42, Issue 11 - Nov 2004
Volume 42, Issue 10 - Oct 2004
Volume 42, Issue 9 - Sep 2004
Volume 42, Issue 8 - Aug 2004
Volume 42, Issue 7 - Jul 2004
Volume 42, Issue 6 - Jun 2004
Volume 42, Issue 5 - May 2004
Volume 42, Issue 4 - Apr 2004
Volume 42, Issue 3 - Mar 2004
Volume 42, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 42, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
Relevant Variables of Young Children's Stress
Park So Young ; Moon Hyuk Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 12, 2004, Pages 1~14
The purpose of this study was to identify how characteristics of young children (sex, age, birth order, temperament), parents (education level, employed or unemployed mother, mother's parenting behavior), and family (income) relate to young children's stress levels and to examine the relative effects of these variables on young children's stress. The subjects for this study were 287 young children, aged from 3 to 5 years old, selected from kindergartens and day-care centers in Busan. Data were analyzed with t-test, ANOVA, correlation, and multiple regression. The results were as follows. (1) Young children's stress was correlated with young children's sex, age, birth order and temperament. (2) Young children's stress was correlated with parenting behaviors. (3) Young children's stress was not correlated with income. (4) Children's emotionality and maternal overprotective behavior were the most significant variables affecting the stress experienced by boys and girls, respectively. (5) Maternal overprotective behavior variable affected both sibling and only children's stress.
Household Structure and Economic Well-Being - Focused on the coresident grandparents and grandchildren in the U.S. -
Kim Hyochung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 12, 2004, Pages 15~29
Since the 1990s there have been increasing concerns about coresident grandparents and their children in the U.S. This study focused on the coresident grandparents and grandchildren, categorized into 6 household structures, and examined whether household structure with sociodemographic variables affected economic well-being. The data from the University of Michigan Health and Retirement Study (HRS) were used, and frequencies,
tests, ANOVA, and logistic regression analysis were conducted by SPSS Windows. The results of the study showed that there was a significant difference in the yearly household income among the 6 household structures. In addition, household structure affected the economic well-being. Especially, grandchildren in grandmother only, some parents present families, and in grandmother only, no parent families were more likely to be poor than those in both grandparents.
A Study of the Elderly's Attitudes to Dating in Later Life
Chang Jin-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 12, 2004, Pages 31~54
The purpose of this research is to exam the attitudes of elderly people to dating. This research also investigates the differences of the elderly's attitudes to dating based on demographic, family relation, and social relation variables. Attitudes to elderly dating in this study included the perception, necessity, and difficulty of elderly dating. The sample consisted of 689 elderly Korean people. Data were analyzed by frequencies, mean, standard deviation, Chi-square test, t-test, and F-test. The results showed that there were statistically significant differences in elderly attitudes to dating according to demographic, family relation, and social relation variables. The findings of this study are described in the results section and the implications of these research findings are discussed.
Individual Differences, Attitudes toward Risk Behaviors, Parents and Peers Correlates of Adolescent Risk Behaviors
Lee Ji-Min ; Bell Nancy ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 12, 2004, Pages 55~67
The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between adolescent risk behaviors and correlates of risk behaviors. Questionnaires were completed by 955 high school freshmen in the Daegu
Kyungpook area and included measures of risk behaviors, coping, self-esteem, social competence, attitudes toward risk behaviors, parental attachment, autonomy, parental monitoring, and peers' risk behaviors. The major findings were as follows. (1) Parental attachment, autonomy, and appropriate parental monitoring were positively correlated with adolescent coping, self-esteem, social competence, and peers' desirable behaviors, but were negatively associated with peers' risk behaviors and attitudes toward risk behaviors. (2) Of all the variables, peers' risk behaviors and favorable attitudes toward smoking had the greatest influence on adolescent drinking and smoking, following by favorable attitudes toward drinking, social competence, and gender (3) Similar to adolescent drinking and smoking, of all the variables, peers' risk behaviors had the greatest influence on adolescent delinquency, following by favorable attitudes toward smoking and gender.
A Study on the Change of Dyeability and Colorfastness of Lotus Leaf Extract with Mordanting Treatment
Park Young-Deuk ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 12, 2004, Pages 69~76
The purpose of this study was to investigate the colorfastness of cotton and silk fabric dyed with extract of Lotus leaf princeps. The experimental items were classified into mordanting treatments, fabric components and kind of mordants. The experimental test was done by laundering, abrasion(dry/wet), perspiration(acid/alkali) , light fastness, color difference by C.C.M(computer color matching) system and K/S test. The summarized findings resulting from the experiment and investigation are as follows: In the C.C.M and K/S test on mordanting method and kind of fabrics, co-mordanting treatment method and protein fabric (silk) were the most effective. Especially, Fe mordanting treatment was higher than Al, Cu, Cr and none-mordanting. In colorfastness on the mordants, perspiration and laundering fastness showed high grade (4-5) but grades of perspiration(2-3/4) and light fastness(1-3) were low.
An Ecological Approach to Study the Health Promotion Behavior of the Elderly in Kangseo-ku, Kangnam-ku, Seoul
Sohn Hwa-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 12, 2004, Pages 77~92
The purpose of this study was to investigate the selected predictors of the health promotion behavior of the elderly in Kangseo-ku, Kangnam-ku, Seoul. The study used an ecological perspective approach in that a microsystem (i.e. self-esteem, locus of control, introversion-extraversion and socio-demographic characteristics), and the environment such as a mesosystem (i.e. marriage satisfaction) and a macrosystem (i.e. social support, participation of social activities, social image of the elderly, social attitude of the elderly) were explored. A structured questionnaire was used to interview a sample of 188 elderly. Hierarchicai regression analysis yielded the results that the magnitude of the importance of the microsystem was found to be larger than any other systems investigated. The most powerful predictor of the health promotion behavior of the elderly was 'age', followed by 'participation of social activities', 'education', 'social support', 'locus of control', 'marriage satisfaction', and 'sex'. The research model accounted for
of the health promotion behavior of the elderly.
The Economic Status and an Analysis of the Expenditure of the Single Elderly Household of Men and Women
Lee Yoon-Jung ; Kim Soon-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 12, 2004, Pages 93~106
This study examines the economic status and effect variables of expenditure of single elderly households using the 1996 Expenditure Survey of Urban Families from the Korea National Office. This study examined gender differences in total house income, expenditure and effect variables of expenditure. The results show that women had lower economic condition than men and that income is the most effective variable of expenditure for both. The result imply the need of employment and active support to improve household income especially for women who have a higher possibility of poverty.
A Study on Good Use of Leisure Among the Retired Elderly in Korea
Park Mee Sok ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 12, 2004, Pages 107~122
The purposes of this study were to investigate the actual conditions of leisure life of the retired elderly in Korea and to analyze the difference of their leisure activity types by socio-demographic characteristics, the factors which have an effect on their satisfaction of leisure life. This study was secondary analysis of the national data; from The Social Statistics Survey; collected by the Korea National Statistical Office in 2000. The major findings are as follows. 1) The types of leisure activity of the retired elderly included watching television and doing nothing. 2) There were significant differences in the types of leisure activity by sex, age, education degree, having spouse or not, having house or not, and residential area. 3) Results of logistic regression analysis indicated that the most effective factors of the leisure life satisfaction were sex, age, having spouse or not, having house or not, residential area and the types of leisure activity.
A Study on the Unfairness of Adhesion Contracts for Internet Contents Service
Park Mi Hye ; Kang Lee Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 12, 2004, Pages 123~140
The purpose of this study was to explore the unfairness of adhesion contracts for internet contents service. The internet contents were classified into six types of avatar, learning, download, e-book and movie internet sites. The adhesion contracts of internet contents service were collected in 60 internet sites. The unfairness of the adhesion contract was reviewed under the adhesion contract regulation act. The major results were as follows. First, the obligation of clear statement, explanation, and delivery was not observed completely. Second, many articles of adhesion contract were unfair and they especially violated articles 7 and 9. Therefore, the standard adhesion contract system for internet content service should be enforced and self-regulation of information service providers is needed.
Divorce and Post-Divorce Adjustment of Divorced Men and Women in their 20s and 30s
Ok Sun Wha ; Sung Miai ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 12, 2004, Pages 141~160
This study investigated the divorce and post-divorce adjustment of divorced men and women in their 20s and 30s and explored the sex differences. For this empirical analysis, the data was collected from 230 divorced men and women in their 20s and 30s who lived in the Seoul metropolitan area from Sep. 23rd to Oct. 20th, 2002. The questionnaire for the survey dealt with demographic information and other scales. The major findings of the research project were as follows: First, although men and women experienced a similar level of pre-divorce conflicts, women were more likely to want to divorce. Second, although women had worse physical and psychological condition and more difficult problems than men after divorce, women more readily accepted their divorce reality than men. Divorce was not the best but the second best way to escape from a bad marriage for women. The results of the current research are expected to contribute to the pre-marital preparation and divorce adjustment programs.
The Influence of Shopping Orientation and Store Attribute on Store Patronage Intentions
Nam Miwoo ; Kim Kwangkyung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 12, 2004, Pages 161~174
The primary objective of this study was to employ Darden's store patronage model in order to investigate the role that shopping orientation and store attributes play in store patronage. The study sample consisted of 340 female university students residing in Seoul. The data was analyzed by using path analysis and factor analysis. The recreational shopping orientation played a greater role in influencing the importance of store attributes than did the convenience shopping orientation. Recreational shoppers want a variety of brands and convenience shoppers can be attracted by a convenient location and availability of parking. Six important store attributes(variety of products and price level, proximity, variety of trendy brands, store decor, sales promotion, sales personnel) have a differential influence on store patronage. Shopping orientation was a direct predictor of patronage behavior and mediated the relationship between shopping orientation and store attribute importance. The finding indicated that both the recreational shopping orientation and convenience shopping orientation can be used effectively to position store patronage in such a way as to provide a strong means for shoppers to satisfy their needs. The findings of this study demonstrated that South Korean female shoppers with different shopping orientation have different store attribute preference and store patronage. The results provide a basis for building a successful strategy to attract shoppers and generate sales. The study focused on a specific product category, i.e., women's apparel. To meet the needs of female apparel shoppers, further research is needed to learn more about the distinctive characteristics of Korean consumers that could be applied to a variety of jobs, ages and living areas.
Housework Performance and Difference of Cohousing Need Depending on the Housewife's Employment Status in the Metropolitan area
Choi Jung-Shin ; Hahn Joo-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 12, 2004, Pages 175~190
The purposed of this research was to suggest a basic material of Korean-typed cohousing plan for a dual-income family by examining the difference of cohousing residing environment needs. Selecting Employed and unemployed housewives as this research's subject, the following results were drawn from the analysis between the two groups. 1) The housewives takes responsibility of the household works regardless of whether or not they are employed. Also, more than half of employed housewives stated that the time of nursery facilities was shorter than their needs and that they favored a nursery facility located inside the residential area. 2) The most meaningful difference of cohousing residing environment needs was the demand for sharing household work in terms of cohousing need of the subjects. The desirable cohousing area is the suburbs of the metropolitan areas and the preferable resident organization is need to be organized by people sharing the same goal through an announcement. 3) The need of cohousing and residence intention were generally low, but the employed housewives' need was higher than the unemployed ones.
Emotional & Behavioral Problems in Children from Broken Families
Lee Eun Gyoung ; Park Sung Yun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 12, 2004, Pages 191~204
The purpose of this study was to examine emotional and behavioral problems of children from broken families. The subjects of the study were 200(100girls, 100boys) 5th and 6th grade children from P city in Kyuug-gi area. The main results were as follows; First, children from broken families showed some behavior problems such as aggressiveness, anxiety, developmental disorder, absences from school, bad-habits and attention-seeking behaviors. The parenting behaviors of broken families were characterized as negative, rejective, and inconsistent behaviors. Second, emotional and behavioral problems of children from broken families varied as a function of child sex, care giver, reason of loss and parenting.
A Study of Urban Unemployed Housewives' Dynamics of Family System and their Economic Well-Being
Kye Sunja ; Kang Hyekyoung ; Yoo Eulyong ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 12, 2004, Pages 205~218
We analyzed the dynamics of the family system and the economic well-being by utilizing the socio-demographic, objective economic, and subjective economic factors of urban unemployed housewives. The survey was conducted in Seoul and three other major cities. The subjects included housewives in these areas who were currently cohabiting with their spouses and had at least one child. The preliminary and main survey questionnaires were distributed between November 12, 2001 and February 27, 2002. Three hundred five survey questionnaires were collected and analyzed. We applied the frequency, average, percentage, Pearson's correlation coefficient, Cronbach's, simple regression and multiple regression analysis by using SPSS/PC WIN. The findings were as follows. First, the mean score of the availability of life information was 3.21. Second, when the availability of life information increased, the dynamics of family system improved. Third, when the dynamics of family system worked well, the housewives experienced economic well-being.
The Relationships between Family Strengths, Mothers' Self-Efficacy and Children's Social Behavior
Ahn Sun Hee ; Kim Sun-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 12, 2004, Pages 219~230
The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between the family strengths, mothers' self-efficacy, and their young children's teaming-related social skills and behavior problems. The subjects were the 217 children aged 4 to 6 years and their mothers at private child care centers in Seoul. The Family Strengths Scale and the Mothers' Self-Efficacy questionnaire were administered to the mothers. The teachers rated the learning-related social skills and problem behaviors of each child whose mother returned a set of Questionnaires. Analysis of variance revealed statistically significant differences in the family strengths according to the education level of the mothers. The mean the family strength score was higher for working mothers than for non-working mothers. The results of the test were statistically significant differences in the scores on the learning-related social skills and problem behaviors between boys and girls. The family strengths were positively correlated with the mothers' self-efficacy, and the learning-related social skills of the young children, while they were negatively correlated with problem behaviors.
The Leisure Activity Pattern and Effects of Leisure Constraints on Leisure Satisfaction of Adolescents
Lee Eun-Hee ; Min Hyun-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 12, 2004, Pages 231~251
The purpose of this study us to determine the adolescents' leisure activity pattern, leisure constraints and leisure satisfaction and to identify the relevant variables. The subjects were middle and high school students. The data was collected by using the questionnaire and the final 741 cases were analyzed by SPSS Win 10.0 program. The major findings were as follows: 1. The adolescents' leisure activity hours were 2.27hours/day(weekday), 4.20hours/day(Saturday) and 5.35hours/day(Sunday). On weekdays, female students spent more time for leisure activity than male students. The most frequent activities were watching TV and playing computer. 2. The adolescents' leisure constraints were social-economic, psychological and situational. The degree of the adolescents' situational constraint was the highest. 3. The adolescents' leisure satisfactions were leisure use, leisure condition and leisure meaning. The adolescents' degree of leisure meaning satisfaction was relatively high. 4. The major related variable influencing the leisure satisfaction were psychological constraint, situational constraint and gender.
Analysis of the Image Sought by Consumers for Living Atmosphere and Clothing and Home Fashion Preference
Kim Chil Soon ; Park Su Youn ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 12, 2004, Pages 253~264
The purpose of this study was to conduct research on consumers who seek to portray an image through their living atmosphere and clothing, and to survey the home fashion design preference of Korean women, aged in their 20s to 40s. We distributed questionnaires to 600 women. The reliable questionnaires were used for a statistical analysis. Data analyses were conducted with SPSS program on ANOVA and Pearson correlations. We obtained the following results: 1. Women who are living in larger housing sought 'elegant', 'sophisticated', and 'gorgeous' images. There was a high correlation between the image sought through the surrounding environment and the image sought with clothing. Those who wanted an image of Korean traditional and classic living environment, also sought the same image in their clothing. 2. There was a significant difference in the preference of home fashion products among women seeking specific images in their living environment. In the preference of children's bed sheets and comforters, there was a significant difference in Korean traditional image. In addition, there was a significant difference in the preferred types of curtains in elegant, sophisticated, gorgeous and classic seeking images of environment. These results may be useful for the home fashion stylist or home fashion marketer.