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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 42, Issue 12 - Dec 2004
Volume 42, Issue 11 - Nov 2004
Volume 42, Issue 10 - Oct 2004
Volume 42, Issue 9 - Sep 2004
Volume 42, Issue 8 - Aug 2004
Volume 42, Issue 7 - Jul 2004
Volume 42, Issue 6 - Jun 2004
Volume 42, Issue 5 - May 2004
Volume 42, Issue 4 - Apr 2004
Volume 42, Issue 3 - Mar 2004
Volume 42, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 42, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
Relationship satisfaction and Self-disclosure in Real-space fiend relation and Cyber-space friend relation
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 2, 2004, Pages 1~18
The purpose of this study was to investigate the degree of relationship satisfaction and self-disclosure in real-space friend relations and cyber-space friend relations. The sample was 248 middle and high school students, and 107 undergraduates. The main findings of this study are as follows: 1) Relationship satisfaction is significantly higher in cyber-space friend relations than in real-space friend relations. 2) In contrast to relationship satisfaction, self-disclosure is significantly higher in real-space friend relations than in cyber-space friend relations. 3) Self-disclosure differs significantly in terms of grade, gender, number of friends, communication method, and daily internet usage.
A Study on Consumers' Demand for Environmentally Sustainable Home Electrical Goods
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 2, 2004, Pages 19~32
Not only consumers but also corporations need to use and develop sustainable consumption for environmental preservation these days. This research studied the level of environmental consciousness, knowledge of environmental problems and consumption behavior for environmentally sustainable home electrical goods. This study was conducted by survey method and the sample was 300 housewives aged 20-50 living in Seoul and urban areas in 2003. The consciousness for the environment and seriousness of theenvironmental problems were very high. Nevertheless, the level of consumption behavior for environmentally sustainable goods was lower than the consciousness. Of the total sample, 33% were aware of the ultrasonic-waves-sink, 73% of the non-detergent-wash machine, 50% of the vacuum-without-trash envelope, and only 17% of the micro-oven-zero air power. Over 50% of the sample wanted to buy these environmentally sustainable, home electrical goods, especially working housewives.
Consumption Behavior of Women Consumers in their 20s and 30s for Imported Famous Brand Products
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 2, 2004, Pages 33~46
This study investigated the plan to activate consumption behavior through research using a questionnaire investigating the consumption behavior of imported famous brand products and conducted a case study in order to supplement the qualitative sense. This research was conducted on women consumers in their 20s and 30s. 483 questionnaires were used for statistical analysis. The interview research was conducted with 10 consumers in the case study. Following are the study results: 1. Women consumers showed the highest level of conspicuous consumption behavior in the consumption behavior of imported famous brand products. 2.The educational level of consumers and friends showed the greatest statistically significant effect on conspicuous consumption behavior. Both the perception on the openness of imports and the frequency of travel abroad had significant effect on function-pursuit consumption behavior, while age and marital status had the greatest effect on aesthetic-pursuit consumption behavior.
A Prospective Study : Human Ecology-Based Researches in Korea Facing Global Promotion
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 2, 2004, Pages 47~68
Human Ecology researches studying human life patterns in Korea are on the same tracts of recent global promotion in Korea as that of other academic studies. In this changing academic atmosphere, Human Ecology-based researches are in demands of suitable research topics and methods. This study was done to investigate the present research situations of Human Ecology-based subdivisional fields, including food and nutrition, clothing and textiles, child studies, family studies, home management, housing studies, consumer sciences and home economics education, by an increasing need in the society of KHEA (Korean Home Economics Association). The study focused on understanding the trends of research topics and methods shown in the papers published in major academic periodicals in Korea as well as world-class (SCI, SSCI) journals in order to predict the future for Ecology-based studies in Korea. The data were collected from all periodicals from January, 2000 to August, 2003, listed in the Korean Research Foundation and from world-class journals comparable to the former. Twenty-six periodicals were chosen for analysis, including papers with authors of ecology-based, field faculty at colleges or universities. There were some differences between the Korean and world-class research topics and methods. In order to narrow the gap between the two, we suggested that serious consideration be given to the research's application-ability toward human beings, which would be the home-ecology study's identity. The same criteria in these fields as used in other natural science fields are not suitable for supporting and evaluating research proposals and outputs, and recent global academic promotions may not be desirable in some respects. However, they do present an opportunity to expose Korean researcher's to world-class scientific societies and upgrade their studies. These efforts should stimulate the field of Human-Ecology studies and enhance the recognitions of these fields among future students.
The Effect of Consumer Education on the Consumer Knowledge and Consumer Behavior of Kindergarten Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 2, 2004, Pages 69~82
The purpose of this study is to evaluate a practical consumer education program for kindergarten children and to investigate whether consumer education affects their consumer knowledge and consumer behavior. The subjects of this study were 32 5-year-old kindergarten children who participated (experimental group) and 25 kindergarten children who did not participate (control group) in the consumer education program. Consumer education was held for 6 hours twice a week during October 8 to 29, 2002. Questionnaire surveys were conducted before and after the education program. Percentiles, frequencies, means, and ANCOVA were utilized for data analysis with SPSS program. The results of this study showed that consumer education had very positive and significant effects on consumer knowledge (p<.01) and consumer behavior (p<.05) among kindergarten children. Furthermore, consumer education for only three weeks had effectively enhanced kindergarten children's ability as consumers. These results imply that consumer education should be served periodically and systematically from an early age. Diverse subjects and teaching methods must be developed and utilized for consumer education of kindergarten children.
Factors Related to Eating Disorder Behavior in University Students
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 2, 2004, Pages 83~98
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of body image, body dissatisfaction, and drive for slimness, as mediated by self-esteem and depression, on eating disorder behavior according to gender The subjects of this study were 243 male and 323 female university students from Chungbuk National university in Cheonju. On the basis of previous literature, the theoretical model was specified and estimated for the adequacy of statistical fit for male and female students separately. The proposed theoretical model was supported by the data and fitted adequately. As expected, body image, body dissatisfaction, and desire for thinness had a direct effect on self-esteem for female students. However, whereas body image and body dissatisfaction directly influenced on male students' self-esteem, while desire for gaining weight had no direct effect. Eating disorder behavior in female students was predicted by body dissatisfaction, body image, and self-esteem. For male students, desire for gaining weight and self-esteem strongly predicted eating disorder behavior. The results indicate that the influence of body image, body dissatisfaction, and desire for thinness on eating disorder behavior can be mediated not by depression but by self-esteem.
Comparison of the time use between married female home-based workers and on-site workers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 2, 2004, Pages 99~116
This study examined the time use of married female home-based workers in comparison with married female on-site workers. The data were collected from 165 home-based workers and 292 on-site workers in Busan and Kyungnam province, by a self-administered questionnaire. Frequency distributions, Pearson's correlations, and multiple regression analyses were conducted by SPSS/PC/sup +/. The major findings are summarized as follows: (1) both groups spent more time in physiological activities, household work, and leisure on weekends than on weekdays, while they spent more time in work on weekdays than on weekends; and (2) generally, the age of the youngest child and the home presence of an aged or handicapped relative had effects on the time use of home-based workers. These results imply that home-based workers need to develop some strategies for time management to harmonize their home-based work with household work.
A Case Study of Retail Fashion Buying through B2B
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 2, 2004, Pages 117~131
The purpose of this study was to examine the current situation of B2B fashion buying behavior (i.e., buying motives, product characteristics, buying processes), and to analyze the buying performance, buying problems and buying strategies. In depth, face-to-face interviews with structured questionnaire were conducted with three buyers and three vendors related to 18 buying items of C Company. Results of this research were as following:1. Buying motives were mainly reduction of buying costs, improvement of profits, and increased efficiency in buying process for retail buyers, while the selling motive was mainly improvement of market share for suppliers. Suitable items for B2B buying were basic items or bulk items. The B2B buying process included the following steps: selecting auction items, target prices, and suppliers ; setting the product specification and bidding niles; training the suppliers for preparing the auction; proceeding the auction by internet. 2. The perceived B2B benefits for buyers were profit improvement and cost reduction while those for suppliers were time saving and market share improvement. The indicated buying problems were as poor product quality, low product image, and difficulty in partnership. For B2B buying strategies, a quality management system, various auction tactics based on items, and a supplier management system were recommended.
Effects of Parental Differentiation from the Family-of Origin and Childrearing Behavior on Child's Behavioral Problems
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 2, 2004, Pages 133~150
This study aimed to find the effect of parental experiences from the family-of-origin and childrearing behaviors on their children's behavioral problems, as well as if this path differed according to the child's gender. The subjects were 1247, 4/sup th/ and 5/sup th/ graders in eight elementary schools and their parents in Seoul, Pusan, and Daejon, Korea. The data were analyzed using the Structural Equation Modeling(SEM) to verify the theoretical models among the variables. The results showed differences between the father-child model and the mother-child model on the pathways of the impact of parental experiences from the family-of-origin upon the child's internalizing and externalizing behavioral problems through parental negative rejection and permission childrearing behaviors. Specifically, 1) the father-child model showed a gender difference on the pathways of the impact of the father's experiences from the family-of-origin upon the child's internalizing and externalizing behavioral problems through the father's rejection and permission childrearing behaviors; whereas, 2) The mother-child model showed no gender difference on the pathways of the impact of the mother's experiences from the family-of-origin upon the child's internalizing and externalizing behavioral problems through the mother's negative childrearing behaviors.
Research on Jangsam in Buddhist Priest's and Shaman's costumes
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 2, 2004, Pages 151~160
This paper researched and compared the Jangsam religious costume, of Buddhism in Yeongsanjae with that of Shamanism in Gutgeori. Jangsam is a full length, flaxen hemp dress used in both religions. (Ed-please amend this sentence as necessary but note that it is essential to give some description of the costume here for non-Korean readers) The religious point of view can cause Jangsam's features to differ Jangsam's meanings are as follows. First, the purpose of wearing Jangsam in both the Buddhist priest's and Shamans' costumes is to gain power from the Almighty in order to maximize the religious effect. Second, Jangsam in the Shaman's costume features universality mixed with Buddhism and folk religion and becomes symbolic in Buddhism. As society disregards Shamanism, it has become combined with Buddhism. Third, Jangsam for Yeongsanjae or Chukwon Gut has kept its religious specialty as a Pyoeui despite various modifications.
The trends and comparisons of consumer agencies between Japan and Korea: Focused on work performance
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 2, 2004, Pages 161~175
This study investigated and compared the tasks peformed by Consumer Agencies in Korea and Japan. It also investigated the variables influencing evaluation scores on consumer tasks. The results of this study are summarized as follows. First, Japanese counselors were predominantly older, married females in contrast to the predominance of relatively young, single, male, Korean consumer counselors. In Korea, most consumer tasks were performed by Consumer Agencies in Seoul while internet counseling was popular. In addition, 13 counselors belong to Korean Consumer Agencies while 80 worked in the Korea Consumer Protection Board. In Japan, consumer tasks were peformed by Consumer Centers located broadly across the nation but no internet counseling was provided, while the average number of consumer counselors per Consumer Center was 8. The average number of consumer counseling sessions per day was greater in Korea than in Japan while the average monthly income was higher in Japan than in Korea. Second, evaluation of the tasks performed by Consumer Agencies revealed that the Korean Consumer Agencies scored higher performance than their Japanese counterparts. Third, the degree of job satisfaction significantly influenced evaluation scores in both consumer counseling tasks and provision of consumer information in Korea. In Korea, among the tasks concerning consumer education, job-training education was a significant variable while the number of Korean counselors in Consumer Agencies positively influenced scores on activities concerning consumer movement and alliance with other agencies. However, the degree of job satisfaction among counselors positively and significantly influenced evaluation scores in tasks concerning consumer counseling, provision of consumers'information, and consumer education. On the other hand, the number of counselors in Japanese Consumer Centers influenced the evaluation scores on tasks concerning consumer policy, consumer survey, and consumer campaign.
Digital divide among women: Focusing on the effects of socio-economic variables on Internet use
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 2, 2004, Pages 177~193
Using data from the 2001 Computer and Internet Use Survey by the National Statistical Office, this study investigated digital divide among women aged between 20 and 55. Following were the major findings. first, two-thirds of women did not use Internet even though many of these had Internet access at home. Second, those who did not have Internet access at home, those with a lower level of educational attainment, those with blue color or service occupations, and those with higher age were less likely to use Internet than their counterparts in these socio-economic variables. Third, expanding Internet infrastructure would not improve Internet use of the Elderly. Forth, the majority of those who did not use Internet did not recognize the Internet itself. Based on the result the policy implications for digital divide were suggested.
Gender Perspective and Women's Welfare Policies in Korea -On the Basis of the Results of a Survey on the Degrees of Perceptions of Women's Welfare Policies, Needs, and Satisfactions-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 2, 2004, Pages 195~212
This research is based on the survey of welfare beneficiaries, aiming to set up the gender-equal welfare policies. Through the survey, this research examines status of women in the family and society and also examines, the degree of perception of women's welfare policies, needs, and satisfaction. According to the survey results, the current welfare policies that are limited to needy women should expand its range, enforcing the infra structure. That employment policy for women turned out to be very important in welfare policies. Demand for more enlarged welfare policies is quite high, especially in housing, employment and elderly care. On the contrary, the degree of satisfaction degree appears quite low because of unrealistic welfare program and benefits. In order to improve the welfare policies, more active and realistic employment policies should be emphasized with the proper support for family life. To raise the status of women, proper policies for women's economic independence should be set up. In addition, consciousness of gender equality should be encouraged in the whole society. Also, women's participation in politics and decision-making process is necessary.
Sensory and textural characteristics of mungbean starch gels with soy bean oil and sucrose fatty acid ester during room temperature storage
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 2, 2004, Pages 213~227
This study was attempted to investigate the sensory and textural characteristics of mungbean starch gels with soy bean oil and sucrose fatty acid ester(SE) addition during room temperature storage. Freshly prepared mungbean starch gels, with and without soy bean oil and SE, were stored at 25
for 24, 48 and 72 hours. The color value, syneresis, texture and sensory properties of the gels were measured. The lightness(L) of the gels with soy bean oil and without additives was similar whereas that with SE was lower than that without additives. Syneresis of the gels with soy bean oil and SE was lower than that without additives. Rupture stress, rupture strain and rupture energy of the freshly prepared gel with 2∼4% soy bean oil were increased, but there were no differences in rupture properties between the gel with soy bean oil and that without additives. Rupture stress, rupture stain and rupture energy of all the gels with SE were decreased. Addition of soy bean oil to the gel did not change the texture profile of the gel, whereas hardness, springiness and chewiness of the gel with SE were decreased. In sensory evaluation, the acceptability of freshly prepared gel with soy bean oil was similar to that without additives, whereas that of the gel with 2% soy bean oil stored for 24 hours was higher than that without additives. The acceptability of the gel with SE was decreased significantly.