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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 42, Issue 12 - Dec 2004
Volume 42, Issue 11 - Nov 2004
Volume 42, Issue 10 - Oct 2004
Volume 42, Issue 9 - Sep 2004
Volume 42, Issue 8 - Aug 2004
Volume 42, Issue 7 - Jul 2004
Volume 42, Issue 6 - Jun 2004
Volume 42, Issue 5 - May 2004
Volume 42, Issue 4 - Apr 2004
Volume 42, Issue 3 - Mar 2004
Volume 42, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 42, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
Internet Addiction a In Correlation to Friendship and Internet Use of Adolescents
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 3, 2004, Pages 1~16
This study analyzes the relation of friendship and internet use on adolescents' internet addiction. The subjects were 117 middle and 106 high school adolescents living in Kwang-ju city. Cronbach'a, t-test, x²-test, ANOVA, Duncan's test were employed in analyzing the data by using SPSS 10.0. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: - First of all, most adolescents had a best friend and maintained an affirmative friendship showing high social function and satisfaction. And it was also found that internet use has been settled as a part of daily life among adolescents and over majority of the subjects reported themselves as internet addicts. - Secondly, boys had more friends than girls, but the frequency of interaction with their friends was lower than for girls. Girls showed higher scores in function and satisfaction with friends than boys. And girls used the internet longer than boys. - Thirdly, variables of internet friends and internet use showed significant differences on internet addiction. Groups using the internet frequently, more than usual, and groups using the internet to relax and enjoy showed significantly higher scores in internet addiction.
A Survey on Perception and Usage of Bizi(Soybean Curd Residue)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 3, 2004, Pages 17~26
This study was conducted to investigate the perception and usage of Bizi through a survey. The subjects of this study consisted of 49.5％ males and 50.5％ females in the Daegu area. The main results are as follows : about 85％ of the participants preferred Bizi owing to good taste but others didn't like it owing to bad taste. The older generation have liked and eaten it rather than the young. Responses to the 13 questions about Bizi were measured on a 5 point Kikert scale. The item 'Bizi is traditional food' was received the highest point but 'Bizi is delicious' earned the lowest. Furthermore, there were certain significant differences according to the age of the consumer. Dishes using Bizi as the main ingredient were listed according to perception as follows: Bizi-Chigae, Bizi-Bindaeduck, Bizi-Jun, and so on. About one half of the subjects knew how to make Bizi and 40.4％ of them inherited the recipes from their mothers. Prospects for Bizi consumption showed differences according to the type of generation. About 50.0％ said the plan should be 'suggested cooking methods' and 'made of good quality domestic soybean' for the purpose of better improvement and extention of consumption.
The Characteristics of Internet Addiction Subtypes and the Effects of Internet Addiction in College Students
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 3, 2004, Pages 27~49
The abuse of the internet creates the problem of ′Internet Addiction′ in the lives of college students. The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics and effects of ′Internet Addiction′ in college students. Data was gathered by in-depth interviews with 13 college students who use the internet addictively. The internet addictive group was divided into three subtypes:internet game addicts, personal relation addicts and majors in computer science. There were many characteristic differences among the internet addict subtypes in internet use, and psycho-social traits, such as self-efficacy, impulsiveness, and time management ability. The effects of "Internet Addiction" in the lives of college students were divided into five categories: emotional problems, physical problems, family relationship problems, friendship problems, and schoolwork problems. This study suggests some implications on developing programs for managing and schoolwork problems. This study suggests some implications on developing programs for managing and preventing "Internet Addiction."
Comparison on Shopping Orientations and Purchase Criteria according to the Occupational Status among U. S. Female Consumers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 3, 2004, Pages 51~64
The purpose of this study was to compare shopping orientations and purchase criteria according to the occupational status; professionals, non-professionals, and homemakers among female consumers. Subjects were selected from mailing lists through a random sampling technique in the United States. Collection of the research data was made using an adaptation of the Total Design Method for implementing mail surveys. ANOVA, Regression, and Duncan Test were used to conduct the data analysis on 254 out of 1000 questionnaires. The three job status showed significant differences in 5 shopping orientations(sex role oriented, fashion conscious, credit oriented, catalog oriented, and value oriented). Even after controlling the effect of income and education level, significant differences were noticed in 4 shopping orientations, the exception being value conscious. Brand, price, and country of origin among the job status groups also showed significant differences in results for purchase criteria.
Children′s Motive and Competence for Emotional Regulation and Behavior Problems
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 3, 2004, Pages 65~77
This study investigated emotional regulation, motive for emotional regulation and behavior problems of children. 64 boys and 58 girls in fourth grade and their mothers were selected for the subject. The children were interviewed about eight interpersonal conflict situations, while their mothers completed the CBCL(Child Behavior Check List). Major findings were as follows: emotional regulation, motive for emotional regulation and behavior problems differed according to the children's gender. Girls used more appropriate display rules for managing negative emotions, and more often, prosocial motives than boys. While girls displayed greater immature behavior, boys displayed more hyperactive and aggressive behavior. Negative emotional regulation was the most predictable variable for boy's behavior problems. Positive emotional regulation and prosocial motives were significant variables predicting girl's behavior problems. These findings implicate that emotional regulation and motive for emotional regulation are important factors in preventing behavior problems of school-age children.
The Relationship Between Social Perception Reflected in Product Advertisement and Consumerism Toward Commodification of Sex Among College Students
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 3, 2004, Pages 79~90
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between social perception reflected in product advertisement and consumerism toward commodification of sex among college students. Subjects of this study were 1,100 college students in the Daegu metropolitan areas. Social perceptions were assessed by questions such as attitudes toward beauty contests, degree of commodification of sex in product advertisements and buying patterns. Consumerism was assessed by the Korean Featherstone version of consumer culture. Major findings of this study were as follows: a significant difference in the social perception of commodification of sex was found between male and female college students, showing that female students were more negative toward commodification of sex than male students. Higher scores were found for consumerism when subjects had higher perceptions for commodification of sex. Hence, the degree of commodification of sex was positively related to the degree of consumerism. In conclusion, consumerism enforced commodification of sex among college students, resulting negative effects on the sex culture in general.
Factors That Decide the Job Continuity of Young Mothers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 3, 2004, Pages 91~104
This study analyzes the critical factors that decide the job continuity of married women after one of their life events, childbirth. It is based on the employment data from KLIPS(Korea Labor and Income Panel Study). Vols. 1-4, having observed 128 young mothers who gave birth to children after 1997. The analysis showed that women's employment after their maternity leave depend on whether new mother return to their previous job or not. The Following results are obtained: First, women's age, education, availability of caretakers for their children, and family income have a positive effect on the women's return to their pre-leave employers after childbirth. Second, professional or office work and the frequency of job transition before childbirth have a positive effect on women's employment in new jobs after childbirth. Third, women's age, availability of caretakers of their children, and professional or office work are critical factors that have a positive effect on women's job continuity after childbirth, whereas the frequency of job transitions has a negative effect on employment for women.
The Relationship between Impulsive Buying Stimulus and Buying Experience in Cable TV Home Shopping
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 3, 2004, Pages 105~118
Cable TV Home Shopping is one of the popular distribution channels in modem society because of purchasing convenience and saving in shopping time. However, in spite of these advantages, there are some problems because of marketing strategies of many Cable TV shopping companies which stimulate impulse purchases. This study is aimed to find the relationship between buying experience and reaction to impulsive buying stimulus. This study can give a valuable insight in consumer education regarding impulsive purchase behavior in Cable TV home shopping. Study results can also give useful information on the direction of consumer campaign and consumer protection policies. The data was collected by using a questionnaire and the final 496 cases were analyzed by SPSS Win 10.0 program. The major finding were that: 1. Younger, more educated and unmarried consumers tend to response more to impulsive purchasing stimulus. 2. consumers with higher response to impulsive purchasing stimulus had more buying experience, higher shopping frequencies and spent more money in Cable TV home shopping than consumers with lower response. These study results showed that there are some relationship between impulse purchasing stimulus and buying experience in Cable TV home shopping. Therefore, Cable TV Home Shopping companies should provide correct information to the consumers, so they can make resonable decisions. And the consumers should also try to restrain themselves from purchasing impulsively. A law that will regulate all false or exaggerated ads should be provided. To reach righteous and beneficial home shopping culture for both consumer and companies, all these means should be cooperated.
The Rate of Credit Card Payment for Private Extracurricular Education in Korea
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 3, 2004, Pages 119~130
The purpose of this study is to estimate the rate of credit card payment for private education. The results of study can be used to improve credit card handling problems of private educational institutes, leading toward improvements in income transparency, increase in tax burden equity and long-term economic welfare improvement for individual households. 424 households out of 586 household that were surveyed in September of 2002 had 1,700 cases private extracurricular education. 67 of the 1,700 cases that did not have expenditure records were removed from the analysis. Only 3.67％ out of 1,633 cases were paid by a credit cards and the amount of credit card payment were only 5.65％ of the total amount spent for private education. The average fee of private educational institutes that allow credit card payment was higher than the fees of private institutes which don't allow a credit card payment or those of private institutes where consumers don't know whether a credit card payment was allowed. The average fee of private education paid by credit cards was 34,465.46 won higher than that paid by cash. Credit card payments to private educational institutions is an important social issue with respect to fair tax collection and tax burden equity since most private educational services operate in fairly small sizes and are offered by the self-employed, and the expense of private education is a fairly large proportion of the household income. It is also important for consumers if credit card acceptance expands alternatives that consumers can choose in private education. Therefore, credit card payment should be encouraged in private extracurricular education. To do this, private education providers should be forced to join a credit card payment service by the National Tax Service. A regulation that prohibits the refusal of credit card payments should be required, and credit card service charges of private education providers should be incrementally decreased. Also, consumer education and public promotions for credit card use instead of cash in paying for private education fees are recommended.
Application of Universal Design for Residential Bathroom Planning
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 3, 2004, Pages 131~144
The Universal Design(UD) is a recent issue related to preserve human dignity, equality and human settlements. This study is aimed at describing circumstances and problems of residential bathrooms and in identifying the awareness and needs of adapting the UD concept for residential bathrooms. 570 persons with various physical conditions completed questionnaires that were used as data in this study. The results showed that the respondents' awareness of the UD was very low, but that their needs for adapting the UD concept was relatively high. Safety was the most important factor in adapting the UD, followed by convenience and accessibility. In conclusion, three types of specific design considerations for residential bathroom planning were suggested through the adaptation of the UD.
Optimization of Experimental Conditions for the Chitosan Antibacterial Activity Test against Staphylococcus aureus
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 3, 2004, Pages 145~158
Experimental conditions for evaluating chitosan antibacterial activities were established. The chitosan antibacterial activities were measured against the Staphylococcus aureus and evaluated for their application to antibacterial textile finishing. The strain of Staphylococcus aureus used in this experiments was KCTC 1916. The chitosan antibacterial activities were estimated from the bacterial densities or ％reduction of bacteria in chitosan solutions and bacterial culture mixtures after incubation under specific conditions. Six parameters as follows were evaluated to optimize the experimental conditions for measuring antibacterial activities. The different combinations of mixtures according to the different ratios of chitosan solutions to the bacterial cultures showed different antibacterial activities. However, the chitosan antibacterial activities could be evaluated by comparing the data obtained from the same combinations of mixtures. The solvent influence on the chitosan solution antibacterial activities could be eliminated using control solution containing the same concentration of acetic acid. The initial pH of the chitosan -bacterial mixtures also affected the chitosan antibacterial activity; at a higher pH, higher activity in terms of ％reduction of bacteria was observed. In case of the bacterial solution without either the acetic acid or chitosan, the initial pH of the solution did not significantly affect bacterial growth. The ％ reduction of bacteria increased when contact times of bacteria with chitosan in the chitosan -bacterial mixture were expended upto 24 hours. However, the chitosan antibacterial activities could be successfully evaluated at contact time 0 where the chitosan-bacterial mixture was plated immediately after mixing and incubated to measure the bacterial number to 24 hours. Evaluating ％reduction of bacteria in the test mixtures after incubation were not changed when the inoculated bacterial concentrations were 2.3
0/ml to 2.3
6/ml. The optimal range of incubation time of the petri-Dish after plating the chitosan-bacterial mixture was 24 to 72 hours depending on the antibacterial activities of the test solutions.
Sexual Messages in the Media and Sexual Reactions of Adolescents - Attitudes and Behaviors Toward Sex -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 3, 2004, Pages 159~178
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of sexual messages in the media on adolescents' attitudes and behaviors toward sex. Subjects of this study consisted of 488 high school students in Cheong-ju City. The findings of this study were as follows; First, sexual messages in the media influenced-adolescents' attitudes toward sex. The more exposure to sexual messages adolescents had more liberal and permissive attitude toward sex. Secondly, sexual messages in the media also effected adolescents' behaviors toward sex, as well. The less sexual messages that they were exposed to, they displayed less sexual relations and behavior. In particular, the number of sexual materials in mass media, variety of sexual messages, and types of school were significant factors in predicting adolescents' sexual intercourse. The research suggested that sexual messages in the media definitely had an effect on adolescents' attitudes and behaviors toward sex. Therefore, it should be encouraged to take advantage of the television V chip and screening software for computers to reduce inappropriate access for adolescents.
The Development of the Family System Diagnosis Scale and Its Validity - On the Basis of Minuchin′s Structural Family Therapy Theory-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 3, 2004, Pages 179~193
The purpose of this study was to develop the Family System Diagnosis Scale and to examine its reliability and validity. The subscales of the questionnaire included scores on seven constructs. In order to define constructs accurately, a careful review of Minuchin's writings, the writings of other family therapists, and relevant articles on family interaction was undertaken. A pool of 150 items was given to eight family counselors along with a description of Minuchin' s concepts. The counselors were asked to choose the category each statement fit and to rate the degree of fit using the 3-point scale. Using exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis and Linear Structural Relationship(LISREL), six subdimensions of individuation and 55 items of FSDS were identified; enmeshmen disengagement(16 items), parent coalition generational coalition(6 items), flexibility rigidity(5 items), spouse conflict resolved unresolved(8 items), mother-child cohesion estrangement(10 items), father-child cohesion estrangement(10 items). 356 adolescents(ages 13∼18), 356 fathers, 356 mothers in Seoul, Busan, Dague, Incheun, Dajeun, Ulsan, and Kwangju were completed the Family System Diagnosis Scale(FSDS). The reliability of the scale was calculated by Cronbach's a Coefficient and the total a = .94 and the calculation for each factor was .87, .60, .77, .80 and .79 respectively.
A study on mobile internet users′ lifestyle and service preference
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 3, 2004, Pages 195~209
The purpose of this study was 1) to examine the usage of mobile internet by cell phone or palm pilot, etc., 2) to analyze mobile users' lifestyles, 3) to examine preferred fashion services according to users' lifestyles and 4) to investigate service satisfaction and preference with the mobile internet. 193 university students in Seoul were randomly selected as subject. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics (i.e., percentage, frequency), factor analysis, cluster analysis and ANOVA. The results of the study were as follows: first, most mobile users spent 10 min a day for using the mobile internet (i.e., short message service) mainly in transportation vehicles. Secondly, five factors in the mobile users' lifestyle were named as: 'surfer', 'absorber', 'expert', 'accepter' and 'enthusiast'. Thirdly, two factors in the preferences of fashion service on mobile internet were 'customized information service' and 'ordinary information service'. Fourthly, according to the internet lifestyle, mobile users were classified into three groups: 'mania group', 'follower group', and 'veteran group'. The mania group was the highest group in mobile service satisfaction and service preference. Marketing implications are discussed for the successful mobile business in clothing and textile industry.