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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 42, Issue 12 - Dec 2004
Volume 42, Issue 11 - Nov 2004
Volume 42, Issue 10 - Oct 2004
Volume 42, Issue 9 - Sep 2004
Volume 42, Issue 8 - Aug 2004
Volume 42, Issue 7 - Jul 2004
Volume 42, Issue 6 - Jun 2004
Volume 42, Issue 5 - May 2004
Volume 42, Issue 4 - Apr 2004
Volume 42, Issue 3 - Mar 2004
Volume 42, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 42, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
The Effects of parental Behavior and School Adjustment pression of school Aged Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 4, 2004, Pages 1~10
This study investigated the effect of parental behavior and school adjustment on the depression of school aged children. The subjects were 386 6th graders (206 boys and 180 girls) from 6 elementary schools in Seoul and Kyoung-gi Province. Questionnaires were used to investigate the children's depression, school adjustment and parental behavior. Data were analyzed by SPSS-WIN program, including mean, standard deviation, correlational analysis, ANOVA, and regression. Results were as follows. (1) The children who perceived their parents' support and warmth as higher were less depressive than those who perceived them as lower. (2) The children who were good at school were less depressive than those who were not. (3) There were interaction effects of the children's school adjustment and parental behavior perceived by children on their depression. The regression analysis showed that the children's school adjustment was more influential on the depression of school aged children than the parental behavior perceived by children.
Maternal Self-Efficacy： A Mediational Model of Quality of parenting
Seo, So-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 4, 2004, Pages 11~27
Emotional Behavior in Preschoolers’ Peer Conflic： The Role of Peer Conflict Situation and Age
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 4, 2004, Pages 29~43
The purpose of the current study was to investigate peer conflict situations and age differences in preschoolers' emotional behavior of happiness, sadness, and anger. Participants were twenty-two 3-year-olds and twenty 5-year-olds, and each pair of the same age interacted in two standardized conflict situations: object possession conflict and behavioural/interpersonal conflict. Participants' emotional behaviors of happiness, sadness, and anger were obsewationally coded through facial expression, verbal intonation, gesture, and physical contact. Preschoolers expressed more sadness and anger emotional behavior in object possession conflict than in behavioural/interpersonal conflict. In object possession conflict, 3-year-olds expressed more anger emotional behavior than 5-year-olds did. In behavioural/interpersonal conflict,5-year-olds expressed more happiness emotional behavior than 3-year-olds did.
Designing of the pattern of Tight Pants, an article of Modern Dancewear, Made of Stretchy Materials
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 4, 2004, Pages 45~54
The Purpose of this study was to research and develop a Pattern of tight Pants, featuring excellent appearance, movement and suitability for the lower body, which are widely used as a basic item for modem dance, aerobic dance and dance sports, and to provide manufacturing data for the pants. This study was carried out with 118 People who majored in dance, using questionnaires asking questions about their understanding and preference of dancewear The experimental dancewear was produced, using 5 kinds of patterns for tight pants on the market, to find out the most excellent pattern in appearance and movement performance. Then, the most excellent pattern was again improved to produce a pattern for this study. The result of this study is summarized as follows. 1. Regarding shops where they purchased dancewear exclusive shops accounted for 97%, their average price was ￦30,000 to ￦50,000(51%), and dancewear separated between the upper and lower halves was most preferred(56%). Cotton span was preferably used for a dancewear material(71%), and their dissatisfaction of a fit accounted for 38% which appeared to be highly unsatisfied with its suitability. 2. When S types of experimental dancewear prepared with a comparative pattern were tested by the senses, it was shown that the comparative pattern of experimental wear number 5 with a strip w3s excellent in movement functions and appearance. 3. The basic items necessary to design the tight pants' study pattern were categorized into waist circumference, hip circumference, crotch depth and slacks length. The shrinkages of 15% in width, 10% in crotch length md 20% in inside leg length were applied, respectively, referring to previous studies and the experimental dancewears' comparative patterns. 4. When the improved study pattern for this study was tested by the senses, it showed higher scores in movement functions and appearance than the comparative pattern did, which confirmed the study pattern's improvement of functions and appearance.
Cross-Cultural Study on the Infant Rearing Practices in Young Mother-Grandmother Generations of Korea, Hong-Kong, and the United States
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 4, 2004, Pages 55~68
This study investigated differences or similarities of infant rearing practices in Korea, Hong Kong and the United States and in young mothers and grandmothers generations. The silbjects were young mothers(YM) with babies from 2 to 2.5 years and their mothers or mothers-in-law(GM) in Korea(YM=118, GM=118), Hong Kong(YM= 126, GM=78) and the United States(YM= 105, GM= 105). The subjects answered questionnaires on infant rearing practices that were constructed by child study specialists in Korea, Hong Kong and the United States. Statistical analyses were by frequencies, percentages, and
The results of this study were as follows. 1. Kum-Jut was used to announce giving birth to relatives and neighbors only in Korea. Mothers in Korea were more helped in their recovery by their mother or mother-in-law than their husband, but the opposite was the case in Hong Kong and the United States. Most Korean mothers ate special foods after giving birth, but mothers in Hong Kong and the United Slates didn't. Mothers in Korea were more likely to avoid contact with strangers for a given period of time than mothers in Hong Kong and the United States. The babies in Korea were more often named by grandparents than by parents, but most of the babies in Hong Kong and the United States were named by parents. The greater part of babies in Korea didn't have childhood names or nick names, but most babies in Hong Kong and the United States did. 2. Mothers in Korea were more likely to give a banquet, exercise Dol Jab le, share foods with neighbors, and take souvenir pictures on the baby's first birthday than mothers did in Hong Kong and the United States. Most mothers in Korea tended to think that their baby's fiyst birthday was more meaningful than the other birihdays, but most mothers in Hong Kong and the United States didn't. 3. Some differences between young mothers and grandmothers generations in infant rearing practices were found in each culture.
A Comparative Study on the Grandmothers’ Role Performance Toward their School-Aged Grandchildren between Working and nonworking Mother Families
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 4, 2004, Pages 69~84
The purpose of this study was to compare the grandmothers' role performance toward their grandchildren in the elementary school between working and nonworking mother families. The subjects were 274 grandparent-grandchild pairs. The structured questionnaires, from both grandmothers and grandchildren were collected in 2001. Using statistical techniques such as factor analysis, t-test, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression analysis, the major findings were as fellows: 1) The level of the grandmothers' role performance is moderate in general. However, the grandmothers in working mother families perform surrogate mother roles more strongly than the grandmothers in nonworking mother families.2) While contact between grandmother and grandchild is associated with the grandmother's role performance in working mother families, the grandmother's age and the closeness between grandmother and mother are related to the level of the grandmother's role performance in nonworking mother families. In conclusion, the grandmothers' role performance in working mother families was found to be more important in the supporting system than in nonworking mother families.
Urban Factors of Residential Area in the “Western Region of Ulsan City” -Focused on the Mugeo, Daun, Gulhwa, Guyoung, and Cheonsang districts-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 4, 2004, Pages 85~98
The aims of this study was to provide information of sites to potential buyers and apartment builders through a comparative investigation on the urban criteria in 5 disDicts of Usan city Mugeo, Daun, Guhwa, Guyoung, and Cheonsang. The content analysis method was used to determine the urban factors which reviewed the urban and environment plan legal system and contents of plans which analyzed the housing characteristics in Ulsan city. Also utilized were professional's opinion and various emphasized elements such as the location of apartments through newspaper advertisement from 1990 to 1999. The urban evaluation factors used in this study were degree of air and noise pollulion, traffic facilities, land use, living environment and economics. Major findings are as follows: Mugeo area has the most convenience community facilities, Guyoung and Cheonsang areas have excellent natural environment-air and noise pollution.
The Individual and Environmental Variables that Affect Children’s Game Addiction Tendency
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 4, 2004, Pages 99~118
This study examined different individual and environmental factors that affect children's game addiction tendency. As individual variables, game user' motivation, self-control, and self-esteem were included in the analysis. As family variables, communications with mothers, parental control of children's computer use and parental internet use were examined, as school variables, school adjustment and teacher's supervision of children's computer use, and as peer variables, peer group's attitude toward computer games were used. The sample consisted of 994 fifth and sixth grade children. Statistics and methods used for the data analysis were Cronbach's alpha, frequency, percentage, two way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and Hierarchical Regression. Several major results were found from the analysis. First, boys were addicted more than girls. No difference was found in the addiction tendency between the 5th graders and the 6th graders. Second, game users' motivation, that is, their interest-amusement motive, avoidance motive and aggressive motive, had a positive correlation with their game addiction tendency. However, self-control and self-esteem had a negative correlation with children's game addiction tendency. Third, problematic communications with mothers and parental control of children's computer use had a positive correlation with children's game addiction tendency. Open communications with mothers had a negative correlation with children's game addiction tendency. Fourth, school adjusaent had a negative correlation with children's game addiction tendency. And peer group's attitude towards computer games had a positive correlation with children's game addiction tendency. Fifth, low self-control, peer group's attitude towards computer games, children's interest-amusement motive, avoidance motive, aggressive motive, school lesson adjustment, parental control of children's computer use and school nile adjustment were important predicting variables of boy's game addiction tendency. Avoidance motive, low self-control, interest-amusement motive, peer group's attitude towards computer games, and parental control of children's computer use were important predicting variables of girl's game addiction tendency.
Dyeing of Cotton Knitted Fabrics with Volcanic Ash (II) - The Dyeability Change According to Cationic Agent Treatment -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 4, 2004, Pages 119~125
In this paper, the effect of the volcanic ash dyed on cotton knitted fabrics was studied in various ways. A cationic agent was used to improve the depth of color of the fabric in the dyeing process. K/S values of dyed fabrics were measured to examine the dyeing properties. Cationic agent pretreatment, followed by dyeing with volcanic ash, was tested. In the dyeing experiment, the effects of a wide range of parameters such as the concentration of cationic agent, treatment time, treatment temperature and treatment pH of the dyebath were studied. Experimental results showed that the pretreatment with cationic agent improved the dyeing properties of cotton knitted fabrics with volcanic ash. At this point, concentration of cationic agent was 4%(on weight of fabric), treatment time was 40minutes, treatment temperature was 80 C and treatment pH of the dyebath was a neutral condition.
Flow and Internal Experiences of Korean High School Students in View of the Comparison between Public and Proprietary School
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 4, 2004, Pages 127~142
The Purpose of this study was to compare the school life of Korean high school students between Public and proprietary schools, especially focused on their internal experiences and flow. Internal experiences were composed of three dimensions: emotion, cognitive efficiency, and satisfaction. How was classified into four conditions: apathy, boredom, anxiety, and flow. The study results are: 1. Korean high school students felt more flow when they were in public school than in proprietary school,. In public school, they felt relatively more bored, and on the other hand, they were relatively more anxious in proprietary school. 2. Korean high school students felt more positive emotions when they were in public school than in proprietary school. 3. Korean high school students were more involved into study when they were in public school than in proprietary school. 4. Korean high school students were more satisfied when they were in public school than in proprietary school.
The Effect of Children’s Body Shape Perception and Body Image Perception on their Diet Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 4, 2004, Pages 143~153
The purpose of this study was to examine sex and grade differences in children's body shape, body image perception and diet behavior and to identify the effect of children's body shape and body image perception on their eating behavior. Data were collected from 345 3rd and 6th graders by questionnaire and analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and Scheff. Girls' body image perception was more negative than boys' and 6th graders' was more negative than 3rd graders'. Self-perceived obese children had more negative body image and had attempted to go on a diet more often than children who thought themselves normal or thin. The more children perceived their body image negatively, the more they attempted to go on a diet and perceived food and eating negatively.
The Effect of Motion Activities Utilizing Various Materials on Young Children’s Emotional Intelligence
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 4, 2004, Pages 155~165
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of motion activities utilizing various of materials(ex, using fabric, stone, wood, percussion instrument) on young children's emotional intelligence and its subareas, including the an ability to identify and control their on emotions, self-motivating skills, the ability to identify other's emotional state, and interpersonal skills. The subjects in this study were 60, 5-year-old preschoolers attending D kindergarten in U city. The experiment w3s implemented in an experimental group 36 times for 12 weeks, three times a week, by using various of materials. The control group was only exposed to the routine phvsical programs according to the 6th curricula. To see if there were any disparities between pretest and posttest results, paired t-test was carried out, and t-test by independent sampling was employed to find out intergroup gaps. Following are the findings of this study. First, the motion activities utilizing various materials made a significant difference to the young children's emotional intelligence. Second, the motion activities atilizing various materials was effective for their ability to identify their own emotions, ability to control their own emotions and self-motivation. Third, the motion activities utilizing various materials didn't bring any significant changes to the young children's ability to identify other's emotions and their interpersonal skills. Thus, motion activities that took advantage of various materials had a positive impact on the development of the emotional intelligence of the young children. We suggest that more attention be paid to motion activities and the formulation of various and systematic motion programs as a way to raise emotional intelligence.
The Relations of Peer Competence to Children’s Interpersonal Problem Solving Skills an mothers’ Parenting Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 4, 2004, Pages 167~177
The purpose of this study was to examine the relations of peer competence to children's interpersonal problem solving skills and mothers' parenting behavior. The subjects were 88, 6-year-old children and their mothers. Instruments used included the Peer Competence Scale, PIPS, and the revised version of IPBI. The data were analyzed with Pearson correlations, partial correlations, and stepwise regression. Children's sociability was explained mostly by mothers' intimacy-reasoning guidance, parental involvement, and children's positive alternative Solutions. Children's prosocial behavior was explained mostly by mothers' intimacy-reasoning guidance and children's positive alternative solutions. Children's leadership was explained most by mothers' involvement and Omit selling in parenting.
A Comparative Study on the Degree of Satisfaction of Domestic ＆ Imported Theatre Costumes
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 4, 2004, Pages 179~186
The purpose of this study was to analyzed factors that influenced the degree of satisfaction difference of domestic and imported theatre costumes. One hundred and fifty theatrical artists were surveyed by questionnaires, and response from 128 was statistically analyzed. The data was analyzed using frequency, and paired t-test with SPSSWIN 10.0. The results were as follows. 1. The degree of satisfaction between domestic and imported theatrical costumes was different significantly. 2. The degree of satisfaction of domestic theatrical costumes was tow in the areas of design, color, fabric, and suitability with a historical background, compared with imported costumes. A major cause of the low degree of satisfaction was the lack of funds and professional theatrical costume designers. 3. The degree of satisfaction of imported theatrical costumes was low in the cost, size, and alteration and mending facilities, compared with the domestic costumes. The problems of size was caused by the shape difference between Koreans and a foreigners 4. further research should be conducted into the theatre costumes suitable for the domestic theatrical artists's size, and body shape.
Glycoalkaloid Content in Korean Cultivated Potato Plant and Tubers by Organ, Variety, Part and Weight
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 4, 2004, Pages 187~194
The concentration of potato(Solanum tuberosum L.) glycoalkaloids(PCA) (i.e.,
-solanine) in Korean cultivated potato plant, and in the different varieties, parts and weights of the potato tubers, were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). The highest concentrations of PGA in potato plants were found in the roots, followed by the stems and leaves. A large quantity of PGA existed in the periderm of 'Atlantic' potatoes, whereas 'Irish Cobbler' contained the lowest amount in five cultivated potato tubers.'Irish Cobbler' potatoes were divided into three parts and the PGA content in each part was determined. It was found that both of the end parts of the potatoes contained higher PGA than the middle part. The PGA contents in four different sizes of potatoes increased toward the smaller size. Thesignificantly high level of PGA was contained in the smallest size potato tubers, which have been used widely for Korean cooking.