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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 42, Issue 12 - Dec 2004
Volume 42, Issue 11 - Nov 2004
Volume 42, Issue 10 - Oct 2004
Volume 42, Issue 9 - Sep 2004
Volume 42, Issue 8 - Aug 2004
Volume 42, Issue 7 - Jul 2004
Volume 42, Issue 6 - Jun 2004
Volume 42, Issue 5 - May 2004
Volume 42, Issue 4 - Apr 2004
Volume 42, Issue 3 - Mar 2004
Volume 42, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 42, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
Content Analysis of Mother′s School Age Child Rearing on PC Communication
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 8, 2004, Pages 1~13
The purpose of this study was to explore the ideas about mother's school-age child rearing that are represented on cyber space. The method used for this study was content analysis and the data consisted of articles about mother's school-age child rearing on the Hitel bulletin board during 1 year in 2003. It was found that these articles dealt with problems of practice in teaching, counseling, nurturing, interfacing between home and social institutions, and disciplining. For example, 410 articles put great emphasis on teaching. 262 on the child's cognitive development, 208 on counseling with children, especially about school related matters, and 127 on interfacing between home and social institutions(especially school), From these results, we might conclude that many mothers gave their children school related care.
A Study on the Development of Environment Education Program based on Consumer Information Needs by Pro-environmental Consumer Attitude and Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 8, 2004, Pages 15~32
The purpose of this study is to develop an environmental education program for environmentally friendly consumer behaviors by analyzing factors influencing the attitude-behavior relationship, and examining consumer information needs about environmental problems. Environmental information demanded by consumers could be classified into five main areas; 'use and disposal of environmentally friendly resources', 'purchase of environmentally friendly goods', 'environmental problems and consumer sovereignty', 'environmental laws and regulations' and 'environmental values and consumer's civil consciousness'. Based on the study results, an environmental education program for consumers was developed which consisted of two main parts, basis and practice. The former aimed to strengthen consumer consciousness about environmental problems and the latter, to make regular environmentally friendly consumer behaviors. The two parts were correlated. Thus strengthening environment-related consumer consciousness by learning the part of basis could promote of environmentally friendly consumer behaviors.
The Quality of After-School Programs Focused on Artistic-Physical Activities and Children′s Emotional Regulation and Social Competence
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 8, 2004, Pages 33~48
This study investigated the quality of after-school programs focused on artistic-physical activities, children's emotional regulation and social competence. The subjects were 224 elementary school children (1st through 6th grades) and 41 teachers. The measures were questionnaire(after-school activities), Assessment Profile for Early Childhood Programs(school-age), the Emotional Regulation Scale. and the Social Competency Scale. The data were analyzed by Cronbach's a, frequency, percentile, mean, and t-test. The results indicated that emotional regulation and, social competence were significantly different according to the quality of after-school programs： Children in a higher group of curriculum quality and interaction with teacher had better emotional regulation than did children in a lower group. Children in a higher group of curriculum quality and scheduling had better social competence(leadership and competence) than did children in a lower group.
Evaluative Criteria for Internet Fashion Shopping Mall and Clothing of University Students
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 8, 2004, Pages 49~64
The purpose of this study was to provide useful information which would help web-site planning and design, product composition, and service of internet shopping malls. The sample consisted of 693 university students who had visited(Ed- in this case 'visit' means to enter an internet site; note also that the past perfect tense already conveys the meaning of 'experience') internet fashion shopping malls or purchased clothing through internet. Data were analyzed by factor analysis, frequency, t-test, and ANOVA(LSD) using SPSSWIN. The results were as follows： 1) The evaluative criteria of internet fashion shopping malls could be categorized by 4 factors： product presentation method, design, product information, sales promotion ＆ additional service; the first of which was found to be the most important. These criteria showed significant differences according to the period and time of access. Furthermore, the degree of consideration for these criteria was high, whereas the degree of satisfaction was low. 2) The evaluative criteria of clothing could be categorized by 6 factors： general characteristics of products, wearing comfort ＆ ease of management, popularity ＆ status symbolism, service, aesthetics, and textiles materials; the first of which was found to be the most important. These criteria were significantly different according to the periods, time, and purposes of access, and purchase experiences.
Use of Early Childhood Care Centers and the Sociodemographic Factors of Choosing an Institute
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 8, 2004, Pages 65~76
The purpose of this study is to offer essential information related to early childhood education and care policy. Using the Korea Labor and Income Panel Study(KLIPS) Vol.5., this study analyzed sociodemographic factors that decide the use and type of institute for early childhood education and care. The following results are obtained： First, it is not easy for young children under three years old to use education and care institutes because of their preference for home care. Second, the mother's job status affects the child's use of child care centers and private institutes for education except for the using of early child education centers. Third, the affecting main factors for the use of child care centers are quite similar to critical factors for use of the private institute for education. Thus, young children using the private institute for education could be interpreted as coming from a low-income class compared with the children using the early child education centers.
A Study on the Allowance Management and Buying Behaviors of Child Consumers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 8, 2004, Pages 77~93
This study examined the factors affecting allowance management and buying behaviors and their interrelationship. The data were collected from fourth, fifth and sixth grade students of elementary students in Kimhae-city by a self-administered questionnaire. Frequency distributions, Cronbach's Alpha, Pearson's correlation analysis, regression analyses, and path analysis were analyzed by SPSS Windows. According to the regression model for the allowance management behaviors, the significant variables were the child's sex, term of receiving allowances, recognition of the allowance amount before receipt, parents' guidance before using allowances, parent-child communication about consumption, and parents' mediation of mass media. On the other hand, in the regression model for the buying behaviors, the satisfaction of the allowance amount, parents' guidance before using allowances, the amount of watching TV, parent-child communication about consumption, and allowance management behaviors were significant. The path model showed the child's sex, term of receiving allowances, recognition of the allowance amount before receipt, and parents' mediation of mass media indirectly affected the buying behaviors. In addition, the satisfaction of the allowance amount and the amount of watching 1V directly affected the buying behaviors. Moreover, parents' guidance before using allowances and parent-child communication about consumption had a direct effect and an indirect effect through the allowance management behaviors on the buying behaviors. Finally, the allowance management behaviors showed a strong positive effect on the buying behaviors.
A Study on the Dwellings of Korean Diaspora of Kazakhstan in Central Asia
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 8, 2004, Pages 95~112
Most of the Korean Diaspora who lived in Yunhaeju moved to Central Asia in 1937 following the deportation policy of Russia. The Korean Diaspora has maintained the traditional way of living for 140 years without a deep relationship with Korea. This study examined the dwellings of the Korean Diaspora of Kazakhstan in Central Asia through visiting their houses and conducting interviews. The results of the research were as follows. 1) The houses of the Korean Diaspora in Kazakhstan in early times consisted of Jungjigan which has Gudle and one bedroom. Gudle is the most traditional element of the Korean Diaspora's house and it is generally used as a place to gather family members. 2) The Korean Diaspora's houses in Kazakhstan were basically built according to Russian style but with a slightly different way of living inside. 3) The changing process of planning and building code of apartments in Kazakhstan is similar to that in Russia and other CIS nations. 4) Korean's food style is one mixed with Korean, Russian and Central Asian foods and Kimchi and Jang(bean paste) are the essential elements for most Koreans. 5) Koreans are very active to develop a relationship with Kazaks, Uighurs, and Russians and this enables the exchange of their culture eventually. This study is the first step to supply basic information for study of the Korean Diaspora in Central Asia and deeper research is necessary with a wide range in Russia.
Burn-out Finishing of Cotton/Polyester Fiber Mixed Fabrics using Cupric Sulfate
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 8, 2004, Pages 113~121
This study used cupric sulfate as a bum-out agent. The concentration of cupric sulfate, temperature and time were varied with glycerin included or excluded on the properties of polyester ground fabrics. The results are as follows. The effect of carbonization with glycerin included was decreased, but removal of carbide with glycerin included was easier than that with glycerin excluded. The white index and tensile strength of polyester ground fabrics were decreased as the processing concentration, temperature and time increased. The shrinkage was increased as the processing concentration, temperature and time increased. The optimum conditions with cupric sulfate as the bum-out agent was 5％ concentration, 140
, 3min., and 3kgf/cm
and with cupric sulfate added to glycerin was 5％ concentration, 150
, 5min., and 3kgf/cm
A Study on the Relation between Clothing Evaluative Criteria and Personality Types of Female University Students
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 8, 2004, Pages 123~132
The purpose of this research was to determine the relation between clothing evaluative criteria and personality types. Primary factor analysis was used to classify the clothing evaluative criteria and the continual scores of Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) were used for classifying the personality types. Correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were used to determine the relation between the clothing evaluative criteria and the personality types. The data for this research were collected from questionnaires of 309 female university students in Seoul. In the results, the clothing evaluative criteria were grouped into 4 underlying dimensions： practical, situational, appearance producible and symbolic. Partially significant relations between the 4 clothing evaluative criteria and the 4 indicators of MBTI personality types were found through correlation analysis. Multiple regression analysis revealed that the variables explaining the dimension of Sensing and Intuition (SN) were appearance producible and symbolic clothing evaluative criteria; the appearance producible criterion had an inclination toward Intuition while the symbolic criterion had an inclination toward Sensing. The variable explaining the dimension of Judging and Perceiving (JP) was situational clothing evaluative criterion, which had an inclination toward Judging.
The Effect of Children′s Perception of Body Shape and Body Image on Their Negative Emotions
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 8, 2004, Pages 133~145
The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of children's perception of body shape and body image on their negative emotions. The subjects were 345 3rd and 6th graders. Questionnaires were used to investigate the children's perception of their body shape and body image, and negative emotions. Data analyzed by SPSS-WIN program included mean, standard deviation, ANOVA, Scheffe's test and regression. Results were as follows. (1) The 6th graders perceived their body image more negatively than the 3rd graders did. (2) The children who perceived themselves more obesely had more negative body image and more negative emotions than those who did not. (3) There were interaction effects among the children's grade, sex and body shape perception on their body image perception. (4) The regression analysis demonstrated that children's perception of appearance was more influential on the negative emotions than their body shape perception.
A Study on Nonnative Expectation of Emotional Process in Children′s Textbooks of the Chosen Dynasty (I)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 8, 2004, Pages 147~167
The purpose of this study was to investigate the nonnative expectations of anger, sadness, fear, and shame in Korean culture by analyzing the textbooks for children's education in the Chosen Dynasty period. The method of this study was document analysis and the materials for analysis were the following four textbooks for children's education that involved individual ethics in everyday life based on Confucianism： 'Dongmongsenspj, 'Gyukmongyogyulj, 'Myungsimbogamj, and 'Sohakj. The analysis was focused on the antecedent events, emotional consequences, and emotional regulations in the emotional processes of anger, sadness, fear, and shame. According to the analysis, anger was caused by ought violations, especially sociomoral violations, and the expression of anger brought about undesirable results, and the inhibition of anger was expected as the regulation rule. Also, many methods of regulating anger were encouraged in the textbooks. For example, one of the regulating methods was to appraise a situation in such a way that anger would not arise. in other hand, sadness was allowed to be expressed only at the death of parents, and the expression of sadness stood for filial piety. Meanwhile, the antecedents of fear were the events to threaten self-esteem, which was mainly focused on keeping moral and social standards. Also the social consequence of fear led to observance of the social norms, and thereby could gain social approval. Therefore, the regulation rule was the enhancement of fear because of anticipated advantageous effects. Finally, the main cause of shame arousal was negative evaluation of self caused by bad performance of ethical or social standards. Accordingly, having shame could prevent wrong behaviors or transgressions which might break interpersonal connectedness, and the regulation rule of shame was to enhance this because of contributing to collective relationship.
Comparative Analysis and Evaluation of Dietary Intakes of Koreans by Age Groups： (5) Meal Patterns
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 8, 2004, Pages 169~185
This study was performed to investigate the characteristics of meal patterns among Koreans of different age groups. The study subjects consisted of preschool children (PC), elementary school children (EC), high school students (HS), college students (CS), and adults over 30 years old living in Seoul and the surrounding areas. A dietary survey was conducted using 24-hour recall method from 1996-1998 and data were collected from 2392 subjects. The subjects over 30 years old were classified as 30∼49 years, 50∼69 years, and over 70 years. EC, HS, and CS groups consumed less than 20％ of their total energy intake from breakfast. PC and EC consumed over 30％ of their energy from snacks. In all age groups, the proportion of subjects who skipped a meal was highest for breakfast and lowest for dinner. Especially, 31.4％ of the CS group skipped breakfast. Breakfast and snacks provided higher quality meals than the others when each meal was assessed by the index of nutritional quality (INQ). Especially, lunch of the HS group, each meal of the EC group and subjects over 70 years of age had a lower diet quality than the others did. The major snack items for PC, EC, HS, and CS groups were milk, ice cream, and snack cakes, but those for subjects over 30 years of age were fruits. The PC group obtained 35.5％ of their energy from snacks, but the proportion of snack energy decreased with increasing age. PC and EC groups obtained a great proportion of calcium, vitamin B2, fat, and cholesterol intake from snacks. Snack foods provided 53.2％, 42.4％, 45.4％, and 24.6％ of those nutrients, respectively, for the PC group and 54.2％, 43.5％, 37.4％, and 26.8％, respectively, for the EC group. These results suggested that each age group had specific meal patterns. Especially, breakfast and snack intake seemed to complement overall diet quality. However, more intervention is needed to improve overall dietary nutrition, e.g., efforts to decrease fat and cholesterol proportion and increase breakfast consumption. These dietary characteristics among different age groups present foundation data for the development of methods to resolve the nutritional problems of each age group.
A Study on the Class of Consumption Culture - Focused on Bobos and POSH -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 8, 2004, Pages 187~201
This study identified the characteristics of the consumer culture of the American Bobos(Bourgeois Bohemian) and the British POSH(Port Out, Starboard Home) and their influence on the consumption culture in Korea. The sociocultural background, values and consumption patterns of both Bobos and POSH were analyzed through a literature survey. Korean periodicals were analyzed to identify the influence of Bobos and POSH on the Korean consumer culture. The results suggested that the characteristics of both Bobos and POSH were reflected in their lifestyles or values through their consumption and possessions. In addition, it was found that Korean consumers appeared to be more influenced by Bobosthan POSH.
A Study on the Distribution Methods of Tensile Property for Women′s Knit Block
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 8, 2004, Pages 203~218
Recently, knitted materials are used more often than ever before in fashion. Therefore it is necessary to study their application into garment patterns. The purpose of this study was to develop a system by which the tensile property of knitted fabrics can be applied. In this study, 5 different distribution methods of tensile property were tested on 2 sample fabrics which have a lower and higher tensile property than moderate-stretch. The subjects were five women within an age range from 18 to 24 who showed average body figures. The major findings derived from this investigation were as follows; The 4th method was regarded as the most valid. The 4th method was fixed proportional alteration based on the reduction amount of bust girth, i.e. front (back) width and shoulder width reduced by 60％ of the bust girth reduction and neck point reduced by 28％ of the bust girth reduction. When the reduction was based on the proportion of the actual measurements, the alteration was too severe, so that the armhole curve was changed into a very uncomfortable curve.
The Effects of Financial Education on the Perceived Financial Management Problems of U.S. College Students
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 8, 2004, Pages 219~233
The purpose of this study was to examine the financial education needs of college students and how financial education affected their perceived financial management problems. The results indicated that the need for personal financial management of the students was relatively high and that students were interested in various topics withinpersonal financial management. Formal financial education was found to have a positive impact on students' financial management behavior by reducing the probability of having problems with managing financial affairs. In addition, students' use of credit cards played a significant role in predicting problems with managing financial affairs. Several implications based on the findings were suggested.