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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 42, Issue 12 - Dec 2004
Volume 42, Issue 11 - Nov 2004
Volume 42, Issue 10 - Oct 2004
Volume 42, Issue 9 - Sep 2004
Volume 42, Issue 8 - Aug 2004
Volume 42, Issue 7 - Jul 2004
Volume 42, Issue 6 - Jun 2004
Volume 42, Issue 5 - May 2004
Volume 42, Issue 4 - Apr 2004
Volume 42, Issue 3 - Mar 2004
Volume 42, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 42, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
A Study on the dwellings of the Korean Diaspora of Uzbekistan
Lee YoungShim ; Lee SangHae ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 9, 2004, Pages 1~18
Most of the Korean diaspora who lived in Yunhaeju moved to Central Asia in 1937 following the policy of deportation of Russia. Uzbekistan is the representative place for Korean diaspora to have settled down in Central Asia at that time and mort Korean diaspora in Central Asia are living in Uzbekistan now. Korean diaspora have maintained a traditional way of living for 140 years without a deep relationship with Korea. This study examined the dwellings of the Korean diaspora of Uzbekistan in Central Asia by visiting their houses and conducting interviews. Results of the research were as following: 1) The houses of the Korean diaspora in Uzbekistan in early times consisted of 2-3 bedrooms with Gudle. Gudle is the most traditional element of the Korean diaspora's house and it has been used as a place for gathering family members. 2) Korean diaspora's houses in Uzbekistan were built according to Russian and Uzbek style but most of the Korean diaspora's have a mixed style with traditional Korean elements of living.3) The changing process of planning and building codes of apartments in Uzbekistan is similar to that in other CIS nations and all of Russia. 4) Korean's food style is a mixture of Korean, Russian and Central Asian foods. Kimchi and Jang (bean paste) are essential for most Koreans and most Koreans are making these at home. 5) Most Koreans have maintained a good relationship with the Uzbek people and Koreans are very active in gelling along well with all. This enables them to exchange their culture eventually in various parts. This study could be the first step to supply basic information for the study of the Korean diaspora in Uzbekistan. Deeper research over a wider range is needed in Russia.
A Study on ′Creativity′ in Belgian Fashion Design
Lee Hye Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 9, 2004, Pages 19~35
Creative design acquires value-added quality in fashion business. The anti-aesthetic Belgian designers who have been rebelling within strict rules are admired internationally, having reached the top-ten lists in the Journal do Textile in the 1990s. Moreover, they have set the trend in new progressive fashion. In the age of domination by marketing, these people have succeeded in, their integrity, their free spirits, and their passion for what they do. The interaction between their creativity, which is visible throughout their design process, and commercial interests is the key to the success of Belgian fashion. It is also noteworthy that the designing process is strongly linked together with flexible coordination. This analysis on the creativity of Belgian fashion design based on theoretical studies and interviews with Belgian designers from magazines and newspapers. The research includes the following main topics: 1. Analysis on the creativity of designing process. 2. Analysis on characteristics of Belgian fashion design.
Savings Accounts, Savings Insurance and Private Financial Clubs and Their Determinants
Kim SoonMi ; Yang JungSun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 9, 2004, Pages 37~51
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of household characteristics on savings account, savings insurance, and private financial clubs. Data for this study were collected from the 2001 Household Income and Expenditure Survey consisting of a sample of 1,801 salary and wage earners' households. Tobit analysis was peformed to investigate savings accounts, savings insurance and private financial clubs. The results showed that 76% of households held savings accounts, 77% savings insurance, and 12% non-institutional assets in private financial clubs. Sender, age, education, job, spouse employment, family type, location, home ownership, number of children, and family income were significant determinants of investment in savings accounts, savings insurance, and private financial clubs. Family income was the most powerful variable.
Factors related to Young Children′s Empathy
Jang Mi Seon ; Moon Hyuk Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 9, 2004, Pages 53~66
The purpose of this study was to identify how characteristics of young children (sex, age, temperament), mothers (employed or unemployed, intimacy between mother and child, parenting attitudes), and home environment (pet, TV/Video viewing) relate to young children's empathy and to examine the relative effects of then variables on young children's empathy. The subjects for this study were 300 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds selected from kindergartens and day-care centers in Busan. Data were analyzed via t-test, correlation, and multiple regression. Results showed that girls had higher empathy score than boys. Young children's empathy was positively correlated with the sociability of young child's temperament, intimacy between mother and young child, reasoning guidance, affect, achievement of parenting attitudes, and parental intervention toward young child after TV/video viewing. However, young children's empathy was correlated negatively with authoritarian control of parenting attitudes. Among then variables, young children's sex was the most significant variable.
The Effects of Urban Housewives′ Environmental Knowledge and Family Resource Management Attitude on Family Resource Management Behavior
Hong Sang-Hee ; Rhee Kyung-Hee ; Kwak In-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 9, 2004, Pages 67~83
The purpose of this study were, (1) to analyze the effect of the selected variables on urban housewives' family resource management attitude and behavior, and (2) to identify the casual effects of variables on family resource management behavior. A sample of 641 was selected from housewives living in urban area. For data analysis, one-way ANOVA, DMR test, t-test, multiple regression, and path analysis were used. The major findings were as follows: 1. The housewives' family resource management behavior level was lower than their attitude level. 2. The family resource management attitude and behavior among the respondents were affected by the following independent variables : interest with environmental reports and newspapers, perception of time constraints, perception of economic reward. 3. The family resource management attitude had the greatest causal effect on the family resource management behavior.
The Effect of Consumers′ Environmental Conservation Behavior on the Purchase of Pro-Environmental and Used Products
Huh Kyungok ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 9, 2004, Pages 85~97
The effect of consumers' environmental conservation behavior on the purchase of pro-environmental and used products. This study utilized a representative, large data sample to determine consumers' environmental conservation behavior, and purchase of pro-environmental and used products. Differences in these behavioral traits were investigated by socio-demographic variables. In addition, this study investigated the effect of consumers' environmental conservation behavior on the purchase of pro-environmental and used product. The major result were as follows. First, the level of consumers' environmental conservation behavior was low, and consumers did not buy pro-environmental and used products frequently. Second, unemployed married women, consumers with very low or high level of education and high income, consumers older than 40's, and consumers living in apartments showed lower levels of environmental conservation behavior. Third, consumers who were married, dissatisfied with their environmental living conditions, or irrational were more likely to buy pro-environmental products. Men, young, and rational consumers were more likely to buy used products. On the other hand, the level of environmental behavior did not influence the purchase of pro-environmental and used products. The high level of behavior for environmental conservation did not result the purchase of pro-environmental and used products.
Research on the Actual State of Facilities and Behavior of the Sanitary zones in Collective and Detached Houses in Jeju City
Kim Bong-Ae ; Lee Jeong-Lim ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 9, 2004, Pages 99~109
In residential spaces, sanitary zones are where the most basic needs of human beings are met and are used by all members of the family. A high level of privacy is therefore required in their use. This research studies the current state of sanitary zones in collective houses and in detached houses from a comparative perspective first, and then analyses the satisfaction and dissatisfaction requirement levels of dwellers of each house in comparison so as to provide data to formulate a new design for sanitary zones that is suitable for each dwelling house. The results of this research are as follows. (1) The questionnaire respondents were mostly in their 30s and 40s (99.1% in total), and lived in a nuclear family system (87.7%). (2) The number of sanitary zones was found to be more than 2 in 62% of collective houses and in 60.7% of detached houses, which leads us to conclude that non-dwelling spaces are increasing in both types of houses. (3) Of the housing facilities,13% of collective houses and 9% of detached houses were equipped with a bidet. Both percentages are very low but it needs to be noted that the percentage is relatively high in collective houses. In safety facilities, the ratio of houses furnished with safety handlers for the aged was very low in both types of houses. (4) The residents of collective houses showed high levels of dissatisfaction with regard to the problems of storage space and steam production, while residents of detached houses expressed high levels of dissatisfaction with regard to the heating system, colors of finishing materials, size, dampness, steam production, and storage space.
The Life Style of Urban Empolyed Wives and Pro-Environmental Behavior
Byun Soon-Hee ; Kye Sun-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 9, 2004, Pages 111~134
The purpose of this dissertation is firstly to examine the level of pro-environmental behavior of urban employed wives depending on their life style type and secondly to identify effective ways to promote their pro-environmental behavior. A structured questionnaire interview was conducted with 700 urban employed wives who lived in the Seoul Metropolitan area, and 566 of the responses were valid for analysis. For statistical analysis, this research reviewed the frequencies, percentage, mean, standard deviation(SD), Pearson's correlations, Cronbach's u, factor analysis, cluster analysis, ANOVA,
-test, Duncan's Multiple Range Test, and multiple regression using SPSS/PC WIN. The findings of analysis of the study are as follows: 1. Among life style types of employed wives, the order of ecological value was orientation type (37.3%), followed by economical value orientation type (25.8%), uninterested type (18.7%), and convenience-centric value orientation type (18.2%).Pro-environmental behavior scored relatively highly at 3.45 in average. 2. In the analysis of the relationship between life style and background variations, every variation except environmental knowledge was meaningful. 3. In the relationship between pro-environment behavior and background variations, every variation was meaningful except housing types, having helper or not, and environmental knowledge. 4. The recognition level of environmental pollution was important among the variations affecting pro-environmental behavior. 5. There was a difference in pro-environmental behaviors by the following life style types: ecological value orientation, economical value orientation, convenience centric orientation and uninterested. 6. For the relative contribution comparison of background variations (socio-economic variation and environmental variation) and life style variations to the pro-environmental behavior of urban empolyed wives, this research additionally applied each independent variable group. As a result, the explanation level drastically increased in the third step that analyzed the relationship with life style.
Characteristics of MMPI of Adolescent Cellular Phone Addicts
Park Soon Cheon ; Baik Kyung Im ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 9, 2004, Pages 135~147
The purposes of this study were to investigate the actual conditions and deal with the psychological characteristics of adolescent cellular phone addicts through the Minnesota Multiphase Personality Inventory (MMPI). The subjects of this study were 407 senior high school students (male 185, female 222) in 2nd grade in Daegu. The cellular phone addiction inventory (CPAI) was designed on the basis of an interview process, referring to the Young's Internet Addiction Self Diagnosis Scale. SPSS version 10.0 was employed for data analysis. The mean score of the adolescent addict group was significantly higher than the non-addict group in Scale Pd, Pa, Pt, Sc and Ma. This result indicates that the cellular phone addict group is likely to suffer from more serious pathological disorders than the non-addict group. The rate of addictive adolescents was significantly higher in the addict group than in the non-addict group in psychological problematic score ranges in Scale Sc (Schizophrenia) and Ma (Hypomania). The study result suggests that adolescents who addictively use a cellular phone will be more likely to show immaturity, instability, impulsive personality, excessive activities, and escapism.
The Effects of Traffic Safety Education by Integrated Activies on Children′s Traffic Safety Knowledge
Yoo Sun-Hee ; Ohm Jung-Ae ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 9, 2004, Pages 149~160
This study investigated the effectiveness of traffic safety education by integrated activities on children's traffic safety knowledge. Subjects were 55 kindergarten children aged 5 years old. The subjects were divided into experimental and control groups. Traffic safety education by integrated activities were applied in the experimental group for 6 weeks. The traffic safety knowledge test was administered to the experimental and control groups for pre-test and post-test analyses. ANCOVA was carried out for both groups to verify the hypothesis of this study. There were statistically significant differences of the children's traffic safety knowledge score including walking, bike, and automobile between the experimental and control groups. To conclude, traffic safety education by integrated activities was very effective to increase children's traffic safety knowledge.
Characteristics of and Causal Relationship among Parental Family-of-Origin Experiences, Marital Conflicts, and Children′s Behavioral Problems
Chung Moon Ja ; Chun Yeun Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 9, 2004, Pages 161~175
This study aimed to find the general tendencies of parental family-of-origin experiences and conflict and their children's behavioral problems as a function of a child's sex, as well as the causal relationships among these variables. Three hundred and five 4th and 5th graders filled out the Korean Version of Achenbach's Child Behavior Checklist. Parents of these children answered the Family-of-Origin Scale and Marital Conflict Inventory. The results were as follows. 1) Fathers experienced more of emotional cut-off from their family of origin than mothers did. However, mothers had more of triangulation and emotional separation from their family of origin than fathers did. 2) Both fathers and mothers reported that mothers had more of marital conflicts. 3) Daughters showed more physical symptoms than sons while sons showed more delinquent behaviors. 4) While parental experiences from the family-of-origin effected the parents' marital conflicts, they didn't influence the children's behavioral problems through marital conflicts.
Exploratory Research on Perfume Consumption and Purchase Behaviors
Yoh Eunah ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 9, 2004, Pages 177~193
The purpose of this study was to explore consumer behavior of perfume products. Data were collected through 7 focus group interviews with 33 female consumers whose ages ranged between the 20's and 40's. According to analysis of groups divided by age and frequency of use, some group differences were found in information source, purchase place, consideration factors, fragrance preference, etc. The study results indicated that perfume consumption behaviors could be explained in part by the innovation adoption and communication theories. Especially, relative advantage, compatibility, observability, and trialability were important factors influencing consumers' adoption of new perfume. Also, many respondents used perfume as a tool to present their own image and identity, as well as to send messages regarding their mood and condition to others.
Consumer′s Perceived Risk and Information Search in Internet Shopping
Shin Min-Kyung ; Joung Soon-Hee ; Yuh Yoonkyung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 9, 2004, Pages 195~212
The purpose of this study was to analyze consumers' perceived risk and information search behaviors in internet shopping. For this purpose, survey was conducted on 302 consumers in their 20s and 30s who had internet shopping experience. This study found that consumers' perceived risk was significantly related to their gender, educational level, income, credit card use, period of internet un, number of internet shopping experiences, and purchased product. Consumers' search behaviors were also significantly affected by gender, age, educational level, income, period of internet use, and purchased product. In addition, a higher level of consumers' perceived risk was significantly related to the amount of information search on product attributes themselves rather than on general information search such as the number of sites or the number of brands.
A basic study on the Design of Institutional Household for Infants
Doo Kyung Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 42, issue 9, 2004, Pages 213~235
This study investigated the Infant Institutional Household (IIH) for the care of infants. The purpose was to provide basic information needed to raise Korea's birth rate and to design higher level nursing facilities which can satisfy working mothers who are presently offered few facilities. To achieve this purpose. IIM was divided into 7 sub-functional stations : planning-management, marketing, materials-management, business-management, man power-management, financial-management and control etc. The results are as follows : 1. Kind of facilities : Infants'(full responsibility) Institutional Household. 2. Number of infants : total 19 babies. 3. Ratio of infants to teachers : one to one (Contained assistance teachers) 4. Installing region : convenient traffic place - in Seoul. 5. Building site and kind : the first floor space of 60pyung (198㎡) in the Apartment complex which . contained many apartments of small size. 6. Nursing time : 24-hour day care in weekdays Age of object : age from 1month to 24months old babies(after his/her birth). 7. Kind of services and Cost : mother-like care, cost includes nursing-fee, a deposit and admission-fee. 8. Economic Condition and managing direction : pursuit limited profits with nursing-fee, admission-fee, a loan and national (or self -government of direct) supplementary funds.