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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 43, Issue 12 - Dec 2005
Volume 43, Issue 11 - Nov 2005
Volume 43, Issue 9 - Oct 2005
Volume 43, Issue 10 - Oct 2005
Volume 43, Issue 8 - Aug 2005
Volume 43, Issue 7 - Jul 2005
Volume 43, Issue 6 - Jun 2005
Volume 43, Issue 5 - May 2005
Volume 43, Issue 4 - Apr 2005
Volume 43, Issue 3 - Mar 2005
Volume 43, Issue 2 - Jan 2005
Volume 43, Issue 1 - Jan 2005
Selecting the target year
Credit Card Management Behaviors of College Students
Kim, Hyo-Chung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 11, 2005, Pages 1~15
The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitude, knowledge and need for educational contents about credit cards according to credit card use, and to examine the status of credit card use and the factors affecting credit card management behaviors of college students. The data were collected from 481 college students in Busan and Kyungnam areas by a self-administered questionnaire. Frequencies, Cronbach's alpha, factor analysis, t-test,
analysis, Pearson's correlation analysis and regression analyses were conducted by SPSS WINDOWS. The results from this study were as follows. First, there were no significant differences between the credit card user group and the non-user group in the means of their altitude and knowledge towards credit cards. The mean of each category of the need for educational contents was high in both groups. Second, respondents of the credit card user group answered that they used credit cards whenever necessary, using them to purchase mostly clothing, shoes, and books. Third, credit card management behaviors were influenced by the allowance amount, experience of consumer education related to credit cards, number of total credit cards, attitude towards credit cards, knowledge about credit cards, frequency of credit card use, terms of credit card use and father's occupation. These results suggest that consumer education should be conducted for the credit card management behaviors of college students.
Research on Consumption Status and Differences by Consumer Characteristics about ScentedTextile Products
Yoh, Eun-Ah ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 11, 2005, Pages 17~30
The purpose of this study was to explore consumption status of scented textile products and to determine differences in consumption behaviors of scented textile products among subject groups separated by demographic (sex, age) and lifestyle (health concern, fashion involvement, innovativenss) characteristics. A total of 530 consumers who had used scented textile products participated in the web survey for the study. Consumer data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, chi-square test, factor analysis, t-test, ANOVA, and LSD test. In the results, the most often used products were small commodities, socks, bedding, and underwear of hub and flower scents. Consumers considered a product test as the most crucial information source and scent as the most significant decision making factor for purchase. Demographic and lifestyle group differences were found in some of the product types in use as well as in purchase behaviors (total spending amount, purchase venue, information source, considering factors when purchasing). The applicability of the study result to the theory of innovation adoption was discussed. Marketing implications were suggested based on the study results.
The Effects of Premarital Adult Child's Perceived Self-Differentiation and Dynamics of Emotional System between Parent and Child on Trait Anxiety
Kwon Mi-Ae ; Kim Phil-Sook ; Park Ji-Hyun ; Kim Tae-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 11, 2005, Pages 31~48
The purpose of this study was to explore the direct and indirect effects of premarital adult child's perceived self-differentiation and parent-child dynamics of emotional system on trait anxiety. The subjects of the study numbered 277, and correlation and path analysis was used with SPSS 10.0. The major findings were as follows: 1. It was shown that self-differentiation, over involvement and perceived criticism of premarital adult children were correlated with trait anxiety. And, among demographic variables, education, income, and marital status of the subjects' parents were related with trait anxiety. 2. Parent-child differentiation, over involvement, perceived criticism, and sex had direct effects on premarital adult child's self-differentiation. The variables that had direct effects on trait anxiety, which was the final dependent variable were self-differentiation, parent-child differentiation, perceived criticism, and income while over involvement an indirect effect on it.
Recognition and Preference of Native Local Foods by University Students in Chonbuk Area
Yang Hyang-Sook ; Rho Jeong-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 11, 2005, Pages 49~58
This study investigated the recognition and preference of native local foods in area by students living in Jeonju. Statistical data analysis was completed using the SPSS 10.0 program. The recognition of native local foods was generally poor: Among 56 kinds of native foods only Jeonjubibimbab, Jeonjukongnamulkukbob and Sunsoonsabockbunjasul were highly recognized, whereas the other native foods (such as Pungchyunjangaguvi. Namwonchuatang, Jeonjukongnamulkukbob, Sunsoonsabockbunjasul, Pungchyunjangaguyi, Namwonchuatang, Minmulgokiajuk etc.) were very poorly recognized by students. About
of the students acquired the knowledge on cooking the native local foods from their mother or grandmother. About half of the students had eaten the native local foods in a restaurant, but not at home. The reasons to eat the native local foods were 'curiosity', 'favorite' and 'consider about health and nutrition'. The most common frequency of consumption of the native foods by the students was once a month(
of the students did not eat local foods because they did not have a opportunity to eat them. About
of the students responded that the 'unknown cooking method' was an important problem for the further development for native local foods. Most of the students(
) responded, somewhat hypocritically, that native local foods were a very important part of our culture, so they must be maintained. In conclusion, the further development of native local foods was dependent on the cooperation with different institutions (e.g. marketing of local mass media, local events, family education).
Analysis on Cosmetics Behavior and Cosmetics Preference of Women Aged in their 20's
Kim Chil Soon ; Moon Jung-Hye ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 11, 2005, Pages 59~71
The purpose of this study was to observe the makeup behavior and cosmetics preference based on the segmented age group and fashion appearance interested group. The target consumers were women aged in their 20's. We distributed 443 questionnaires and conducted statistical analysis using SPSS program for the 400 reliable questionnaires. Statistical analyses included frequency, Chi-square test, t-test, ANOVA and cluster analysis(K-means). The results of this study were as follows: 1. There was a significant association between specific cosmetic items currently used and segmented age group. The age 24-29 had more basic makeup than color makeup, compared to the age 20-23 group. There was a statistical difference between the highly interested group and the lowly interested group in fashion and beauty. The group of highly interested in fashion and beauty considered trendy colors, while the group of lowly interested in fashion and beauty used their favorite color as an important factor in purchasing makeup products. 2. There was a significant difference in the preference of lip colors and textures, eye shadows textures, types of eye liner and types of foundation according to segmented age groups. 3. Those who sought 'sexy' images preferred red/wine/purple lipstick colors, and green/blue/violet eye shadow colors. They significantly preferred jell/liquid type eye liner and liquid type foundation. Those who sought 'pure' images preferred orange colors and glossy textures of lipsticks. Those who sought 'elegant' and 'intellectual' images preferred pearl type eye shadow.
A Proposal of Cohousing for Dual Income Families in Korea - on the Basis of Interview and Mimic Test -
Hahn Joo-Hee ; Choi Jung-Shin ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 11, 2005, Pages 73~95
The purpose of this research was to reduce the burden of household management and the difficulty of rearing children, which are two most important obstacles for a dual-income family. For this, we suggested a cohousing project, as an alternative concept to conventional housing, where people can socially interact with each other and share mutual cooperation for a better quality of life. We surveyed the lifestyle of dual-income families in Korea, how they understood the cohousing project and their opinions on it. We carried out a survey with the wives from dual income families who were living in the metropolitan areas including Seoul. We contacted 30 wives for the survey to determine the reality of the double income couple family and interviewed them to make a detailed plan for cohousing based on their understanding and needs. In the results, many women who responded to the interview agreed that cohousing was an ideal housing arrangement for the dual-income family. However, they were anxious that it would take too much time and effort to develop their own housing estate by themselves. Therefore, we looked for a way to save time, efforts and cost in developing a cohousing project and came up with the remodeling as a solution.
Floral Image Make-up - Centered on Georgia O'Keeffe's Paintings -
Kim, Hyo-Sook ; Kang, In-Ae ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 11, 2005, Pages 97~107
Ed- the file appears to be corrupted, and in many sections (these are highlighted) I cannot read it. I presume it has been copied from another format, maybe Hangul 2004. The purpose of this study was to determine a method of make-up image extraction from specific paintings and also to create cyber make-up models according to the images. For this study, Georgia O'Keeffee's floral paintings were analyzed and their colors were compiled to make color palettes. This study attempted to approach floral image make-up which applies specific paintings through the digital mode in the manner of computer graphics. The results of this study were as follows: First, we found romantic images, including feminine, lovely and soft images by Y, GY and RP group colors, in 'Two Calla Lillies on Pink'. Second, we found modem images, including urban, up-to-date and cool images by G, GY and B group colors, in 'Blue and Green Music'. Third, we found sexy images, including brilliant, tempting and daring by R, B and G group colors, in 'Music-Pink and Blue'. To summarize, the images of the paintings were similar to those of the make-up models.
Perceived Social Support and Internalizing Problems of Children from Divorced and Non-divorced Families
Min, Mi-Hee ; Yi, Soon-Hyung ; Lee, Ok-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 11, 2005, Pages 109~125
This study identified which aspects of perceived social support influence children's internalizing problems. The participants were 91 children from divorced families and 87 children from non-divorced families. They completed a questionnaire assessing the level of perceived social support and their teacher rated their internalizing problems(withdrawal, depression/anxiety) on K-CBCL scale. Sixth graders from non-divorced families perceived evaluative support higher than sixth graders from divorced families. In withdrawal, third graders from divorced families were rated higher than preschooler and sixth graders by their teacher. In depression/anxiety, third graders from divorced families were rated higher than sixth graders by their teacher. Internalizing problems of children from divorced families were affected by their perceived emotional support. Namely, children from divorced families who perceived less emotional support experienced more withdrawal and depression/anxiety.
Sanitary Management Performance and Knowledge of Employees in Hospital Food Service
Kim, Sun-Ok ; Oh, Myung-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 11, 2005, Pages 127~140
Sanitary management performance and knowledge of employees in hospital food service was evaluated by survey questionnaire to improve their sanitary management performance, analyse the weak points of sanitary management, and determine more practical and efficient alternatives of sanitation education. For this study, we selected 6 dieticians and 250 employees working in the six general hospitals larger than 400 beds in Gyeonggi and Incheon area. The questionnaire consisted of three parts: general subjects in the nutrition division of hospitals, sanitation education of dieticians, and sanitary management performance and knowledge of employees. The average ratio of HACCP related equipment and facilities of the target hospitals was relatively high at
. The number of sanitation education was 1.99 times/month by regular schedule and 6.47 times/month by occasional schedule. The average dietician's inspection time of cooking was 178.77 minutes/day. The average point of sanitary management performance was 4.62/5.0, showing a relatively high grade. In each region of sanitary management performance, food treatment sanitation was marked with the highest point, at 4.85, fellowed by cleaning and sterilizing sanitation at 4.65, personnel sanitation at 4.61 point and device and utensil sanitation was ranked with the lowest point at 4.53. Sanitary management performance was affected by the number of occasional education which was highest at 6-10times/month. The mean score of sanitary knowledge was 11.17/15.0. The assigned position, type of employment, status, working career and number of occasional education affected the mean score of sanitary knowledge of employees significantly. Sanitary knowledge of employees was highest in the case that occasional education was peformed at 6-10 times/month. There was no correlation between the sanitary management performance and sanitary knowledge of employees. In contrast, there were correlations between sanitary management performance and dietician's inspection time of cooking and number of employees.
Actual State of Korean 'Geese Mothers' in New Zealand
Kim, Young-Hee ; Choi, Myung-Seon ; Lee, Jee-Hang ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 11, 2005, Pages 141~152
The purpose of this study was to investigate the actual state of Korean 'geese mothers' in New Zealand. The analysis was peformed for 66 Korean mothers, who had moved temporarily to New Zealand for their children's education. The data have been analyzed by frequencies, percentiles and content analysis. The summarized results of this study are as follows. Most of the mothers were living in New Zealand temporarily for one to three years with one or two children. They hoped that their children will gain better and wide-spread opportunities because of studying abroad. The mothers expected their children to become well prepared as internationalized persons, able to achieve a satisfying occupation with high standard abilities. New Zealand's education system and their migration were highly satisfactory in the mothers' opinions. Most of the them contacted with their husbands who remained in Korea, through e-mails and phone calls, at least once in a week. Most of their friends were Koreans. They listed differences of language, mental values, and personalities as the reasons for having a larger number of Korean friends. The communication with the friends in New Zealand were being done by phones and e-mails mainly. Although there are difficulties for them to communicate others in English, they preferred to enjoy leisure time outside other rather than stay in house. And they gave themselves positive rates on adapting to the new environment, New Zealand.
The Effect of Relationship Commitment on the Customer's Future Behavioral Intention Related to the Criteria of Evaluating Cyber Stores in Internet Shopping Malls
Ko, Eun-Kyung ; Lee, Sun-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 11, 2005, Pages 153~164
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of relationship commitment on the female customer's future behavioral intention in relation to the criteria of evaluating cyber stores in internet shopping malls. This study used questionnaire and judgment sampling to survey consumers who have bought product in internet shopping malls. The respondents were 329 women from their twenties to fifties. The data were analyzed by factor analysis, cluster analysis, ANOVA, regression and Duncan test. The results were as follows: 1. The evaluative criteria of cyber stores were product characteristics of the store, convenience and trust, and promotion and information provision. 2. There were significant differences in relationship commitment among groups according to differences of cyber store evaluation criteria. 3. The dimensions of relationship commitment were affective commitment, calculus commitment and normative commitment. 4. Relationship commitment was found to have a significant effect on the customer's future behavioral intention. Especially, affective commitment was shown to have a significant effect on the future behavioral intention.
A Primary Study on Preference of Fertility Policies Based on Perspectives of the Marriage and Having a Child
Chang Jin-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 11, 2005, Pages 165~183
Total fertility rate in South Korea is the lowest in the world. A fertility rate below replacement fertility level will result in serious social problems in the long term. Therefore, it is worthwhile to study a general understanding about the low fertility rate phenomenon and to investigate the effectiveness of fertility policies in order to ameliorate the resulting social problems due to the low fertility rate. This research was a descriptive examination into the low fertility rate phenomenon and an investigation of the needs for fertility potties and their effectiveness. The study subjects were consisted of 769 unmarried people aged from 18 to 40 years old. Data were collected from June to August 2004 and were analyzed by frequencies, mean, and standard deviation. The following results were revealed. First, unmarried people in general had positive perspectives about getting marriaged, giving birth, and being a parent. In addition, the primary cause of low fertility rate was economical difficulties for raising a child. Third, unmarried people thought that the low fertility rate phenomenon resoled in both positive and negative changes in a society. Fourth, policies for economical supports for raising children, establishing social atmosphere for gender equality, and trustful public educational systems were the political alternatives that people really wanted for having a child in the future. Effective alternatives for policies and strategies to address the low fertility rate problems are suggested in the discussion section.
Segmentation based on Perception of Somatotype and the Relation between Clothing Evaluative Criteria and Segmentation
Cho, Youn-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 11, 2005, Pages 185~196
The purpose of this research was to determine the relation between clothing evaluative criteria and segmented groups based on the perception of somatotype. The data for this research were collected from questionnaires of 192 females in Busan. Data were analyzed by frequency, factor analysis, cluster analysis, discriminant analysis, and regression analysis. Cluster analysis was used to identify groups of respondents based on the perception of somatotype difference factors. Based on the findings, three distinct groups were clustered: thin, moderate, fat. There were significant differences among the three groups in terms of clothing evaluative criteria. The result of regression analysis revealed that the perception of somatotype is a major determinant to influence the clothing evaluative criteria. The thin group preferred practical clothes while the fat group liked symbol clothes.
Children‘s Personal Characteristics, Mothers' Psychological Control, and the Extent of Children's Computer Game Playing
Chyung Yun-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 11, 2005, Pages 197~210
The purposes of this study were to examine: (1) the extent to which school-age children used computer games; (2) whether there were differences between children who played computer games to a greater extent and children who played computer games to a normal extent in their levels of depression, anxiety, self-esteem, and social anxiety; and (3) whether children's social withdrawal, aggression, and mothers' psychological control explained the extent of children's computer game playing. The subject were 270 children in the 6th grade. It was found that
of the children were normal users,
of the children were somewhat heavy users, and
of the children were heavy users of computer games. There was a gender difference in the proportions of heavy computer game playing. That is, there were more heavy users among boys than among girls. It was also found that social withdrawal, aggression, and mothers' psychological control were significant predictors of the extent of children's computer game playing. That is, the levels of children's social withdrawal, aggression, and their perceptions of mothers' psychological control predicted the degree to which children played computer games.
A Typology on Time Management Behaviors of Workers
Chae, Hwa-Young ; Lee, Ki-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 11, 2005, Pages 211~224
The purposes of this study were firstly to reveal the sub-dimensions of time management behaviors and secondly to group workers by time management behaviors. The major findings of this study were as follows. (1)Factor analysis of the 36 items on the time management behaviors instrument revealed three components: factor planning, relations-intention, and urgency. (2)Workers were categorized into four types by the level of those three factors of time management behaviors: 'accomplishment type'(
), 'chronic-urgency type'(
), 'valuing-job type'(
) and 'valuing-human relations type'(
). (3)The accomplishment type gained the highest points on the time management satisfaction score, and the level of important
non-urgencies was the highest score, indicating that the accomplishment type had good time management. However, the level of unimportant
urgencies was the highest score. Therefore, this type should try to reduce the level of unimportant
Developing a Model for Predicting Korean Adult Consumers Who Frequently Eat Food-Away-From Home: Data Mining of the 2001 National Health and Nutrition Survey
Chung Sang-Jin ; Kang Seung-Ho ; Song Su-min ; Ryu Si Hyun ; Yoon Jihyun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 11, 2005, Pages 225~234
The objective of this study was to develop a model for predicting Korean adult consumers who frequently eat food-away-from-home. A total of 7,032 adults aged 19 years and older from the 2001 National Health and Nutrition Survey in Korea were used as subjects. The data were analyzed using a data mining procedure including logistic regression and decile analysis. The model developed in the study was proven to be valid in predicting the consumers who frequently eat food-away-from home(once a day or more often). This model showed that consumers eating food-away-from-home frequently tend to be younger men, living in a big city, working full time, receiving more stress and eating snacks and fried food more frequently. The model could be used to identify targets for nutrition and related education and consumer segments for the marketing of restaurant businesses.