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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 43, Issue 12 - Dec 2005
Volume 43, Issue 11 - Nov 2005
Volume 43, Issue 9 - Oct 2005
Volume 43, Issue 10 - Oct 2005
Volume 43, Issue 8 - Aug 2005
Volume 43, Issue 7 - Jul 2005
Volume 43, Issue 6 - Jun 2005
Volume 43, Issue 5 - May 2005
Volume 43, Issue 4 - Apr 2005
Volume 43, Issue 3 - Mar 2005
Volume 43, Issue 2 - Jan 2005
Volume 43, Issue 1 - Jan 2005
Selecting the target year
A Study on System Applications of e-CRM to Enforcement of consumer Service
Kim Yeonjeong ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 3, 2005, Pages 1~10
The purpose of this study was to investigate the enforcement strategy for Consumer Service marketing of an e-Commerce shopping mall. An e-CRM for a Cosmetic e-Commerce shopping mall, Data Warehousing(DW) component, analysis of data mining of the DW, and web applications and strategies had to developed for marketing of consumer service satisfaction. The major findings were as follows: An RFM analysis was used for consumer classification, which is a fundamental process of e-CRM application. The components of the DW were web sales data and consumer data fields. The visual process of consumer segmentations (superior consumer class) for e-CRM solutions is presented. The association analysis algorithm of data mining to up-selling and cross-selling indicates an association rule. These e-CRM results apply web DB marketing and operating principles to a shopping mall. Therefore, the system applications of e-CRM to Consumer services indicate a marketing strategy for consumer-oriented management.
A Study on Marital Satisfaction ana Family Strengths in Commuting Couples - Comparison of Husband and Wife in Commuting Couples -
Choi Jeong-Hye ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 3, 2005, Pages 11~26
The purpose of this study was to investigate the marital satisfaction and family strengths among 134 commuting couples (268 individuals) living in Korea, who have been commuting for at least six months. The major findings obtained from this study are summarized as follows: 1) The degree of marital satisfaction of the husband and wife in commuting couples was 5.12 and 4.96, respectively, on a scale of 0-7.0. The important factors of marital satisfaction in the husband were the number of children, self-esteem and the degree of coping strategy, whereas for the wife they were the educational degree, kind of job, self-esteem and degree of coping strategy. 2) The degree of family strengths of husband and wife in commuting couples was 3.75 and 3.77, respectively, on a scale 0-5.0. The significant factors of the family strengths in the husband were relied on the person who moved, meeting cycle of conjugal, conjugal periods, self-esteem and the degree of coping strategy, whereas for the wife they were the educational degree, religion, kind of job, commuting periods, the person who moved, meeting cycle of conjugal, self-esteem and the degree of coping strategy. 3) There was a close correlation between the marital satisfaction and family strengths in the husband and wife of commuting couples.
Drinking Behaviors arid Drinking Problems of Adult Mentally Retarded Persons as Perceived by Family
Kim Oh Nam ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 3, 2005, Pages 27~43
The purpose of this study was to determine the drinking behaviors and drinking problems of adult, mentally retarded persons over 18 years old. It was also investigated whether gender, age, and pattern of employment create different result of drinking behaviors and drinking problems, and the variables explaining drinking problems were analyzed. One hundred forty adults, mentally retarded persons were surveyed in Seoul and KyeongGi area. The major findings were as follows; The majority of respondents (
) reported that they had consumed alcohol beverages sometimes prior to their having been interviewed. The average age of respondents who had consumed alcohol was 26.4 years and average age of first-use of alcohol was 22 years. For consumption frequency,
of respondents reported that they drink alcohol once a month. Average alcohol consumption per occasion was 1.5 cups, and
of respondents answered more than 5 cups per occasion. Regarding problems associated with drinking,
of respondent of AUDIT and
of Family CAGE answered that their children have drinking-related problems. Men drink more than women and experience more alcohol problems. Supervised employment group was the group with the greatest prevalence for drinking. For the amount of drinking, gender and employment pattern showed significant differences. Drinking problems (AUDIT and Family CAGE) of adult, mentally retarded persons were influenced by age of first-use of alcohol, frequency of alcohol use, and alcohol consumption.
A Qualitative Study on the Sexual Activities of Juvenile Delinquents
Yang Sungeun ; Jo Ju-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 3, 2005, Pages 45~57
The purposes of this phenomenological study were to investigate the sexual experiences of juvenile delinquents, and to understand how ecological systems affected their sexual activities. The participants were 13 adolescents on probation and 12 adolescents from juvenile correctional facilities or prisons. They explained their meanings of sex, their sexual behaviors, and their coping strategies for sexual problems. Participants conceptualized sex as physical intercourse, while excluding the emotional aspects of sex. They accepted adults' sexist attitudes toward male and female sexual behaviors, and followed adults' commercialization of sex. In contrast to their routinizing sexual behaviors, they had neither enough knowledge of sex nor effective strategies to solve sexual problems. The sexual activities of juvenile delinquents were influenced by their peer groups and sexual messages from media and internet, rather than by their tamely and school. The holistic view of the study highlights the importance of interactions between individuals and the ecological systems when interpreting the sexual experiences of juvenile delinquents.
Relationships between Children's Self-Efficacy, Parental Child-Rearing Attitude Perceived by the Child and Creativity
Jang Hye-Sun ; Choi Bo-Ga ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 3, 2005, Pages 59~73
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between children's self-efficacy, parental child-rearing attitude perceived by the child, and creativity. The study subjects were 120 5th and 6th graders at elementary school in Gyeongbuk. The instruments of measurement were question sheets, Self-Efficacy Scale, and Parental child-rearing attitude Scale. For creative thinking tests, the Kim Yong-Chae version of TTCT (Torrance Test of Creative Thinking) was used. The data were analysed through mean, standard deviation, frequency, percentile, Cronbach's
, and Pearson's Correlation Coefficient. The major findings of this study were as follows: First, the results from the correlational analysis didn't yield significant and meaningful correlations between children's self-efficacy and thinking creatively with words. Nevertheless, children's self-efficacy was partly related to thinking creatively with pictures. Second, the results from the correlational analysis didn't yield significant and meaningful correlations between warmth vs. rejection altitude of father and thinking creatively with words. Warmth vs. rejection attitudes of father was not related to thinking creatively with pictures. However, the results from the correlational analysis yielded a number of significant and meaningful correlations between self-control vs. regulation attitudes of father and the thinking creatively with words. The self-control vs. regulation attitudes of father was significantly positively related to the thinking creatively with pictures. Third, the warmth vs. rejection attitudes of mother was significantly positively related to the thinking creatively with words. However the warmth vs. rejection attitudes of mother was not related significantly to the thinking creatively with pictures. The self-control vs. regulation attitudes of mother was not related to the thinking creatively with words. Moreover, self-control vs. regulation attitudes of mother was not related to the thinking creatively with pictures.
The Perceived Effects of Mentoring on the Mentee's Organizational Socialization - Among the Fashion Merchandisers and Designers -
Kim Min-Sun ; Shin Yong-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 3, 2005, Pages 75~89
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the mentoring function and its levels as perceived by the fashion merchandisers and designers in the fashion industry who are playing major roles in providing organizational socialization for mentees. A survey questionnaire was developed and conducted among 200 fashion merchandisers and designers in Seoul. For data analysis, the SPSS 10.0 program was employed and frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, recurrence analysis, T-test, and ANOVA were used to test the research questions. The results were as follows: (1) Although the overall level of the mentoring function recognized by the fashion merchandisers and designers in the study appeared to be high, there were no significant differences by their demographic attributes. (2) The level of the mentoring function acknowledged by the respondents demonstrated substantial differences according to their perception by the personal attributes and the degree of openness. (3) The level of the mentoring function and organizational socialization perceived by the respondents had a significant correlation. As the level of perceived mentoring function of the respondents increased, it appeared that the degree of their job satisfaction and organizational commitment increased. On the other hand, their role ambiguity and turnover intention decreased.
The Relationships Among Home Environment, Locus of Control, Social Supports, and Behavior Problems of Korean-Chinese Children in Yanbian
Cho Bok Hee ; Lee Jin Sook ; Han Sae-young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 3, 2005, Pages 91~104
This study was designed to examine the relations of home environment, locus of control, social support and behavior problems of fourth-grade Korean-Chinese children in Yanbian in China. The subjects were 190 children who completed the locus of control and social support scale and their parents who completed the Child Behavior Checklist. T-test, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analyses were conducted. Mother's education level, and psychological and physical environment at home were negatively related to children's behavior problems. The scores of internal locus of control and support from the teacher were negatively related to children's behavioral disturbances. The factors with the greatest contribution to explaining behavior problems of Korean-Chinese children in Yanbian were found to be physical environment at home, internal locus of control, and teacher's social support.
A Study on Self-Esteem, Death Anxiety and Depression of the Elderly in Home and Facilities
Oh Mi Na ; Choi Wai Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 3, 2005, Pages 105~118
The purposes or this study were to compare and analyze the differences between the elderly in their own home and those in facilities in terms of their self-esteem, death anxiety, depression level and psychological characteristics. The subjects were the 386 elderly over 55 living in home and in facilities, free or paid. They had no physical or cognitive disabilities and were living in Daegu city, Kyungbuk and Kyungnam province. There were significant differences in self-esteem, death anxiety, depression level and the path to depression between the two elderly groups with the elderly in facilities showing negative aspects of psychological characteristics. The problems of caregiving for the elderly should be covered by social welfare.
the Antibacterial Activities of Persimmon Juice and Persimmon Juice Dyed Cotton Fabrics
Han Youngsook ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 3, 2005, Pages 119~129
The antibacterial activities against Staphylococcus aureus of persimmon juice and persimmon juice dyed cotton fabrics were eveluated. We investigated the effects in pursuit of the proper treating conditions to use persimmon juice dye for comfortable and hygienic doffing. The antibacterial activities were estimated by test method KS K 0693 and the percentage reduction of bacteria at various contact conditions of test materials and bacteria. The results were as follows. no bacteriostatic activities (BS) of persimmon Juice were more than
and the increase was dose-dependent according to concentration from
. However, bactericidal activities (BC) were not found BS increased from
and BC from
with increasing persimmon juice concentration of cotton fabrics from
. Antibacterial effects were significantly shown at
of persimmon juices. BS increased from
and BC from
over 18 hours of contact time and continued for 50 hours. BS of
persimmon juice dyed cotton fabrics increased from
and BC from
at different incubation temperatures of
. BS ranged from
and BC from
, according to the initial bacterial density from
. Sixty-seven percent of subjects of answered not to smell any odor from persimmon juice dyed cotton fabrics by subjective test.
Traditional Clothes in Mexico and Guatemala
Kim Hee-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 3, 2005, Pages 131~145
The purpose of the study was to determine ae forms, patterns and structures of Huipils as traditional clothes in Guatemala and Mexico, and to cite possibilities of applying the findings of the study, acquired by comparing the differences of the two countries' Huipils, to textile or costume design. There are two types of Huipils. One is for everyday wear and another one is for special occasion. The latter is bigger in size, more colorful and is worn on top of the daily use Huipil. Huipils consist of 1 to 3 panels, and are usually made by weaving rectangular cloth which has 4 selvedges. There are various neckline such as - type, T type, 1 type, round type and square type. The types of the neckline depends on how many panels are used. The Mexican Huipils are worn usually over skirts, whereas the Huipils of Guatemalans are practically designed with white cotton that doesn't have any patterns so as to be easily put into skirts. Different from Mexicans' Huipils which mainly show big botanical patterns, the patterns of Guatemalans' Huipils combine animals, plants and abstract concepts display mixed aspects, and it seems to me that that expressed their emotions and dearest wishes.
Effect of Justice Perception of Restaurant e-Service Recovery on Customer Behavioral Intentions
Kim Tae-Hee ; Kim Le-Sook ; Jang Yeajin ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 3, 2005, Pages 147~159
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of justice (distributive, interactional, and procedural) perception of e-service recovery in restaurant businesses on e-service recovery satisfaction, negative word of mouth, trust, and commitment. We designed a quasi-experimental study using eight different scenarios of justice application. One of the eight scenarios was distributed to each respondent to read, and the respondent then answered regarding feelings and subsequent action. Data analysis was based on 232 usable responses. The results imply that interactional justice is more important than other forms of justices in e-service recovery of restaurant businesses, indicating that restaurants must approve the service failure, make an apology to the customer, and maintain a courteous attitude at all times. In addison, the restaurant has to consider an e-service recovery program as a long-term strategy because the effect of e-service recovery in restaurant businesses grows slowly and takes time-consuming effort.
The Development of all Integrated Group Therapy Model for Divorced Families' Better Adjustment
Chung Moon Ja ; Kim Eun Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 3, 2005, Pages 161~183
This study aimed to develop a comprehensive group therapy program for divorced parents and their children for increased self-esteem, problem-solving technique, communication ability and emotional support. This comprehensive program was based on Solution-Focused and Satir's Experiential Family Therapy Models, as well as on therapeutic activities from various sources. Six mothers and 18 children of divorced families participated in this program which consisted of six, two-hour sessions. This program was found to be effective in enhancing the participants' self-esteem and communicative ability in addition to emotional support between mothers and their children, and among participants. Therapeutic activities were implemented in harmony with the Solution and Experiential based values and techniques, which seemed to heighten the fun and motivation for the participants to change their view points and behaviors in a positive way.
The Effects of Children's Internal and External Variables on Self-Regulation
Kim Mee-Hae ; Yoon Ho-Yeol ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 3, 2005, Pages 185~197
The purpose or this study was to investigate the effects of children's internal (age, sex, self-respect) and external (maternal belief, childrearing behavior) variables on self-regulation. The subjects were 2004-and-5-year-olds, their mothers, and teachers. Children's age, sex, and self-respect had m influence on self-regulation; that is 5-year-olds were higher than 4-year-olds for behavioral self-regulation, girls were higher than boys for cognitive and behavioral self-regulation, and the high self-respect group was higher than the low self-respect group for cognitive self-regulation. The psychological controlling and externally directed strategies had a negative influence on children's self-regulation. Maternal affectionate childrearing behavior had an influence on children's self-regulation; that is the high affectionate group had children with higher self-regulation.
Predictors of Post-Divorce Adjustment - Among Divorced Men and Women in their 20s and 30s -
Kwon So Young ; Ok Sun Wha ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 3, 2005, Pages 199~219
The purpose of this study was to examine how life-changes after divorce, individual resources, and interpersonal resources affect post-divorce adjustment. Especially it focuses on gender differences. Data were collected from 114 divorced men and 112 divorced women in their 20s and 30s with the inclusion criteria of 1) having hen divorced for at least 6 months but less than 5 years, and 2) not having remarried after divorce. AH divorced men and women were interviewed with self-report questionnaires. The analysis included frequencies, means, t-test, crosstabs, and hierarchical multiple regression models. The major findings were as follows. 1) Divorced women were better adjusted than divorced men. 2) Fnancial satisfaction and health problems were important factors for both divorced men and women. 3) There were gender differences in the variables that affected post-divorce adjustment. Social support and significant others' attitude toward divorce influenced post-divorce adjustment for divorced men. For divorced women, negative change in financial circumstances, their own attitude toward divorce and divorce initiation found significant. This study showed that there were gender differences in the factors affecting Post)divorce adjustment. The findings of this study suggest that a program for supporting divorced men and women should consider gender differences.
Cross-Cultural Differences in Temperament Among Korean-Chinese, Chinese in Yanji and Korean Children
Park Hyewon ; Park Min-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 3, 2005, Pages 221~231
This study investigated the cross-cultural differences in temperament among Chinese, Korean-Chinese, and Korean children. Subjects were 1,046(258 Korean-Chinese, 290 Chinese, and 498 Korean) 4th graders from Yanji in China and Seoul and Ulsan in Korea. The short form of the Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire Scale-Revised containing 10 scales of 54 items was translated into Korean for Korean and Korean-Chinese children and into Chinese for Chinese children and was administered to children via home-room teachers. Chinese children rated themselves higher on activation control, attention, and pleasure- and perceptual-sensitivity subscales than other groups. On the contrary, Chinese-Korean children rated themselves higher on the affiliation subscale and Korean children rated themselves higher on the aggression subscale than other groups. There were larger gender differences among Chinese and Korean-Chinese than among Korean children: Gender difference was found in activation control, aggression, and attention subscales among Chinese children and in affiliation, aggression, attention and fear subscales among Korean-Chinese. There was only significant difference in pleasure sensitivity among Korean. Rapid westernization in Korea seems to be responsible for this result. Since there were significant differences of temperament between Korean and Korean-Chinese, and between Chinese and Korean-Chinese, it was interpreted that children's temperament is influenced by both their environment and genetic endowment.
Pre-Parent Education Program Development
Kim Jung-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 3, 2005, Pages 233~249
The aim of this study was to construct a pre-parent education program for unmarried university students on theological, practical, and psychological bases. Literature related to this subject was reviewed. and the social needs of pre-parent education, the developmental-psychological needs of university students, and the satisfaction of a pre-parent education program were investigated. A pre-parent education program consisting of 3 thematic areas was identified for future parents: the need to improve knowledge, attitudes, and skills. The program content areas were; self awareness, family life-cycle and parental role and social issues arising from dysfunctional family behavior. Multiple instructional strategies were used such as lectures, video tapes, reflective thinking, discussions, debates, role-plays, group presentations, and personality inventories over the course of 16 weeks. The assessment also identified 3 thematic areas and demonstrated improvement of knowledge, altitudes, and skills in the 3 areas.