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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 43, Issue 12 - Dec 2005
Volume 43, Issue 11 - Nov 2005
Volume 43, Issue 9 - Oct 2005
Volume 43, Issue 10 - Oct 2005
Volume 43, Issue 8 - Aug 2005
Volume 43, Issue 7 - Jul 2005
Volume 43, Issue 6 - Jun 2005
Volume 43, Issue 5 - May 2005
Volume 43, Issue 4 - Apr 2005
Volume 43, Issue 3 - Mar 2005
Volume 43, Issue 2 - Jan 2005
Volume 43, Issue 1 - Jan 2005
Selecting the target year
Caesdpinia Sappan Natural Dyeing using Camellia Ash Solution and Rice Straw Ash Solution as Mordants
Seo, Hee-Song ; Jeon, Dong-Won ; Kim, Jong-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 8, 2005, Pages 1~12
Ash solutions derived from vegetation have been known for their good mordanting action. They are used as finishing agents because they are able to promote dye uptake. It is expected that the types of ash solutions may have been different worker by worker since the workers have employed easy-to-get plants, when we reviewed old literature. However, the ash solutions are being used without clear distinctions between their characteristics. In this study, camellia ash solution and rice straw ash solution were prepared according to traditional methods. Using these solutions as mordanting agents, natural dyeing experiments with Caesdpinia Sappan were peformed. Following the dyeing procedure, the effect of the type of ash solution on the color of the dyed fabric was evaluated. The results showed that the ash solution mordanting effect us not dependent upon the components of the ash solution. It was also demonstrated that the mordanting effect was not based on the action of the metallic ions in the ash solution. The pH values of the ash solutions were adjusted in order to investigate the effect of changes in ash solution alkalinity on the dyeing process. The pH values ranged from neutral or weak acidity to the alkaline range in order to evaluate the characteristics of the mordanting tv the ash solutions.
Reationships between Mindreading, Popularity, and Friendship in Preschool Children
Shin, Yoo-Lim ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 8, 2005, Pages 13~23
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between mind understanding, popularity, and friendship of preschool children. A total 1444-and 5-year old children participated in this study. The children were assessed on false belief, emotion understanding, language skill, and popularity in peer groups. Their teachers rated the children's friendship qualities. Significant differences in mind understanding based on social status and friendship status were found. Popularity, number of mutual friend, PPVT, and positive interaction between friends were found to be significant predictors of children's mind understanding.
Relationship between Parenting Stress and Parenting Efficacy on Parenting Behaviors in Mother with Young Children
Kim, Mi-Sook ; Moon, Hyuk-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 8, 2005, Pages 25~35
The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between parenting stress and, parenting efficacy and on parenting behaviors in mothers with young children. Ed. Note: confirm wording. A total of 222 mothers, each having children aged three to five, participated in the study. The data were analyzed through frequency, percentile, mean, standard deviation, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression analysis. Results of this study indicate that parenting efficacy and stress were significantly related to parenting behaviors. The relationship between the mother's parenting stress and parenting behaviors was mediated by the mother's parenting efficacy. In conclusion, the mother's parenting efficacy and a perception of parenting stress turn out to be important factors in predicting parenting behaviors.
Acculturation of Immigrant Korean Families in Yanbian and Shenyang/Harbin, China
Cho Bokhee ; Lee Kwee-Ock ; Choi Hyewon Park ; Lee Joo-Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 8, 2005, Pages 37~54
The purpose of this study is to provide basic information about the acculturation of Korean immigrants in China. A total of 459 Korean-Chinese from yanbian province, China and 768 Korean-Chinese from the city of Shenyang and Martin, China participated in this study. The subjects were asked about their language use during daily conversations and cultural activities using. The Cultural Life Style Inventory. Result indicated that overall Korean immigrants in China maintain their ethnic identity, ethnic language and culture. However, there were some differences in their levels of acculturation depending on the area they live and their educational levels. The differences were explained in part by the uniqueness of Yanbian province and a new policy for ethnic minorities in China. This study suggests that not only immigrants' demographic variables but also their ecological variables are important in understanding the acculturation of Korean immigrants in China
Negative Family life Events, Spousal Support and Mental Health: Focus on Gender Differences
Kang, Hye-Won ; Han, Gyoung-Hae ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 8, 2005, Pages 55~68
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of negative life events on mental health and to explore possible main and moderating effects of spousal support on mental health with a focus on gender differences. The data for this study were taken from a nationwide random sample of 1,504 married men and women ranging in age from 30 to 59 through structured questionnaires. The data were analyzed using the SPSS WIN program which was used to calculate frequency, mean, 1-test, multiple regressions. The main results were as follows: First, by examining mental health of Korean men and women, women were more likely than men to experience higher levels of depression. Second, there was no gender difference in the sum of experience of negative life events, therefore the date of this study did not support the differential exposure hypothesis. In addition, men perceived more support from their spouses than women. Third, results show that especially the event concerning with job/financial problems has negative impacts on mental health of both men and women, and vulnerability to undesirable life events was not found. Fourth, spousal support is associated with better mental health regardless of gender, and it reduces the harmful effects of life events concerning with job/financial area for both men and women. Also, spousal support reduces the magnitude of the harmful effects of life events concerning with health of men. This study focused on the impact of negative life events and the couple process. It was possible to explore the strength of social support provided from spouse of most importance to the individuals. These results affirm the importance of supportive relationships between couples as a buffer, mitigating harmful effects of negative life events on mental health.
A Study of Korean Style Boy's High School Uniform
Kim Su Hea ; Han Jin-Yee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 8, 2005, Pages 69~81
The purpose of this study is to design high school boy's uniforms, which fit well and express the traditional aesthetics of Korean clothing. Korean traditional clothing is getting ground for the use as active wear as well as formal wear such as wedding or special holiday clothing. This is partly due to the introduction of western clothing in Korea because of the practical nature of this type of clothing. This study was carried out as follows: 1. First, 197 high school boys from 5 different high schools were surveyed. All of these schools use Korean style school uniforms. The survey asked the students about their satisfaction with the current designs, problems and design preferences for Korean style high school uniforms. In general, the boys are not satisfied with the aesthetic and fashionable aspects of their uniforms. 2. The second survey dealt with design preferences from a variety of design options of Korean-style school uniforms. The design options were presented to the students as in the form of 10 different types jackets and 6 different types of pants. Using the results of the second survey as a guideline, the designs of Korean style school uniforms were developed. 3. In order to make the test garments, a block bodice pattern for the Korean style school uniforms was developed. Using the developed bodice block pattern, 6 designs were made of wool. The 6 test designs consisted of 3 different types of jackets and 3 different types of pants. 4. Incorporating the most preferred design features, school boy Korean style school uniform designs were developed. The characteristics of the design include neck line opening and its finishing, AH and sleeve shape, embroidered traditional patterns and fastenings. In this study we were able to develop comfortable clothing, which expressed the traditional aesthetics of Korean clothing.
The Influence of Relationship Benefit Perception and Consumer Satisfaction for Fashion Products
Kim, Jie-Yurn ; Rhee, Eun-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 8, 2005, Pages 83~98
The purpose of this study is to examine consumer's relationship benefit perception for fashion products and to examine the influence of relationship benefit perception on consumer satisfaction based on consumer characteristics. Data for this research were collected by surveying 766 women older than 20 years old in Seoul, Gwangju, and Gyeonggi-do. The following is a summary of the conclusions reached from this research: (1) Relationship benefit perception was divided into five separate areas: informational benefit, emotional benefit, special treatment benefit, economic benefit and social benefit. (2) Relationship benefit perception influenced consumer satisfaction. (3) There was a difference in benefits influenced on consumer satisfaction based on consumer characteristics such as sociability, relationship preference, and price importance.
Effects of an Early Childhood Environmental Education Program on Knowledge, Emotional Attitude, Perceived Behavior Control, and Behavioral Intention toward Environmental Pollution
Gwon, Gi-Nam ; Yoo, An-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 8, 2005, Pages 99~114
The aim of this study was to estimate the effects of an early childhood environmental education program developed on the basis of relationships among preschoolers' knowledge, emotional attitude, and perceived behavior control of environmental pollution on their knowledge, emotional attitude, perceived behavior control, and behavioral intention. A total of 146 five-year-old preschoolers from eight child-care centers in Seoul and Kyoungki Province participated in this study. The following are the main results of this study. first, the higher the level of knowledge the preschoolers had, the more negative emotional attitude they displayed. Furthermore, the more negative emotional attitude they displayed, the higher the level of perceived behavior control they had. On the contrary, the relationships between knowledge and perceived behavior control varied with exposure situation to environmental pollution. Second, after the environmental education program was administered to the experimental group, the preschoolers from experimental group exhibited more knowledge, more negative emotional attitude, higher perceived behavior control and more active behavioral intention towards environmental pollution than those in the control group.
Classification of Hand Types for the Development of Glove Patterns
Lim, Ji-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 8, 2005, Pages 115~122
The hand performs functions such as grabbing and other movements. In order to accomplish these movements in various kinds of operational environments, appropriate gloves must be worn to protect your hands. Choosing the appropriate type of glove is very important when wearing gloves in these types of operational environments. The reasons one wears gloves varies depending on age and gender. Unmarried women in their early twenties, for example, occasionally wear gloves for decoration rather than for functional reasons. However, previous studies examined a range of topics, and as such investigations dealing with specific body shape and demands of consumer are needed. Therefore in this study, the hands of unmarried women ranging in age from 20 to 24 were measured and hand shape types were analyzed in order to present basal data which can be used to help design improved glove patterns and produce appropriate, functional gloves. A total of 261 Korean women were measured. Fifty-seven right hand dimensions were measured and five dimensions from both hands were measured. Six factors were identified through factor analysis and those factors constituted
of total variance. Two clusters of hand shapes were categorized using 6 factor scores by cluster analysis. Type 1 hand shape is defined as long hands with small width, girth, and thickness, long and thin fingers, and high vertical palm height. Type 2 hand shape is defined as short hands with large width, girth and thickness, short fingers, thick knuckles, and short vertical palm height. The characteristics of type 1 and 2 hand shapes are similar to women's hand type classification results from previous reports, but there was a significant difference in subject distribution by type. Therefore, standard data on hand shapes should be produced by developing measuring instruments and selling more accurate standard measuring points. By doing this it could help in the development of improved glove patterns, and also aid in planning production based on hand type.
An Evaluation of the Management of a Healthy Family Center - The Case of a Demonstration Project by Sookmyung Women's University in Yongsangu -
Kim Myung Cha ; Kye Sun Ja ; Park Mee Sok ; Jang Jin Kyung ; Kim Yeon Hwa ; Ryu Jin A ; Han Eun Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 8, 2005, Pages 123~139
The Healthy Family Act was announced in February 2004 and has been in effect since January 2005. The purpose of this study was to determine some of the proper directions in the management of Healthy Family Centers based on the results of a six-month demonstration project. Family welfare services whose primary goal is to offer a system which support properly functining families and promoting their health, should be planned and provided from the perspective of the families involved, since they are the recipients of welfare services. furthermore, it's needed to stay abreast with rapid social changes that necessarily contribute to altering people's values. Healthy Family Centers will be placed in local communities and offer efficient education, counseling and family culture programs tailored to diverse family needs. In order to make, this work properly, all specialists and organizations associated with the project should make concerted efforts on a long-term basis.
The Current State of Wife Abuse and Related Variables in Seosan City, Chungnam Province
Lee, Jong-Won ; Ok, Sun-Wha ; Nam, Young-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 8, 2005, Pages 141~159
The aim of this study was to investigate the current state of wife abuse in Seosan and the relationships between wife abuse and the related variables. A total of 132 couples took part in this study. All couples live in Seosan city, range in age from their 20s to 50s and each couple has at least one child. Stratification sampling method was used to select the couples. They were asked to complete self-report questionnaires. Subjects completed a Korean version of the self- esteem scale, marital conflict scale, communication style scale, family history of violence scale, alcohol dringking, and wife abuse scale. In order to examine the current state of wife abuse, such as, frequency, mean, standard deviation and paired t-test, t-test were calculated and analyzed. Next, to identify differences in wife abuse between the upper group and the lower group, t-test was peformed. Finally, to investigate the relative influences of independent variables upon wife-abuse, multiple regression analysis was peformed. All these analyses were conducted using SPSS 10.0 program. The results were as follows; 1) In terms of the current state of wife abuse, there are three main observations. First,
of respondents answered that they had beat their spouse or been beaten by their spouse before and after their marriage. Second, compared with physical violence(
), other types of violence such as verbal(
) and sexual violence(
) were reported to occur more often in these relationships. Third, following the abuse most wives tend to tolerate the situation instead of taking an active action like reporting the abuse to police. 2) As for the husbands, subjects that drank a high level of alcohol, blaming and super-reasonable communication style, and family history of violence reported more frequent cases of wife abuse. As for the wives, subjects with high levels of self-esteem, irrelevant communication style, marital conflict, and family history of violence reported having more cases of that abuse. 3) In the case of husbands, alcohol, communication style and family history of violence explained
of wife abuse. In the case of wives, marital conflict and family history of violence explained
of their experiences with abuse. This study makes the contribution to aims to develop education programs and family therapy relevant to prevent wife abuse and to reconsider the existing laws governing domestic violence in Korea.
A Study on the Use of T-Shirts as a Form of Communication
Hong, Sung-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 8, 2005, Pages 161~174
The purpose of this study was to examine the history and significance of t-shirts used in school that have a dress code to examine the meaning of the various messages that appears on t-shirts and also to examine how these t-shirts are used as form of communication. Many people that have strong social or political views or opinions use t-shirts with message as a means of communicating their opinion and views. Due to the low cost and ease in manufacturing these types of t-shirts, it is possible to express various slogans, messages and drawings. Based on our observations, there were various messages on t-shirts such as, 'no war', 'peace', 'no drugs', 'anti-smocking', 'protect the environment' and 'race or sex discrimination' among others. In this study, t-shirts were grouped based on their messages. T-shirts were put in to the following groups anti- war t-shirts, political t-shirts, t-shirts with messages about social issues and t-shirts with messages about fashion. Both international and domestic t-shirts were examined.