Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 43, Issue 12 - Dec 2005
Volume 43, Issue 11 - Nov 2005
Volume 43, Issue 9 - Oct 2005
Volume 43, Issue 10 - Oct 2005
Volume 43, Issue 8 - Aug 2005
Volume 43, Issue 7 - Jul 2005
Volume 43, Issue 6 - Jun 2005
Volume 43, Issue 5 - May 2005
Volume 43, Issue 4 - Apr 2005
Volume 43, Issue 3 - Mar 2005
Volume 43, Issue 2 - Jan 2005
Volume 43, Issue 1 - Jan 2005
Selecting the target year
The Study on Typology of Internet Shopping Style in Internet Shopping Mall Users
Moon Sook-jae ; Lee Youn Hee ; Cheon Hyejung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 9, 2005, Pages 1~13
The purposes of this study were to classify internet shopping mall user by their shopping styles and to define the characteristics of the classified individual clusters. Questionnaires were completed by 338 men and women who have used internet shopping malls at lead once during the previous 6 months. The internet shopping styles were classified into 4 clusters after factor analysis and k-means cluster analysis. Cluster I, named 'high brand proneness', can be described as having low score on devotee tendency. Cluster II, named 'high value proneness', is characterized by a high score on seeking substance. Cluster III, called 'steadiness orientation', can be described as having a tow score on seeking trend and substance. Cluster IV, named 'individuality inclination', can be described as having low score on seeking trend. These four clusters differ in terms of socio-demographic and environmental characteristics such as gender, age, educational level, occupation, and internet using time. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
The Development and Effectiveness of an Educational Program for Improving Single Mother's Adaptation
Kang, Ki-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 9, 2005, Pages 15~26
The purpose of this study was to develop an educational program that enhances a single mother's social adaptation (self-esteem and sociality) based on the precedent studies. The subjects of this program were seven single motherswholive in C city in Chung Cheong Namdo. Paired-Sample t-test, individual change and group processing description data, and behavior observation record data were analyzed. Research results are as follows based on the research questions. First, a group of 8 single mothers who participated in the program showed an improvement of their social adaptation. Therefore, the effectiveness of the educational program was verified. Second, as the group session went on, the cohesion among the group members was solidified and their will to participate in the program was increased. Third, generally, individuals' understanding, acceptance, and adaptation toward themselves and others were enhanced. On the whole, the educational program for improving single mother's social adaptation was verified. We need to develop and implement more programs that enhance single mother's social adaptation in the future.
Clothing Shopping Orientation and Sex Role Identity of Male Consumers Aged Between 20 and 40
Lee Yoon-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 9, 2005, Pages 27~40
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between male consumers' clothing shopping orientation and sex role identity. Since shopping, especially clothing shopping has been traditionally considered a female job, it was expected that male consumers' sex role identity would influence how they approach the task of clothing shopping. Data were collected through an Internet survey firm from men aged between 20 and 40 years(N=199). The major results are as follows: 1. Based on the six clothing shopping orientation factors identified tv factor analysis, the respondents were categorized into 5 distinct groups: Self-Directed Shoppers, Planners, Brand-Oriented Shoppers, Convenience Shoppers, and Impulsive High-Involvers. 2. Five sex role factors were identified by factor analysis: two masculinity factors (strong and reticent) and three femininity factors(gentle, meticulous, and affable). Among these factors, 'gentle' was considered the most ideal, followed in order by 'strong,' 'meticdous,' 'affable,' and 'reticent.' 3. The results of MANOVA showed that the clothing shopping orientation groups statistically differed in their perceived sex role identity as well as in their ideal sex role identity. Overall, Self-Directed Shoppers and Impulsive High-Involvers scored higher in both perceived masculinity and femininity than the other groups. Convenience Shoppers and Planners were high in femininity but low in masculinity. The Brand-Oriented Shoppers were low in both masculinity and femininity. The results indicate that Korean males who are in their 20s and 30s consider androgyny as a desirable state. In addition, those who are high in androgyny are more likely to be highly involved in clothing shopping.
Couple Relationship Factors Predicting Marital Satisfaction and Divorce Intention Over Time
Kim, Seon-Young ; Kim, Yeong-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 9, 2005, Pages 41~57
The purpose of this study was to examine the change of couple relationship factors predicting marital satisfaction and divorce intention over time tv comparing the couples' first year with their present year of marriage. The couple relationship factors consisted of affection, ambivalence, affectional expression, the expression of negativity. The study subjects 355 married women having preschool children aged 7 years old and elementary school students in the 6th grade. Data were analyzed by SPSSWIN with the method of MANOVA. The results of this study showed that couples in happy groups without divorce intention became less affectionate and demonstrated less affectional expression, and more ambivalence and expression of negativity over time. However, the amount of change was not as large as that of the unhappy groups. The findings of this research indicated that the decline of affection and affectional expression and the increase of ambivalence and expression of negativity were probably, as normative, a natural consequence of the transition from the first year of marriage to a more mature relationship. Therefore, the change over time was not important. However, the amount and aspects of change were the main points which researchers and practitioners should pal attention to in the future.
Association among Personality, Conflict Strategies, and Marital Conflict of Married Woman
Park, Kyung-Rhan ; Yi, Yeong-Sug ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 9, 2005, Pages 59~70
This study examined the association among personality, conflict strategies, and marital conflict. The subjects were 279 married women who completed a questionnaire for 4 personality types(extraversion-introversion, sensing-intuition, thinking-feeling, and judgement-perception), 5 conflict strategies(dominance, integration, compromise, avoidance, and smoothing over), and marital conflict. The results of this study were as follows: 1) Among the women of thinking-feeling type women, the thinking group tended to use more dominance conflict strategy than the feeling group. Among the women of judgement-perception type women, the judgement group tended to use more compromise conflict strategy than the perception group. 2) Results of hierarchical regression analysis revealed that two conflict strategies (dominance and compromise), two personality types (extraversion-introversion and sensing-intuition), and income were significant predictors of marital conflict for married women. Overall, we can conclude that marital conflict is more affected by the strategies for dealing with conflict than by individual personality
Ecological Variables on Children's Stress
Park, So-Young ; Moon, Hyuk-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 9, 2005, Pages 71~84
The purpose of this study was firstly to identify how the characteristics of children(grades, birth order, self-consciousness), parents(age, educational level, employment status of mother, mother's parenting behavior), and context (private tutoring status, tying area) relate to children's stress and secondly to examine the relative effects of these variables on children's stress. The subjects of this study were 940(453 boys, 440 girls) children from grades 4 to 6 who were selected from three elementary schools in Seoul and Buchun. Data were analyzed with t-test, correlation, and multiple regression analysis. The results were as follows: (1) Girls get stressed easier than boys in terms of being treated distantly by their friends. (2) The study showed a negative relationship between children's stress and their self-consciousness such as general self-consciousness, teaming self-consciousness and total self-consciousness. (3) While the results showed a negative relationship between children's stress and mothers' acceptable behavior, the study revealed a positive relationship between children's stress and the mother's over protective behavior which in turn raised the children's stress level. (4) In 'total stress', it was recognized that boys were affected mostly tv grades in the children's variables category, while girls were affected by their general self-consciouness. In addition, both girls and boys were affected mostly by acceptable-refusal parental behavior in the parental variables category, and further affected by the living area in the category of conditional variables.
Attachment Differences in College Students' Psychological and Physical Wellbeing: Mediating Effects of Self-esteem, Loneliness, and Life Satisfaction
Jeon Hyo-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 9, 2005, Pages 85~96
The purpose of this study was to investigate college students' psychological and physical wellbeing, by examining their attachment, self-esteem, loneliness, and life satisfaction. The questionnaire study was conducted on 171 college students. The suggested path model was supported tv serial regression analyses. Attachment experiences in childhood and attachment style with peer had an impact on the college students' self-esteem, which in turn affected loneliness and life satisfaction, which then affected individual health(psychological and physical wellbeing).
A Study on the Utilization of Korean Traditional Food in Gwangju and Jeonnam Area Dietitians - For the Elementary, Middle and High Schools -
Jung Lan-Hee ; Jeon Eun-Raye ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 9, 2005, Pages 97~107
The purpose of this study was to investigate the elementary, middle and high school food service utilization of traditional Korean food in Gwangju and Jeonnam Area dietitians, and to provide basic data for the utilization of traditional food in school food service. The conclusions of this study are as follows. The utilizations of traditional Korean food was remarkable among the dietitians who are elderly, have worked for a long time, are married and in elementary schools. For the elementary, middle and high schools, the utilization of rice was remarkable in Bombop(boiled rice and nuts)(p<.001), Okeukbop(boiled rice mixed with five grains)(p<.001), Potbop(boiled rice and red-bean)(p<.001), Boribop(boiled rice and barley)(p<.01), and Kongbop(boiled rice and beans)(p<.01) The utilization of one-dish meals was remarkable in Kongnamulbop(boiled rice and bean sprouts)(p<.001). The utilization of porridge was remarkable in Hobakjuk(pumpkin porridge)(p<.001) and Potjuk(red-bean porridge)(p<.001). The utilization of noodles was remarkable in Mandu soup(a bun stuffed with seasoned meat and vegetables)(p<.001) and Kalkuksu(cut noodles)(p<.001). The utilization of soup and pot stew was remarkable in Kongnamul soup(p<.001), sagolugeoji soup(p<.001), Calbitang(p<.001) and sullungtang(p<.001), kongbiji stew(p<.01), and soondubu stew(p<.05). The utilization of steamed dish and hard-boiled food was remarkable in green perilla stew(p<.001), fish stew(p<.001) and seasoned and steamed pollack(p<.01). The utilization of pan-boiled food stew was remarkable in small octopus stew(p<.001). The utilization of fried food or grilled food was remarkable in grilled fish(p<.001), bindaetteok(vegetable pancake)(p<.001), fried green pumpkin(p<.001), fried sea food with stone-leek(p<.001) and Buchu fried food(p<.001). The utilization of salad and cooked vegetables was remarkable in spinach salad(p<.001), cucumber salad(p<.001) and Kongnamul(bean sprouts)(p<.05). The utilization of Kimchi was remarkable in Baek kimchi(p<.001), Gat(leaf-mustard) kimchi(p<.001), Youlmu(young radish) kimchi(p<.01) and Oisobaki(p<.01). The utilization of desserts was remarkable in seasonable fruits(p<.001), Kangjung(p<.01), Tteok(rice cake)(p<.01) and Sik Hye(Cinnamon flavored persimmon punch)(p<.01).
The Influence of Attachment with Mother on Self-Concept, Peer Relationship and School Adjustment in Korean-Chinese School Age Children
Lee, Sa-Rah ; Park, Hye-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 9, 2005, Pages 109~127
The present study examined the relationships among maternal attachment, self-concept, peer relationship, and school adjustment. The subjects were 293 Korean-Chinese elementary school students living in Yanji and Shenyang, China. The Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (Armsden & Greenberg, 1987), Social Competence Inventory(Doh & Falbo, 1999), and Self-Perception Profile for Adolesents(Harter, 1988) were used to measure the subjects' maternal attachment, and peer relationship, school adjustment, and self-concept, respectively. When structural equation modeling was applied, the results supported not only the model that maternal attachment and self-concept exert an influence on peer relationship, but also the model that they exert an influence on school adjustment. The results of this study suggest that the secure maternal attachment of Korean-Chinese works as an important mechanism that explains their peer relationship and adjustment at elementary school.
Content Analysis of Newspapaer Articles on Divorce(II) - Focusing on Chosun and Donga from the 1940's to 1990's -
Lee, Kang-Yi ; Choi, Hea-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 9, 2005, Pages 129~141
In this study, the major tendencies of divorce as represented in articles of Korea's major daily newspapers from the 1940's to the 1990's were explored. The method used for this study was content analysis, and 1,741 articles related to divorce were selected for analysis from the Chosun and Donga. The main categories and subcategories were classified as attitude toward divorce(negative, accepting, neutral), present condition of divorce(statistics, survey, analysis), cause of divorce(marital conflict, conflict with family, health-related troubles, financial troubles, and others), and information offered about divorce(related-laws, prevention and adaptation, and others). The major findings of this study were as follows. 1) The most frequently found category was information offered about divorce, and the following categories were featured in the newspapers in the order of cause of divorce, present condition of divorce, and attitude toward divorce. 2) The major discussions of divorce as represented in articles of Korea's daily newspapers from the 1940's to 1990's have been reflecting the changes of related laws, policy and legislation in our society. 3) The content analysis of newspaper articles on divorce indicated that concepts of marriage, divorce and family in our society have been diversified.
An Analysis of the Living Arrangement of Australians for Cross-Cultural Study with Korean Immigrants in Melbourne, Australia
Lee, Young-Shim ; Lee, Sang-Hae ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 9, 2005, Pages 143~162
Many ethnic groups have different cultural backgrounds and each culture has developed with its own traditions. The interaction between different cultures is getting more active through acculturation and cultural contact. The purpose of this study was to provide basic data about the domestic living of Australians in order to compare with Korean immigrants in the form of a Cross-Cultural study. For this, usage of domestic space and seating style of 53 Australian households in Melbourne were analyzed. Ethnographic research with questionnaire was used. The results of the research were as follows. 1. The open plan type combining the kitchen, dining and tying areas was the most popular one for Australians and they are very satisfied with that type. 2. The laundry room has been planned traditionally and Australians demand to be able to dry their laundry and do ironing in there additionally. Most of Australians were satisfied with separated toilet and bathroom. h drain hole on the floor of the bathroom was not essential for most Australians. 3. Australians were doing various activities in the living areas and they also enjoy gelling together in the kitchen and dining areas. 4. The seating style of Australians was generally the chair-seating style. However, they sometimes made a bed for guests on the floor and watched TV and treated guests with both chair seating style and floor seating style. 5. Australians were satisfied with using carpet presumably for its warmth.6. Many Australians took off their shoes inside of the house for hygienic reason. Most people organized the shoes in the cabinet of the bedroom. 7. The most popular heating system was ducted heating for Australians and they were very satisfied with it because it was suitable for the weather in Melbourne. 8. The living room was the most important one for Australian families and they thought that it should be decorated well for entertaining guests. It was also considered that brightness of the light was enough for most Australians.
The Effect of Paternal and Maternal Behavior on Adolescents' Autonomous Academic Motivation
Jung, Ji-Young ; Kim, Hee-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 9, 2005, Pages 163~173
The purpose of the present research was to explore the effect of paternal and maternal behavior on adolescents' autonomous academic motivation. The subject of the study were 532 middle school student in grades 1-2. The results of the study were as follows: 1. Autonomous academic motivation was higher among 1st graders than 2nd graders. 2. Factors that affected adolescents' autonomous academic motivation differed depending on sex and grade. The boys' and girls' autonomous academic motivation was affected by father's academic-expectation, mother's attachment and guidance, and frequency of mother's academic-involvement, but father's academic-pressure affected only girls' autonomous academic motitation. First and 2nd graders' autonomous academic motivation was commonly affected by father's academic-expectation. However, for older adolescents, the demand for autonomy-encouragement of the mother is greater than that for direct involvement.
Classification of Sizing System for Men's Jacket According to Figure Type and Age Group
Lee Hye-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 43, issue 9, 2005, Pages 175~191
This paper proposed a sizig system for men's jackets in order to improve the clothing fitness and rain the productivity. The sizing system was classified according to 3 age groups. Figure types were categorized by shoulder angle and body shape. The size interval of the basic dimensions was established at regular intervals centering around their means. Altogether, 15 size charts were developed based on the frequency distribution. Size designating measurements for jackets were height, chest girth and waist girth. Size intervals were 3cm for chest and waist girth, 5m for height, and 2cm for waist and hip girth. Considering the cover factor, charts with a limited number of sizes were suggested with necessary measurements for each figure type of each age group.