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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 44, Issue 12 - Dec 2006
Volume 44, Issue 11 - Nov 2006
Volume 44, Issue 10 - Oct 2006
Volume 44, Issue 9 - Sep 2006
Volume 44, Issue 8 - Aug 2006
Volume 44, Issue 7 - Jul 2006
Volume 44, Issue 6 - Jun 2006
Volume 44, Issue 5 - May 2006
Volume 44, Issue 4 - Apr 2006
Volume 44, Issue 3 - Mar 2006
Volume 44, Issue 2 - Feb 2006
Volume 44, Issue 1 - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
Aggression and Self-Esteem According to Adolescents' Perceived Popularity
Do, Kum-Hae ; Choi, Bo-Ga ; Lee, Ji-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 2, 2006, Pages 1~11
This study investigated the differences of aggression and self-esteem according to adolescents' perceived popularity. Questionnaires were completed by 377 first and second graders of middle and high schools. The major findings were as follows- (1) Adolescents in the popular group showed significantly higher scores on external and relational aggression than those of the general and unpopular groups. (2) The three groups of adolescents were significantly different in various aspects of self-esteem. (3) Aggression was negatively associated with self-esteem.
Preservice Teachers' Beliefs and Practices: Project Approach in Classroom Context
Ahn, Hyo-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 2, 2006, Pages 13~23
The purpose of this study was to explore 6 preservice teachers's perceptions and practices on children and teaching while they implemented the Project Approach. Using qualitative research, data were collected from individual and group reflections, interviews, classroom observations, and videotaping. Results showed that preservice teachers recognized the importance of observing children in context and the meaning of learning through the Project Approach. Preservice teachers developed their identities through reflective thinking on their theories and practices.
The Self Concept of Adolescent Consumers and the Evaluation and Experience of Adolescent Entry into Harmful Place
Lee, Eun-Hee ; Nam, Su-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 2, 2006, Pages 25~36
This study examined the subcategories of the self concept of adolescent consumers, and investigated the influence of this self concept and the demographic characteristics on the evaluation and experience of adolescent entry into harmful places. The adolescent group was divided into 4 subgroups: (group I with negative evaluation and without entry experience, group II with negative evaluation but with experience;, group III with positive evaluation but without experience, and group IV with positive evaluation and with experience). The differences of demographic characteristic and self concept between these. subgroups were inspected. The results of this study were as follows. First, the self concept of the adolescent consumer consists of body self, social self, achievement self, scholarship self and family self. Among these self concepts, scholarship self was the highest, and family self was the lowest. Second, from the result of regression analysis using the demographic element as an independent variable to inspect the factors influencing self concept, sex, school year, living with parents, and economic status were statistically significant. Third, in case of entry evaluation, singing room was evaluated most positively among 10 places with a score of 4.20 and pub/drunkenness was evaluated most negatively. In case of entry experience, singing room was the most frequently experienced place and discotheque was the least. Fourth, with respect to demographic characteristics and influences of self concept, the influencing factors on entry evaluation were sex, school year, social self, and family self, and the influencing factors on entry experience were sex, school year, living with parents, social self, and family self. Finally, examination of the differences of demographic characteristics and self concept according to entry evaluation and experience, revealed the distinctive variables among the 10 harmful places to be sex, school year, living with parents, body self, social self, achievement self, scholarship self, and family self.
A Study on Child Rearing in the High Officials' Collection of Works During the Late Period of the Goryo Dynasty (II)
Shin, Yang-Jai ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 2, 2006, Pages 37~48
The purpose of this study is to explore practices of the child rearing in the late period of the Goryo Dynasty. This study was using the historical method and the materials for analysis were the literatures written from the late thirteenth century to the fourteenth century in Goryo Dynasty, such as 'the Ikjaijip'(익재집), 'Mokeunjip'(목은집), 'Yangchonjip'(양촌집). According to the results, parents, grandparents, maternal grandmother, and an elder sister played important roles in child-rearing. And parenting roles were expected to give their children affections and consistent disciplines. In terms of sustenance for children, children were provided with boiled rice as principal food and seasonal fruit and rice cake as snacks. In housing habits, children, especially boys, shared the same room with their grandfather. And children were assured of physical safety and psychological protection through cultural practices, such as taboo, prayers, humble naming, first birthday celebration, and dreams of forthcoming conception. Finally, disciplining of children was focused on studies for Confucianism and shaping basic habits for cultivation of mind.
Study on Traditional Mourning Clothing through Actual Clothing Making - Focused on Manufacturing the Modern Mourning Clothing in Gwangju and Saryepyellam -
Kim, Eun-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 2, 2006, Pages 49~59
Mourning culture has tended to be reduced to mere empty formalities with more simplified regulations. Changes in modern life style make it difficult to perform extended mourning ceremonies and the venues for mourning ceremony have shifted from private homes to chapels of rest in hospitals or Funeral Homes. Mourning clothing, the symbol of filial duty, has gradually been changed in shape. The study purposes were to research in the shapes of modern mourning clothing through field study on mourning clothing manufacturers and to compare traditional mourning clothing with the modern varieties through the actual making of traditional male mourning clothing based on old regulations. The study of mourning clothing through actual making prevents transformation and provides practical research data. The study methods were inquiry into old documents, field study, and actual clothing making. The study results are as follows. First, in terms of shape, traditional and modern mourning clothing are different in Garyeong, Lim and Daehacheok of Choiui. In case of Choisang, traditional clothing has one central plait in its front and rear sides while modern clothing one has 3 single plaits in each side. Second, in terms of sewing, traditional mourning clothing leaves an exterior margin to sew up in Choiui and an internal one in Choisang. However, modern mourning clothing has various types of sewing and plaits depending on the manufacturers and all sewing is done by machine. Third, in terms of material, traditional mourning clothing is made of Korean hemp and features narrow width, while modern clothing is made of Chinese hemp and features broad width.
Clothing Purchase Behavior of the Elderly by Clothing Buying Motive
Park, Eun-Joo ; Kang, Eun-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 2, 2006, Pages 61~69
The purposes of this study were,1) to examine the clothing purchase behaviors of the elderly, and 2) to investigate the relationships of clothing purchase behaviors, information source, service quality and clothing buying motive, which may provide insights related to the silver market. Data were obtained for women in their 50's and 60's women living in Busan (N=285), and analyzed using to factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha, ANOVA and Duncan test. The research findings of the research wereare asan follows. The elderlys women bought clothes with their her friends, used credit cards, and usually shopped at the department stores. There were partly significant (Ed- it cannot be 'partly' either it was significant or it was not) differences in clothing purchase behaviors, information source, and service quality by clothing buying motive types. The ostentation group considered more massmideamass mediainformation sources and experience/salespersons/observation information sources, more was higher than the economic group and utility groups. The ostentation group and economical groups attached more importance to Facilities Service and Policy Service in service quality, was higher than the utility group. The Iimplications and drawn from the study results for the information will be useful to consumer behavior researchers and retailers of the silver market.
The Preferences for the Physical Features of Senior Congregate Housing
You, Byung-Sun ; Hong, Hyung-Ock ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 2, 2006, Pages 71~81
The purpose of this study was to analyze the preferences for the physical features of senior congregate housing. The survey was conducted among middle-aged people in their fifties, who lived in Seoul, using the systematic random sampling method. The data were collected from November 3, 2003 to November 14, 2003 and the final subjects consisted of 498 respondents. Various statistical methods such as frequency, mean, cross tabulation, t-test, factor analysis, and multiple regression were used in this study. The results of this study were as follows. Firstly, most of the respondents preferred 55 to
sized individual units and they rarely wanted smaller units of less than
. Individual units of one or two bedrooms were also preferred by future users. Small towns were preferred to large complex. For housing type, they preferred row houses or single detached houses to high-rise apartments. Secondly, there were no significant statistical differences between income and the preference of the physical features. From the results, we concluded that senior congregate housing should be developed not only in accordance with the users' preferences but also over a certain minimum physical quality level, regardless of the users' income.
Peer Acceptance in Relation to Children's Temperament, Maternal Self-efficacy, and Paternal Child Rearing Involvement
Hwang, Young-Mi ; Moon, Hyuk-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 2, 2006, Pages 83~91
The study examined the relations of peer acceptance to children's temperament, maternal self-efficacy, and paternal involvement. A total of 405 children (189 popular children, 216 unpopular children; aged 5 years old) and their parents were studied. The children's peer acceptance was measured by peer nomination and the mother's parenting efficacy and father's child rearing involvement were assessed by a parent reported questionnaire. In the results, popular children recorded higher scores than unpopular children in sociability, activity, maternal parenting efficacy, and paternal child rearing involvement.
Safety Reflectors in Children's Wear - The Proper Position for Improving Visibility -
Jung, Jin-A ; Cho, Jin-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 2, 2006, Pages 93~101
Children's wear needs extra safety features to avoid unexpected dangers. On the way to school, children are exposed to traffic very often. Especially in the early morning or late evening, or on dark cloudy days, they might be unrecognized by drivers without safety reflectors on their clothing as a means of raising visibility. Therefore, safety reflectors on clothing can protect children from traffic accidents. The research was carried out as follows. 1. Reflector manufacturers were interviewed regarding how Reflective and Reflexite reflect light back to the light source, what kind of safety reflector products are available, and how these materials are being used in the clothing industry. 2. Mothers of primary school children were interviewed to find out what they think about the effect of safety reflectors, the need for clothing using safety reflectors and the design preferences. 3. In order to apply safety reflectors efficiently, the position on the clothing of the greatest visibility from the light source must be determined. 4. Shirts, pants and jumpers for 8-year-old girls and boys were designed as a case study of applying safety reflectors to clothing. The designs were verified through wearing test.
The Stability of K-BSID-II Performance: A Longitudinal Study
Park Choi Hye-Won ; Shin Min-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 2, 2006, Pages 103~112
This study followed the standardization study pool of K-BSID-II to examine the stability of K-BSID-II. One hundred and ninety five infants aged from 1-42 months tested twice with intervals of 5-16 month between tests. All participants had been full-term babies without any medical complications. There were no significant differences between the groups which were divided in terms of demographic variables such as mothers' education, infants' birth order and gender. The stability of K-BSID-II was significant and that of the mental scale was lower than that of the psycho-motor scale: There were high stabilities between raw scores in two sessions(r=.91 for the mental scale and r=.89 for the psycho-motor scale) but there were significant but low correlations between mental index scores(r=.18, p<.05) and psycho-motor index scores(r=.17, p<.05). The stability was increased with initial test age and mothers' education. It was recommended for testers and researchers to use both raw scores and index scores for better interpretations in future research.
Sexual Communication and Marital Quality of the Korean Married People in their 30s and 40s
Nam, Young-Joo ; Ok, Sun-Wha ; Kim, Ji-Ae ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 2, 2006, Pages 113~126
This study aimed to examine the relationship between sexual communication and marital quality. Study data were collected from structured questionnaires completed by 695 married men and women aged in their 30s and 40s. The major results were as follows. For the interaction coordination and postsexual interaction, there were significant differences between men and women, in that men had more interaction coordination and postsexual interaction than women. The results show the stereotype of sexuality in Korean society that men should be more active, and assertive while women should be passive and dependent. For both men and women, those who had more dyadic sexual communication, more interaction coordination, and more postsexual interaction had a higher level of marital quality. That is, sexual communication can function significantly in increasing marital quality. The study results suggest the necessity of training to improve sexual communication skills. For example, in educational programs for couple enrichment, it will be useful to include skills such as expressing ones' desire, affect, and feelings explicitly.
Guidelines for Virtual Clothes Modeling and Draping Software - Based on the Analysis of Maya Cloth -
Kim, Sook-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 2, 2006, Pages 127~135
This paper suggests guidelines for virtual clothes modeling and draping software suitable for clothes designers. We first analyze Maya Cloth, which is widely used in game and animation fields, and which has been adopted by Pad System as a 3D cloth draping system. We then discuss what functions and procedures would improve Maya Cloth to assist designers in being able to create the clothes they have conceptualized. While Maya Cloth has many good functions and features forvirtual cloth modeling and draping, it treats input 2D patterns as approximat and it creates 3D clothes by considering other factors such as the 3D body model. As a result, it is hard for clothes designers to control the shape of the 3D clothes by changing 2D patterns. Furthermore, Maya Cloth does not handle seamlines satisfactorily. We suggest that the following new features should be added to Maya Cloth : respecting the input 2D patterns, handling seamlines, and controlling the shape of the clothes in 3D space.
Effect of Primary Triad Experience on Self-Esteem and Dating Relationship Satisfaction among College Students
Eom, Hye-Jeong ; Chung, Hye-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 2, 2006, Pages 137~152
The major purpose of this study was to investigate the causal effect of the primary triad experiences on dating relationship satisfaction through self-esteem among college students. The primary triad experiences were composed of the parents' differentiation level of couple relationship and the parent-child relationship including family rule, triangulation and communication. Dating relationship satisfaction included such subscales as problem-solving communication, global satisfaction, affection communication and time together. The study data were collected from 382 college students by using self-administered questionnaire method. The results showed that parents' differentiation was positively correlated with self-esteem and all components of dating relationship satisfaction and that family rule was negatively associated only with problem-solving communication. Triangulation was negatively related with most components of dating relationship satisfaction and self-esteem, while parent-child communication showed positive correlations with the same variables. Path analysis results showed that self-esteem mediated the effect of most variables of primary triad experiences on dating relationship satisfaction. In addition, variables of the primary triad experience had direct influences on most components of dating relationship satisfaction. Self-esteem was found to be the most powerful variable influencing dating relationship satisfaction. The findings of the study were discussed in terms of pre-marital education and counseling.
The Strategy Remodeling Renovation of Traditional Fashion Markets: The Differences of Perceptions between Merchants and Consumers
Lee, Seung-Hee ; Hong, Byung-Sook ; Chae, Myung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 2, 2006, Pages 153~161
The purpose of this study was 1) to examine the current situation of traditional fashion markets, 2) to compare the perceptions toward remodeling traditional retail markets between retail merchants and consumers, and 3) to provide the new remodeling renovation of traditional fashion retail markets. The study subjects comprised 127 merchants and 128 consumers. Both the merchants and consumers tended to have a negative perception of future fashion traditional markets. Consumers tended to have a higher perception of fashion store service, such as A/S and salesperson's service, than merchants. In addition, there were significant differences in perceptions toward remodeling renovation of traditional markets between retail merchants and consumers. Based on these results, a fashion marketing strategy regarding digital network is suggested.