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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 44, Issue 12 - Dec 2006
Volume 44, Issue 11 - Nov 2006
Volume 44, Issue 10 - Oct 2006
Volume 44, Issue 9 - Sep 2006
Volume 44, Issue 8 - Aug 2006
Volume 44, Issue 7 - Jul 2006
Volume 44, Issue 6 - Jun 2006
Volume 44, Issue 5 - May 2006
Volume 44, Issue 4 - Apr 2006
Volume 44, Issue 3 - Mar 2006
Volume 44, Issue 2 - Feb 2006
Volume 44, Issue 1 - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
The Level of Recognition, Expectation and Utilization on Policies of Social Remedies for Credit Defaulters
Lee, Young-Hee ; Lee, Seung-Sin ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 3, 2006, Pages 1~11
Although the personal credit rating has become more important than ever before in our era, a significant number of social problems have occurred due to the rising number of individuals and households with low credit ratings. The main objectives of this research are to determine effective policies of social remedies through an investigation of recognition, expectation, and utilization levels of relevant public policies available to assist individuals with low credit ratings. The sample population was taken from the credit defaulters who had visited the Credit Recovery Commission. The research was undertaken from April 28 to May 4, 2004. This study focused on the related variables concerning the degree of utilization of remedial public policies. The results showed that females, less educated individuals, and those with higher levels of expectation and recognition were more likely to utilize remedial policies. Based on the research, conclusions regarding the usage of public remedial policies for credit defaulters are as stated below. Education for households should be conducted in order to increase the expectation and recognition levels of relevant policies.
High-School Students' Internet Addiction and Related Variables
Jeon, Young-Ja ; Seo, Moon-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 3, 2006, Pages 13~25
In the information age, the spread of internet has a lot of positive aspects. However, it also has very serious problems with adverse effects on immature teenagers both physically and mentally. Among them, internet addiction has recently grown into a social problem. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the degree of internet addiction of teenagers and the related variables, such as individual variables, using internet variable, parent-child relationship variable, and psychological variable. The survey subjects were 452 high school students in the Gimhae area. The results were as follows: First, the average score of internet addiction among the teenagers of this study was 48.24 out of 100. Which according to Young's classification, corresponds to an early stage addiction. Second, there was a significant difference in the degree of internet addiction by students' school record. The low-graded group was highly addicted to the internet. Third, the longer the teenagers were exposed to the internet, the higher they were addicted. Fourth, the degree of internet addiction was influenced by parent-child relationship. There was low addiction in a group with their parents' high support. Fifth, the degree of internet addiction was differed by psychological variables, such as self-control, self-esteem and depression. Low self-control, low self-esteem and highly depressed teenagers were related to a higher degree of internet addiction.
Synthetic Study on Environmental Factors for the Identity Formation of Adolescents
Lee, Eun-Hee ; Na, Young-Joo ; Hwang, Jin-Sook ; Koh, Seon-Joo ; Park, Sook-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 3, 2006, Pages 27~49
This study investigated the integrated effects of family, school, internet, and mass culture factors on the identity formation of adolescents. Specifically, the purposes of this study were to categorize adolescents into groups by what they do during the time except the life in school and to investigate differences among the groups regarding the identity information(body image, self-esteem, self-identity) and the influences of environmental factors on identity formation of adolescent. The study distributed questionnaires to middle and high school adolescents of five representative cities in South Korea. The total respondents were 2240(960 from Seoul/Kyongki, and 320 each from Taegu, Pusan, Kwangju, and Taejon). The response rate was 98.7%. The data were analyzed by factor analysis, cluster analysis, ANOVA, Duncan test, and multiple regression. The results showed that Korean adolescents were segmented into five groups : TV preference group, computer preference group, friends and family involvement group, homework and study preference group, and study institute involvement group). The five groups were significantly different in regard to body image pursuit, self-esteem, and self-identity. The body image pursuit, self-esteem, and self-identity of adolescents were significantly different in regard to each environmental factors, in each adolescent group.
The Relevant Variables of Parent-Leadership that Influence Family Strength
Chae, Kyoung-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 3, 2006, Pages 51~59
The purpose of this study is to determine the relevant variables of parent-leadership that influence family strength based on the transformational leadership and transactional leadership proposed by Bernard M. Bass and to investigate the primary impact of leadership on the subordinate's job satisfaction and job involvement to his/her supervisor. Therefore, this study will provide implications for the family through a diagnosis of the effect by leadership. The results of this research are as follows : 1) How is the relationship of parent-leadership and family strength? A positive correlation was found between transformational leadership scores and family strength. A negative correlation was found between nontransactional leadership scores and family strength. 2) How had transformational leadership and transactional leadership affected on the family strength? Transformational leadership had the strongest effect on family strength. How had the 7 sub- factors of transformational/transactional leadership affected family strength? Idealized influence and contingent reward had strong effect on family strength but management by except had a negative effect on family strength.
The Study of Preservice Teachers' Perceptions about Children from Single Parent Families
Ahn, Hyo-Jin ; Lim, Youn-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 3, 2006, Pages 61~68
The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of preservice teachers toward children from single parent families. 218 preservice teachers (209 female and 9 male) who were enrolled in the department of early childhood education and child care & education were participated in this study. A questionnaire was developed based on the questionnaire developed by Song, Sung, & Han (2003). Data were analyzed by using SPSS 11.5. The results were followed. First, preservice teachers' personal experiences of single parent families did not influence their perception of children from single-parent family. Second, preservice teachers who strongly held the view of keeping traditional family structure showed negative expectations of children's school adjustment. Third, preservice teachers reported the importance to help the children adjustment at school as well as to deal with their personal and family problem. The results presented that there was an increasing need in teacher education, to develop curriculum for preservice teachers to have balanced views or reduce their biased perception against diverse family structure and children from single parent families.
Understanding of Eco-centered Early Childhood Education Program
Min, Koang-Soon ; Moon, Hyuk-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 3, 2006, Pages 69~77
The purpose of this research was to provide recommendations for eco-centered early childhood education as a new paradigm in Korean society. Questionnaires were collected from directors, teachers, and parents of private & public kindergartens, as well as child care centers, in Bucheon city. The data were analyzed based on the frequencies,
test, F test, and Scheffe test. The results were as follows. (a) Most directors, teachers, and parents positively agreed with the eco-centered early childhood education and recognized its benefits. (b) In order for the eco-centered early childhood education to be successful, development of various programs, systematic study, ongoing teacher training, and parents' education were required. (c) In order for the eco-centered early childhood education to develop more culturally appropriate program, close connection with local community, reorganization of the early childhood education curriculum, and government support were needed. The findings demonstrate that eco-centered early childhood education is necessary for the future wellbeing of Korean society.
The Effects of Self-concept, Attachment, and Relationship with Teacher and Peer on Korean, Korean-Chinese and Chinese Adolescents' Aggression
Park Min-Jung ; Park Choi Hye-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 3, 2006, Pages 79~89
The purpose of this study was to determine the differences of aggression and its predictors among Korean, Korean-Chinese and Chinese adolescents. The subjects were 529(176 Korean, 168 Korean-Chinese, 185 Chinese) 9th graders from Yanji in China and Korea. Data on aggression, self-concept, attachment to mother, relationship with teachers, and victimization from peers were collected with questionnaires and analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression. The results showed that Korean adolescents reported the highest and Chinese adolescents the lowest on aggression. There were gender differences in proactive aggression among Chinese adolescents, and on reactive aggression among Korean adolescents. Among Korean adolescents, no gender difference was revealed. The influences of self-concept, attachment to mother, relationship with teachers, and victimization from peers differed among the groups: While attachment to mother was a significant predictor for Chinese adolescents' aggression, relationship with teachers was a significant predictor for that of Korean-Chinese adolescents', and victimization from peer was a significant predictor for that of Korean adolescents'. The differential influence of race and culture to adolescents' aggression was discussed.
An Analysis of the Apparel CAD System Regarding the Dart Manipulation Function in Bodice Patterns
Hong, Seon-Cheol ; Kwon, Sook-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 3, 2006, Pages 91~102
The following research compares the two apparel systems that are used in Korean colleges, Gerber and PAD, by analyzing the advantages and disadvantages of their Dart-related functions in the pattern construction process. The results are as follows. 1. Regarding transformation methods, the Gerber system was able to use pivot method, while the PAD system was able to use both pivot method and slash methods. in other issues, the PAD system was not able to synthesize more than two Darts, and only showed differences for other functions. On the other hand, the diamond-shape Dart and diagonal Dart could be produced only in the PAD system, while curvy shaped Dart could not be produced in either system. 2. The change in side lines due to the change of Dart width only occurred in the PAD system, while the change in Dart length only occurred in the Gerber system; both systems need improvement. 3. As for the pattern outer line connection capability, which is a Dart automatic transformation function, both systems showed unnatural shapes which need to be corrected. 4. We first constructed a Dart shape composition chart according to the number of Darts. Based on this, we examined whether they have appropriate shapes. Among single-Darts, the Gerber system had an inappropriate, outer-line shape for Underarm Dart and Center Front Dart, and among two-Darts, it was inappropriate for Side and Waist Dart.
Residents' Responses and Consciousness on Sick House Syndrome of Newly Built Apartments - Focusing on Cheongju -
Choi, Yoon-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 3, 2006, Pages 103~113
The purpose of this study was to determine the present condition of sick house syndrome of newly built apartments a mid-sized city. The questionnaire survey was carried out from
of May 2004, with respondents consisting of 160 households living in two apartment complexes of Cheongju. Their residency periods after moving in were within
months. From the survey results of the respondents, sick house syndrome items revealed high percentages with the highest value of 49.3%. The respondents answered that they knew relatively well about sick house syndrome but they had no knowledge about 'bake-out'. The response percentages of sick house syndrome items in E complex, consisting of
(32 pyeong) size units, were significantly higher than those in A complex, consisting of
(23 pyeong) size units. This result suggests that the pollution levels emitted from interior materials in larger sized apartment units are higher than those in small sized units. The response percentages of sick house syndrome items in houses with fulfilled ventilation which had been ventilated before or after moving in were lower than in houses not ventilated.
Theoretical-Practical Strategies of Family-Based Intervention for the "Healthy Family-Support Center": An Ecological Approach
Yoon, Chong-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 3, 2006, Pages 115~126
The purpose of this study was to propose theoretical-practical strategies of family-based intervention for the "Healthy Family-Support Center." The theoretical background used was an ecological approach, that is, taking viewpoints of client family's microsystems as well as those of exo- and macrosystems. This study raised several critical points in researching and developing family-based intervention programs. Based on a review of the literature, the study indicated why an ecological, family-based intervention model was a relevant alternative to investigate issues in family welfare and to deliver possible assistance and solutions for them.
A Study on the Development of Criteria to Assess the Business Performance of the Development Fund for Women and the Organizations it Supports - focusing on the Assessment of the Seoul Metropolitan Government's Development Fund for Women -
Lee, Bong-Wha ; Kim, Kyoung-A ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 3, 2006, Pages 127~141
This study aims to create assessment tools for the development fund for women, and to assess the business performance of the organizations using this development fund for women on the basis of such tools. A total of 57 projects by 58 organizations were assessed for a period of eight months. The assessment was carried out by using five tools: 1) examining the weight of the assessment tools, 2) visiting and inspecting project sites, 3) visiting and inspecting the offices of the participating organizations, 4) cooperating with the Seoul Metropolitan Government for municipal administration, and 5) assessing the final project report. Each tool was comprised of three elements: ability of relevant organizations, operational procedure, and projects results. The assessment results are summarized below: 1. According to the examination of the general trends in assessing the organizations that received the Development Fund for Women, it was found that the assessment emphasized performance more than the process involved in the project. Thus, the result suggested that the projects should be carried out more aggressively. 2. Regression analysis was conducted to identify the capability of the organizations in performing the projects with the development fund for women and the capability of the subjects as an independent variable. It was observed that such capabilities were affected by the degree of role sharing and the utilization of internal organizations. It suggested the importance of human resources. 3. To motivate the subjects involved in executing the projects with the use of the Development Fund for Women, the requirements and the satisfaction factors suggested strengthening the scope of financial support and activating the project environment. In conclusion, it is considered that the findings would provide practical ways to improve the system in using the Development Fund for Women, and in setting relevant policies in the future.
An Analysis of the Causal Relationship between Knowledge and Behavior towards Food Hygiene among Child Consumers
Kim, Mee-Ra ; Kim, Hyo-Chung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 3, 2006, Pages 143~151
The purpose of this study was to investigate the levels of knowledge and behavior towards food hygiene among child consumers, examine the factors influencing them, and analyze the causal relationship between them. The data were collected from 521 elementary school students in Youngnam area by a self-administered questionnaire. Frequencies, Pearson's correlation analysis, multiple regression analyses, and path analysis were conducted by SPSS Windows. The results from this study were as follows. First, the level of knowledge towards food hygiene was not particularly high, and the level of behavior was somewhat more than the average. Second, the factors influencing the level of knowledge towards food hygiene were school record (upper and middle), and concerns about food hygiene. In addition, concerns about food hygiene, the frequency of food hygiene education in the family, and the level of knowledge towards food hygiene had an effect on the level of behavior towards food hygiene. Third, in the analysis of the causal relationship between the knowledge and behavior towards food hygiene, school record indirectly influenced the behavior towards food hygiene, and the frequency of food hygiene education in the family directly affected the behavior towards food hygiene. On the other hand, concerns about food hygiene had direct and indirect influence on the behavior towards food hygiene. In addition, the knowledge towards food hygiene showed a direct effect on the behavior towards food hygiene. These results imply that knowledge towards food hygiene is a very important factor to improve the children's behavior towards food hygiene and that parents' concerns and guidance for children are needed.
The Contribution toward Farming Productivity of Rural Women and its Effects of Human Capital
Lim, Chan-Young ; Choi, Yoon-Ji ; Gim, Gyung-Mee ; Lee, Jin-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 3, 2006, Pages 153~161
The purpose of this paper is to estimate the farming product function of rural women and to determine the effect of human capital. The data was based on 300 husbands and wives from 150 farms with crops of high female input time rate such as house-cucumbers, house-strawberries, roses, agaric mushrooms and apples in 2003. According to the results, the rural women were mainly engaged in harvesting, selecting, sorting and packing among about 23 working steps in the Korean farm. These works require a long time for the highly-skilled and have a very important and sensitive effect on quality, quantity, price of products and the farm's income. The cultivated experience and the major cultivation step effect had a positive relationship to farm's income for women. The machine effect was estimated significantly at 0.3976, which indicated that the high-skilled farmers have a positive correlation to farm's income. The rural women's labor value has been evaluated relatively lowly compared with men performing the same work. As an example, women are paid an average of 62.3% of the men's wage in harvesting and packing in Korea.
Quality Characteristics of Bread with Added Angelica plant (Bakluncho) and Angelica Gigas (Senggumcho) Powders
Jeon, Eun-Raye ; Park, In-Duck ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 3, 2006, Pages 163~169
The effects of adding Angelica plant (Bakluncho) and Angelica gigas (Senggumcho) powders on the quality characteristics of bread were investigated. The moisture, crude protein, ash, reducing sugar and vitamin C contents of Angelica plant (Bakluncho) powder were 7.78%, 6.07%, 7.37%, 6.13% and 50.10mg%, respectively, and of Angelica gigas (Senggumcho) powder were 8.69%, 12.28%, 5.15%, 2.21% and 108.00mg%, respectively. The lightness value decreased but the redness and yellowness values increased with the addition of Angelica plant (Bakluncho) and Angelica gigas (Senggumcho) powders. The mechanical hardness of bread decreased with the addition of 3% of Angelica plant (Bakluncho) powder, but increased with the addition of 1% and 5% of Angelica plant (Bakluncho) powder. The mechanical hardness of bread decreased with the addition of 1%, 3% and 5% of Angelica gigas (Senggumcho) powder. In sensory characteristics, the crust color, crumb color, moistness and springiness decreased, but aroma and hardness increased with the addition of Angelica plant (Bakluncho) and Angelica gigas (Senggumcho) powders. The savory taste and overall quality of breads with 1% Angelica plant (Bakluncho) and 1% Angelica gigas (Senggumcho) powders were higher than without either powder. A negative correlation was observed between mechanical hardness and overall bread quality with the addition of Angelica plant (Bakluncho) powder, while a positive correlation (p<0.01) was observed with the addition of Angelica gigas (Senggumcho) powder.
Relationship between Adolescents' Sexual Knowledge and their Sexual Values and Interests
Min, Ha-Yeoung ; Lee, Young-Mi ; Kim, Kyong-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 3, 2006, Pages 171~179
The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between the sexual knowledge of adolescents and their sexual values and interests with regards to gender and grade. The case subjects were 272 middle and high school students in Keoungbok 154 boys and 118 girls, who completed the study questionnaire. Statistical techniques used for the investigation were crosstabs, t-test, Pearson's partial correlation and hierarchical multiple regression. The results of this study were as follows: (1) There were gender and grade differences in the adolescents' sexual knowledge and their sexual values and interests. (2) The adolescents' sexual knowledge showed a positive correlation with their own sexual values and interests. (3) The adolescents' sexual interests were a stronger predictor of sexual knowledge than sexual values, gender or grade.
A Path Model of Self, Family, & Extrafamilial System Factors Associated with Adolescents' Sexual Risk Behaviors
Jo, Ju-Young ; Kim, Yeong-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 3, 2006, Pages 181~195
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the interaction between family and extrafamilial system factors with self system factors on adolescents' sexual risk behaviors. The study subjects were 365 middle school students in Chungbuk Province. The results of this research were as follows. Adolescents' sexual risk behaviors resulted from the interaction of self/family/extrafamilial system factors rather than from any one specific cause. Therefore, when counseling these students, multiple system factors should be considered in view of any other uni-focused counseling approach will lead to only a short-term behavior change.