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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 44, Issue 12 - Dec 2006
Volume 44, Issue 11 - Nov 2006
Volume 44, Issue 10 - Oct 2006
Volume 44, Issue 9 - Sep 2006
Volume 44, Issue 8 - Aug 2006
Volume 44, Issue 7 - Jul 2006
Volume 44, Issue 6 - Jun 2006
Volume 44, Issue 5 - May 2006
Volume 44, Issue 4 - Apr 2006
Volume 44, Issue 3 - Mar 2006
Volume 44, Issue 2 - Feb 2006
Volume 44, Issue 1 - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
Marital Conflicts of Intermarried Families in Korea
Shin, Gyoung-Hee ; Yang, Sung-Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 5, 2006, Pages 1~8
The purpose of this qualitative case study was to investigate the causes and processes of marital conflicts among intermarried families in Korea. The participants were 19 Korean men and their 19 Filipino spouses, who had experienced domestic violence. Their marital conflicts seemed to result from their lack of information about each other due to the short-term courtship, from the marital inequality based on the wives' lower economic status, and from the mother-in-law's interference in their marital relationships. Korean men showed ambivalent feelings about their wives' adaptation to Korean society. They wanted their wives to team Korean culture but worried that their young and educated wife might leave them, which could be called as "the fairy and woodman syndrome." The exploratory view of the study highlights the important psychosocial and cultural aspects of marital conflicts, and suggests the supporting systems for the intermarried families in Korea.
Child Care Center Director's Transformational Leadership
Chung, Da-Wn ; Moon, Hyuk-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 5, 2006, Pages 9~19
The purpose of this research was to investigate factors related to the child care center director's transformational leadership and differences of the awareness about transformational leadership between child care center directors and teachers. A survey was conducted using the questionnaire developed by Lee suk-kyung (1997). Results of this research showed that type of child care center, number of children in the program, director's age, educational degree and years of career related to child care, affected the child care director's transformational leadership as recognized by themselves. From a teacher's point of view, director's transformational leadership was influenced by director's age, educational degree, and years of career related to child care. In addition, different level of awareness about director's transformational leadership between child care directors and teachers was found. Based on the result, a program to enhance director's leadership is strongly needed.
A Qualitative Research about the CRM Experiences of Apparel Brand Customers
Ko, Eun-Ju ; Lee, Joo-Yun ; Yun, Hye-Lim ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 5, 2006, Pages 21~33
The purpose of this study were 1) to analyze customer relationship management(CRM) based on the online customer experiences by product types (i.e., men's, women's, casual, sports wear), 2) to analyze CRM based on the off-line customer experiences by product type, and 3) to examine customer purchase behavior of fashion products and internet usage behavior by product types. Survey and 1:1 interview were conducted from January 13th to May 16th, 2005. Six consumers from each brand (i.e., 3 loyal customers and 3 general customers) in a total of 24 customers were selected from each product type. For the data analysis, content analysis and descriptive statistics (i.e. frequency) were used. Among the key study findings first, as a result of the on-line CRM experience, the customers of men's wear preferred receiving customized information through e-mail or SMS service. The customers of sports wear preferred receiving a different level of information and participating in customized product service. Second, as a result of the off-line CRM experience, the customers of men's wear need to be encouraged to join a membership at a sales encounter and the customers of women's wear preferred receiving quick information of new products and participating in a design development planning of the merchandising process. Third, the purchasing behavior of the customers of women's wear are influenced mostly by the salesperson and the store atmosphere when they purchase clothes and the customers of men's wear are price-sensitive. The results of this study can be used when fashion brands perform strategic planning and decision making on CRM.
Housing Consciousness Revealed from the Discourse of Ideal Housing since the Enlightement Era
Yang, Se-Hwa ; Jun, Nam-Il ; Hong, Hyung-Ock ; Sohn, Sei-Kwan ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 5, 2006, Pages 35~48
The purpose of the study is to examine how housing consciousness has been changed through various discourse on ideal housing from opening ports to the present. Reviews of literature including newspapers, magazines, novels, advertising materials, research papers, books, and so on are mainly utilized in accomplishing the purpose. This study covers four periods such as the enlightenment era, the Japanese colonial nile, before and after the Korean war, and after the economic development to present. During the enlightenment period in which foreign culture and housing were introduced, with reconsideration on traditional housing basic physiological housing value including health and hygiene was appeared. The desires of Munhwa housing with western styles and housing improvement were emphasized due to the new cultural improvement during the Japanese colonial rule. Before and after the Korean war which was chaotic times with rehabilitation, the provision of a large amount of public housing with minimum conditions for the basic human needs was the most important. After 1960s, due to the housing policy focusing on the mass-provision of apartments and the discourse on apartment as an ideal housing for the ordinary households in Korea, apartment dwellings become structure type norms in Korea.
Emotional Display Rules: Preschooler' Gender, Emotional Display Intentions and Positive/Negative Emotion
Jang, Yun-Jung ; Shin, Yoo-Lim ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 5, 2006, Pages 49~58
The purposes of this study were to investigate emotional display rules and intentions of preschool children, any gender differences and the emotional intentions according to levels of understanding of emotional display rules and positive vs. negative situations. The subjects were 58 six-year-old preschoolers who were individually interviewed using 7 hypothetical scenarios that assessed emotional display rules and intentions. The children showed more self-protective intention than other intentions, although there were no gender differences in using emotional display intentions. Children with high scores of emotional display rules frequently tended to use prosocial and self-protective intentions and also used different emotional intentions on positive vs. negative emotional situations.
The Relationships between Interpersonal Problem Solving Strategies, Emotionality, Emotional Knowledge, and Event Knowledge of Preschool Children
Sung, Mi-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 5, 2006, Pages 59~68
This study investigated preschoolers' emotionality, emotional knowledge, event knowledge, and interpersonal problem solving strategies according to their sex and age, and the relationships among them. Subjects were 116 preschoolers (73 boys and 43 girls; 68 four- and 48 five-year-olds). Results showed that girls were higher in negative emotionality (sadness) than boys. Also, 5-year-old children were higher in emotional knowledge, event knowledge, and forceful problem solving strategies than 4-year-olds. Furthermore, children's event knowledge was positively related to their relevant problem solving strategies, while children's event knowledge was negatively related to their forceful problem solving strategies. These findings provide a preliminary evidence that children's event knowledge may predict their interpersonal problem solving strategies.
The Effect of the Combination of Eyeshadow Color, Lipstick Color and Lipstick Tone on Impression Formation
Jeong, Su-Jin ; Kang, Kyung-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 5, 2006, Pages 69~78
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of eyeshadow color (brown, purple, and blue), lipstick color (red, red purple, and yellow red), and lipstick tone (vivid, light, dull, and dark) on impression formation. Sets of stimulus and response scales (7 point semantic) were used as experimental materials. The stimuli were 36 color pictures manipulated with the combination of eyeshadow color, lipstick color, and lipstick tone using computer simulation. The subjects were 216 female undergraduates living in Jinju city. Impression factor of the stimulus was composed of 4 different components, attractiveness and gracefulness, visibility, cuteness, and softness, of which the first two were important. Eyeshadow color, lipstick color, and lipstick tone independently influenced the attractiveness and gracefulness and visibility. In the cuteness and softness, eyeshadow color and lipstick tone showed independent effect. In the interaction effect, the combination of lipstick color and lipstick tone showed significant effect on the attractiveness and gracefulness, visibility, and cuteness. Finally, it was found that the combination of eveshadow color and tpstick tone showed significant difference in the softness.
The Effect of Service Quality Estimation and Perceived Risk on Purchase Intention and Satisfaction of the Fashion Merchandise to Internet Shopping Malls
Lee, Eun-Jin ; Hong, Byung-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 5, 2006, Pages 79~87
The purpose of this study is to analyze whether service quality and perceived risk have an effect on purchase intention and satisfaction of the fashion merchandise in internet shopping malls. To this end, a survey was conducted from June 20 to July 30 in 2005, among married women aged in their 20s and 30s, on their purchase experience of fashion merchandise from internet shopping malls. The survey was conducted over the internet with 306 subjects. The statistical analysis methods were frequency analysis, reliability analysis, factor analysis, and multiple regression analysis. First, the service quality factors were determined to be reliability, responsibility, ease of transaction, order convenience, and site characteristics. Perceived risk factors were determined to be merchandise risk, information exposure risk, social psychological risk, and function risk. Second, service quality factors of responsibility, ease of transaction, order convenience, site characteristics and perceived risk factor of social psychological risk had an effect on internet purchase intention of the fashion merchandise. Greater site use convenience, lower price, simpler ordering, and lower social psychological risk were all positively correlated with higher internet purchase intention of fashion merchandise. Third, nice quality factors and social psychological risk had an effect on satisfaction degree in internet shopping.
A Direction of Child-care Development through the View of Home Economics
Yoon, Sook-Hyeon ; Lee, Mi-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 5, 2006, Pages 89~98
The purpose of this study is to seek for a direction of child-care development through the basic concepts of home economics which have taken charge of much parts of the studies in child-care in the early years. When the problem of child-care is studied in view of the developmental process or the basic concepts of home economics, it is summed up as follows; First, on the basis of human ecological approach, when we study child-care, it needs to emphasize the mutual relationship between the macro-environment in connection with home and child-care. The study of child-care have to find out the relationship between the micro-environment in connection with children and the macro-environment in connection with home. And on the basis of this study, we must endeavor to build up the desirable environment of child-care. Second, on the basis of the concept of Institutional household, we mud be concerned about the developmental stages of young children, and emphasize 'the principle of love and care'. This means that the institution of child-care must be considered as a place which enlarges the merits of home and complements the defects of home through the strengthener of the function of home. Third, on the basis of healthy family, child-care service must support and complement the function of bringing of home in view of 'total healthiness of home'. Child-care service must be offered to be able to be chosen according to the total conditions of family such as the employment of mother, the family life cycle, the life style, the socioeconomic status of family.
Types of Teacher Efficacy among Secondary School Home Economics Teachers
Kim, Yu-Jeong ; Shin, Sang-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 5, 2006, Pages 99~107
The purposes of this study are to identify the types of teacher efficacy, to present a theoretical base for teacher efficacy among Home Economics teachers and subsequently, to improve the quality in the practices of home economics education. To achieve these purposes, 263 secondary school home economics teachers were surveyed by the prime investigator. The three research questions of this study were: 1. What are the individual characteristics, the environmental characteristics and the trends of teacher efficacy among secondary school home economics teachers? 2. What is the factor in teacher efficacy among secondary school home economics teachers? 3. What are the types of teacher efficacy among secondary school home economics teachers? For these research questions, factor analysis and cluster analysis were conducted. The factor analysis on teacher efficacy with a survey of secondary school home economics teachers produced 5 factors of efficacy: classroom management, needs assistance, instructional strategies, environmental assistance and teaming assistance. The teacher efficacy had a mean of 3.58 and the home economics teachers showed a slightly higher level in teacher efficacy. Of the 5 efficacy factors, classroom management showed the highest level (M=3.89), followed by learning assistance (M=3.81), instrumental strategies (M=3.57), environmental assistance (M=3.42) and needs assistance (M=3.19). Overall, the teachers had positive feeling in teacher efficacy. Three types of teachers were found in the types of teacher efficacy: the supreme, the average and the efforts-needy. Those types were identified based on the mean scores of the five sub-domains from the factor analysis. To enhance the teacher efficacy, the needs assessments for the students and behavioral adjustment issues should be reflected in the curriculum of teacher education and workshops. The primary investigator suggested that continuous and long-term plans for teacher education need to be developed because short-term plans may not be effective in changing attitudes such as teacher efficacy.
A Study on the Activation of the Internet Apparel Shopping Mall - Focused on the Contents of Web-site -
Yang, Yong ; Lee, Mi-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 5, 2006, Pages 109~118
The purpose of the study is to analyze web-site content for activating internet apparel shopping malls. With a view to improving the transaction experience and efficiency for both shopping-mall managers and customers. According to RANKEY(rankey.com) and 100 HOT RANHNC(100hot.co.kr), 5 big internet apparel shopping malls were chosen, divided into 3 web-site criteria of Users' Interface Section, Informational Section, and Customer Satisfaction Section, and analyzed. The results of our analysis of the web-site contents are as follows: 1) Concerning Users' Interface Section, the structure of the first screen is complicated and confusing. 2) Concerning Informational Section, the specific image of shopping man is ambiguous to understand and differentiated product information is not properly given. 3) Concerning Customer Satisfaction Section, the customers are not encouraged to show any interest in the shopping mall. These three problems are easily observed in most of the internet apparel shopping malls. To develop the internet apparel shopping mall, the following methods to activate them need to be implemented.
Effects of 'Diet and Health' Course on Nutrition Knowledge and Dietary Attitudes of University Students in the Kangwon Area
Im, Yang-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 5, 2006, Pages 119~128
This study used a questionnaire survey to investigate the effect of nutrition education on nutritional knowledge and dietary attitudes during a 'Diet and Health' one-semester lecture taken by non-major university students. The study subjects were 504 students of K University. Body mass indices (BMIs) of the male and female students were 22.3 and 20.1, respectively, with 58.2% and 65.9% being normal weight, 13.8% and 1.5% being obese, and 7.3% and 20.2% being underweight, respectively. The nutritional knowledge score significantly increased from 13.51 to 15.97 in male subjects (p<0.001) and from 13.88 to 16.38 in female subjects (p<0.001) after attending the lecture. Dietary attitude scores increased from 47.15 to 49.72 in males and from 48.65 to 50.97 in females after the lecture, but the increase was only significant in the males (p<0.01). There was a significant and positive correlation between nutritional knowledge score and dietary attitude score in both male and female student who had taken the 'Diet and Health' one-semester lecture.
Contents Analysis of Personal Finance Education Curriculums in the Elementary, Middle and High Schools - Focusing on the Curricular of Home Economics & Social Science -
Choi, Eun-Jin ; Choe, Hyun-Cha ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 5, 2006, Pages 129~142
The purpose of this research was to find the solution of problems originated from financial illiteracy. To accomplish this task, the content which supposed to be taught in the area of personal finance in the Elementary, Middle and High School curricular were identified based on the previous research. Then, the personal finance content taught in public education system were analyzed rising content analysis of over 100 text books related to Personal finance education, such as Home Economics, Social Science, Economics, and Human Life Sciences, etc. Based on the results, followings were concluded. In spite of the fact that only few personal financial education topics were included in the 7th Education Curriculum, many topics taught in the subject of Social Science were duplicated in the Home Economics Curricular. To accomplish the ultimate goal of personal financial education, an introduction of the new course(Personal Finance) in the regular curriculum like U.S. is strongly recommended.
Preschoolers' Adjustment Behavior - Focusing on the Socio-demographic Variables of Children and their Mothers, Children's Temperament and Mother's Parenting Attitudes -
Lee, Young-Sook ; Seo, So-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 5, 2006, Pages 143~155
The purpose of this study was to examine which variables of interest predicted preschoolers' adjustment behavior. The variables of interest in this study were: 1) socio-demographic variables of children and their mothers 2) children's temperament 3) mother's parenting attitudes and 4) children's adjustment behavior. The study subjects were 365 preschooler-mother pairs. SPSS 11.0 program was used to analyze the data of this study. The results of regression analyses showed that a child's age was found to be the most influential predictor of the preschoolers' adjustment behavior. Also, gender and temperament, and maternal parenting altitudes were found to be predictive in the preschoolers' adjustment behavior. Finally, patterns in regression results differed by the preschooler's gender. Implications for research and practice were discussed in light of the study results.
Effects of Life Review-Narrative Group Therapy Program to Increase Ego-Integrity in the Elderly
Yeo, In-Suk ; Kim, Choon-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 5, 2006, Pages 157~169
The purpose of this study was to verify the effectiveness of a life review-narrative group therapy program aimed at increasing ego-integrity in the elderly. The life review-narrative group therapy program was organized according to the tfe course from childhood to old age. The objectives of the program were for the elderly to enhance their self-worth, become aware of their individual self existence, accept aging and death, accept the past and present life, and to make the most of their experiences of overcoming difficulties. The counseling techniques used in the program were mainly reminiscence and re-authoring of the narrative therapy. Thirty-two elderly people aged 60 years and over (16 in each of experimental and control groups) were selected randomly from the Daegu Metropolitan City General Welfare Center for the research. The two groups were identified as equivalent for the study in a pre-test. The program of the experimental group was implemented twice a week for 90 minutes per session over a 6-week period (Sep. 8th - Oct. 14th. 2005). The pre (Sep. 8th 2005), the post (Oct. 14th. 2005) and follow-up (Nov. 14th. 2005) tests were implemented in ordo, to verify the effectiveness of the program. The instruments used in the study were the Ego-Integrity Scale. The data were analyzed using t-test, and Ore-Factor Repeated Measures ANOVA. The findings of the study were as follows. The experimental group evidenced significant effects on enhancing ego-integrity. The result of the post hoc multiple comparisons showed that the effects of the life review-narrative group therapy Program were maintained for one months. Meanwhile the control group did not show any significant change in ego-integrity. Based on these findings, the limitations of the study were discussed, and further research was suggested.