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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 44, Issue 12 - Dec 2006
Volume 44, Issue 11 - Nov 2006
Volume 44, Issue 10 - Oct 2006
Volume 44, Issue 9 - Sep 2006
Volume 44, Issue 8 - Aug 2006
Volume 44, Issue 7 - Jul 2006
Volume 44, Issue 6 - Jun 2006
Volume 44, Issue 5 - May 2006
Volume 44, Issue 4 - Apr 2006
Volume 44, Issue 3 - Mar 2006
Volume 44, Issue 2 - Feb 2006
Volume 44, Issue 1 - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
Relationships among Maternal Psychological Life Position, Involvement in Child-rearing and Child-rearing and Childrens' Emotional Intelligence
Yeom, Mi-Ae ; Moon, Hyuk-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 6, 2006, Pages 1~13
This study examined the relationships among maternal psychological life position, involvement in child-rearing and children's emotional intelligence. The subjects were 267 four and five-year-old children and their mothers from five child care centers located in Seoul. Children's emotional intelligence was assessed by the teacher rating scale developed by Kin(1998) and questionnaires were used to assess the maternal psychological life position and involvement in child-rearing. Data was analyzed by t-test, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. Results demonstrated a correlation between the level of the children's emotional intelligence and their gender and age. The strongest predictor of children's emotional intelligence was the child's age.
Relationship between Early Childhood Teachers' Knowledge and Protective Practice on Safety
Lee, Eun-Kyung ; Ahn, Hyo-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 6, 2006, Pages 15~22
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between early childhood teacher's knowledge and protective practice on safety. The study subjects were 312 early childhood teachers working at kindergartens and day care centers in Seoul, Kyung-gi area. A modified questionnaire was based on that developed by Nam(2002). Data were analysed by t-test, One-way ANOVA, and Pearson's correlations. The results were as follows. First, there was a small but insignificant difference for safety knowledge in the teachers' teaching experiences, and working place, but no difference in attending safety education. Second, there were differences for safety practices in teaching experiences and working place. Third, teachers' safety knowledge was highly and positively correlated with safety practices. In conclusion, enhanced early childhood teacher' safety knowledge is needed for improved safety practice.
The Application of Jean Michel Basquiat's Graffiti to Fashion Painting
Jang, Ae-Ran ; Ko, Eun-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 6, 2006, Pages 23~34
Graffiti has been recognized as an art form since the influence of free, black culture and Neo-Expressionism in the 1980s, though Graffiti remains the subject of controversy both inside and outside the school Modem Art. Jean Michel Basquiat is the most famous Graffiti artist of the '80. He was regarded as the genius and star of American art, leaving a lot of experimental and creative works during his short, 9-year, creative period. In his works, Basquiat well expressed the isolated and dark shadows in the U.S., the pursuit of self identification, the purpose of expression and the epochally social phenomenon. The purpose of this study is to investigate the application of Jean Michel Basquiat's Graffiti to fashion painting. To achieve this purpose, we present a lot of fashion painting works which apply Jean Michel Basquiat's Graffiti by focusing on autographic experience, racialism, cartoon themes, monely value, and anatomical death in the characteristics of Basquiat's works. Through this process, we can express and apply Basquiat's Graffiti to fashion painting by analogizing the themes and modeling the methods of his works, such as childish and simple features, intentionally wrong spellings and sentences, and symbols of death including skeletons, intestines, bones and teeth. In addition, Basquiat's techniques are examined in this study, including the representational handling of a brush, primitive and strong colors, and maximized shape. This study found that fashion painting can juxtaposes art and fashion by expressing Jean Michel Basquiats' Graffiti.
Productive Activities and Psychological Well-being in the Elderly
Sung, Hea-Young ; Cho, Hee-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 6, 2006, Pages 35~45
The purpose of this study is to investigate productive activities effect on psychological well-being in the elderly. As people grow older, the level of physical function and psychological well-being is decreased. But We verified maintaining productive activities could make buffering effect on psychological well-being. And We investigate what kind of productive activities could effect on psychological well-being by gender. As a result, there were differences in self efficacy belief, life satisfaction and depression by age, education, absence of spouse, subjective economic status and physical function. Group activity and domestic labor had on affirmative effect on self efficacy belief in male and female elder. Learning activity had on positive effect on life satisfaction in female. Depression was negative influenced by voluntary activity and domestic labor in female and pay work, group activity and domestic labor in male.
Family Stress and Family Strengths in Double-income Couples
Choi, Jeong-Hye ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 6, 2006, Pages 47~58
This research focused on the family stress and family strengths in double-income couples. The subjects of this study were 171 double-income couples, in the Kyeongnam Area, Korea. The major findings from the study are as follows. 1) The degree of family stress of the husband and wife in double-income couples was 2.90 and 2.97, respectively, on a scale of 0-5.0. The significant variables were economic level, self-esteem and marital satisfaction in double-income couples' husband, and having a housework-helper, job satisfaction, self-esteem and marital satisfaction in double-income couples' wife. 2) The degree of family strengths of the husband and wife in double-income couples was 3.84 and 3.82, respectively, on a scale of 0-5.0. The significant variables were job satisfaction, self-esteem and marital satisfaction in double-income couples' husband, and the educational level, job type, self-esteem and marital satisfaction in double-income couples' wife. 3) There was a close inverse correlation between the lamely stress and family strengths in the husband and wife of double-income couples.
Toddler's Aggressive Behavior
Um, Sung-Ai ; Park, Sung-Yun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 6, 2006, Pages 59~69
This study explored the antecedent variables associated with variability in toddler's aggressive behavior. The subjects were 182 toddlers(101 boys and 81 girls) and their mothers. Data were collected via questionnaires. The main results of this study were as follows ; First, aggression was significantly correlated with toddler age, but not with gender. Mother's parenting was related to boy's aggression, whereas both temperament and parenting were significantly related to girls' aggressive behavior. However, day-care variabes were not the significantly associated with toddler's aggression. Second, regression analyses revealed the interaction effect of child temperament and parenting, after controlling for main effects.
The Relationship between Self-report, Hypothetical Interview, and Observation about Conflict Resolution Strategies between Friends
Kim, Song-Yee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 6, 2006, Pages 71~78
The purposes of this study were firstly to assess the differences of conflict resolution strategies between friends according to children's peer status, and secondly to investigate the relationship of conflict resolution strategies measured by self-report, hypothetical interview, and observation methods. Thirty-four dayds in elementary 5th graders were selected according to peer status and friendship. Collected data were analyzed tv t-test and Spearman's correlation. The results of this study showed that children's conflict resolution strategies differed according to their peer status. Specially, popular children reported using and experiencing compromising/integrating strategies more than rejected children did. Rejected children reported using and experiencing dominating strategies more than popular children did. Secondly, there were meaningful correlations between compromising/integrating and dominating strategies, as measured by self-report, hypothetical interview, and observation methods. However, no relations emerged among avoiding, obliging, and intervention requesting strategies, as measured by self-report, hypothetical interview, and observation methods.
Satisfaction Levels and Needs of Employed Mothers Using Different Child Day Care Centers
Kim, Hyo-Min ; Park, Jung-Yun ; Kim, Yang-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 6, 2006, Pages 79~86
The purpose of this study was to compare working mothers' sftisfaction with child day care service between those using child care centers in their workplace and those using child care centers close to their houses. their demand for better child care service was also assessed. The study findings can be used as basic information for establishing alternative solutions and developing child day care programs able to meet the different needs of mothers with preschool children. The results from this study were as follows. Firstly, there was a significant difference in satisfaction levels associated with the quality of child day care centers (programs and safety) between the two groups. There were no significant differences in satisfaction levels associated with demographic factors. Secondly, while working mothers using child care centers in their workplace were most concerned with the quality of the center, the other group of working mothers was most concerned with the distance between their houses and the child care centers. Thirdly, both groups preferred the idea that the government make child care subsidies. Thus study results suggest the need for establishing systematic efforts to increase child care services in workplaces and communities and eventually support working mothers.
The Relation between Male Adolescent Friendship Jealousy and Maladaptive Emotion Regulation Strategies and Aggression
Bae, Jae-Hyun ; Choi, Bo-Ga ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 6, 2006, Pages 87~102
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between male adolescent friendship jealousy and maladaptive emotion regulation strategies and aggression. The subjects were 204 middle school second graders. The main findings of the study were as follows, 1) There was a significant correlation between friendship jealousy and all emotion types. 2) The type of friendship jealousy was significantly different according to the maladaptive emotion regulation strategies. 3) The type of friendship jealousy was significantly different according to relational aggression. 4) The relational aggression was affected by blaming-others strategies.
Agreement between Parent and Adolescent Reports on Parenting Behaviors
Lim, Jung-Ha ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 6, 2006, Pages 103~111
The purpose of the study was to examine the agreement between parent and adolescent reports on parenting behaviors. The participants were 196 father-mother-adolescent triads. Results indicated that there were significant differences in reports of parenting behaviors between parents and adolescents. Generally, parents reported higher respect, disciplines and attention than their adolescents did. However, there were low to high agreements between parental report and adolescent report on parenting behaviors. The degree of those agreements varied by adolescent's developmental stage, birth order and mother's education. The findings suggested that differences in agreements between parent and adolescent reports on parenting behaviors might not be random and the agreements should be addressed in terms of specific sample characteristics.
Analysis of the Effects of an Educational Program regarding Food Safety for Children
Kim, Mee-Ra ; Jeon, Mi-Kyung ; Kim, Hyo-Chung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 6, 2006, Pages 113~120
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an educational program regarding food safety for children. The data were collected from the results of a self-administered questionnaire that was given to 510 6th grade elementary school students in the Youngnam region who had undergone a food safety education program. The results of this study were as follows. First, the educational need for food safety was high in each food safety category, with the educational need for prevention against foodborne illness being the highest of the 10 categories. On the basis of the study results, educational materials were developed which targeted personal hygiene, food labeling, food purchase, food washing, food storage, cooking, foodborne illness prevention, food additives, endocrine disruptors, and illegal foods. Additionally, about 37% of the respondents aswered that they preferred the food safety education to be conducted at home. Second, the food safety education significantly improved the levels of knowledge and behavior of children toward food safety. These results imply that food safety education that addresses the concerns of children and their parents' is needed to improve the level of knowledge and behavior toward food safety.
A Comparative Study on Consumers' Satisfaction Levels Relating to the Fit of Korean and Chinese Women's Suits in the Chinese Market - Focused on Adult Women Residing in the Beijing Area -
Seok, Hye-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 6, 2006, Pages 121~127
The purpose of this study is to investigate the sin satisfaction and fitness of Chinese women for Korean-made women's suits. The study methodology was questionnaire survey and the subjects were randomly chosen, 20 to 49-year-old female shoppers at department stores in Beijing, China. The data analyses were performed with SPSS 12.0 through descriptive analysis, t-test, and crosstab analysis. The findings were as follows. Chinese women assessed both the fit satisfaction and fit suitability levels of Korean-made women's suits available in China to be higher than that of Chinese-made women's suits. Paticularly, in the tan of slacks showing the lowest suitability level among Chinese-made women's wear, Korean-made women's suits in China had outstandingly high suitability level. In the case of jackets, however, the Korean-made women's suits went through more fixings, on average, than Chinese-made women's suits. In addition, more fixings were done for enlargement than for contraction, which necessitated the measure changes.
An Exploratory Study on the Financial Management Practice of Dual-Income Families - Focusing on Integrated and Individual Financial Management -
Jung, Joo-Won ; Park, Myung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 6, 2006, Pages 129~140
In this study, the various financial management systems practiced by modem dual-income families were assessed by in-depth interviews with 6 people, 3 practicing integrated financial management and 3 practicing individual financial management. The results indicated significant differences between the two financial management methods regarding family structure, individual values, and family finances. Families that practiced individual financial management consisted of weekend couples without children who showed an individual-centered value tendency and seemed to take a positive attitude towards their future economic situation due to possession of their on stabilized financial assets. Based on these results, we can expect more families to adopt methods of individual financial management and show a wider variety in their financial planning tools which will require adequate and efficient countermeasures and strategies suitable for each financial management practice.
A Study on the Intergenerational Transmission of Family Violence
Kim, Yea-Jung ; Kim, Deuk-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 6, 2006, Pages 141~153
This study examined the intergenerational transmission of family violence. The main focus of this study was on the effect of an experience of childhood violence and the witnessing of interparental violence on the future spouse and child violence. Two hundred and forty-two married couples and 50 married couples with indicted husbands and their wives were surveyed. The results showed that Husbands who had experienced childhood violence from their father and witnessed their father's violence towards their mother tended to inflict more physical violence on their wives than those who did not experience such events. Wives who witnessed violence between both parents' tended to receive more physical violence from their husbands than those who did not witness such events. In addition, wives who did not experience childhood violence but at the same time witnessed interparental violence tended to receive more physical violence from their husbands than those who did not witness such events. Husbands who experienced childhood violence from their mother and both parents and husbands who witnessed their father's violence toward their mother tended to be more violent towards their children than those who did not experience such events. Wives who experienced childhood violence from their mother and father and wives who witnessed violence between both parents tended to be more violent towards their children than those who did not experience such events. These results partially support that the transmission of family violence across generations and show the differential effects of gender and the violent parent's gender on family violence.
A Study on the Perception of Local Special Food in Gwangju and Jeonnam Area - Focused on some Housewives in Gang Jin Region -
Jeon, Eun-Raye ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 6, 2006, Pages 155~161
This study investigated housewives' perception of local special foods in Gwangju and Jeonnam in Gang Jin. Of 150 questionnaires sent, there were 114 responses. The most perceptible local special foods in Gwangju and Jeonnam area are as follows: Watermelon in Gwangju (100.0%), Pear in Naju (90.0%), Rice in Suncheon (40.0%), Gorosoe in Gwangyang (76.7%), Hongeo in Mopko (63.3%), Dolsan leaf mustard Kimchi in Yeosu (100.0%), Sweet Persimmon in Jangseong (86.7%), Salted bamboo sprout in Damyang (46.7%), Apple in Gokseong (90.0%), Butterfly rice in Hampyeong (63.3%), Gorosoe in Gurye (56.7%), Onion in Muan (96.7%), Peach in Hwasun(40.0%), Dallmaji rice in Yeongam (50.0%), Oyster mushroom in Jangheung (63.3%), Green tea in Boseong(96.7%), Heuksanhongeo in Sinan (53.3%), Loess sweet potato in Haenam (83.3%), Kukija in Jindo (60.0%), Laver in Wando (76.7%), Tohajeot in GangJin (73.3%), Citron in Goheung (90.0%), and Gulbi in Yeonggwang (100.0%). The most perceptible area and local special foods in Gwangju and Jeonnam area were in the following order: Green tea in Boseong (17.37%), Tohajeot in GangJin (15.97%), Watermelon in GwangJu (10.0%), Pear in NaJu (9.3%), and Loess sweet potato in Haenam (9.3%).
Changes in the Clothing Expenditure Patterns of Korean Households
Lee, Mi-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 6, 2006, Pages 163~174
The purpose of this research was to examine the level and trends in household clothing expenditure in Korea. Raw data sets produced by the National Statistical Office from the Family Income and Expenditure Survey from 1991 to 2004 were used to support time-series and cross-sectional analyses. The clothing expenditures decreased severely and quickly during the economic crisis of late 1997 through 1998, then increased slowly after the economic crisis until 2003, only to slightly decrease again in 2004. The ratio of clothing expenditure to total household expenditure decreased from 8.03% in 1991 to 5.11% in 2004. This decrease in relative clothing expenditure was greater in the lower income group than in the middle and high income groups. Clothing expenditure patterns were unique and differed from other household expenditures. Although the economic crisis in the late 1990s affected Korean consumers' clothing expenditure, clothing expenditure patterns showed a more fundamental and structural change from 1991 to 2004, with the overall decrease in such expenditure resulting from the concurrent increase in educational and information-communication related expenditures. Clothing expenditure was shown to be luxurious through cross-sectional analysis, but necessary through time-series analysis.