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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 44, Issue 12 - Dec 2006
Volume 44, Issue 11 - Nov 2006
Volume 44, Issue 10 - Oct 2006
Volume 44, Issue 9 - Sep 2006
Volume 44, Issue 8 - Aug 2006
Volume 44, Issue 7 - Jul 2006
Volume 44, Issue 6 - Jun 2006
Volume 44, Issue 5 - May 2006
Volume 44, Issue 4 - Apr 2006
Volume 44, Issue 3 - Mar 2006
Volume 44, Issue 2 - Feb 2006
Volume 44, Issue 1 - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
Relationships among Father's Involvement in Chid-rearing, Psychological Life Position, and Child's Prosocial Behavior
Seol, Gyeong-Og ; Moon, Hyuk-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 7, 2006, Pages 1~9
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among the father's involvement in child-rearing, psychological life position, and child's prosocial behavior. The subjects of this study were four- and five-year-old, kindergarten children (N=261) and their fathers who tved in Incheon. A questionnaire was used and analyzed by frequency, percentile, mean, standard deviation, Cronbach's
, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation. Fathers who took a positive altitude to themselves and others showed more positive involvement in various child-rearing activities such as shared activities with children, supporting cognitive-social development, and child caregiving and monitoring. In addition, children reared by fathers who had a higher positive attitude to others helped their friends well. As the father's developmental support in child-rearing became more positive, the children's prosocial behavior increased.
Differences in High-School Students' Psychological, Behavioral, and Interpersonal Characteristics Depending on the Amount of Time Spent on the Internet
Lee, Mee-Ry ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 7, 2006, Pages 11~20
This study investigated the purpose of internet usage among high-school seniors and how their psychological, behavioral, and interpersonal adjustment levels were affected by the amount of lime spent on the internet. The subjects were 572 high-school seniors who participated in the first panel of Korean Education Empolyment Panel (KEEP). The participants were divided into 2 groups: low use group using the internet for less than 30 minutes a day and high un group using the internet for more than 3 hours a day. The adjustment levels of these two groups were compared. The findings were as follows. First, the high use group used the internet to enjoy games, whereas the low use group used the internet to seek schoolwork-related information. Second, the high use group had more negative self-concepts and experienced more stress regarding economic hardship than the low use group. Finally, the high use group watched T.V. longer, studied less, and had more experiences of deviant behaviors, such as bullying, smoking, drinking, and sexual relations.
The Activation of Job Performance of the Elderly in Korea
Chun, Jee-Won ; Park, Mee-Sok ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 7, 2006, Pages 21~39
In modem society, elderly people's continual working is not only effective for realizing elderly welfare but is also an efficient scheme for improving national competitive power with the aging of societies. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to obtain confirmed data on the methods by which people can prepare for elderly people's working and increase the workforce participation rate. The study subjects were 300 male and female elderly people over the age of 60, living and working in Seoul. The method of sampling was purposive sampling in which the subject are extracted and assigned according to their occupations and gender. The results were as follows. Firstly, elderly people have a strong desire for employment stability. Secondly, they lack knowledge on obtaining information about jobs and approaching their desired job field. Thirdly, the subjects suggested that it is necessary to raise the level of social recognition about elderly people's working and to develop an environment that is conducive for increasing the working rate of the elderly.
Subjective Meanings of Marital Adjustment for Married Women
Lee, Ji-Sun ; Cheon, Hye-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 7, 2006, Pages 41~52
The purpose of this study is to understand the subjective experiences of married women about marital adjustment. Eleven women were interviewed, creating interview texts that were analyzed by van Manen's wholistic and selective approaches. These women explained marital adjustment in five aspects: being realistic, accepting their identity as married women, taking the middle, acting craftily, and building up their characters. In conclusion, these women experienced the growth and transition while they adjusted to their marital life in the early stage of marriage.
The Effectiveness of the Counseling-Utilized Parent Education for Mothers(CUPEM)
Kim, Jin-Y ; Chung, Moon-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 7, 2006, Pages 53~62
The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Counseling-Utilized Parent Education for Mothers (CUPEM). CUPEM was developed based on Developmentally Appropriate Practices, Solution-Focused Therapy, Satir's Experiential Family Therapy, and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. The subjects were 51 mothers of 4 and 5 year old children and randomly assigned either to the intervention group (n=26) or the comparison group (n=25). Mothers in the intervention group had 10-2 hour intervention sessions while those in the comparison group received the intervention after this study was completed. Both groups received pre-and post-test evaluation, and a follow-up test. The data were analyzed by t-test and paired t-test. The results showed that participanting mothers' parenting stress was lessened while sense of parenting competence and positive maternal behaviors during mother-child interaction were increased significantly. Second, these mothers' self-confidence and maternal attitude toward childrearing were improved. Third, this effect lasted for at least one month after the termination of this program.
A Study on the Development of Working Uniform for Volunteer Fire Brigade Members
Seok, Hye-Jung ; Kim, In-Sook ; Chung, Gi-Soo ; Bae, Ju-Hyeong ; Kwon, Myoung-Sook ; Yang, Min-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 7, 2006, Pages 63~72
The purpose of this study was to survey the wearing practices and problems in the working uniform for volunteer fire brigade members and then to develop its design with a improved movement adaptability, physical suitability, ease for equipment accommodation, functionality, convenience and fit. Based on the questionnaire, we have made a testing uniform for volunteer fire brigade members first. Through a subjective analysis for functionality and apparence, we suggested a final design. The final design includes the following elements: 1. It was a two-piece style composed of a jumper and trousers with the upper garments pulled out. Raglan sleeves were used to increase arm's movement scope. Pleats and velcro tapes were attached along the base hem of sleeves to prevent heat transmission. 2. Various types of pockets were attached to secure enough space for keeping things. 3. In trousers, spare space was given at the buttock area with rubber string inserted only at selected part of side lines, and knee pads were attached to prevent wearing out.
Instructional Media Exploitation and Application for Efficient Culinary Practice
Kim, Kab-Young ; Kang, Keoung-Shim ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 7, 2006, Pages 73~83
This paper is focused on culinary practice. The objective of this research was to develop Instructional Media for efficient culinary practice at high school. For evaluation, Instructional Media were developed and used for culinary practice at a high school located in Chunan. Understanding, interest and scholastic achievement in culinary practice were evaluated and compared for the study group using the developed Instructional Media and the control group not using the developed Instructional Media. Understanding (p<.001), interest (p<.01) and scholastic achievement(p<.01) were higher in the study group than in the control group. The important contributions of this research include the reduction of practice time and improvement of scholastic achievement. The Instructional Media developed in this research will increase the students' interest, reduce the difficulties of culinary practice, and improve the students' culinary skill. The study and development of culinary practice is limited to CDs and illustrated books, and research on the development of various Instructional Media will continue.
Correlation of Dietary and Serum Phospholipid Fatty Acid Composition and Serum Lipid Levels in Postmenopausal Women
Jung, Kyung-Ah ; Kim, Sang-Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 7, 2006, Pages 85~98
The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation of dietary and serum phospholipid fatty acids composition and serum lipid levels in postmenopausal women. Data about anthropometry, dietary intake, physical activities, serum lipid profile and serum phospholipid fatty acid composition were collected from eighty-five postmenopausal women. The subjects were classified as normocholesterolemia (NC), moderate hypercholesterolemia(MC) and phyperchollesterolemia(HC) according to their serum total cholesterol (TC) levels based on The Guideline for Korean Hyperlipidemia set/published by The Committee for Hyperlipidemia in Korea. The results were as follows. Total energy intake and the ratio of energy intake to energy expenditure were positively related, while dietary fiber intake was negatively related, with serum TC level. Dietary fat intake was positively related with serum LDL-C level. Dietary cholesterol, saturated fatty acid (SFA), monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) intake and the ratio of ingested saturated fat and cholesterol to calories (RISCC) were positively related, while the P/S ratio of dietary fat was negatively related, with serum TC and LDL-C levels. Serum phospholipid fatty acids composition was not significantly different among the three groups. SFA of serum phospholipid fatty acids was positively related, while P/S and M/S ratios of serum phospholipid fatiy acids were negatively correlated, with serum TC and LDL-C levels. We recommend that the dietary P/S ratio of postmenopausal women is increased by reducing their dietary SFA intake. With these changes in the diet, serum phospholipid fatty acid composition could be also changed, and serum lipids levels could be improved.
Children's Emotional Response, Emotion Regulation Strategy and Emotion Regulation Effect: Relationships among the Emotion Regulation Strategy, Emotion Regulation Effect and Psychological Well-being
Lee, Hae-Lyon ; Kim, Kyong-Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 7, 2006, Pages 99~111
This study was conducted to investigate children's emotional response, emotion regulation strategy, and emotion regulation effect (regulation effect of strategies), and to determine the relationships among emotion regulation strategy, emotion regulation effect and children's psychological well-being in anger, (ear, and disappointment situations. Emotion regulation strategy recomposed four strategies through factor analysis based on the children's direct answers to the question inquiring on the method used to regulate anger, fear, and disappointment. A total of 359 elementary school children in glades 5 or 6 selected one strategy use to regulate anger, fear, and disappointment. The effect of that selected strategy were estimated. Psychological well-being is evaluated by a questionnaire. The results of this study showed that most of elementary school children used the attention evocation strategy to regulate anger, fear, and disappointment, and this strategy was confirmed to be the most effective. Children's psychological well-being was associated with only emotion regulation effect in anger, fear, and disappointment situations.
Romantic Attachment and Interpersonal Problems of College Students
Park, Jang-Hee ; Cho, Yoon-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 7, 2006, Pages 113~124
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the romantic attachment and interpersonal problems of college students. The subjects of this study were 220 college students in Seoul and A-san. The romantic attachment was assessed by the multi-item measure of adult romantic attachment (Brennan et al., 1998) and the interpersonal problems were assessed by KIIP (Cho & Park, 2005). The major findings of this study were as follows: First, 44.5% of the subjects were classified as fearful, 26.8% as secure, 18.6% as dismissing, and 10.0% as preoccupied. Second, a significant difference among romantic attachment groups was found with the fearful group reporting a higher level of interpersonal problems than the secure and dismissing groups. Gender was a significant factor on independent problem in interpersonal problems. Third, avoidance and anxiety of romantic attachment dimensions were positively correlated with interpersonal problems. There was a gender difference in the relationship between avoidance of romantic attachment dimension and overgenerous in interpersonal problems. Avoidance of romantic attachment dimension in female students was negatively correlated with overgenerous in interpersonal problems.
A Study on the relevant Variables of Middle-aged Women's Depression
Byeon, Wei-Jin ; Kim, Choon-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 7, 2006, Pages 125~139
The purpose of this study is to analyse the factor of the Variables that contributed to the depression of middle-aged women. The subjects were 751 Middle-aged women whose age was from 41 to 60. The instruments used in the study were the assessment of depression, the assessment of climacteric symptoms, the assessment of marital satisfaction, the assessment of marital stability, the assessment of ego identity and the questionnaire of demographic variables. The data were analysed by using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, Duncan, pearson correlation, hierarchical multiple regression. The findings were as follows; (1) According to the job, the level of education, the state of marriage, the subjective level of health, the subjective level of economy, household income, present problem, the level of family-of-original relationship, the age of last child, religion and spouse's occupation there were differences of depression; (2) In the result of the analysis of relationships of depression, the depression was correlated with Climacteric Symptoms positively and with Marital Satisfaction, Marital Stability, and Ego Identity negatively; (3) Predictors of depression of the Middle-aged women ordered climacteric physical, climacteric psychological, marital satisfaction, marital stability, identity moratorium, goal oriented, identity diffusion, initiative. Based on these results, the recommendations for the future research in this area were discussed.
Social-Cultural Adjustment of North Korean Defectors by Self-Esteem and Internal Attribution
Chin, Mee-Jung ; Lee, Soon-Hyung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 7, 2006, Pages 141~152
This study explores the social-cultural adjustments of North Korean defectors with respect to their self-esteem and internal attribution. The data were obtained from a survey of 195 North Korean defectors who had recently entered South Korea. The respondents had moderate difficulties in their social-cultural adjustment consisting of social activity restriction, discrimination, and social exclusion. Their social-cultural adjustment was positively associated with internal attribution. Those with internal attribution tended to have fewer problems in adjusting to the social systems and culture of South Korea. The findings of this study imply that psychological resources play a role in enhancing the social-cultural adjustment of North Korean defectors.
A Study on the Fitness Evaluation of Virtual Model Using 3D Clothes Modeling Software - Focused on Qualoth Program -
Yang, Chung-Eun ; Kim, Suk-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 7, 2006, Pages 153~162
This study was attempted to investigate the possibilities of fitness evaluation of virtual model using 3D clothes modeling software. For the purpose, two one-piece dresses were made with two kinds of patterns using Qualoth program, and then each dress was fitted to a real model and a virtual model, and the results were compared and discussed. The result of this study was as follows. First, the fitness evaluation of real model showed a significant difference only at a little difference in figures (1-2.5cm) of the pattern, while any significant difference in appearance was not found in case of a virtual model fitted a dress made out of a pattern with the same difference in figures. Second, items to evaluate a difference in patterns using 3D clothes modeling software were shoulder line, the distance between shoulder points, armhole line, ease of armscye depth, and overall appearance. Because all the items fall under design lines which make up outer lines of a cloth, it can be said that the Qualoth program is good for representing design, rather than exposing a small difference in patterns.
Actual Conditions and Needs Assessment of Parental Education for Preschoolers in Integrated Kindergartens
Jeon, Gwee-Yeon ; Kim, Sue-Kyung ; Choi, Jung-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 7, 2006, Pages 163~175
The purpose of this study was to investigate the actual conditions and needs assessment of parental education for preschoolers with and without disabilities in integrated kindergartens. The subjects were 273 mothers and 121 teachers of preschool children with and without disabilities in integrated kindergartens in Daegu and Seoul. The major findings of this study were as follows. (1) Parental education for preschoolers in integrated kindergartens needs to be conducted with attention for the effect on parents of preschoolers with and without disabilities together. (2) The major contents of parental education for preschoolers in integrated kindergartens are 'understanding integration'. (3) Mothers need 'parental training of child's problem behavior' most. (4) Mothers need parental education for preschoolers in integrated kindergartens once a month, by experts, in a workshop. (5) The participation rate of fathers in parental education for preschoolers in integrated kindergartens needs to be increased.
The Behavior of Space Occupancy as Demonstrated caused by Activities of Daily Living of Residents in Group Homes for Elderly People
Kim, Hyun-Jin ; Lim, Hi-Kyung ; An, Ok-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 44, issue 7, 2006, Pages 177~188
This study evaluated 26 elderly residents living independently in 4 group homes for their abilities in daily living and analyzed their behaviors of space occupancy and activities of daily living. The aim of the study was to identify the relationships between the physical environments of the group homes and the daily activities of the residents. The results of this study are summarized as follows. 1) Most residents in the group home considered bathing and cooking to be the most difficult of their living activities. The residents were categorized into "Independent," "Semi-dependent" and "Dependent" groups, on the basis of their ADL and IADL scores, and individual groups were examined. On ADL scorelt was shown, then, that 65.4% of the residents were was independent in ADL, but there was no any significant difference in IADL between the independent, semi-dependent and dependent groups. In addition, there was a difference in ADL and IADL among the groups. The independent group's residents were shown to be independent in ADL and IADL, whereas the but those of the semi-dependent and dependent groups' residents were lower in IADL than in ADL. 2) When their behaviors of space occupancy were examined, it appeared that the independent group showed a different space sharing pattern among individual residents, with a wide range of behavior of space occupancy. Meanwhile, The semi-dependent group mostly shared a common space with simple activities of daily living while no any service low leisure program was provided. However, the dependent group mainly consisted of residents who had a low level of independence in ADL and IADL, so that their behaviors of space occupancy were entirely negative.