Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 45, Issue 10 - Dec 2007
Volume 45, Issue 9 - Nov 2007
Volume 45, Issue 8 - Oct 2007
Volume 45, Issue 7 - Aug 2007
Volume 45, Issue 6 - Jul 2007
Volume 45, Issue 5 - Jun 2007
Volume 45, Issue 4 - May 2007
Volume 45, Issue 3 - Apr 2007
Volume 45, Issue 2 - Feb 2007
Volume 45, Issue 1 - Jan 2007
Selecting the target year
Fashion as Art - Based on Morris Weitz's Open Concept of Art -
Lee, Yhe-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 1, 2007, Pages 1~7
This study investigated the concept of fashion as art by examining whether or not university students, rather than professional art critics, consider fashion to be art. The survey subjects were 146 university students, randomly chosen from textiles and clothing-related classes offered in 4 different universities in Seoul. A survey with the following 3 questions was conducted between September 2005 and June 2006: 1. What is art? 2. Is fashion art? 3. Explain the reason why fashion is, or is not, art. Morris Weitz's open concept of art is applied to discuss whether fashion can be classified as art. According to Weitz, there are no universal commonalities among arts. Therefore, art can be defined based on similarities among preexisting art forms and movements. As a result, respondents mentioned the following as characteristics of art: expressiveness, creativity, influence on viewers' emotion, tendency to make life bountiful, particular behaviors or objects, something valuable, formalities, etc. These answers parallel the features of art discussed by professional art critics. In addition, 12 of the 146 respondents considered fashion was not art, 20 placed it on the border while the remaining 114 affirmed a positive relation. Respondents who considered fashion to be art or placed it on the border listed the similar features mentioned in the answers to the first question as similarities between fashion and art. On the other hand, features of fashion such as commercial, whimsical, impermanent and utilitarian properties were answered as dissimilarities between fashion and art. However, these dissimilarities do not serve as obstacles for considering fashion as art, since Weitz's open concept of art does not assume the existence of universal traits of art. Therefore, referring to Weitz's open concept of art, fashion can be considered as art, since reasonable similarities between fashion and art were designated by the majority of respondents.
Migration Preparation and Adaptation to Rural Area of Returning Farmers after Retirement
Park, Gong-Ju ; Kim, Yang-Hee ; Park, Jeong-Yun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 1, 2007, Pages 9~21
This research investigated the retired elderly who had moved to rural areas. The propose of the study was to examine the point at which there must be a difference in the patterns of a return to farming and determine the actual condition of their preparations for migration. This study had surveyed 408 seniors who wereare over 50 years old and had moved to rural areas after their retirement and analyzed the data by the SPSS PC 11.0 program. The results were as follows. First, the relevancy of U-turn, J-turn, and I-turn types that were affected by social demography was found to be dependent on their education levels and family patterns. Second, the actual conditions of the process of preparation by the types of a return to the farming were different according to the motivation and preparation fund. Nevertheless, the most important factor was the influence of their spouses. Third, the actual conditions of the process of adaptation by the patterns of a return to the farming showed no difference between the degree of efforts of the social supportand elevation of the friendship among the neighbors. The recognition of rural life problems were more acquainted towards the area of farming life. Among the 6 problem areas, leisure, health care, and economic problems were highly considered.
Analysis of the Awareness of the Value and the Consumption Pattern on Milk of Elementary Middle and High School Students
Kim, Jung-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 1, 2007, Pages 23~33
This study was performed to investigate the awareness of the value on milk and the consumption pattern on milk of elementary, middle and high school students. The subjects were 453 students(129 elementary, 129 middle, and 195 high school students) living in the Seoul area. The results were as follows. The students of this study demonstrated low levels of awareness of the value of milk. They had an awareness of the value of milk about 'convenience', 'healthful', 'safety', 'diversity', and 'useful for snack'. Most students reported drinking milk two to three times a week and 13.2% of students preferred flavored milk rather than plain milk. General preference for milk was significantly higher in elementary school students than in high school students(p<0.001). The degree of satisfaction on milk was significantly higher in elementary school students than in middle and high school students(p<0.001). The respondents answered that their source of information about milk was the mass media. Their source of information from school was very low. In order to increase the consumption of plain milk, milk nutritional education is necessary in schools.
The Effect of Work-Father Role Conflict and Parenting Stress on Parenting Sense of Competence
Lee, Seul-Gi ; Jeon, Gwee-Yeon ; Kim, Sue-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 1, 2007, Pages 35~49
This study investigated the effects of work-father role conflict and parenting stress on parenting sense of competence. The subjects were 205 fathers who had a child 3 to 6 years old in Daegu. The major findings of this study were as follows. (1) There is a significant difference in the work-father role conflict according to the child's sex and family income. (2) There is a significant difference in the parenting stress according to the child's sex. (3) There is a significant difference in the parenting sense of competence according to family income. (4) Parenting sense of competence isinfluenced by work-father role conflict. (5) Parenting sense of competence is influenced by parenting stress.
The Effects of Multi-Shop's Store Image on the Store Loyalty and Brand Switching Behavior
Lee, Seung-Hee ; Jo, Se-Na ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 1, 2007, Pages 51~61
The purpose of this study was to examine if multi-shop's store image affects store loyalty and brand switching. Two hundred fifty females and males who have purchased fashion products in multi-shop participated in this survey. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, factor analysis, Pearson's correlation and regression analysis were used for this study. The results were as followed. First, respondents' the most favorite multi-shop was MUE, followed by Boon the shop and ABC mart. Second, store image was classified into four factors such as store atmosphere, service of store, store recognition and product variety. Store loyalty was classified into five factors such as emotional relationship, pursue of novelty, trust about salesperson, satisfaction about service, and active loyalty. Third, result revealed that 'product variety' and 'store atmosphere', 'store recognition', 'service of store' accounted for 39.6% of the explained varience in store loyalty, and 'store recognition' accounted for 4% of the explained varience in brand switching behavior, while 'trust about salesperson', 'pursue of novelty' accounted for 5% of the explained varience in brand switching behavior. Based on these results, multi-shop's fashion marketing strategy would be suggested.
Korean Traditional Children's Clothes in Modern Times
Cho, Hyo-Sook ; Choi, Eun-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 1, 2007, Pages 63~73
Korean children's clothes have unique aesthetic characteristics distinguished from other countries'. Our folk beliefs handed down from ancient times always contained fortune - seeking thoughts and particularly mothers' earnest wishes for the happiness of their children were sublimated into the symbolic beauty of their children's clothes. The present study examined children's clothes in the royal family and among the people for 50 years of the transitional period from the late Joseon Dynasty to modern times, by classifying them into ritual dress for new-born babies, festival dress and everyday dress. Male children's clothes included caps such as Bokgeon(복건), Hogeon(호건) and Gulle(굴레) topcoats such as Durumagi(두루마기), Sagyusam(사규삼) Koija(쾌자) and Jeonbok(전복) and others such as Magoja(마고자), Baeja(배자), Joggi(조끼) and Bajijeogori(바지저고리), Female children's clothes included caps and head ornaments such as Gulle, Jobawi(조바위) and Daenggi(댕기) and others such as Durumagi, Jegori and Chima(치마). What is interesting is that old clothes handed down to the present are mostly boys' and few of them are girls'. This is probably because of the strong preference for boys rather than girls that continued until the end of the 20th century. Ordinary people dressed their new - born babies with simple white clothes until Samchilil (the 21st day) or Baekil (the 100thday) but, for these occasions, the royal family prepared clothes as formal as those for the
birthday among the public. Rainbow-striped garments were more popular among the public than in the royal family. As rainbow colors were known to Korean people to dispel evil power and bring in fortunes, rainbow - striped garments were essential for the
birthday and festive days. However, they were seldom used in ordinarytimes, and most boys and girls wore plain jackets and plain topcoats. When children's clothes in noble families were compared with royal family's ones, either handed down to the present or found in old literature, no significant difference was observed in the basic composition of everyday dress. In particular, it was found that Andong Kim's family had dressed their children with very formal dress such as Dopo and Sagyusam. Among children's clothes, the most gorgeous one was that worn on the
birthday, and those for other occasions or festive days were similar or simpler. Colors, patterns and designs used in decorating children's clothes mostly had the meanings of seeking fortunes for children such as long life, wealth and prosperity.
Children's social relationships, psychological characteristics, and behavior problems
Choi, Yu-Jung ; Choi, Set-Byol ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 1, 2007, Pages 75~89
This study investigates the effects of children's social relationships and psychological characteristics on their behavior problems. Behavior problems comprise violations of norms, bullying, and deviant behavior in the cyberspace. A data set of 2949 Korean children in their 4th grade is analyzed to yield three main results. First, variables such as contact with delinquent friends, aggressiveness, stress of appearance complex, gender, and depression have significant effects on violations of norms. Children who have more delinquent friends, higher level of aggressiveness, stress of appearance complex, or depression report more violations of norms. Second, delinquent friends, stress of peer relationship, aggressiveness, stress of appearance complex, gender, parents' violent attitudes toward children, and negative self-image are turned out to be important variables predicting bullying. Children with more delinquent friends, higher level of stress, higher level of aggressiveness, or lower self-image are more likely to experience bullying. Children who perceive their parents to be violent show more bullying experience. Third, each of aggressiveness, delinquent friends, stress of appearance complex, gender, relationship with teacher, and family income has significant effect on deviant behavior in cyberspace. Children with higher level of aggressiveness, more delinquent friends, stress of appearance complex, or negative impression of teacher are more likely to deviate in cyberspace. Children from higher income families report more deviant behavior in cyberspace. Boys show more experiences in every category of behavior problems than girls.
A research study on the cultivation of professionals in the foodservice industry
Yun, Ji-Yeon ; Hong, Wan-Soo ; Kim, Tea-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 1, 2007, Pages 91~99
The purpose of this study was to determine a is finding the process for the development of professionals in the foodservice industry. The Questionnaire used in this study was designed to measure the capabilities of professional foodservice employees, investigate the importance and accomplishments of curriculum of the major subject, and determine areas matters of the for improvement in the of field. It was distributed to 101 professors (include lecturers) of foodservice departments, from February 1 to 28, 2006. A total of 101 usable questionnaires were received amounting to a 100 percent response rate. Statistical data analysis was completed using SPSS Win(11.0) for frequency, t-test, one sample t-test, and IPA(importance performance analysis). The results were as is follows. Regarding the As regard capabilities of professional foodservice employees, they remarked that the fair values and creative thinking are the most important. Regarding the curriculum of the major subject, generally the importance degree is higher than the accomplishment degree. The areas improvement are as follows: development of curriculum, securing the excellent faculty, academic-industrial cooperation, expanding and improving the university facilities in university, and increasing the experience during the term.
A Study on Body Image Perception and Eating Disorders by Gender in Junior high school students Seoul
Kim, Jung-Hyun ; Jung, In-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 1, 2007, Pages 101~109
This study was performed to investigate body image perception and eating disorders by sex in Korean adolescents. In both females and males, the students were more likely to be underweight than overweight. Females were more underweight than males and were more likely to perceive themselves as overweight. In addition, females were less satisfied with their body shape and had more stress associated with their body weight and eating disorders. These results indicate that nutrition education programs, particularly in female students, should incorporate strategies to change inaccurate self-body image perception and disseminate knowledge about proper weight control methods.
Foundational Research for DB of Pattern Grading of Galot, Jeju Cultural Merchandise
Kwon, Sook-Hee ; Hong, Seon-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 1, 2007, Pages 111~125
By examining the existing Galot products in the market, we aimed to discover areas for new development and lay out the foundational system for establishing a database(DB) of their pattern grading. For the analysis, the team focused mainly on Galot in forms of casual korean traditional clothes, since they have the largest market share. The main accomplishments from this research are as follows. First, because adult females are the largest segment to consider in deciding the size system for grading, we selected three sizes that have to be compatible with the KS Clothing Standardized Sizing. Second, for basic pattern grading, we applied the reference size indicated in KS Clothing Standardized Size, and also used half dart sloper and dartless sloper. Third, we categorized designs according to the presence or absence of a dart, the structure of closure, and the shape of the sleeve and neck. We indicated the grading points with numbers and body area in Korean to make it easier for the users to understand when using the computer system and doing manual work. To further increase the user convenience, we provided diagrams for categorized designs, pattern grading layout, and a table for calculated grading points variation.