Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 45, Issue 10 - Dec 2007
Volume 45, Issue 9 - Nov 2007
Volume 45, Issue 8 - Oct 2007
Volume 45, Issue 7 - Aug 2007
Volume 45, Issue 6 - Jul 2007
Volume 45, Issue 5 - Jun 2007
Volume 45, Issue 4 - May 2007
Volume 45, Issue 3 - Apr 2007
Volume 45, Issue 2 - Feb 2007
Volume 45, Issue 1 - Jan 2007
Selecting the target year
A Study on Identity of Home Economics Education : Focusing on the Image and the Characteristics
Park, Mi-Jeong ; Chae, Jung-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 4, 2007, Pages 1~16
The purpose of this study was to explore the identity of home economics(HE) education by assessing perceptions of HE teacher, students, and general adults regarding the images and characteristics of HE education. Respondents in this study were 234 HE teachers, 505 students, and 264 general adults. Questionnaires were collected through both online and offline. The image and the characteristics of HE education were the factors of the identity that were also the byproducts of HE education operation of the past and present, and had the characteristics in changing in accordance with the change of time. The current image of HE education was shown to positive recognition as the curriculum helpful to the actual living and future living for the HE teacher, students, and the general adults. For the HE teacher, it had strong emotionally warm image similar to the image of 'home', and it was connected to the curriculum image to be acknowledged as good problem solving teachers in terms of competence and conservative image. However, on the images of the HE curriculum and HE teacher, the HE teachers had the most positive recognition, and on the image of the HE curriculum, the students had the most negative recognition while the image of the HE teacher, the general adults had the most negative recognition. The general adults among the three groups recognized the HE curriculum as the most technical oriented curriculum while the students recognized as interesting curriculum, curriculum contributing on society. In the meantime, for the characteristic of the HE education, the HE teachers recognized that it had weak female curriculum characteristics and strong living functional curriculum characteristics, and the practical curriculum characteristics would be important in the future. Accordingly, the identity of the HE education formulated might be considered as the practical curriculum that was helpful to problem solving in actual living of the family and family members with the connection to the concept of 'home'. However, depending on the definition on implication of practice and issue of actual living, the characteristics and appearance of the HE education had been changed and might interpret as changing according to the above.for the fertility policy and the methods for the estimation of the child cost were suggested based on the results.
An Evaluation of Elderly Households' Financial Status Using Financial Ratios
You, Woo-Jeong ; Bae, Mi-Kyeong ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 4, 2007, Pages 17~28
The purpose of the study was to provide informations about the financial status of elderly households using financial ratios. The data was obtained from 2000 national households, consisting of 4,824 of elderly households. Descriptive tatistics were used to analyze the financial ratios and eleven different financial ratios. The results of this study were as follows. The financial status of elderly households need to be analyzed in detail according to age group, income level and asset level. In addition, some financial ratios already developed in previous studies may not applicable which necessitates the development of financial ratios specifically for application to elderly households for finanical counselors. The study results suggest the possibility of inequality among elderly households. The following studies need to focus on the limitation of these studies.
The Effect of Leisure Types and Social Supports on Elderly Depression
Kim, Jung-Ok ; Um, In-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 4, 2007, Pages 29~42
The purpose of this study is to investigate the leisure and social support types which affect elderly depression. The study sample comprised 275 cases, and the analysis was performed by t-test, ANOVA, multiple regression and stepwise regression on SPSS ver. 10.0. The following three principle results were obtained: First, the types of leisure and social support differed according to domographic profiles. Second, among 6 sub-factors of leisure type, sports and viewing impressions activities contributed positively to elderly depression, as did emotional and appraisement supports among 4 sub-factors of social support. Third, stepwise regression analysis, conducted to determine the effect weights of factors of leisure types and social supports, showed that emotional support, social relationships activity, and viewing impressions activity strongly affected elderly depression in the order listed. Based of these results, the study suggested methods for developing an active leisure activities program which is necessary to minimize elderly depression.
Knit Design Represented with the Technique of Hand-knit
Park, Yu-Hyun ; Choi, Jeong-Wook ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 4, 2007, Pages 43~51
This study analyzed the knit wear trend, which has gained attention as a sensuous and luxury item, through collection magazines, and used the technique of hand-knit to produce and present the knit wear that was designed based on the study results. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to raise awareness of the expansion of hand knit's new expression techniques and expression areas and to verify its possibility as a higher value-added product. The trends of hand-knit wear resulted from the analysis of collections divided into the following four groups, and the knit designs were also grouped accordingly: First was "The design using object." The trend survey showed the results that the form of drops or flowers was often used as a factor of object. Accordingly, as for the study design, the drop-knitting technique, which is one of the pattern knitting techniques, was used to present a design that employed drops as the object. Second was "The design matched with woven material." It is a way to emphasize aesthetic formativeness and at the same time to activate the area of knit design by matching woven material, which is different from knit in texture, with knit. This study presented a design that tried to combine knit texture and woven material by connecting denim material with various textures and colors. Third was "The design to express see-through." A sense of showing through knit wear was expressed through changes in the type of thread or knitting technique. In this study, the sense of see-through was expressed using piano wires and wool threads and through changes in the thickness of needle. Fourth was "The design to emphasize coloring." It was analyzed that regarding the production of hand knit, the method of coloring expression was to express points, lines and sides or to create harmony by changing the material's color or texture to show particular objects or shapes. In this study, a jacket was designed using the method to express points, lines and sides by changing the material's color.
Dyeing Protein Fiber to Green Color Using Natural Mugwort and Indigo
Yoo, Hye-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 4, 2007, Pages 53~59
We need to diversify the colors by natural dyeing for promotion and extention of the natural dyes market, because natural dyestuffs have the limitation the number of the colors to express, compare to synthetic dyestuffs. It was investigated that wool and silk fabrics could be dyed to green colors using natural mugwort and indigo as one of color diversification, in order to express green color that is difficult to be shown by natural dyeing. The mugwort dyebath was prepared to concentration of
using dried mugwort plant and indigo dyebath was prepared to concentration of
using natural indigo powder. Wool fabrics and silk fabrics were dyed to green(GY, G, BG in Munsell color wheel) by two batch methods using the mugwort and indigo dyebaths. the mugwort dyeing was applied at
for 20minutes and indigo dyeing applied for
minutes in room temperature. The colorfastness to drycleaning and abrasion of the dyed fabrics were shown good as grade 4-5 or 5.
Relationships among Children's Emotional Intelligence, Maternal Psychological Life Position and Children's Social Behavior
Yeom, Mi-Ae ; Moon, Hyuk-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 4, 2007, Pages 61~75
This study examined the relationships among children's emotional intelligence, maternal psychological life position and children's social behavior. The study subjects were 267 four and five-year-old children and their mothers from five childcare centers located in Seoul. The children's social behavior was assessed by the teacher rating scale developed by Lim(1999) and questionnaires were used to assess the maternal psychological life position and children's emotional intelligence. Data was analyzed by t-test, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. The results demonstrated that the children's social behavior differed according to their gender and age. The strongest predictor of children's social behavior was the children's emotional intelligence.
Elementary School Children's Perception of Proverbs and Characteristic of the Perceived Proverbs
Cho, Bok-Hee ; Lee, Joo-Yeon ; Kang, Gi-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 4, 2007, Pages 77~86
The purpose of this study is to explore the number and type of proverbs known by elementary school children and explain what variables might influence the proverbs' perception. From Seoul and Chonbuk areas, 632 forth, fifth, and sixth graders at elementary school participated. They completed an open-ended questionnaire asking them to list as many proverbs as they know and probing their experience in the use of proverbs with grandparents, parents, and peers. The results showed that the participants listed a total of 185 proverbs, at an average of six proverbs each, and that 63% were a concrete proverb consisting of only concrete and visible nouns. Children reported relatively different ratios of concrete/abstract/complex proverbs according to their grade. Sixth graders perceived more proverbs which included nouns than other graders. Multiple regression analysis revealed that children's grade and using proverbs with peers influenced their proverb perception. These results may suggest a possibility of relationship between figurative language and cognitive development related to thinking of late school-age children.
The Relationship between the Father's Emotional Expressiveness, Verbal Controls and Children's Social Competency
Song, Hye-Young ; Ohm, Jung-Ae ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 4, 2007, Pages 87~96
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the father's emotional expressiveness and verbal controls, and his children's social competency depending on gender. Subjects were 156 five-year-old children and their fathers in 4 private kindergarten in Gyeongi province. The data obtained were analyzed by frequencies, percentiles, means, standard deviations, Cronbach's alpha, t-test, and Pearson's correlations. The major findings of this study were as follows: 1) A significant difference was found between the children's gender in terms of children's external behavioral problems in social competency. 2) There was a negative correlation between the fathers' negative emotional expressiveness and their male children's social competency. 3) There was a negative correlation between the fathers' imperative control under verbal controls and their male children's social competency.
The Development and Validation of the Parenting Self-Efficacy Scale for Mothers of Preschool Children
Cho, Young-Suk ; Lee, Yang-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 4, 2007, Pages 97~112
The purpose of this study was to develop a Parenting Self-Efficacy Scale for mothers of 5- to 7-year -old preschool children. After 43 items of the preliminary scale were analyzed for their fitness of structure based on the chi-square test and Cramer's V coefficients, and 27 were selected as the final set for the questionnaire. Further factor analysis on these 27 items confirmed the selection of 26 of the 27 items with a four-factor structure : communication, teaching, general parenting self-efficacy, and control. The internal reliability was evaluated to show a confidence level of .92 for the overall items and a range of .70 to .86 for each individual factor.
Weight Control and its Related Factors among Children: A Gender-based Approach
Kim, Yu-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 45, issue 4, 2007, Pages 113~122
The purpose of this study was to investigate weight control and the relative influence of individual variables affecting children's attempts to control weight. The study subjects were 319 elementary school children. First, the average body height and weight of the children who participated in this study was somewhat larger in boys and similar in girls, as compared with the normal body shape of Korean children. More boys were classified as overweight than girls, based on BMI. Both boys and girls were dissatisfied with their body shape, and especially the girls showed higher dissatisfaction rate than the boys did. Almost half of the children were concerned about weight control and girls had higher concern than boys. Of the children, 38.8% had controlled their weight; however there was no difference between their sexes. There were significant differences between children who had and had not experienced weight control in the following variables: stress caused by obesity, body satisfaction, BMI, subjective body shape perception and concern about weight control. Therefore, discriminant function analysis was performed to determine the discrimination of these variables between the two groups. From the analysis results, the most critical factor was BMI in the boys and concern about weight control in the girls. This finding should be reflected in the design of weight control programs for children i.e., boys should be encouraged to perceive correctly their own body shape and to control weight by maintaining a well-balanced diet and moderate exercise over a long period of time, rather than by skipping meals, while girls should be inspired with sound values and attitudes regarding their body shape, rather than provided with the concrete information on how to control weight.