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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 50, Issue 8 - Dec 2012
Volume 50, Issue 7 - Nov 2012
Volume 50, Issue 6 - Oct 2012
Volume 50, Issue 5 - Aug 2012
Volume 50, Issue 4 - Jun 2012
Volume 50, Issue 3 - Apr 2012
Volume 50, Issue 2 - Feb 2012
Volume 50, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
Selecting the target year
Elementary School Children's Self-Concept and School Life Adjustment according to Attachment Types of Parents, Teachers and Peers
Kim, Bun ; Choi, Youn-Shil ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~13
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.1.001
The purpose of this research is to explore the self-concept and school life adjustment based on group classification of attachment types with parents, teachers and peer groups among 6th grade students at elementary schools. The findings suggest that attachment is highest with one's mothers, followed by peer groups, fathers and teachers. This is in accordance with the overall tendencies of children to be attached to their parents, teachers, peer groups, according to their self-concept and school life adjustment. In addition, the tendency of attachment with parents, teachers, and peer groups according to gender is not meaningful except for peer-group affection between boys and girls. Furthermore, an integrated attachment type is ranked highest, followed by parents attachment type, peer attachment type, and unstable attachment type, in order based on cluster analysis. Finally, each attachment group among students showed meaningful differences in socio-demographic variables, self-concept, and school life adjustment.
Mediating Effects of Self-Esteem on the Relationship between Perfectionism in Children, and Depression and Anxiety
Chyung, Yun-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 1, 2012, Pages 15~28
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.1.015
The purpose of this study was to examine: (1) the relationships among two dimensions of children's perfectionism (both self-oriented and socially prescribed), and levels of depression, anxiety, and self-esteem; (2) whether or not self-esteem mediates the relationship between children's self-oriented perfectionism, and depression and anxiety; and (3) whether self-esteem mediates the relationship between socially prescribed perfectionism, and depression and anxiety. The participants were 406 fifth and sixth graders. Their data were collected with questionnaires. It was found that there are significant correlations between children's self-oriented perfectionism, and depression and self-esteem, and there are also significant correlations between children's socially prescribed perfectionism, and depression, anxiety, and self-esteem. It was also found that self-esteem mediates the relationship between the two dimensions of children's perfectionism, and depression and anxiety. These results seem to indicate that enhancing healthy self-esteem could lower the risks of experiencing depression and anxiety in children with perfectionistic personality.
A Study on Scarf Design Development with a Combination of Traditional Korean Rice Cake Pattern and Jogakbo Patchwork
Kim, Sun-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 1, 2012, Pages 29~39
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.1.029
The purpose of this research is to suggest a scarf design which reflects the traditional culture native to Korea by making use of the combined pattern of jokgakbo patchwork and ddeoksal(rice cake). For research methodology, the computer design programs of Adobe Illustrator CS3 and Adobe Photoshop CS3 were used along with the related literature. For the combined sets of motif pattern, the following were consider: first, a combination of jogakbo in square shape and chrysanthemum in a rice cake mold; second, a combination of radius jogakbo and geometrical pattern; third, a combination of vertical and horizontal forms of jogakbo and rice cake pattern; fourth, a combination of yeouijumunbo and butterfly pattern in rice cake mold. For the scarf design with these applications, technical skills such as repeat, rotation, symmetry, free setup, and distortion were used for the combination motif. In terms of the shape of the design, there are two, square and lengthwise tetragons.
Examining Early Childhood's Perception of Strange Adults' Luring Behaviors Facilitating Crime
Kim, Young-Shim ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 1, 2012, Pages 41~50
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.1.041
The purpose of this study was to examine the response pattern of children of early childhood (ages 4 to 5) to strangers' luring behaviors that suggest imminent crime. Data were collected from registrants offered by four kindergartens and daycare centers. Individual interviews were performed (N = 100) by using a questionnaire. Results were as follows: First, children of early childhood responded unfavorably to strange adults' kindness and request for aids. However, it was found that they did not make the right decision in relation to strange adults' luring behaviors that lead to crime when family related clues were manipulated. Second, children of early childhood responded favorably to strange adults' luring behaviors that are suggestive of criminal intent when candy, ice cream, and toys were offered. Especially, youngsters were more prone to be deceived by these indices than the older children. Third, older children responded unfavorably to strange adults' luring behaviors that suggest a criminal intent In addition, youngsters did not respond cleverly to strange adults' luring behaviors that suggest a criminal intent while showing a reluctant response.
An Analysis of the Causal Relationships between Cognition, Attitude, and Behavior toward Appearance Management
Park, Kwang-Hee ; Yoo, Hwa-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 1, 2012, Pages 51~63
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.1.051
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of appearance management cognition on attitude toward appearance management and the effect of this attitude on appearance management behavior. It also examines how demographic factors affect these relationships. This study gave a questionnaire survey to adults between the ages of 40 and 50 in Seoul, Daegu, and Ulsan, South Korea. Data collected from 368 respondents were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, factor analysis, and structural equation modeling. The study model was tested by structural equation modeling, the results of which revealed a positive effect of appearance management cognition on attitude toward appearance management and a positive effect of attitude toward appearance management on appearance management behavior. The results of t-testing showed that there were significant differences in cognition, attitude, and behavior toward appearance management by gender, age, educational level, and income.
Difficulties in Parenting Influenced by the Mother's Characteristics and Child's Temperament
Baik, Eun-Joo ; Kang, Min-Jung ; Han, Sun-Ah ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 1, 2012, Pages 65~78
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.1.065
This research investigated the difficulties in parenting influenced by the mother's characteristics and child's temperament. This study used first-year data from the Panel Study of Korean Children(PSKC), which was carried out under the R&D Center's child care policy. The following methods were used for analysis; descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and multiple regression using SPSS 13.0 program. First, the result is that the difficulties in parenting in terms of mother's sociology of population is more difficult when mother is early 30, low educational attainment and has no income and religion. Second, the result shows that relation between mother's characteristics or child's temperament and difficulties for parenting is affected by both depression, conflict of mother's characteristics and emotions of child's temperament. Third, the most important thing that affects to difficulties in parenting is in order of mother's depression, self-esteem, the method of bringing up, emotions of child's temperament and parent's trouble.
The Interaction Effects on Test Anxiety of Elementary School Students by Academic Self-Efficacy and Test Anxiety Coping Styles
Yang, Yeon-Suk ; Kwon, Jung-Im ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 1, 2012, Pages 79~88
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.1.079
The purpose of this study was to examine the interaction effects of children's academic self-efficacy and to test their anxiety coping style in terms of their test anxiety. We conducted a questionnaire survey with 193 sixth-graders in an elementary school. The results of this study are summarized as follows. First, the children were more worried about emotionality to test anxiety, and used problem-focused coping significantly more frequently than emotion-focused coping. In addition, female children demonstrated more emotionality and worry about test anxiety and used emotion-focused coping for test anxiety more frequently. Second, emotionality was higher when emotion-focused coping was used. In the case where the level of problem-focused coping was high, emotionality was higher when academic self-efficacy was high. Children's worry was lower when the level of problem-focused coping was high and when the level of emotion-focused coping was low. In female children, however, worry increased when the level of problem-focused coping was low and the level of emotion-focused coping was high.
Effects of Optimism and Orientations to Happiness on Psychological Well-Being of College Students
Kim, Kyung-Min ; Lim, Jung-Ha ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 1, 2012, Pages 89~101
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.1.089
The purpose of this study was to investigate college students' psychological well-being influenced by optimism and orientations to happiness. The participants were 412 college students aged from 20 to 28. Data were analyzed using Cronbach's alpha, frequencies, percentiles, means, standard deviations, two-way ANOVAs and hierarchical regression analyses. The major findings were as follows. 1) In optimism, there were no significant differences in gender and the year of study in college. In orientations to happiness, male students pursued engagement in happiness more than female students and the seniors reported a significantly higher level of pursuit of happiness than freshmen did. In terms of psychological well-being, seniors scored significantly higher psychological well-being than freshmen. 2) Optimism and orientations to happiness were significant predictors of the psychological well-being of college students. With circumstances and optimism controlled, orientations to happiness still showed 13% variance in psychological well-being.
The Effects of Maternal Emotional Availability on Preschooler's Social Skills and Problem Behaviors: The Mediating Effects of Preschooler's Effortful Control
Moon, Young-Kyung ; Lee, Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 1, 2012, Pages 103~119
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.1.103
The purpose of this study was to explore the mediating effects of preschooler's effortful control on the relationship between maternal emotional availability and preschooler's social skills and problem behaviors. One hundred-thirty six 5-year-old preschoolers and their mothers participated in this study. Instruments for this study were the Emotional Availability Scale for maternal emotional availability, the Delay task, and the Child Behavior Questionnaire for preschooler's effortful control, and the Social Skill Rating Scale, K-CBCL 1.5-5 and K-TRF for preschooler's social skills and problem behaviors. The resulting data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, partial correlation, and structural equation modeling analysis. As predicted, the preschooler's effortful control mediated the effects of maternal emotional availability on preschooler's social skills and problem behaviors. In conclusion, the preschooler's effortful control mediates the effects of emotion related socialization behavior on the preschooler's socio-emotional adjustment.
A Study on the Development and Effectiveness Verification of a Program Designed to Strengthen Family Resilience of Inpatients with Cancer and Their Families
Yang, Moo-Hee ; Yoon, Gyung-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 1, 2012, Pages 121~139
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.1.121
This study aims to develop a program for enhancing family resilience in cancer patients along with their family members and verify its effectiveness. The subjects were inpatients with cancer and their families, totaling 46 subjects at an university hospital in Busan. They were divided into two groups, the participating group who were in an experiment and the control group who were not taking part in the experiment. Then family resilience was measured before and after completing the program sessions. The program was conducted once a week, 4 times, for two hours. The participating group of family resilience strengthening program showed higher family resilience compared with that of the control group. The results suggest that family resilience can be enhanced through adversity. It also verifies that family resilience of family members with cancer patients can be strengthened by expressing emotion, conveying deep affection, and sufficiently supporting one another through the family resilience strengthening approach.
Contemporary Consumers' Product Consumption Experiences: A Comparison between the Two Leading Brands of Smart Phone
Oh, Ji-Eun ; Ki, Kee-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 1, 2012, Pages 141~154
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.1.141
The purpose of this study was to examine consumers' product experiences from the time when the consumer purchases a smart phone, through to the period of use, and to evaluate the product after a period of usage by comparing two groups of smart phone users of the two leading brands, Galaxy S and iPhone 4G. Product experiences were considered through the process of a consumer purchasing and using a product throughout the whole cycle of product consumption. Product experiences were compared between the two brand users according to their demographic backgrounds. The results indicated that iPhone 4G users were more likely to experience functional superiorities and emotional varieties than Galaxy S users. Especially, iPhone 4G users were more likely to experience enjoyment, aesthetics, enhanced self-images and good relationships with others through the smart phone than the Galaxy S users. Galaxy S users were more likely to identify a corporate's image as a superior feature, while iPhone 4G users were more likely to identify multi-functions and endless applications. This study implies that not only the product's functional superiorities but also the consumers' entire cycle of product experiences should be carefully examined and reflected in the development of successful new products in this competitive market.