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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 50, Issue 8 - Dec 2012
Volume 50, Issue 7 - Nov 2012
Volume 50, Issue 6 - Oct 2012
Volume 50, Issue 5 - Aug 2012
Volume 50, Issue 4 - Jun 2012
Volume 50, Issue 3 - Apr 2012
Volume 50, Issue 2 - Feb 2012
Volume 50, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
Selecting the target year
Mediating Effects of Pessimism on the Relationship between Socially Prescribed Perfectionism and Emotional Problems in Children
Chyung, Yun-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 5, 2012, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.5.001
The purpose of this study is to examine: (1) the relationships among socially prescribed perfectionism, pessimism, and emotional problems represented by levels of depression and anxiety in children; and (2) whether or not pessimism mediates the relationship between children`s socially prescribed perfectionism and emotional problems. 441 fifth and sixth graders residing in the national capital region participated in the study. Their data were collected with self-reported questionnaires in school class settings. Descriptive statistics and Pearson`s product correlation coefficients were obtained using SPSS (version 18.0), and tests of the mediation were performed using SEM with AMOS (version 20). Significant correlations between children`s socially prescribed perfectionism, pessimism, and emotional problems exist. Also, pessimism appears to partially mediate the relationship between children`s socially prescribed perfectionism and emotional problems. These results seem to indicate that mitigating pessimism could reduce the possibility of experiencing emotional problems, such as depression and anxiety, in children who have strong beliefs to live up to the high standards, set unrealistically by others.
Children`s Social Withdrawal in Relation to Mothers` Reactions to Children`s Negative Emotion and Mothers` Emotional Expressivity
Kwon, Yeon-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 5, 2012, Pages 13~24
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.5.013
This study examined the effects of mothers` reactions toward children`s negative emotion as well as mothers` emotional expressivity on children`s social withdrawal. 206 children (103 boys, 103 girls; aged 4-5 years old) and their mothers participated in the study. Mothers reported their reactions to their child`s negative emotion along with their expressivity. The teachers completed a rating scale to measure children`s social withdrawal. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson`s productive correlation coefficient, and hierarchical multiple regressions. The results showed a relation between mothers` distress reactions and punitive responses and children`s social withdrawal. A mother`s positive expressivity was negatively related to a child`s social withdrawal. A hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the effects of mothers` punitive responses and minimization responses on children`s withdrawal were moderated by a mother`s positive expressivity. Mothers` punitive responses and minimization responses were positively associated with children`s social withdrawal, especially for children who had the lowest level of mother`s positive expressivity.
The Impacts of Social and Cultural Capital on the Academic Achievement of Children in Out-of-Home Care
Kang, Hyun-Ah ; Woo, Seok-Jin ; Kang, Hyun-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 5, 2012, Pages 25~38
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.5.025
Drawing on social and cultural capital theory, the study investigates the influences of social capital and cultural capital on the academic achievement of children in out-of-home care. We collected data from 494 children living in out-of-home services, including institutional care facilities, foster care homes, and group homes. To analyze the collected data, a multiple regression analysis method was used. In addition, the IV (instrumental-variables) estimation was utilized to rule out the possibility of reverse causality. The level of children`s social capital was measured through children`s relationships with parents and friends, parental monitoring, etc. The level of children`s cultural capital was measured by their cultural activities, such as going to museums, and playing musical instruments. Children`s personal characteristics and placement history in out-of-home services were used as control variables. We found that among personal characteristic variables, self-esteem, depression and anxiety, and delinquency affected the academic achievement of the children. Cultural capital, but not social capital, positively affected the level of academic achievement of the children. Based on the study results, implications for child welfare practice were discussed.
Characteristics of the Animal Motif Found in Modern Fashion
Kim, Sun-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 5, 2012, Pages 39~49
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.5.039
This study looked into the trend of expression of animal motifs that appears in modern fashion, and the values embedded in them. As to the research method, empirical analysis was performed on the works presented at the four global collections of Paris, Milan, New York and London from 2001S/S to 2010F/W, as well as a literature review. As a result, animal motifs applied in modern fashion appeared in material groups, such as leather or feather. The first group shows a realistic material feel, with artificial leather or fur, expressed in a transformed complex animal motif, with process skill or various methods of expression. The second group is the case of a single motif or reality, mode, and ion pattern. Printing is a generic expression, but patchwork, collage or bead ornament are also used, and expressed in the various forms of pattern: pattern in a single animal, pattern in different animals, and pattern combining both animal and other shape. The third group is a small decorative ornament, including headset or accessory and makeup, which is transformed in an animal-characterized motif into part of clothing components for expression, or to set the real animal to the stage for a performance. The embedded values were also categorized as natural beauty, sensual female beauty, pleasure, and ornamentation, which could be an endless spiritual source, and a breakthrough that enables us to show a creative and new aesthetic for the modern fashion field.
An Analysis of Public Uniforms Design
Lim, Song-Mi ; Lee, Mi-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 5, 2012, Pages 51~65
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.5.051
The purpose of this study is to provide empirical basic data to develop public uniforms design, by understanding international universality and advanced design sense, through the analysis of public uniforms design at home and abroad. The theoretical study reviewed the character and area of public design, and the concepts and requirements of public uniforms. The empirical study analyzed public uniform design at home and abroad, focusing on typical public uniforms, such as police, fire fighter, and street cleaner. The results of this study were as follows. First, the police uniform has a standardized and formal suit style, which consists of a single-breasted dk-PB jacket with a notched collar and pants. It uses PB as the main color, to show their authority and role reliability. Epaulet or badge, which represents belonging and difference in rank, are attached to express the identity of an organization. Second, the fire fighter uniform consists of a hip length coat with a stand collar effective for heat shielding, and straight pants with flap pockets, in which it is easy to put things. Its main color is dkg-PB, to mitigate visual fatigue and enhance comfort, and an accent color scheme is used, to effectively raise visual attention and safety. Finally, the street cleaner uniform has a casual style, which consists of a jumper with a shirt collar and pants for high activity. v-YR and R with high chroma is mainly used, for increased attention during day and night work, to stress safety.
The Mediating and Moderating Effects of Teacher-Child Relationships on Social Behavior and Peer Preference
Yoon, Soo-Jung ; Shin, Yoo-Lim ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 5, 2012, Pages 67~77
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.5.067
The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating and moderating effects of teacher-child relationships on children`s social behavior and peer preference. The participants were 508 children and 28 head teachers of their classes. Teachers measured the children`s social behavior and the teacher-child relationships. Peer preference was measured by peer nomination. The association between prosocial behavior and peer preference was partially mediated by teacher-child conflict. The association between withdrawal, aggression and peer preference was fully mediated by teacher-child conflict. The moderating effects of teacher-child conflict were found between prosocial behavior and peer preference. In addition, teacher-child conflict moderated the association between physical aggression and peer preference.
The Relationship between Psychological and Environmental Factors and Value of Children of Mothers with Young Children
Park, Su-Bin ; Kim, Hee-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 5, 2012, Pages 79~89
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.5.079
The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in the value of children according to the demographic characteristics of mothers with young children. This was to examine the relationship between psychological and environmental factors, and the value of children to mothers with young children. The participants of this study were 237 mothers, who had young children. Descriptive statistics, t-test, F-test, and Pearson`s correlation analysis were used for data analysis. The results were as follows: First, the value of children was different according to the child`s factors (gender and number of children in the family, etc.), the mother`s factors (age and education, etc), and the family`s factors (household income and cost of bringing up the child). Second, familism is related to emotional value and instrumental value, parenting efficacy is related to emotional value and social value, children`s temperament is related to emotional value, and the value of children from mother`s reference group is related to emotional value and instrumental value, social value, and burdensome value. As for the implication of these findings, value of children from mother`s reference groups is important for changing the value of children of the mothers with young children.
Children`s Representations of Mothers and Preschool Adjustment: Analysis of Mediating Effect of Peer Competence
Woo, Su-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 5, 2012, Pages 91~100
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.5.091
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of children`s representations of mothers and peer competence on preschool adjustment. 102 preschoolers (47 boys and 55 girls, aged 4-5) participated in this study. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and structural equation modeling analysis. The results were as follows: Firstly, children`s representations of mothers had a direct effect on peer competence. Secondly, peer competence had a direct effect on preschool adjustment. Thirdly, children`s representations of mothers did not directly affect preschool adjustment, but their representations of mothers did indirectly affect preschool adjustment, through peer competence. In conclusion, children`s representations of mothers and peer competence influence preschool adjustment.
Safety-Oriented Consumer Behavior Associated with Safety Information Search
Oh, Kyoung-Im ; Lee, Seung-Sin ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 5, 2012, Pages 101~113
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.5.101
This study aims to examine consumer product safety search levels, as well as their response to safety-oriented behavior change, in a bid to use the results in the diverse policy formulation of government and business, and as basic data for securing consumer safety. The findings of this study are outlined as follows. First, for consumer safety information search access and reliability, in the case of access, accessibility via TV and other press media was high, while accessibility via education (seminars, lectures, practice and campaigns) was low. Second, consumer safety-oriented behaviors were examined before and after purchasing products; there was a significant difference associated with monthly income prior to buying products. Third, in order to determine the influence of variables related to consumer safety-oriented behaviors, consumer safety-oriented behaviors as a dependent variable underwent regression analysis; information search access and reliability, and monthly income were found to significantly influence consumer behavior.
Effects of Family Environment and Parental Neglect on Adolescent`s Contact with Harmful Environments
Cho, Yoon-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 5, 2012, Pages 115~124
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.5.115
The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating effects of parental neglect on the relationship between family environment, such as economic status and harmony of family and contact with harmful environments. The data came from the 2009 Korean Survey on the Rights of Youth (N
Literature Review of Play Therapy Intervention for Children with ADHD
Choi, Jin-Ah ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 5, 2012, Pages 125~138
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.5.125
The purpose of this study was to analyze the research literature on play therapy intervention for children with ADHD. Thirty-nine studies, conducted from 1995 to 2010, were analyzed. The results of the literature review are as follows: The most commonly studied subjects were elementary school children in grades 1-3. The most common subject selection method was to select ADHD tendency children. The most typical intervention setting used was a counseling center. The most frequent intervention was 11-15 sessions of group counseling. Pre-post experimental-control research designs were the most commonly used. In the analyzed studies, play therapy-game play therapy, CBPT, CCPT, sand play therapy, and theraplay- was used for ADHD children. The studies found that game play therapy and cognitive-behavior play therapy are effective for improving ADHD children`s attention, impulsiveness, and self-control. The major game play therapy activities used were dart games, "Simon says" games, fishing games, dominoes, Jenga, Beat the Clock, the board game "Stop," and "Ice, break., ice, break." Based on these findings, this article presents implications and discussion for play therapy intervention for ADHD children.