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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 50, Issue 8 - Dec 2012
Volume 50, Issue 7 - Nov 2012
Volume 50, Issue 6 - Oct 2012
Volume 50, Issue 5 - Aug 2012
Volume 50, Issue 4 - Jun 2012
Volume 50, Issue 3 - Apr 2012
Volume 50, Issue 2 - Feb 2012
Volume 50, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
Selecting the target year
Adolescent Prejudice towards Immigrants: The Role of Parents and the Effect of Adolescent Prejudice on Self-Identity and Coping Styles
Lim, Ji Young ; Chung, Grace H. ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1~11
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.6.001
As the immigrant population is rapidly growing in South Korea, it is important for the next generation of Korean adolescents to foster unprejudiced attitudes towards immigrants. This paper thus seeks to shed light on adolescent prejudice towards immigrants, by addressing the following three questions: (1) Does a mother's prejudice towards immigrants and parenting style influence their adolescent children's prejudice towards immigrants? (2) Does an adolescent's prejudice towards immigrants influence his/her self-identity? (3) Does an adolescent's prejudice towards immigrants influence his/her coping styles? The sample consisted of 288 pairs of Korean adolescents and their mothers. According to hierarchical regression analyses, a mother's prejudice towards immigrants significantly predicted her adolescent's prejudice towards immigrants, after taking sociodemographic variables into account, whereas her parenting style did not. In addition, having a low level of prejudice towards immigrants among adolescents predicted high levels of self-identity (e.g. independence, proprioceptive, and mission orientation), and a greater use of positive coping skills (e.g. support-seeking and problem-solving). Overall, results showed that mothers played a significant role in shaping their adolescent's prejudice towards immigrants. Results also provided evidence that prejudice towards immigrants may interfere with the healthy development of self-identity and coping style during adolescence. In conclusion, this study suggests that multicultural education for adolescents can be more effective, when it is provided in partnership with a parent education program that is designed to raise parental multicultural awareness.
A Case Study on the Wedding Culture of the Main Family in the Gyeongbuk Area
Lee, Hyang Sook ; Ju, Young Ae ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 6, 2012, Pages 13~32
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.6.013
This study surveyed features of weddings in the main family by selecting 10 families in which the grandnephew and grandnephew's wife dwell in the head house, have a shrine, and hold a memorial service for Bulcheonwi (不遷位). A case survey through in-depth interview was carried out from April 9, to October 8, 2011. It surveyed the contents and the wedding artifacts in Uihon (議婚), Napchae (納采), Nappye (納幣), Daerye (大禮), Hyeongugorye (見舅姑禮), which are the procedures of traditional wedding that have been kept in the wedding ceremony of the main family. As a result, in deciding on marriage, the marriage was formed on the basis of similar Gagyeok (家格) and on ancestor's common scholastic mantle or origin. As for wedding furnishings, wedding presents, and wedding gifts, 9 out of 10 families were indicated to give and take weakly. Also, 6 out of 10 families held a traditional wedding ceremony in the yard of the bride's house. Hyeongugorye (見舅姑禮) was indicated to be held by all of the 10 families. A continuous effort in academic circles and industries is demanded for preserving the living culture of the main family, which proceeds with following the traditional elements even amid a rapidly-changing historical flow as today.
The Effect of Congruency of Parent Brand Image with Self-Image, Brand Loyalty, and Brand Involvement on the Attitude towards Extended Product in Fashion Brand Extension
Rhee, Young Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 6, 2012, Pages 33~42
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.6.033
Today, many fashion companies use brand extension and it is especially important to conduct brand extension that coincides with consumer self-image, and maintains brand loyalty in order to succeed. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of congruency of parent brand image with self-image, brand loyalty, and brand involvement on the attitude towards extended product in fashion brand extension. A survey questionnaire was used to collect information from 170 female college students, and collected data were subjected to descriptive analysis, factor analysis, and regression analysis. Results showed that the congruency of parent brand image with self-image had a positive effect on the attitude towards extended product in fashion brand extension, with a positive mediating effect of brand loyalty, and a negative mediating effect of brand involvement. Also, the congruency of parent brand image with self-image and brand loyalty of the parent brand had a positive effect on the attitude towards the extended product, whereas brand involvement had a negative mediating effect on the attitude towards the extended product in fashion brand extension. The results of this study provide some useful suggestions to marketers in fashion industry: marketers should consider some psychological aspects of consumers such as congruency of parent brand image with self-image, brand loyalty, and brand involvement when conducting brand extension.
The Effects of Middle School Students' Self-Efficacy on Clothing Behavior and Contents Application of the Unit 'Preparing and Managing Clothes'
Park, Eun-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 6, 2012, Pages 43~54
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.6.043
The purpose of this study was to identify the factor structure of self-efficacy, clothing behaviors, contents application of the unit 'preparing and managing clothes' and the effects of self-efficacy on clothing behavior and contents application of the unit 'preparing and managing clothes'. Questionnaires were administered to 201 girl students in middle school, living in the Daegu area. Frequency, descriptive statistics, factor analysis, reliability analysis, and multiple regression were used for data analysis. The findings are as follows. Self-efficacy was composed of five factors, namely interpersonal skills, task performance skills, anxiety, planned performance, and challenging action. Clothing behavior was composed of five factors, namely pleasure, coordinated clothes, uniform preference, learning behavior, and fashion oriented. Contents application of the unit 'preparing and managing clothes' was composed of two factors, namely usefulness of lectures in general, and usefulness of Hanbok lecture. The effects of clothing behavior and contents application of the unit 'preparing and managing clothes' on each of the self-efficacy variables, like interpersonal skills, task performance skills, anxiety, planned performance, and challenging action were explained by factors such as pleasure, coordinated clothes, uniform preference, learning behavior and fashion oriented, and usefulness of lectures in general and usefulness of Hanbok lecture.
A Study on The Layered Look by Applying Characteristics of Men's Baeja from The Joseon Dynasty
Yeom, Jeong-Soon ; Kim, Eun Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 6, 2012, Pages 55~64
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.6.055
This study aims to reinterpret formative elements of Baeja, by applying them to the design of modern clothing. The main objective of the studying Baeja is to propose unique layered look items that can be readily put together for various weather conditions and occasions, be easily wearable and bring out unique individualities. After carefully studying Baeja from Joseon dynasty, flexible and practical layered-look items are designed. The following are the conclusions drawn from the work. First, it is possible to apply Baeja elements, such as the silhouette, traditional materials, and colors, to modern clothes, for a layered-look. Second, Baeja characteristics have a profound potential for a modern layered-look design, in that it is sleeveless, its length is long at the front and short at the back, and it comes with slits on both sides and a wide belt. The items inspired by such characteristic can easily be worn over and draped around daily clothes, according to weather conditions and occasions. Third, many decorative elements of Baeja, including detailed ornamental method, knots, patchworks, and string decorations create a unique and traditional image in modern clothes. Ribbonswhich can adjust the width of clothes are both practical and decorative. A reversible jacket is created by utilizing the same traditional sewing method for both inner and outer fabrics. One item can be worn in different styles, which increases practicality. Fourth, traditional and modern materials go well together. Such methods can create an item with both modern sensibility and traditional chic.
The Effect of the Mother's Rearing Attitude and Mother-Child Relationship-as Perceived by the child on School Adjustment
Kim, Hye Gum ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 6, 2012, Pages 65~75
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.6.065
This study was to examine the effect of the mother's rearing attitude and mother-child relationship, as perceived by the child, on adjustment to school life. The present study investigated how the mother's rearing attitude and mother-child relationship, as perceived by the child, influence school life adjustment. The participants were 300 4th grade elementary school students (173 boys and 127 girls), in Seoul. The data were analyzed using Pearson's correlation and multiple regression, by SPSS 12.0 program. The results were as follows: 1) The child who perceived the mother's rearing attitude to be more rational and democratic, was more adaptive in school life. 2) The mother-child relationship that the child perceived, had a positive relationship with the school life adjustment of the child. The child who perceived the mother-child relationship more positively, was more adaptive in school life. 3) In relationship with the teacher and school class, the mother's democratic rearing attitude, as perceived by the child, was found to be the most affecting factor. In relationship with the classmates and school rules, the mother-child relationship, as perceived by the child, was found to be the most affecting factor.
The Influence of the Mentoring Function and Mentor Trust on the Intention to Reparticipate in the Mentoring Program: Focused on University Students in Fashion Related Departments
Park, Hyun Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 6, 2012, Pages 77~87
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.6.077
The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of the mentoring function and mentor trust on the intention to reparticipate in the mentoring program, focusing on university students in fashion related departments. To achieve the purpose, research was conducted through a survey questionnaire. The questionnaire data from 223 university students in fashion related departments who experienced mentoring programs were analyzed. SPSS 18.0 and AMOS 7.0 statistical packages were used to investigate a structural model and test research hypotheses. The results derived from the analysis of the questionnaire survey were summarized as follows. First, the result showed that the mentoring function was composed of three factors: a sensitivity developmental function, psychosocial function, and fashion career developmental function. Second, the sensitivity developmental function, psychosocial function, and fashion career developmental function positively affected mentor trust. Third, the sensitivity developmental function positively affected the intention to reparticipate in the mentoring program, while the psychosocial function and fashion career developmental function did not influence the intention to reparticipate in the mentoring program. Fourth, mentor trust positively influenced the intention to reparticipate in the mentoring program. The results of the current study would be useful for the professor and university administrator who would like to establish a mentoring program in a fashion related department, by exploring the relation of mentoring function, mentor trust and the intention to reparticipate in the mentoring program.
Emotional Perceptions of Pregnant Women and Husbands on Babies' Cries
Kim, Yeoun Jung ; Chung, Mi Ra ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 6, 2012, Pages 89~98
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.6.089
This study examined the consciousness of husbands and wives on babies' cries and its factors which have impacts on their emotional perceptions. For this study, infants' cries were recorded with the participation of 136 pregnant women and 76 husbands, and they conducted self-evaluations regarding their emotional perceptions and personal characteristics. The stimulus used to exhibit the cries of infants were from eighteen recorded cry sample under three situations (hunger, pain, and mother's absence) with six healthy infants (three male and three female) who are over six months. Also, this study dealt with the relationship between emotional assessment and the personal characteristics of mothers and fathers. As a result, the experience of child-rearing has a positive influence on the emotional cry perceptions of husbands and wives, and there was no sex difference in their emotional cry perceptions. A change of recognition, "being parents," has impacts on emotional cry perceptions, but the major factors increasing these impacts depend on the physiological changes of pregnant women and their personal characteristics.
Consumer Information Competency of Contemporary Consumers: Effects on Information Search Efficiency and Effectiveness for Purchase of Electronic Goods
Hwang, Hye Sun ; Kim, Kee-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 6, 2012, Pages 99~117
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.6.099
This study aimed to measure consumer information competency, which indicates consumers' general ability to search and utilize information. The model of this study was constructed in order to identify how consumer information competency influences the efficiency and the effectiveness of external information search. The model was verified with related prior knowledge as a moderator variable in order to understand holistic consumer information search activity. The result of the study is as follows. First, the concept of consumer information competency was constructed with four sub-abilities: define, search, extract, and synthesis & use. The ability of define was the highest, as opposed to the ability of extract, which was the lowest. Second, consumer information competency was lower for women as well as for low family income. The sub-abilities of search and synthesis & use were lower for aging consumers. Third, consumer information competency has positive effects on information search efficiency and effectiveness. Moreover, the efficiency influences the effectiveness positively. Fourth, prior knowledge moderates the effect of consumer information competency to the efficiency. Only for consumers with high knowledge the efficiency has the effect of mediating between consumer information competency and the effectiveness.
Experiences of School Participation and the Need for School-Participation Leave for Employed Parents
Lee, Hyunah ; Chin, Meejung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 50, issue 6, 2012, Pages 119~130
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2012.50.6.119
This study attempted to investigate school participation experiences and the need for a school-participation leave for employed parents. A school participation leave is a paid or unpaid leave that guarantees workers to take time-off for school participation regarding children's educational purposes. We reviewed cases of school participation in other countries. There are similar types of educational leave in Russia, Greece, Italia, Sweden, Swaziland, and South Africa. We collected survey data from 1,194 employed parents (794 fathers and 400 mothers) whose children attend kindergarten, elementary, middle, or high-school. This study compares school participation experiences and needs by parent gender. The results showed that 62 % of the fathers and 80 % of the mothers participated in any type of school meetings and events at least once in the previous year. Fathers attended school events such as art festivals and mothers attended PTA meetings, school events, and parent-teacher conferences. The most frequently mentioned reason for non-participation among parents was related to work. A total of 87.7% of the parents agreed that a school-participation leave should be introduced. The results of the logistic regression showed that mothers compared to fathers, college graduates compared to post-secondary graduates, those whose children attended preschool or elementary school compared to high school, and those who had longer working hours were more likely to agree on the introduction of school participation leave. In conclusion, a policy intervention such as school-participation leave should be considered to provide employed parents time to be involved in their children's education and participate in school activities.