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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 51, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 51, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
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Study on Family Strength and Happiness of the Pre-Elderly and the Elderly
Kwak, In Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 51, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~16
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2013.51.1.001
The purpose of this study is to examine the relative influence of various characteristics that affect the happiness and family strength of pre-elderly and the elderly. This study also shows the differences between the two age groups. The National Survey of Korean Families has been done by the Ministry of Equality and Family on 2010. Respondents selected from national survey were 1016 pre-elderly and 629 elderly. The results of this study are as follows; first, 66% of the respondents chose health as the condition is being the important elements of their happiness following money, work (job), children, spouse and family life. Second, the group of people considering work and health as important elements of their happiness is happiest, but the group considering money and health as the important elements of their happiness feels a lower level of happiness. Third, the pre-elderly chose health as the most important condition, but the elderly chose subjective economic condition, among the factors affecting family strength. Fourth, family strength affects most on in regard to the happiness of pre-elderly and the elderly. Next, the more they are financially stable, physically healthier and living in rural areas, they feel the happier they feel. Based on the results of this study, further studies are needed to determine components of family strength that both pre-elderly and the elderly consider as important elements of their happiness. Support programs for the elderly without a spouse will increase the well-being of the elderly.
The Effects of Social Support on School Adjustment of the Children Who Were Abused by Their Parents
Jo, Eun Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 51, issue 1, 2013, Pages 17~26
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2013.51.1.017
The purpose of this paper is to analyze how social supports, such as family, teachers, and friends, affect the school adjustment of children who were abused by their parents, and suggest the interventional solutions in order to improve the social support system and school adjustment. 692 children, aged 4 to 6 in primary schools in Busan, were chosen for the survey and all of them are currently under children's service. Among the respondents, 485 children (70.1%) have experienced abuse, and neglect was the most frequent abuse experienced among them. Neglected children were influenced by teachers, families and friends' support in terms of social support for school adjustments. However, the emotionally abused children were influenced by families, teachers and friends in terms of social support for school adjustments. In addition, children who experienced physical abuse have been influenced by families and teachers'support. Support from friends has no meaning for them. As a result, this paper suggests that an effective interventional solution will be necessary for the school adjustment of abused children. The effective interventional solutions are firstly that neglected children require a high level of attention from their teachers and teachers should encourage parents with parental education and counseling to be helpful for their children. Secondly, emotionally abused children require strong family support through parents'education for child development and caring support programs. Finally, physically abused children need caring programs which develop supportive relationship skills both with parents and teachers for their adjustment in school.
The Development and Validation of a Maternal Happiness Scale for Mothers with Young Children, School-Aged Children, and Adolescents
Chung, Kaisook ; Park, Jaekook ; Park, Suhong ; Yoo, Meesook ; Choi, Eunsil ; Seo, Bosoon ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 51, issue 1, 2013, Pages 27~43
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2013.51.1.027
The purpose of this study is to develop and validate a maternal happiness scale which can be used for mothers who take care of young children, school-aged children, and adolescents. First, the maternal happiness scale was developed based on literature review and the consent of experts. Finally it was consisted of 56 items from 18 elements of happiness through checking the contents validity with professionals. Second, final respondents for the survey were 1300 mothers who had children with and without disabilities in Seoul, Busan, Gyeonggi, and Kyungnam. Third, the 8 factors including the 53 items were extracted through the mothers' appraisal of the items and the review of the adequacy for the factor analysis. The 8 factors were consisted with 'Family relations with family', 'Laid-back life and self-esteem', 'Physical and mental health', 'Independency and development', 'Spirituality', 'Interpersonal relations', 'Appearance', 'Sociocultual environment'. Fourth, the maternal happiness scale demonstrated appropriate levels of construct validity, item internal consistency, distribution of item response, and item discrimination. The results of this study enhance our understanding of the core factors of maternal happiness. In addition, the findings have implications for supporting mothers who take care of young children, school-aged children, and adolescents.
Analysis on Daily Routine Types Based on Daily Care Plans of Child Care Centers and the Characteristics of Child Care Programs According to Daily Routine Types
Park, Chan Hwa ; Rha, Jong Hay ; Kwon, Yeonhee ; Choi, Mock Wha ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 51, issue 1, 2013, Pages 45~57
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2013.51.1.045
This study explores the types of daily routines in child care centers based on the time planned for indoor free choice activities, outdoor activities, group activities and nap/rest. The daily routine plans of 63 classes of 0 to 2-year-olds and 51 classes of 3 to 5-year-olds were cluster analyzed. Also, openness and closeness of child care programs as well as the most participated indoor/outdoor activities were examined using questionnaires developed for teachers. The results were as follows: First, teachers planned the most time for free play choice activity and comparatively less time for outdoor play during the day. Time for rest and naps were planned more for 0-2 year-olds whereas group activities were planned more for the 3-5 year-olds. Second, 3 daily routine types were found in the daily plans of child care centers, such as "Low-Activity Oriented," "Free Choice Activity Oriented" and "Group Activity Oriented" in 0 to 2-year-old classes and 3 to 5-year-old classes. Also, "Group Activity Oriented" type in 0 to 2-year-old classes showed more "closed" child care programs than the "Free Choice Activity Oriented" type. However, no difference was shown among the 3 types of daily routines in the openness and closeness of 3 to 5-year-old child care programs. Finally, all children, regardless of the types of daily routine, participated most in block activity and role play indoors and fixed-play equipment, sand play and free play outdoors.
Analysis on Structural Models between Educare Teachers' Adult Attachment, Self-Efficacy, Discipline Styles and the Young Children's Adjustments
Kim, Myung Hee ; Park, Hye Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 51, issue 1, 2013, Pages 59~74
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2013.51.1.059
This research attempted to examine the effects of adult attachment which belongs to the psychological characteristics of the educare teachers on the behavior young children's adjustments through the educare teacher's self-efficacy and styles of discipline. To achieve this, a survey was conducted on 866 children aged 2-5 years attending 23 educare centers located in Seoul, the region of Gyeonggi and Gyeongsangbuk-do, and their 135 teachers in charge. The results of this research demonstrated that first, educare teachers' adult attachment had indirect effects on the young children's adjustments by the media of self-efficacy. Second, the educare teachers'adult attachment was found to have indirect effects on the young children's adjustments by the media of discipline styles. Third, the educare teachers' adult attachment was found to have effects on the young children's adjustments through self-efficacy and discipline styles. In conclusion, with regard to the effects of the educare teachers' adult attachment on the young children's adjustments the mediated effects of self-efficacy and discipline styles were confirmed. This research enables one to have an in-depth understanding of the process in which the educare teacher's psychological characteristics have important effects on the social and emotional development of young children and it is expected that it will become evidence data for realizing the need for developing practical educational programs regarding the character development and mental health of the educare teachers.
The Preschoolers' Narrative Representations and Hostile Attributional Bias
Lee, Mikyung ; Lee, Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 51, issue 1, 2013, Pages 75~87
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2013.51.1.075
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the preschoolers' hostile attributional bias and the narrative representation profiles. Forty five 4-year-old preschoolers (24 boys, 21 girls) participated in this study. In order to measure the children's narrative responses, MacArthur Story Stem Battery (MSSB) was used, and "a cartoon-based social perception task" was used to obtain preschoolers' hostile attributional bias. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and cluster analysis. The results were as follows. First, the rate of hostile attributional style of the subjects was 28.89%. Second, four profiles regarding the narrative representations of 4-year olds were found including: Prosocial (33.3%), Constrained (42.2%), Anxious/Restricted (6.7%), and Dysregulated (17.8%). Third, the rate of preschoolers' hostile attributional style differed by the preschoolers' narrative representation profile. Children with a Prosocial profile showed a less hostile attributional style than children with an Anxious/Restricted profile and Dysregulated profile. In conclusion, preschoolers' hostile attributional bias is related to the narrative representation profile.
Relationship between Green Consumer Behavior, Environmental Knowledge, and Environmental Attitudes among Students at the University of Education
Keum, Jiheon ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 51, issue 1, 2013, Pages 89~95
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2013.51.1.089
The purpose of this study is to identify a causal relationship among green consumer behavior, environmental knowledge and environmental attitudes of students at the university of education. A total of 366 copies of questionnaires were used for the data analysis; 31 copies were excluded due to lack of response to any given question. To ensure the reliability and validity of the questions, technical statistics were performed, such as frequency, ratio, average, standard deviation, skewness, and kurtosis via SPSS 15.0, item-total correlation and the totality, and reliability analysis. A structural analysis was undertaken via AMOS 7.0 in a bootstrapping method in order to perform a path analysis among variables as well as to assess the suitability of the model. The findings of the study were led to the following conclusions: First, the causal model among green consumer behavior, environmental knowledge and environmental attitudes of students at the university of education is suitable to the empirical analysis on research variables. Second, the environmental attitudes of students at the university of education has a direct, positive effect on green consumer behavior. Third, the environmental knowledge of students at the university of education has an indirect, positive effect on green consumer behavior.
The Effects of the Seesaw & Swing Early Intervention Program on Mothers with Young Children from Low-Income Families
Hwang, Hye Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 51, issue 1, 2013, Pages 97~106
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2013.51.1.097
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the Seesaw & Swing early intervention program on the positive changes of mothers with young children who come from low-income families. It measures their child-rearing efficacy and their child-rearing behaviors. The Seesaw & Swing early intervention program was developed by the Community Chest of Korea . The subjects for this study consisted of 96 mothers (49 in the service group, 47 in the control group) from low-income families. The instruments used were the child-rearing efficacy scale  and the child-rearing behavior scale . The results of this study indicated that the Seesaw & Swing early intervention program produced positive effects in child-rearing efficacy as well as in child-rearing behaviors: namely, healthy-rearing abilities, guidance abilities, and discipline abilities in child-rearing efficacy; and affection, rational guidance, authoritative control, encouragement and concern in child-rearing behaviors. In conclusion, for mothers with young children coming from low-income families, the Seesaw & Swing early intervention program can be said to be an effective parent education program, which goes some way towards ending the intergenerational transition of poverty in Korea.
Effects of Multicultural Society Recognition and Multicultural Education Experience on Cultural Sensitivity of Middle and High School Students in Daejeon: Focusing on the Mediating Role of Multicultural Education Needs Perception
Kim, Jung-Hyun ; Song, Jin-Suk ; Moon, Hee-Kang ; Lee, Myung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 51, issue 1, 2013, Pages 107~118
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2013.51.1.107
The objective of this study is to underline the important role of needs for multicultural education in the formation of middle and high school students' cultural sensitivity for the sake of coping multicultural society. This study focuses on how adolescents' multicultural society recognition and education experiences shape and influence their cultural sensitivity, with the mediating role of multicultural education needs perception. A survey 303 middle school students and 236 high school students Daejeon was conducted. The results of this study as follows. First, high school students' open minded and social participation were significantly higher than those of middle school students, while the latter multicultural education experience level was higher than the former. Second, it was found that multicultural society recognition and education experiences have an indirect impact on cultural sensitivity mediating multicultural education needs perception as well as have a direct effect. However, adolescents' cultural sensitivity was shaped by mediating role of multicultural education needs perception rather than by direct effect of multicultural society recognition and education experiences. A major contribution of this research is the identification of the role of multicultural education needs perception in fostering adolescents' cultural sensitivity.