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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 51, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 51, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Characteristics in the Lingerie Looks Designed by John Galliano
Kim, Sun Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 51, issue 2, 2013, Pages 147~159
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2013.51.2.147
This study aims at developing and producing the creative design of a lingerie look after reviewing the aesthetic value about lingerie look featured in John Galliano's works. As for the research method, the selection process from the works was followed together with literature review for empirical analysis over lingerie looks, where 2,764 pieces in total were reviewed from Galliano's Pret-a-Porter collections covering from 2001S/S until 2010F/W and Christian Dior's Haute Couture and Pret-a-Porter collections that he is in charge of as head designer and 291 pieces were finally singled out that show the lingerie look image well. Then, the formative expression was examined about those looks and the characteristics were induced from them. Formativeness expressed in Galliano's lingerie look, in term of lingerie style, was categorized as erotic, retro, and deconstructive. The glittering and smooth material like silk and satin, and the visible material like lace and chiffon were mainly used for material rather than foreign material. By doing so, the romantic and erotic image was highlighted. In the production method, it was grouped into transposition of wear, direct and indirect exposition, and deconstructive way. These aesthetic characteristics introduced by formative expression appeared in the form of eroticism, play, and deconstructiveness.
Sensory Images and Preferences of Linen and Ramie Fabrics for Summer Shirts
Na, Mihee ; Kim, Heesook ; Choi, Jongmyoung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 51, issue 2, 2013, Pages 161~171
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2013.51.2.161
The purpose of this research was to examine the subjective evaluation of sensory images and preferences according to the mechanical properties of linen and ramie fabrics for summer shirts. 54 male and female teachers evaluated the sensory images and preferences of 6 specimens of linen and ramie fabrics sold on the market. For statistical analysis, factor analysis, Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis test, Pearson correlation, and regression were used. The results were as follows: The sensory images of shirt fabrics were classified into 5 factors: 'smoothness', 'stiffness', 'elasticity', 'dry/coolness', and 'wetness'. There were partially significant differences by the gender and age in the sensory images for the shirt fabrics. Females were more sensitive than males for the 'stiffness', 'elasticity', and 'wetness' factor and the evaluators in their 20's felt fabrics were stiffer. The sensory images showed many correlations with the mechanical properties of fabric mostly. The preferences of tactile and purchase were no different according to the gender and age. They preferred a thin and soft sensory image as like ramie/cotton blended fabric and bamboo fabric for summer shirts. The significant sensory image factors affecting tactile preference were 'smoothness', 'dry/coolness', and 'elasticity', and the ones affecting purchase preference were 'smoothness', 'stiffness', 'dry/coolness', and 'elasticity'. W, WT, MMD, and G properties of the mechanical properties of fabrics affected the tactile preference for summer shirt fabrics.
A Study on Adolescents' Expectation of Future: Focused on Self-Esteem and Social Support
Kim, Jin Gyung ; Kim, Hye Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 51, issue 2, 2013, Pages 173~186
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2013.51.2.173
This study aims to investigate how adolescents' expectation of their future according to their self-esteem and perceived social support from parents, teachers, and peers. The study surveyed 611 adolescents, who live in Jeju. The data was analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and step-wise Regression analysis. The main results of the study were as follows. First, the adolescents generally had a positive perception of their future. Second, there were significant differences in their perceptions of expectancy for the future according to school grade, leadership experience in school, experience with voluntary activities, educational background of the father, educational background of the mother, level of living, self-esteem, parent support, teacher support, and peer support. The parents with a higher educational background tended to have a professional career, have high expectation for their children, serve as role models for their children, and have a high level of positive perceptions of the future. Finally, the variables which affect the adolescents' expectancy for future were examined hierarchically by a step-wise regression analysis. As a result, in general, level of living, self-esteem, and social support were the most important variables, and self-esteem and parent support have the greatest impact on their perceptions of expectancy for the future.
Participation in Bullying and the Peer Relationship Related to Children's Social Status
Kim, Youn-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 51, issue 2, 2013, Pages 187~193
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2013.51.2.187
This study investigated the relation between participation in bullying, peer relationship and children's social status. We examined the classified types of social status among 700 fifth and sixth grade elementary schools students. The data were obtained by administering a self-reported questionnaire. Differences were identified with participation in bullying behavior, intimacy friendship and peer support as peer relationship. The collected data were subjected to a descriptive and F-test analysis using the SPSS software program. The results conveyed that social status was different according to the gender difference. Rejected boys presented more bully, reinforce, assistant and victim behaviors. Neglected boys were more victims of bullying. Defensive behavior was more apparent in popular and neglected boys. Furthermore, such boys had high intimate friendships. Popular boys presented distinctively more peer support. Rejected boys represented less intimate friendship and peer support. On the other hand, popular girls portrayed more defensive behavior. However, rejected girls and neglected girls had less defensive behaviors. Victim behaviors were less coherent in popular and neglected girls. Intimate friendship and peer support were mostly apparent in popular girls. Rejected boys represented less intimate friendship and peer support.
A Study on the Internalizing·Externalizing Problems of Multicultural Children
Woo, Hee Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 51, issue 2, 2013, Pages 195~206
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2013.51.2.195
This study was conducted in order to investigate the variables that relate and affect the internalizing and externalizing problems of multicultural children. 159 multicultural children in the
grade were selected from elementary schools in Gwangju and the Jeollanamdo area. The data was analyzed by using the frequency, Cronbach's
, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and hierarchical regression by SPSS 12.0 program. The results were as follows: first, the internalizing problems were different according to the socio-demographic variable: (gender, subjective economic level), multicultural characteristic variable: (mother's communication ability, likability of mother's nationality, etc.), parent-child relationship variable: (relationship with mother, relationship with father) and social support variable: (peer support, teacher support). Further, the externalizing problems were different according to the socio-demographic variable: (gender), multicultural characteristic variable: (mother's nationality, mother's communication ability, etc.), parent-child relationship variable: (relationship with mother, relationship with father) and social support variable: (peer support, teacher support). Second, the influential variables regarding the internalizing problems were children's stress from cultural adaptability and the likability of the mother's nationality of the multicultural characteristic variable group, peer support of the social support variable group and the subjective economic-level of the socio-demographic variable group. Moreover, the influential variable on the externalizing problems was children's stress from the cultural adaptability of the multicultural characteristic variable group. The most influential variable of such variables was children's stress from cultural adaptability of the multicultural characteristic variable group. The results of this study will provide information for the development of educational and therapeutic intervention program for multicultural children.
Age Effects of Social Capital on the Economic Well-Being in Korea
Seo, Jiwon ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 51, issue 2, 2013, Pages 207~218
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2013.51.2.207
Social capital theory provides a framework for analyzing the economic well-being. The purpose of this study is to analyze the age effect of social capital by comparing middle aged and the elderly, as well as to investigate the independent effects of social capital on their subjective economic well-being, respectively. The two concepts of "trust" and "social network" were used to measure the level of social capital. Comparisons between the age groups were made regarding the relationships between social capital and economic well-being of four age groups, including younger middle-aged, older middle-aged, younger elderly, and older elderly. Data from the
wave of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing (KLoSA) were used. The final sample for this analysis is 8,406 respondents aged 45~84. The major findings are as follows. First, the level of social capital, trust and social network, is statistically different by age groups. Second, the model fits in the case of model including social capital variables are all larger than their counterparts in the four age groups. Third, social capital is "resource" that can contribute to increasing the subjective economic well-being. Based on the empirical results, implications for welfare policies related with issues of social security for the elderly in Korea are provided.
The Relationship of a Child's Need for Approval, Anxiety and Anger-in on a Child's Relational Aggression According to Gender
Lee, Young Hwa ; Kim, Kyong Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 51, issue 2, 2013, Pages 219~228
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2013.51.2.219
The major purpose of this study was to explore the relation of a child's need for approval, anxiety and anger-in on a child's relational aggression according to gender. The study's participants included 464 boys and girls selected from fifth-and sixth-graders at an elementary school in Busan. A child's need for approval, anxiety, anger-in and relational aggression were assessed with their own self-reports. For data analysis, Cronbach
, T-test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and Multiple Regression were used. The collected data was analyzed by the SPSSWIN 18.0 program. The major findings were as follows: First, child's anger-in demonstrated a significant difference among sexes. Girls indicated higher points than boys. Second, Boys' need for approval indirectly affected child's relational aggression through anger-in. Boys' anger-in was directly affected by relational aggression. Boys' anxiety was directly affected by anger-in. And boys' anxiety indirectly affected child's relational aggression through anger-in. Third, Girls' anxiety was directly affected by relational aggression. Need for approval and anxiety were directly affected by anger-in. The findings from this study indicates that child's need for approval, anxiety and anger-in are important elements in relational aggression are affected differently depending on the child's gender. Also, this study has meaning in that it can be used as fundamental data to develop a teaching plan and counseling program for children that can decrease relational aggression.
Social Capital and Parental Stress of Married Mothers with Young Children: Variations by Employment Status
Lee, Yoonjoo ; Chin, Meejung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 51, issue 2, 2013, Pages 229~239
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2013.51.2.229
This study attempted to examine whether there is a relationship between parental stress and the accessible and mobilizable social capital of mothers raising young children by the mothers' employment status. The sample included 284 employed and 287 non-employed mothers who have children younger than the age of 5. Three research questions were as follows: 1) do the accessible and mobilizable social capital of mothers and parental stress differ by the mothers' employment status? 2) are the accessible and mobilizable social capital of employed mothers related to the level of parental stress? And finally, 3) are the accessible and mobilizable social capital of unemployed mothers related to the level of parental stress? The results showed that no significant difference was found in accessing social capital by the employment status of mothers. However, employed mothers were capable of mobilizing more social capital for childcare assistance than non-employed mothers. The parental stress of employed mothers was significantly lower than that of non-employed mothers. For employed mothers, their mobilizable social capital contributed to the reduction of parental stress. For non-employed mothers, their capability of accessing social capital significantly predicted lower levels of parental stress. These results indicate that the concept of social capital could be taken into consideration when explaining the parental stress of married mothers raising young children.
The Study of Marital Satisfaction, Parenting Attitude and Practice of Taegyo in Pregnant Women
Chung, Mi Ra ; Kang, Su Kyoung ; Kim, Min Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 51, issue 2, 2013, Pages 241~251
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2013.51.2.241
The purpose of this study was to investigate marital satisfaction, parenting attitude and the practice of Taegyo and to examine the relationship between marital satisfaction, parenting attitude and the practice of Taegyo for pregnant women. The sample included 234 pregnant women who participated in Pregnant Education Programs in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. We analyzed the data which were collected by means of a questionnaire from June to September, 2012 and the data was analyzed with the t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation analysis, and Regression analysis by SPSS 19.0. The results were summarized as follows: First, the level of marital satisfaction and practice of Taegyo was relatively high. On the other hand the level of emotional value of parenting attitude was higher than that of instrumental value. Second, the group of higher marital satisfaction revealed a higher practice of Taegyo and also in the group of higher emotional and instrumental value of parenting attitude, the practice of Taegyo was high. Third, there was a positive relationship between marital satisfaction(respect, care, parent role, and housework role), parenting attitude(emotional value, instrumental value) and the practice of Taegyo such as food Taegyo, place Taegyo, language Taegyo, emotional Taegyo and behavior Taegyo. The significant factors influencing the practice of Taegyo was connected with parent role, housework role of marital satisfaction, and instrumental value of parenting attitude.
Moderating Effects of Parental Monitoring in the Relationship between Children's Dependency on Mobile Phones and Control of Learning Behavior
Cho, Yoonju ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 51, issue 2, 2013, Pages 253~261
DOI : 10.6115/khea.2013.51.2.253
The purpose of this study was to investigate the moderating effects of parental monitoring on the relationship between children's dependency on mobile phones and control of learning behavior. The data came from the 2010 Korean Children and Youth Panel (N = 1,609) conducted by the National Youth Policy Institute. The analysis method used was Structural Equation Modeling by using SPSS 17.0 and AMOS 7.0. To test the significant moderating effects, Ping's two-step technique, which is free from the requirement of nonlinear constraints, was used. Our results demonstrated that children's dependency on mobile phones had negative effects on control of learning behavior, and the interaction effects between such dependency and parental monitoring affected the control of learning behavior. Thus, these results proved the moderating effects of parental monitoring in the control of learning behavior. This study suggests that parental monitoring buffers against having difficulties to control and adjust one's behavior associated with control of learning behavior, which is affected by the dependency on mobile phones among children. We discussed that the risks of children's dependency on mobile phones and parental monitoring should be acknowledge as a significant protective factor.