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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Family and Environment Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 51, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 51, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 51, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 51, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Symbolism of Track Suits Shown in Mass Media
Kim, Sun Young ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2013, Pages 263~273
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2013.51.3.263
The purpose of this research is to examine track suits which appear in mass media and to attempt to understand their embedded symbolism. Hence, a theoretical inquiry and case study on suit tracks were carried out. The case study was confined to the period since 2000, when sportswear emerged as a megatrend in fashion, to 2012. Occurrences of track suits in film, TV dramas, music videos, advertisements, and fashion collections were examined. Research indicated that the track suits in film or TV drama worked as items to give a change to coordination, material and decoration, so that the track suits highlighted the characters in them rather than emphasizing external factors or their own design. They were used as tools to indicate the sensual and dynamical feminine image in the rap and hip hop genres in music video. They also showed the dynamic image of modern woman via advertisements of sports brands. In the case of celebrity fashion, both inside and outside Korea, they introduced the track suits in a comfortable and sensual manner through both official and unofficial image releases. In the fashion collections, transboundary deconstructiveness was strongly expressed in terms of design, material, color, and production method. The case study in this research indicated that the symbolism in track suits was characterized as transboundary deconstruction as well as value in dynamic femininity, and products from reactionary nostalgia.
Community Services Supporting Family Caregivers for the Elderly: Lessons from the Comparison between Korea and the United States
Kim, Sunghee ; Woo, Hyeyoung ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2013, Pages 275~284
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2013.51.3.275
The purpose of this study is to provide useful insights into community-level support services for family caregivers in Korea by comparing them with the services in the United States. Similar to most developed countries, life expectancy has led to rapid population aging in Korea over the last several decades. However, despite increased social needs of long-term care for the elderly, many elderly Koreans are still dependent on their family for the long-term care. Yet, existing support programs for family caregivers are very limited. As a result, family caregivers often suffer from a lack of financial resources and emotional support. In this study, we comprehensively review the extensive literature, including relevant studies and documents of community-level support services for family caregivers of the elderly at home in Korea and the United States. One of the most important differences is that compared to Korea, diverse services based on the law of NFCSP to support the family caregivers, such as counseling, organization of support group, and educating have been available in the United States since 2000. Additionally, the legal definition of family caregivers in the United State is broader than that in Korea, where family caregivers are limited to those who are related by blood or marriage. Therefore, more caregivers are eligible for support programs and benefit from the programs in the United States. The findings of the study suggest that policy makers in Korea should legislate for diverse and comprehensive services for family caregivers. Further, it is necessary to define legal terms for family caregivers more broadly to extend beneficiaries of the programs.
Making Toddler's Pajamas by Using Women's Sokgot Style Pajamas in the Joseon Dynasty Period
Cho, Du Na ; Kim, Eun Jung ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2013, Pages 285~291
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2013.51.3.285
Interest in traditional culture has been increasing due to globalization. We need to create fashion items using Korea folk culture like the Hanbok. In this paper, the design development of toddler's pajamas was attempted by using women's Sokgot pants, which were worn by women in Joseon Dynasty period. The study involved a review of literature and an investigation of past relics. Traditional women's Sokgot pants had a 'mu' or 'dang' in the crotch which is called 'the mit' now. The opening of the mit will be used for designing toddler's pajamas. Design suggestions for four styles of toddler's pajamas, which reflect the formative characteristic of women's Sokgot pants, have been created. Research outcomes are as follow: the characteristics of Ran-pants are applied to design 1 and design 2. There have pleats along the waistband of the toddler's pajamas, making the Mu more hidden. Pleats of the waist part are achieved by using an elastic, which also makes the pajamas easier to fit and to wear. The characteristics of Gaedanggo, of which the crotch is opened, are applied to design 3 and design 4. The opened crotch is applied so that toddlers can relieve themselves easily while they are wearing these pajamas. There is also an opening in the centerline of the front Mu in design 4 which gives additional functionality and comfort. This work shows that items of traditional folk dress can be used to make present fashion items.
Effects of the Story Sharing Activity on Conflicting Situations by Using Children's Story on the Theory of Mind and Peer Competence of Preschoolers
Lee, Mi Hee ; Lee, Soon Bok ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2013, Pages 293~306
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2013.51.3.293
The aim of this study is to examine the effects of the story sharing activity on-conflicting situations by the use of children's story on the theory of mind and peer competences of preschoolers so that appropriate teaching materials can be allocated for the actual preschool education site. The subjects of this study were 46 preschoolers under the age 4 at the attached kindergarten of P University in Pohang City, Gyeongbuk and in which 23 children among them were assigned to a test group and the other 23 to a control group. The collected data was analyzed by SPSS ver. 15.0 program and Cronbach's
coefficient was yielded to verify the reliability for each scale. The multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) was conducted. The analysis results are as follows. First, the story sharing activity on conflict situations by using children's story had a significant effect on the preschoolers' general appearance and actual task as sub-factors of the theory of mind, whereas no significant effects were found regarding the content change task and position change task. Second, the story sharing activity on conflict situations by using children's story had significant effect on the preschoolers' overall sensitivity, insecurity and pro-sociability as sub-factors of the peer competences, whereas no significant effects were found regarding the aggression, exclusivity and anti-sociability.
Effects of Perceived Parenting Behavior and Family Function on Middle School Students' Gender Role Identity
Kim, Sun Young ; Jeon, Hyo Jeong ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2013, Pages 307~319
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2013.51.3.307
The purposes of this study are to examine the differences of gender role identity according to general characteristics, parenting behavior, and family function, and to find out the main predictors of gender role identity, in order to further test the mediating effects of family function between parenting behavior and gender role identity among middle school students. Six hundred-fifty 3rd graders from three middle schools in Busan participated in this study. The results showed that the significant variables for predicting the masculinity of gender role identity include family cohesion, and parenting behaviors (father's reasoning, mother's over-expectation) and monthly household income, respectively. The significant variables for predicting femininity were family cohesion, and father's intrusive parenting behaviors, father's educational background and the mother's affection, respectively. The results indicated that for masculinity, family cohesion played the full mediator with the father's monitoring behavior and the partial mediator with the father's reasoning behavior. Similarly, for the mother's reasoning and affection, family cohesion played a full mediator. For femininity, the family cohesion played the full mediator with the father's affection and the partial mediator with the mother's affection. Similarly, for androgyny, the family cohesion played a role of full mediator with the father's monitoring, reasoning, affection and mother's reasoning and affection. In other words, the parents'positive parenting behaviors affected the family cohesion, and in turn, had an impact on the formation of the gender role identity.
Preliminary Study on Development of Educational Program for Healthy Family: Development of Scale to Measure Family Healthy by Team Performance Coaching Model
Kim, Hye Yeon ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2013, Pages 321~331
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2013.51.3.321
The purpose of this study is to develop the scale to measure family health and to analyze the data collected by the survey in order to develop the educational program for healthy family. The sample of this study is taken by 522 housewives who are living in Seoul and are over the age of 40. The data are analyzed according to frequency, percentages, t-test, Pearson's correlation analysis, and Multinomial logistic Regression analysis. The results of this study are as follows. First, the scale measuring family health is developed through interviews with the respondents, preliminary survey, and comments reviewed from specialists. The responses to the scale are significantly different depending on whether they answered their family is healthy or not. Second, minimum family performances for family health are related to the category of social involvement of the family. Third, the types of healthy family are grouped by the responses related to the current state and the status of family health. The number of the type of the worst state-the worst status of family health is the largest, followed by the number of the type of the best state-the best status of family health. Fourth, the important and significant variables that affected the types of family health are psychological variables rather than personal and household-related variables of the respondents.
Significant Variables Influencing the Self-Efficacy of Middle School Students of Multicultural Families
Jun, Jong Mi ; Chang, Jin Kyung ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2013, Pages 333~340
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2013.51.3.333
The purpose of this study is to identify the influences of parental attitude, parenting attitudes, family function and peer attachment on the self-efficacy of middle school students in multicultural families. In particular, peer attachment was used as a mediator to determine the effects of self-efficacy. 302 multicultural family adolescents who enrolled in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do middle schools were surveyed. In order to measure the variables, this study used such scales as parenting attitude scale, family function scale, peer attachment scale and self efficacy scale. The results were analyzed by the PASW 18.0 program. The findings of the study led to the following conclusions; First, it has shown that peer attachment was the only variable that had significant differences by sex in middle school students of multicultural families. Second, the most influential variables of self-efficacy of middle school students in multicultural families was peer attachment among parenting attitude, family function and peer attachment. Third, there was a mediating effect of peer attachment among parenting attitude, family function and self-efficacy for adolescents of multicultural families. The notable distinction of this study was to find that peer attachment variable is the most important factor of self-efficacy. Considering the results in this study, aggressive intervention is necessary in order to improve the self-efficacy of middle school students in multicultural families.
The Relationship between Temperament and Resilience in Preschool Children from Low-Income Families: The Moderating Effect of Maternal Warmth
Choi, Insuk ; Hwang, Hae Shin ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2013, Pages 341~353
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2013.51.3.341
The object of this study is to examine the relationship between temperament (emotionality, activity, sociability, and shyness) and the resilience (social competence and language ability) of preschool children from low-income families and the moderating effect of maternal warmth. The subjects were 86 low-income preschool children (42 girls and 44 boys; mean age, 70.57 months), their mothers and teachers, recruited from five daycare centers in Namyangju city and Ansan city located in Gyeonggi-do area. Each child's language ability was individually assessed with with the standardized measure, Preschool Receptive-Expressive Language Scale (PRES) and their teachers reported on children's social competence and parents reported on their child's temperament by questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed by correlation analysis and hierarchical regression. The main results of this study were as follows. First, children's emotionality in temperament and maternal warmth had main effects on social competence. Second, only monthly income level and sex had main effects on language ability. Third, maternal warmth moderated the effects of children's shyness in temperament on social competence and language ability as resilience. Findings could provide basic information for programs to promote resilience in preschool children from low-income families.
A Phenomenological Study on the Work-Family Compatibility of Dual-Earner Families
Kim, Seunghee ; Kim, Seonmi ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2013, Pages 355~370
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2013.51.3.355
The purpose of this study is to investigate the nature of work-family compatibility in the everyday experiences of dual-earner families. By comprehensively describing how dual-earner families manage daily life, this study shows their current situations. In particular, this study overcomes the limitations of previous studies using the phenomenological research methods. Previous studies partially dealt with the problems of dual-earner couples, such as the role conflict of wives and husbands. However, this study broadly demonstrates how wives and husbands as independent individuals manage their lives by working together for a living. Participants were 6 males and 6 females, who lived in Gwangju metropolitan city. Data were collected through in-depth interviews and analyzed using the method of Stevick-Colaizzi-Keen in Moustakas (1994). The results of this study display that dual-earner couples work for a living, but work is the driving force in their life. Family provides dual-earner couples with a stable life, but their stable life is possible by social support like the assistance of a mother-in-law. Dual-earner couples consider work and family as the essential axis of life, thus they give the same value on work and family. Even though dual-earner couples have a difficult time educating their children because of long working hours and coming home late, they positively combine work and family meeting the needs of self-improvement. Therefore, it is necessary to create a working environment that provides enough time for housework and childcare.