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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Family and Environment Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 51, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 51, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 51, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 51, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
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Effects of Family Characteristics and Life-Styles on Children`s Emotional Problems: The Second Grade Elementary Students
Kang, Su Kyoung ; Kim, Yeoun Jung ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 51, issue 4, 2013, Pages 371~382
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2013.51.4.371
The purpose of this study is to investigate children`s emotional problems (attention problem, aggression, somatic symptom, social withdrawal, depression) and to examine the relationship between children`s emotional problems with family characteristics (parent education, parent job, family income), life-styles (gaming times, TV times, sleep time). The sample was 2,140 collections of second grade children and their parents who participated in Korea Youth Panel Survey on 2011. We analyzed the data which were collected by means of questionnaires and the data were analyzed with t -test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation analysis, and regression analysis with SPSS ver. 19.0. The results were summarized as follows. The level of children`s emotional problem was relatively low on average. There is a significant difference in the children`s emotional problems according to family characteristics and life-styles. There was a relationship between children`s emotional problems (attention problem, aggression, somatic symptom, social withdrawal, depression) and life-styles (gaming times, TV times). The significant factors influencing the children`s emotional problems are connected with father`s education, mother`s job, family income, family characteristics, gaming time and TV time of life style. It is noted that parent education level was an important factor for children`s attention problem and aggression. Amongst children`s life-styles, gaming time and TV time are negative factors for social withdrawal and depression.
A Study on Infant Feeding and Weaning Practices in Multicultural Families
Kim, Jeong Hyun ; Joo, Eun Jung ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 51, issue 4, 2013, Pages 383~393
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2013.51.4.383
The purpose of this study is to investigate the infant feeding and weaning practices in multicultural families. We surveyed 159 married female immigrants in Jeonbuk province from April 2010 to April 2011. They are from Vietnam (49.7%), China (25.8%), Cambodia (8.8%), Japan (8.2%), and the Philippines (7.5%). The average rate of colostrum feeding of all the subjects was 91% and there were significant differences between nationalities (p<.05), family types (p<.01), and delivery methods (p<.001). 41.5% of those answered did breast feeding, while 49.1% combined breast and bottle feeding, and 9.4% did bottle feeding only. The reason for bottle feeding is either because they are unable to produce enough breast milk or because they think the formula is better than breast milk. Average period of breast feeding was 10.3 months. There were significant differences of breast feeding duration between maternal age (p<.05) and economic level (p<.001). The mean onset time of weaning was 7.8 months, and there were significant differences between nationalities (p<.05), family types (p<.05), and feeding methods (p<.05). There was no significant difference in methods of supplementary food preparation between nationalities, family types, jobs, and education levels. The mean onset time of commercial milk was 12.8 months, and there were significant differences between nationalities (p<.05), the duration of marriages (p<.05), education levels (p<.05) and feeding methods (p<.001).
Moderating Effects of Language Abilities Associated with Emotionality, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and Peer Play Interactions
Lee, Hyn Jung ; Yi, Ye Jin ; Shin, Yoo Lim ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 51, issue 4, 2013, Pages 395~401
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2013.51.4.395
The purpose of this study is to investigate the moderating effects of language abilities associated with between emotionality, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and peer play interactions. Two hundred fifty-two participants were 3 year olds, with 136 boys and 116 girls. They were recruited from day care centers and preschools in Gyunggi province and Incheon city. Peer play interaction was assessed by the Penn Interactive Peer Play Scale (PIPPS). Emotionality was measured by Child Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ). ADHD was assessed by teacher ratings of ADHD syndrome. Language abilities were measured by Korean Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (K-WPPSI). Teachers completed questionnaires to assess peer play interactions, emotionality, ADHD. The results revealed that language abilities moderated relationships between emotionality and play in isolation. The magnitude of associations between emotionality and play in isolation was greater for high levels of language abilities. Moreover, there were moderating effects of language abilities associated between ADHD and play disruptions. Although ADHD was significantly associated with play disruptions, the association was stronger at the higher levels than the low levels of language abilities. It can be deduced that language abilities of 3 year old children affects the protection factor between emotionality and peer play isolation; whilst, it affects the risk factor on peer play disruptions and ADHD propensity.
Effects of Maternal Parenting Stress, Coping Style, and Marital Satisfaction on Preschool Children`s Withdrawal Behavior
Kim, Jihyun ; Cho, Yoon Joo ; Han, Jun Ah ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 51, issue 4, 2013, Pages 403~412
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2013.51.4.403
The purpose of this study was to explore the general tendencies of maternal parenting stress, coping style, marital satisfaction and preschool children`s withdrawal behavior as well as to investigate the effects of maternal parenting stress, coping style, and marital satisfaction on preschool children`s withdrawal behavior. The participants involved 86 mothers of preschoolers and their teachers from one day care center and two kindergartens in Seoul and Gyeong-gi province. Maternal parenting stress, coping style and marital satisfaction were assessed by the mothers` self-reports, whereas the preschool children`s withdrawal behavior was assessed by the teacher`s report. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, t-test and multiple regressions. The collected data was analyzed by SPSS ver. 15.0. The major findings were summarized as follows: There were no differences between maternal parenting stress, coping style and marital satisfaction between mothers of boys and girls. Further, there were differences in preschool children`s withdrawal behavior between boys and girls; girls showed more withdrawal behaviors than boys. Typical stress due to parenting, outsider`s help coping style and marital satisfaction explained the withdrawal behavior of preschool children. As the level of typical stress increase in mothers, preschool children showed increased withdrawal behavior. Moreover, as mothers used fewer outsider`s help coping style and had lower marital satisfaction, their preschool children`s showed increased withdrawal behavior. In conclusion, maternal parenting stress, coping style and marital satisfaction significantly influence on preschool children`s withdrawal behavior.
The Influence of Social Face Sensitivity on Vanity and Consumption Behavior
Park, Eun Hee ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 51, issue 4, 2013, Pages 413~424
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2013.51.4.413
The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of social face sensitivity on vanity and consumption behavior. Questionnaires were administered to 461 college students living in Deagu Metropolitan City and Kyungbook province. Frequency, factor analysis, reliability analysis, regression analysis, and t-test were used for data analysis. Social face sensitivity was categorized into consciousness of being embarrassed, social formality, other consciousness and prestigiousness. Vanity factors were found as physical price, achievement concern, achievement price, and physical concern. Consumption behavior were categorized into 5 factors such as ostentatious consumption, impulsive buying, external information search, brand trust, utilization of internet information and material-oriented. Consciousness of being embarrassed, social formality, and other consciousness, the sub-variables of social face sensitivity had significant effects on achievement concerns and physical concerns. Other consciousness of social face sensitivity had significant effects on all factors of consumption behaviors. There was significant differences in the prestige of social face sensitivity and physical concerns of vanity and ostentatious consumption, impulsive buying, and also in external information search and utilization of internet information of consumer behavior. This indicates that women showed high physical concerns for vanity and ostentatious consumption, impulsive buying, external information search and utilization of internet information of consumption behavior while men care more about prestigiousness of social face sensitivity.
A Study on the Determinants of Married-Working Women`s Childbirth Intention
Jang, Hanna ; Lee, Myungsuk ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 51, issue 4, 2013, Pages 425~438
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2013.51.4.425
Postponing childbirth is becoming increasingly common and consequently serious social problem in Korea, among married-working women. It is relatively unknown which factors determine married-working women`s childbirth intention. This study investigated the effects of demographical factors, labor market factors and social support factors on married-working women`s childbirth intention. Data from a national survey of married-working women (Korean longitudinal survey of women and families) are used in this study. The findings are as follows. First, logistic regression analyses that married-working women`s childbirth intention could be predicted by 1) personal characteristic factors such as age (p <.000), education level (p<.029), parenthood (p<.000) monthly pay (p<.01); 2) husband support factors, such as satisfaction with division of household labor (p<.009), time with family (p<.049) influence of family life on work (p<.083); and 3) institutional support factors such as regular position (p<.015), regression analysis showed similar results. Personal characteristic factors and husband support factors had statistically significant effects on the number of future children. Personal value factors such as traditional family support (p<.05) proved to be the best predictor of the number of future children. Institutional support factors, on the other hand, did not have statistically significant effect on the number of future children. In a nutshell, personal characteristics and husband support proved to be the most important determinant of married-working women`s childbirth intention. The findings suggest that family friendly policy and flexible labor market policy will impact married-working women`s childbirth intention.
Divorced Mothers` Experiences of Noncustodial Fathers` Involvement with Their Children and Co-Parenting Relationships
Son, Seohee ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 51, issue 4, 2013, Pages 439~454
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2013.51.4.439
The purpose of this study is to explore Korean divorced mothers` experiences of noncustodial fathers` involvement in children`s lives after divorce and co-parenting relationships. The data were collected from 17 mothers who were divorced between the years of 2004 and 2009, and were raising at least one minor child. Data were analyzed based on the inductive data analysis method. Divorced mothers` experiences of noncustodial fathers` involvement in children`s lives after divorce were categorized in three ways: a satisfactory on-going relationship, a dissatisfactory on-going relationship, and a discontinued relationship. The results show that a few mothers were satisfied with the degree of the fathers` involvement in the children`s lives 1) if the fathers were interested in their children and responsive to their children, and 2) if the fathers paid either child support or provided some financial supports for their children based on the fathers` financial abilities. However, the majority of the mothers were dissatisfied with the degree of the fathers` involvement in the children`s lives. While some of the mothers maintained a relationship with the children`s fathers despite their dissatisfaction, others discontinued the relationship. Regarding the co-parenting relationship after divorce, the relationships with the fathers were classified as either cooperative relationships or uncooperative relationships. The majority of the mothers experienced difficulties establishing cooperative co-parenting relationships with the fathers, but three mothers had cooperative relationships. The reasons for these uncooperative relationships were: uncooperative fathers, uncooperative mothers, or ambiguous communication regarding parenting after divorce. These findings suggest parenting education for divorced parents.
The Effects of China`s Country Image on Korean Consumers` Product Evaluations and Purchase Intentions
Cui, Ming ; Lee, Seung Sin ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 51, issue 4, 2013, Pages 455~472
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2013.51.4.455
This paper`s aim is to explore how China`s country image affects the product evaluations and purchase intentions through three major hypothesize. Four hundred eighty-nine Korean adult consumers, who have the purchase experiences of goods made in China before, were invited to take part in this investigation. Data analyses were conducted by reliability test, confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling with SPSS ver. 19.0 and AMOS ver. 18.0. This study focused on multi-dimensional country image and found that China`s country image contains 5 elements (people, evolution, politic, economic and culture). Empirical verification through structural equation modeling indicates that the data offer substantial supports, such that China`s country image represents the predominant influence on product evaluations and people, evolution, and politic image showed positive effects. Also, China`s country image has a positive influence on the product purchase intentions directly (culture image) and indirectly (people, politics, and evolution image) through the product evaluations. Practical implications of findings will be discussed and suggested as follows. First, this study complements the lack of researches on China among the studies regarding country image. Secondly, research results would help us to understand the perception on China`s country image of Korean consumers` and to seek the criteria by which consumers evaluate goods made in China. Finally, this research can help Chinese companies to make market strategies effectively when they entering Korean market by exploring the factors which have strong influences on Korean consumers` purchase behaviors.