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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Family and Environment Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 52, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 52, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 52, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 52, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 52, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 52, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
The Korean Tradition of Taegyo for Supporting Prenatal Development: Focusing on Emotion in Taegyo-Singi
Chung, Soon Hwa ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 52, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2014.52.1.1
The purpose of this study was to analyse the principles and methods of Taegyo-Singi with regard to emotion and to review basic informations on Taegyo programs for promoting prenatal development. Taegyo-Singi was analyzed as follows. First, the contents of Taegyo-Singi were classified into principles and methods of Taegyo. Second, the domains of emotion were categorized into emotional perception, emotional expression, emotional understanding, and emotional regulation based on the classification of Mayer and Salovey, and Moon. Third, the contents of Taegyo-Singi were classified into the four domains of emotion. Finally, the reliability and validity of the classification were obtained through inter-rater agreement and analysis of content validity. The results indicated that first, the principles of Taegyo presuppose parental influence on temperament formation, and that the emotional states of the mother in the prenatal and prepregnancy period is the most influential variable in a child`s temperament formation. Second, the methods of Taegyo presuppose that the human mind interacts with their behavior. Therefore, through emotional support of family members, `jon-sim (the serene mind)` and `chung-sim (the mind from rectitude)` are the key methods of Taegyo. This means that the Korean tradition of Taegyo focused on the emotional domain of development, especially emotional regulation. This coincides with the emotion-focused temperament theory that individual differences in temperament reflect individual differences in emotion.
The Effect of Perceived Parental Abuse and Neglect and Peer Attachment on School Life Adjustment according to Children`s Gender
Kim, Hye Gum ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 52, issue 1, 2014, Pages 11~19
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2014.52.1.11
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of perceived parental neglect and abuse and peer attachment on school life adjustment according to children`s gender. A total of 2,264 5th graders from the second Korea Child-Adolescent Panel Survey participated. The results were as follows: First, the boys had higher parental neglect and abuse scores than the girls, while the girls had higher peer attachment scores and higher school life adjustment scores than the boys. Second, every sub-element of school life adjustment was significantly negatively correlated with parental neglect and abuse regardless of the children`s gender. Every sub-element of school life adjustment was significantly positively correlated with the `communication` and `trust` sub-elements of peer attachment regardless of the children`s gender. In the case of the boys, the `study activity` and `peer relation` sub-elements of school life adjustment were significantly negatively correlated with the `alienation` sub-element of peer attachment. For the girls, every sub-element of school life adjustment was significantly negatively correlated with the alienation sub-element of peer attachment. Finally, the factors of `parental neglect and abuse`, and the peer attachment sub-elements of `communication`, and `trust` significantly predicted the boys` school life adjustment, while for girls, the significant predictors were `parental neglect and abuse`, `communication`, `trust`, and `alienation`.
The Types of Expression and Meanings of Calligraphy Appearing in Modern Fashion
Yang, Sun Mi ; Kwon, Gi Young ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 52, issue 1, 2014, Pages 21~31
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2014.52.1.21
The purpose of this study was to analyze the types and meanings of calligraphy presented in modern fashion design. Calligraphy refers to beautiful handwriting or fine penmanship in the West, and handwriting with brushstrokes in the East. The expression patterns being used at present can be divided into three categories. Legible calligraphy is focused on readability more than embellishment. Decorative calligraphy places its importance on decoration at the expense of practicality. The third type, harmonious calligraphy, pursues decorativeness and legibility at the same time. Each of these types of calligraphy is expressed in modern fashion with its own purpose: calligraphy for conveying emotional messages, calligraphy as a special brand image, and calligraphy as an expression of formativeness. The first, calligraphy for conveying emotional messages, is used with characters that are familiar to the public. Calligraphy of this type delivers messages confined emotionally to the conscious world, harmonizing calligraphy with words, or expressing readability filled with purity and delight. Second, calligraphy as a special brand image refers to transmitting a distinctive brand image from other companies through employment of a design motive or pattern by expressing the brand logos or names of designers. Third, calligraphy as a expression of formativeness has the function of shaping expressions as motives or patterns, avoiding meanings of words or phrases. It can be represented by the abbreviation or modification of words, or arranging words in different shapes, harmonizing the words with the clothing construction and atmosphere of the other images.
The Internal Meanings of Dolls and Dolls` Images Expressed in Modern Fashion Show
Yoo, Ju Yeon ; Kwon, Gi Young ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 52, issue 1, 2014, Pages 33~42
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2014.52.1.33
The purpose of this study is to analyze the internal meanings of dolls and dolls` images expressed in modern fashion show. Dolls are used as sacred object, decoration object, playing object, personified object or cherished object. The expression types of doll image in modern fashion are as following; substitutes of multi-ego, object of sexual desire, objectified creature, and medium of transcending fantasy. First, dolls image as substitutes of multi-ego had been expressed in magical expression, disgusting mask, transparent mannequin, expressionless, horror, conflict, loss of identity, exaggeration or escapism. Second, as object of sexual desire, dolls image are expressed as naked baby, ambiguous expression, naked body, voluminous body, emphasized specific bodypart, heavy makeup or wax doll of sexy actresses. Third, as objectified creature, dolls are human body in passive form. Human bodies are disassembled and reassembled as dolls. Such dolls reflect serious reality. They wrap up human like product and objectify it. Fourth, dolls image expressed as medium of transcending fantasy recollects youth age or expresses imagination on ambiguous virtual reality. Like this, dolls have value as creatures in various fields of modern fashion. Dolls contribute a lot in creating important inspiration. Dolls also expose internal mentality and represent ego. Externally, dolls express human shape becoming more and more materialized and objectified by advancing scientific technology in digital capitalistic society.
Development and Validation of Korean Academic Burnout Scale for Elementary School Students
Cho, Jooyon ; Kim, Myoung So ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 52, issue 1, 2014, Pages 43~53
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2014.52.1.43
The purpose of this study was to 1) investigate the characteristics of burnout of Korean elementary school students and 2) develop and validate the Korean Academic Burnout Scale-Elementary School Students (KABS-ESS). Fifty-one behavioral descriptions of burnout extracted through a preliminary survey, focus group interview, and literature review were administered to a sample of 531 elementary students of the 4th to 6th grade in Gyeonggi Province. The results of an exploratory factor analysis indicated that the structure of the burnout of Korean elementary school students consists of seven factors (i.e., inefficacy, avoidance, cynicism, emotional exhaustion, physical exhaustion, antipathy and cognitive exhaustion), and this structure of final 28 items was confirmed by the confirmatory factor analysis. The KABS-ESS showed a correlation of .771 with a representative academic burnout scale, Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey, and -.561 with the academic engagement scale, indicating that both convergent and discriminant validities were confirmed. Furthermore, all fit indices of the structural equation model of the Schaufeli and Bakker`s job demands-resources in an academic setting were satisfactory, and the possibility of the validity generalization of the model was supported. The demand variables predicting academic burnout and engagement were academic overload and parental pressure, while self-resilience, self-regulated learning strategies, and parental and the teacher`s support were identified as the resource variables. Lastly, the implications and future direction of the present study were discussed.
A Study on Women`s Jacket Sleeve Patterns of the 1890s and 1900s
Park, So Jin ; Chun, Jongsuk ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 52, issue 1, 2014, Pages 55~62
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2014.52.1.55
The purpose of this study is to identify changes in the sleeve patterns of women`s jackets from the end of the 19th century to the early 20th century. To meet this purpose, we analyzed nine sets of historic sleeve patterns. The experimental sleeve patterns were selected from the English costume source books that provided women`s costume patterns from the 1890s and 1900s. These experimental sleeve patterns were drafted on the basis of the directions given in the source books. The sleeve lengths, widths, and angles of each sleeve pattern were measured. The results of this study showed that the silhouette of the two-piece sleeves of women`s jackets in the 1890s had a tight fit; further, they had a sharper elbow curve than that of 1900s` sleeves. The sleeves of the 1890s` women`s jackets were 6-11 cm shorter or narrower than the sleeves of the 1900s` jackets. The under-sleeve inseam angle of the 1890s` sleeve was greater than that of the 1900s` sleeve. The outseam angle of the upper sleeve was greater than the under-sleeve angle of the 1900s` sleeve pattern. The elbow curve of the women`s jacket sleeve pattern appeared to be a sluggish silhouette. This change happened as the outseam angle of the under sleeve was reduced. This shows that the elbow curve silhouette of the women`s jacket sleeves of the 1890s and 1900s has controlled the change in the under-sleeve outseam angle.
The Effect of Self-Efficacy and Teacher`s Image on Student Teachers` Practicum Anxiety
Cho, Songyon ; Lee, Jeong Hee ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 52, issue 1, 2014, Pages 63~73
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2014.52.1.63
The purpose of this study is to investigate early childhood student teachers` practicum anxiety on the basis of the teacher`s image and self-efficacy during their practicum. The participants of this study were 499 student teachers who were enrolled in the department of early childhood education in a college or a university and had completed the practicum in Daejeon metropolitan city or the Chungcheong area. The instruments for this study were the Teacher`s Image Scale, Practicum Anxiety Scale, Self-efficacy Scale, and a questionnaire for socio-demographic variables. The collected data were analyzed by using a t -test, F test, Pearson`s partial correlation, and multiple regression with SPSS software (version 20.0). The results were as follows: First, the student teachers expressed higher practicum anxiety in a provincial area than in metropolitan city, and their self-efficacy was higher in public kindergarten than in private kindergarten. Further, the highest level of the teacher`s image was obtained in the case of student teachers who enrolled in a 2- or 3-year college program and completed the practicum in the metropolitan city. Second, there was a significant negative correlation between the sum of student teachers` practicum anxiety and their professional skills of teacher`s image as well as significant correlations between the sum of student teachers` practicum anxiety and their self-efficacy, except self-control efficacy. Finally, the student teachers` practicum anxiety was found to be 17.5%-24.4% and was explained the most by the confidence of self-efficacy.
Comparisons of Family Life Culture among Korean Married Families and Korean-Vietnamese Multicultural Families: Focusing on Family Rituals and Values
Ok, Sun Wha ; Chin, Meejung ; Chung, Grace ; Kim, Jiae ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 52, issue 1, 2014, Pages 75~85
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2014.52.1.75
Family life culture embodies the ways of thinking and behaving among family members in everyday lives. With a noticeable growth of multicultural families since 2000, there has been an inflow of other culture into the existing Korean family life culture. This new phenomenon signals a potential transformation of the family life culture in Korean society. To forecast such changes, we compared the family life culture of Korean-Vietnamese multicultural families (as reported by 104 Korean husbands and their Vietnamese wives) with that of mainstream Korean families (as reported by 108 Korean married men and 92 Korean married women) by comparing family ritual practices and family values. We also sought to identify whether two cultures in Korean-Vietnamese multicultural families harmoniously coexist or clash by examining differences within couples. Results showed that Korean married men and Korean husbands of Vietnamese women were very similar in terms of family ritual practices and family values. Differences emerged between Korean husbands and their Vietnamese wives. Specifically, Korean husbands endorsed more traditional gender role beliefs while their family values were less patriarchal compared to their wives. Results suggest that more flexible gender role beliefs reported by Vietnamese wives may be a source of conflict in Korean-Vietnamese multicultural families. At the same time, it may be a driving force of change in their existing family life culture. It will be worthwhile to pay attention in future research to whether and how patriarchal values and flexible gender role beliefs would continue to coexist or modify each other.
A Study on the Working Poor among Korean Echo Boomers
Park, Mee Sok ; Park, Mee Ryeo ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 52, issue 1, 2014, Pages 87~101
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2014.52.1.87
The purpose of this study is to identify the current status of the working poor and the factors that are influential to the working poor among echo boomers. This study is a secondary analysis using the data from the 7th analysis of the 2012 Korea Welfare Panel Survey, conducted by Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs. This analysis considered Korean echo boomers born between 1979 and 1985. In our final analysis, we used 1,226 echo boomers who had the ability to work. For the analysis, the SAS/PC statistical program ver. 9.3 was utilized. The research findings are as follows; Firstly, of the working poor among the echo boomers, only 22% were in the state of poverty. Secondly, more echo boomers living in a metropolitan city, city, gun/urban-rural area and district than those in the Seoul were categorized as among the working poor; the same was true for those who lived in a free house than in a leased room or a room that was rented by the month. Thirdly, more echo boomers whose education level was high school graduate or less rather than college graduate or less or university graduate or more were categorized as among the working poor; this was also true for echo boomers whose employment type was temporary employment, self-employment, or unemployment rather than a full-time job.