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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Family and Environment Research
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 52, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 52, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 52, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 52, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 52, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 52, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
The Elderly`s Self-Esteem and View of the Afterlife: Mediating Effects of Positive Satisfaction and the Level of Death Preparation
Ha, Choonkwang ; Kim, Hyosoon ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2014, Pages 325~336
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2014.028
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between self-esteem and the view of the afterlife of the elderly by focusing on mediating effects of positive satisfaction and death preparation. Therefore, this study emphasizes the importance of the rest of life and contributes as exploratory research toward strengthening the psychological and emotional well-being of the elderly. After using a structural equation model, we found that self-esteem influenced their view of the afterlife through mediating effects such as positive satisfaction and the level of death preparation. The results of this study will present not only in recovering from death anxiety through an understanding of the level of death preparation and, the view of the afterlife but also in the development of practical intervention materials, which can be useful in social work for the elderly. The elderly`s view of the afterlife should be strengthened according to the educational programs on death preparation that deal with the existence of the afterlife and life after death. However, this study has the limitation that only people living in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province and not in the other areas of the country were considered in this research. Nevertheless, within its limitation, this study`s findings are promising, as they contribute to our understanding of the view of life and death of the elderly; further, the study has academic meaning with respect to helping the elderly successfully carry out their life development tasks and significantly prepare for the rest of their life.
The Influence of Family-of-Origin Functioning on Fear-of-Intimacy: The Mediating Effect of Adult Attachment
Kim, Byung Su ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2014, Pages 337~345
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2014.029
The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effect of the adult attachment in the relationship between the family of origin functioning and fear of intimacy. Data were collected through a questionnaire from 557 university students in the Jeollabuk-do of South Korea. The collected data were analyzed by basic descriptive statistics, Pearson`s correlations and multiple regression analysis. Baron and Kenny`s method was used and examined, and the Sobel test was performed to determine the mediating model`s significance. It was adapted to SPSS ver. 18.0 for Windows. The major findings were as follows: first, the functioning of family-of-origin was negatively related to the fear of intimacy. In addition, younger students and students with less past dating experience were more likely to fear of intimacy. Second, fear of intimacy was influenced by the family-of-origin through the intermediate effect of attachment avoidance and attachment anxiety. Attachment avoidance and attachment anxiety had partial mediating effects on the relationship between family-of-origin functioning and the fear of intimacy. That is, family-of-origin functioning was shown to have not only a direct effect, but also an indirect effect through attachment avoidance and attachment anxiety, on the fear of intimacy. The results of this study suggest that the importance of family-of-origin functioning in order to improve Korean college students` intimacy abilities.
Using Traditional Costumes in the Design of Game Character Clothing for `Heungbu and Nolbu 1` Series of On-line Game Tales Runner
Cho, Du Na ; Kim, Eun Jung ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2014, Pages 347~354
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2014.030
`Heongbu and Nolbu 1` is a series of the on-line game `Tales Runner.` It is based on a traditional Korean fairy tale. However, the game characters in Heongbu and Nolbu 1 wear casual clothes even though the game is set in the Joseon Dynasty. Therefore, this paper presents proposed game characters clothes based on traditional Korean costumes from the Joseon Dynasty. This work should help inspire gamers and game designers with the beauty of Korean traditional costumes and familiarize them with an aspect of Korean people`s identity. A literature review of online games and game characters was carried out, and game characters` clothes were analyzed. The design motifs of historical relics of the Joseon era were evaluated. Three styles, one traditional and two "fusion" styles integrating traditional and modern elements were proposed for each of the 4 characters: Chowon, Ruff, Bada and Abell. The chulrik and jurip were used as design motifs for Chowon. A traditional chulrik, short chulriks and pants are suggested. Second, the dongari and jeonrip were used as design motifs for Ruff. A traditional dongdari, sapok pants, deck pants and a vest are suggested. Third, the jeogori and chima were used as design motifs for Bada. A traditional female hanbok, arm warmers, short-sleeved jeogori and dress are suggested. Fourth, the dang-ui and daeran-chima were used as design motifs for Abell. A traditional dang-ui and daeran-chima, blouse, skirt, jumper and tight Bermuda shorts are suggested. The length, shape and color were converted into new styles, but some traditional elements such as the git and goreum were retained.
Contextual Factors in Conflicts in Multicultural Mother and Daughter In-law Relationships: A Qualitative Approach with Dyadic In-depth Interviews
Kang, Hyekyung ; Auh, Seongyeon ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2014, Pages 355~369
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2014.031
The in-law relationship traditionally plays a major role in Korean marriages and families because parents-in-law prefer to stay with their son under the same roof. The recent spike in the number of intercultural matches in South Korea may be provoking changes in the traditional family experience. The object of this qualitative study was to explore the contextual factors causing conflicts between mothers-in-law and their daughters-in-law in multicultural families. Six mother and daughter in-law dyads from rural areas of South Korea were recruited and interviewed. We found that the mothers-in-law and daughters-in-law had had different motives for the marriage at first. Five major themes emerged from the analysis of the dyadic interviews: the conflicts of the participants were embedded in the alternative family formation, in financial strains and the power structure, barriers in communication, cultural insensitivity and conflicts between value systems, as well as in role conflicts due to differing role expectations and hegemony. In conclusion, the authors of this study suggest that increasing cultural sensitivity and communication skills in immigrant daughter-in-law an Korean mother-in-law relationships will be crucial for a healthy in-law relationship. The need for the availability of Multicultural Family Centers` services in the community was highlighted. In order for mothers-in-law and daughters-in-law to form positive relationships, it is important to facilitate a variety of easily accessible educational programs in the community focusing on fostering the mother-in-law`s understanding of the daughter-in-law`s perspective.
The Effects of Individual, Family, and Peer Factors on the Internalizing and Externalizing Problem Behavior of Adolescents
Kim, Youn Hwa ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2014, Pages 371~382
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2014.032
This study investigated the relationships among individual factors, family factors, peer relationships and the internalizing and externalizing behaviors of adolescents. The data were obtained from a sample of 417 7th and 8th grade students. These data were collected with questionnaires and analyzed by using a t-test, Pearson`s correlation, and a multiple regression analysis with SPSS ver. 18.0. The results can be summarized as follows. There is a significant difference in an adolescent`s self-control, their father`s rejective rearing, peer pressure, and the peer relationship between boys and girls. The results showed that boys had higher self-esteem and father`s rejective rearing than girls. On the other hand, girls had higher peer pressure and more intimate peer relationships than boys. The results revealed that the 7th grade students had higher self-esteem and mother`s warmth rearing than the 8th graders. Furthermore, the 8th grade students showed higher shame, mother`s rejective rearing, marital conflict, internalizing behavior, and externalizing behavior than the 7th graders. The internalizing behavior in boys was influenced by shame, marital conflict, and peer pressure. In the case of girls, the internalizing behavior was affected by shame, mother`s warmth rearing, and peer pressure. The externalizing behavior in boys was influenced by self-control and shame. In the case of girls, the externalizing behavior was affected by self-control, shame, marital conflict, and peer pressure. Adolescents who exhibited higher levels of shame than others and higher peer pressure showed internalizing problem behaviors. Adolescents who had less self-control and more shame, experienced more externalizing behavior problems.
The Study of Expression Types and Aesthetic Meanings of Domestic Fashion Photographs Adopting Parody Storytelling
Kwon, Gi Young ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2014, Pages 383~394
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2014.033
The purpose of this study is to analyze the expression types and aesthetic meanings of fashion photographs adopting parody storytelling. The expressions of parody storytelling in advertising into the following five 5 types: parody of literature, movies, TV programs, art, and social issues. Therefore, in this study, we analyzed fashion photographs adopting parody storytelling from literature, movies, TV programs, art, and social issues, in fashion magazines. The meanings of fashion photographs adopting parody storytelling are as follows: First, the photographs adopting parody storytelling create new meanings with respect to a changeable narrative by transforming the original. Second, the humor of deviation comes from fun and interest generated the play of intent transformation and reconstruction of the original. Third, the photographs adopting parody storytelling of social issues suggest current messages. There is a growing tendency toward the value and the meanings of storytelling, and the various contents that have become the motive of the parody have important meanings. In particular, the analysis of expression methods and meanings of storytelling will contribute to raising the brand image through an effective fashion photographs project strategy. A story can be used as a source of inspiration and can contribute various ideas for a fashion photo-shoot and for fashion marketing.
The Effects of Children`s Self-Esteem on Their School Adjustment: Focusing on the Mediation of Peer Attachment
Kwon, Hye Jin ; Sung, Mi Young ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2014, Pages 395~403
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2014.034
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of children`s self-esteem on their school adjustment, focusing on the mediation of peer attachment. A total of 2,200 3rd grade children from the third Korea Child-Adolescent Panel Survey participated in this study. The instruments used in this study were the Self-esteem Scale, Peer Attachment Scale, and School Adjustment Scale. The collected data were analyzed by using a Student`s t -test, Pearson`s partial correlation, simple regression, and hierarchical multiple regression with SPSS ver. 16.0 software. The main results of this study are as follows: first, the boys had higher self-esteem, peer attachment, and school adjustment scores than the girls. Second, there was a significant positive correlation between children`s self-esteem and peer attachment as well as a significant positive correlation between children`s self-esteem and school adjustment. Further, there was a significant positive correlation between children`s peer attachment and school adjustment. Finally, children`s self-esteem exerted positive effects on their peer attachment, and children`s peer attachment had a positive influence on their school adjustment. The effect of children`s self-esteem on their school adjustment was partially mediated by their peer attachment. These findings provide preliminary evidence that the relationships between children`s self-esteem and school adjustment may be mediated by their peer attachment.
The Effect of Organizational Culture and Job Satisfaction on Childcare Teachers` Intention to Change Jobs
Choi, Hyeyeong ; Cho, Songyon ; Kwon, Yeonhee ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2014, Pages 405~414
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2014.035
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influences of organizational culture and childcare teachers` job satisfaction on their intention to change jobs. The participants of this study were 290 childcare teachers from the Busan and Gyeongnam areas. The instruments used in this study were the Organizational Culture Scale (4 factors with 16 items), Childcare Teacher`s Job Satisfaction Scale (6 factors with 40 items), and Childcare Teacher`s Intention to Change Jobs Scale (1 factor with 7 items). The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, one-way analysis of variance, Pearson`s product moment correlation, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS ver. 21.0 software. The results were as follows: First, the higher childcare teachers` intention to change jobs, the lower was their monthly income, age, and career level, and the total number of children that they had to serve. Second, there were significant positive correlations between childcare teachers` intention to change jobs and their innovative, collective, and rational organizational culture. Further, there were significant negative correlations between childcare teachers` intention to change jobs and hierarchical organizational culture. and between childcare teachers` intention to change jobs and their job satisfaction. Finally, childcare teachers` intention to change jobs was found to be 46% about job satisfaction and organizational culture and was explained the most by the director`s childcare center management. This study primarily suggests that a director`s role is important in the lowering of childcare teacher`s intention to change jobs.
The Effect of Expenditure on Private Education and Stress Caused by Private Education on Parental Efficacy of Mothers of Junior and Senior High School Students
Park, Juhee ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2014, Pages 415~427
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2014.036
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of expenditure on private education and stress caused by private education on the parental efficacy of mothers of junior and senior high school students. The subjects were 300 mothers of students who were enrolled in the junior and senior high school in Seoul and its suburbs. The results were as follows: First, the level of stress from private education was found to be higher than the degree of parental efficacy. Second, a hierarchical regression analysis was performed by using expenditure on private education and stress caused by private education as independent variables and the socio-demographic characteristics of mothers as control variables in order to identify their effect on the parental efficacy of mothers of junior and senior high school students. The results show that stress from private education and monthly income were significantly related to parental efficacy. That is, the lower the level of stress from private education and the higher the monthly income, the higher was the degree of parental efficacy. These findings suggest that expenditure on private education seems to be determined by the household income level; thus, income may affect psychological stress and parental efficacy of mothers with respect to the process of providing private education.
A Study on Consumer Complaint Behavior Caused by Dissatisfaction with the Service of Smartphone Applications: The Moderating Effect of a Complaint Handling Process and Consumer`s Attribution
Bae, Yoon Shin ; Lee, Seung Sin ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2014, Pages 429~441
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2014.037
The use of smartphones has grown rapidly over a short period of time, particularly for commuting news search, smart banking, and social networking services, and has had a significant impact on the pattern of contemporary life. Further, a wide range of applications are downloaded on to smartphones. This has also led a considerable number of complaints regarding these applications. In this study, we focus on the levels of dissatisfaction that users experience with smartphone applications and their effects on consumer complaint behavior along with the moderating effects of the complaint handling process and attribution. The aim of this study is to verify whether the following hypothesis--2 (low/high dissatisfaction level of smartphone applications)
(poor/excellent complaint handling process)
(internal/external consumer attribution)--is in accordance with the betweengroup design to build a factorial design experiment. The results of this study are as follows. First, the consumer`s tendency to complain significantly influenced their dissatisfaction level. Second, consumer complaint behavior is modulated by the complaint handling process. Third, the external-attribution tendency of consumers was found to lead to more dissatisfaction than the tendency for internal attribution.