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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Family and Environment Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 53, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 53, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 53, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 53, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 53, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 53, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
A Study on Variables Associated with Female Nurses` Mothering Stresses
Park, Hyung Kyung ; Moon, Hyuk Jun ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 53, issue 6, 2015, Pages 595~604
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2015.047
This study analyzes child variables (child`s temperament and child`s depression) and parent variables (spouse support, social support, and job satisfaction) associated with married nurse parenting stress and provides data that can assist institutional support mechanisms. The research targeted 232 nurses at five general hospitals in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, Jeolla-do, Chungcheong-do with elementary children. Data were analyzed using t-test, Pearson correlation analysis, and hierarchical regression analysis. The results of the study were as follows. First, there were significant correlations in parenting age, child number and parenting stress for mothers. Second, married nurses with high sociality of temperament, low sensitivity of temperament, and high activity of temperament child as well as married nurses with spouse support, social support, job satisfaction saw a reduction in high levels of parenting stress. Third, the results of this study showed that child depression, sensitivity of temperament, spouse support, and job satisfaction were factors to understand married nurses parenting stress. Child depression was an important factor to understand married nurses parenting stress. The results indicated variables affecting parenting stress of married nurses and suggested directions for the social welfare system.
Leadership Educational Program Development and Implementation for Multicultural Family Support Center and Healthy Family Support Center Employees
Kim, Kyoung A ; Kang, Bog Chong ; Lee, Min Shin ; Jin, Bo Ra ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 53, issue 6, 2015, Pages 605~617
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2015.048
This study verifies the effectiveness of developing and implementing a leadership educational program specifically customized to improve of leadership competencies among members of multicultural family support centers and healthy family support centers. This program refers to Triangle Leadership that consists of three categories: finding individual strengths and self-esteem to enhance self-leadership, constructing a vision and roadmap to develop transformational leadership, and stress and teamwork management for competent servant leadership. In order to improve its completeness, focus group interview was adopted for 10 employees in the center and supervised by two professionals. The program was also conducted twice for 142 members of multicultural family support centers and healthy family support centers across the Korea. The result of implementation (with regard to the satisfaction level for the contents of the program) showed that both first and second rounds had improvement in all three categories compared to what was expected before taking the education program. The level of satisfaction for instructor and program operation was more enhanced (as well for the second time) compared to the first round. The evidence of program effectiveness indicates that there is a high anticipation for another approach that suits for the circumstances and requirement of centers and facilitator training.
Retailing Attribute Evaluation and Satisfaction of New Silver Consumers: Focus on Department Stores and Traditional Markets
Kim, Soo Min ; Lee, Seung Sin ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 53, issue 6, 2015, Pages 619~628
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2015.049
Baby boomers who have rebuilt the Korean economy over the last half a century are now transitioning into a silver generation who are over 65 years of age. New silver consumers are qualitatively and quantitatively different from the previous generation and are considered to be `the single most consumption-leading generation.` The number of new silver consumers using department stores and traditional markets has increased. SPSS ver. 21.0 was used with the methods of frequency analysis, t-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), device master record test, and regression analysis. This research studies consumer satisfaction of new silver consumers on department stores and traditional markets among retailing. The improvement of the parking environment is the most urgent issue for traditional markets because the long-term assessments of parking areas indicate that it is necessary to provide improved convenience for consumers. Salesman satisfaction has improved and consumer satisfaction ranks salesman satisfaction high for traditional markets; however, price satisfaction is low and the distribution system should be improved to supply products at a lower price. Salesman and price satisfaction should be improved at depart stores. Traditional markets should also promote consumer satisfaction through consistent management to make consumers trust information in regards to quality control and production and distribution; in addition, department stores should increase consumer satisfaction by maintaining store systems such as product diversification and display, cleanness, and atmosphere.
Effect of Interparental Conflict on Overt Aggression in Upper Elementary School Students: The Mediating Role of Parent-Child Conflict
Wee, Hyo Jin ; Park, Ju Hee ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 53, issue 6, 2015, Pages 629~640
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2015.050
This study examined the effect of interparental conflict and parent-child conflict on overt aggression in upper elementary school students and investigates if children`s father-child conflict or mother-child conflict mediated the effect of interparental conflict on overt aggression. The participants of this study were 532 of fifth to sixth graders from three elementary schools located in Seoul and Gyeong-gi province. Participants were asked to respond to a written questionnaire to measure research variables of the Peer Conflict Scale, the Conflict Tactics Scales, and the Conflict Behavior Questionnaire. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and hierarchical multiple regression. Mediating effects were examined using analysis procedures of Baron and Kenny. The major findings were as follows: first, the level of interparental conflict and parent-child conflict of both mothers and fathers in upper elementary school students increased the level of overt aggression. Second, parent-child conflict of both mothers and fathers in upper elementary school students partially mediated the relation between interparental conflict and overt aggression. Higher levels of interparental conflict resulted in higher levels of parent-child conflict, and the subsequently higher frequency of overt aggression in upper elementary school students.
Gender Differences in Problematic Online Behavior of Adolescent Users over Time
Kim, Jung Eun ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 53, issue 6, 2015, Pages 641~654
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2015.051
This study identifies and tracks changes gender differences in adolescent users` problematic online behavior. This study used Korea Youth Panel Survey (KYPS), which has tracked respondents over 7 years, with self-control theory and social learning theory applied as a theoretical framework. The model included individual-level variables such as self-control and respondent`s experience of problematic behavior (offline), as well as socialization variables such as the number close friends who engaged in problematic offline behavior, parent-child relationships, and parental monitoring. Dependent variables included problematic online behavior, unauthorized ID use (ID theft) and cyberbullying (cursing/insulting someone in a chat room or on a bulletin board). Control variables consisted of academic performance, time spent on a computer, monthly household income, and father`s educational attainment. Random and fixed effects models were performed by gender. Results supported self-control theory even for the within-level analysis (fixed effects models) regardless of gender, while social learning theory was partially supported. Only peer effects were found significant (except for unauthorized ID use) among girls. Year dummy variables showed significant negative associations; however, academic performance and time spent using computers were significant in some models. Father`s educational attainment and monthly household income were found insignificant, even in the random effects models. We also discuss implications and suggestions for future research and policy makers.
Differences in Diet-Related Attitudes and Demographics by Type of Food-Lifestyle: Focused on Adults in Their 20s and 30s
Park, Kwang Hee ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 53, issue 6, 2015, Pages 655~665
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2015.052
This study classified respondents by food-lifestyle and investigated differences in diet-related attitudes and demographic variables among food-lifestyle groups. Diet-related attitudes consisted of variables such as interest in diet, trial number of diet, diet period, weight loss, diet motivation, verification of products approved by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, verification of manufacturer`s reliability, examination of damage cases and side effects, and awareness of consumer protection law. This study administered a questionnaire survey to adults between the ages of 20 and 39 who lived in Daegu and Uijeongbu from November 17th to December 14th 2014. Data collected from 293 respondents were analyzed using descriptive statistics, factor analyses, cluster analysis, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and chi-square tests. Four clusters (passive eating habit group, active eating habit group, convenience oriented group, and taste and health oriented group) were developed according to four factors of food-lifestyle (health-conscious, popularity-seeking, taste-seeking, convenience-seeking). The results of the ANOVA and chi-square tests indicated significant differences in interest in diet, awareness of consumer protection law, verification of products approved by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, verification of manufacturer`s reliability, examination of damage cases and side effects, gender, education levels and household monthly income levels among food-lifestyle groups.
Moderating Effects of Friendship on the Association between Withdrawal Loneliness and Social Anxiety
Shin, Yoolim ;
Family and Environment Research, volume 53, issue 6, 2015, Pages 667~675
DOI : 10.6115/fer.2015.053
This study investigated the moderating effects of the number of friends and quality of friendship on the associations between withdrawal and loneliness as well as withdrawal and social anxiety. The subjects were 678 of fifth and sixth grade primary school children recruited from a public school in Bucheon city. A peer nomination inventory was used to assess withdrawal. Children were given a classroom roster and asked to nominate three classmates who fit each description. Children reported the quality of their friendships using the Friendship Quality Scale. Each child was asked to indicate his or her one best friend and rate how accurately a sentence describe done of their best friends on the scale. In addition, children completed questionnaires to assess the loneliness and social anxiety. The results revealed that the association between withdrawal and loneliness was not significant for children who had the large number of friends and high quality friendship. The association between withdrawal and social anxiety was stronger for the children who had the lower levels of friendship quality. However, there was no moderating effect of the number of friends on the association between withdrawal and social anxiety. These results imply that the large number of friends and high quality friendships could be protective factors for children who are withdrawn.