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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 1996
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 1996
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 1996
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
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Prediction of Volumes and Estimation of Real-time Origin-Destination Parameters on Urban Freeways via The Kalman Filtering Approach
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 14, issue 3, 1996, Pages 7~26
The estimation of real-time Origin-Destination(O-D) parameters, which gives travel demand between combinations of origin and destination points on a urban freeway network, from on-line surveillance traffic data is essential in developing an efficient ATMS strategy. On this need a real-time O-D parameter estimation model is formulated as a parameter adaptive filtering model based on the extended Kalman Filter. A Monte Carlo test have shown that the estimation of time-varying O-D parameter is possible using only traffic counts. Tests with field data produced the interesting finding that off-ramp volume predictions generated using a constant freeway O-D matrix was replaced by real-time estimates generated using the parameter adaptive filter.
A User Equilibrium Transit Assignment Model with Vehicle Capacity Constraint
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 14, issue 3, 1996, Pages 27~44
The purpose of the thesis is providing a new formulation for the transit assignment problem. The existing models dealing with the transit assignment problem don't consider the congestion effects due to the insufficient capacity of transit vehicles. Besides, these models don't provide solutions satisfying the Wardrop's user equilibrium conditions. The congestion effects are considered to be concentrated at the transit stops. For the transit lines, the waiting times at the transit stops are dependent on the passenger flows. The new model suggests the route section cost function analogous to the link performance function of the auto assignment to reflect the congestion effects in congested transit network. With the asymmetric cost function, the variational inequality programming is used to obtain the solutions satisfying Wardrop's condition. The diagonalization algorithm is introduced to solve this model. Finally, the results are compared with those of EMME/2.
An Integration of Searching Area Extraction Scheme and Bi-directional Link Searching Algorithm for the Urban ATIS Application
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 14, issue 3, 1996, Pages 45~59
The shortest path algorithm for route guidance is implicitly required not only to support geometrical variations of transportation network such as U-TURN or P-TURN but to efficiency search reasonable routes in searching mechanism. The purpose of this paper is to integrate such two requirements ; that is, to allow U-TURN and P-TURN possibilities and to cut down searching time in locating routes between two points (origin and destination) in networks. We also propose a new type of link searching algorithm which can solve the limitation of vine building algorithm at consecutively left-turn prohibited intersections. The test site is a block of Gangnam road network that has some left-turn prohibited and allowed U-TURN intersections. Four models have been identified to be comparatively analyzed in terms of searching efficiency. The Models are as follows : (i) Model 1 - Link Searching Dijkstra Algorithm without Searching Area Extraction (SAE) ; (ii) Model 2 - Link Searching Dijkstra Algorithm with SAE ; (iii) Model 3 - Link Searching Bidirectional Dijkstra Algorithm without SAE ; and (iv) Model 4 - Link Searching Bidirectional Dijkstra Algorithm with SAE. The results of comparative evaluation show that Model 4 can effectively find optimum path faster than any other models as expected. Some discussions and future research agenda have been presented in the light of dynamic route guidance application of the urban ATIS.
Passenger Car Equivalents of Various Vehicle Types on Expressway Work Zones
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 14, issue 3, 1996, Pages 61~73
The objective of this paper is to estimate the PCE(Passenger Car Equivalents) of various vehicle types on expressway work zones. Headway samples of 5,359 vehicles were collected in 6 work zones in the Kyungbu Expressway between September and November of 1995. Average headways of 8 vehicle types based on the vehicle classification method of the Department of Construction and Transportation were calculated. A statistical test of effects of the types of the preceding vehicles were performed for the average headways between a vehicle type preceded by other vehicle types. The results show that the effects of the type of preceding vehicles are significant (exceeded 5% and 10% significance levels) and the PCEs of heavy vehicles on expressway work zones are higher than that of basic expressway section. Therefore, different adjustment factors should be applied for heavy vehicles in estimating saturation flow rates of expressway work zones. The study also derives an equation to determine PCEs of these vehicle types.
Guideline of Acceleration Length by Level of Service for Two Lane Entrance Ramp
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 14, issue 3, 1996, Pages 75~90
The objective of study is to examine relationship between traffic flow characteristics of two lane entrance terminal and acceleration length, and to suggest the acceleration length by level of service. The relationship between the speed ratio and the distance from the ramp appeared to be a quadratic concave from. In the case of two lane entrance ramp, the acceleration length is suggested as 1.4~2.0 times longer than the acceleration length of one lane entrance ramp. It is also recommended that acceleration length for two lane entrance ramp should be designed according to the level of service at the right most lane (level of service A : 1.4 B : 1.6 C : 1.8 D : 2.0 times of the one lane entrance ramp acceleration length) on freeway.
A Comparative Evaluation of Confidence of Vehicle-Dectetor Informations for Real-Time Traffic Signal Control.
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 14, issue 3, 1996, Pages 91~125
The purpose of this paper is comparatively to evaluate the confidence of Vehicle-Detector informations for various detectors in order to test to be possible the application of these to real time traffic signal control. The detectors which are tested for this study are Circle-Shaped Loop, Ultrasonic, Microwave and Image detector. The tested items for each detectors are traffic volume, degree of saturation for through and left turn movement, speed and queue length, etc. These items for each are tested at the field according to several situations, such as dry day, raining day, night and daytime. The result of these tests are performed comparative analysis and statistical examination in order to increase the confidence of the experiments.
Fuzzy Adaptive Traffic Signal Control of Urban Traffic Network
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 14, issue 3, 1996, Pages 127~141
This paper presents a unique approach to urban traffic network signal control. This paper begins with an introduction to traffic control in general, and then goes on to describe the approach of fuzzy control, where the signal timing parameters at a given intersection are adjusted as functions of the local traffic network condition and adjacent intersection. The signal timing parameters evolve dynamically using only local information to improve traffic signal flow. The signal timing at an intersection is defined by three parameters : cycle time, phase split, off set. Fuzzy decision rules are used to adjust three parameters based only on local information. The amount of change in the timing parameters during each cycle is limited to a small fraction of the current parameters to ensure smooth transition. In this paper the effectiveness of this method is showed through simulation of the traffic signal flow in a network of controlled intersection.
In-site Evaluation of Chevron Alignment Sign
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 14, issue 3, 1996, Pages 143~154
Since chevron alignment sign provides a user with information of road's alignment, it plays an important role in improving the safety aspects of the highway. Currently, it is installed without reasonable design specifications and maintained under insufficient labor and working time. This study, therefore, reviewed the current specifications involving design, installation, shape, and color and several alternatives were generated. The readibility and visibility were chosen as measure of effectiveness to compass these alternatives. Furthermore, spacing of sign was evaluated. The field study resulted that yellow background with black sign was more realible and visible than the other alternatives.
Design Guideline for Successive Entrance Ramp Spacing
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 14, issue 3, 1996, Pages 155~172
This study is to analyze speed variation at merging section of successive entrance ramp and to suggest design criterion of ramp spacing at successive entrance ramp in urban area. The major findings are as follows ; (1) The relationship between the speed at merging section of successive entrance ramp and the distance from the merging point represents concave curve. (2) The 85 percentile speed(S) at outside lane (lane 1) is modeled S = 49.5 + 355.7(D/Q) - 0.94(D2/Q) + 6.78(D/AL2) where, D = Distance from merging point(m), Q = Lane 1 volume(vph) AL2 = Acceleration length at second entrance ramp(m) (3) The more traffic volume and the shorter acceleration length of the second entrance ramp, longer ramp terminal spacing is needed.
A Study on the Implementation of ATIS using the Paging Network
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 14, issue 3, 1996, Pages 173~190