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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Dec 1999
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Oct 1999
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Aug 1999
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
An Approach for Estimating Traffic-Zonal Origin-Destination Matrices(O-D) from Toll Collection System's Ones
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 1, 1999, Pages 7~17
The expressway network includes a total of about 1,899 km in our country The only 1,016 km of that is being managed by the closed Toll Collection System(TCS) which is composed of 74 tollgates. We obtain inter-tollgate O-D matrices from that system everyday. But, they are not traffic-zonal O-D matrices. So they have not been used for the expressway traffic analysis and the traffic demand estimation despite of their accuracy. If we could estimate the traffic-zonal O-D matrices from TCS O-D ones, we could perform expressway traffic analysis more efficiently. Moreover we could obtain more precise expressway O-D matrices and traffic-zonal O/D ones by this approach than by the conventional ones. In this paper. we proposed the model estimating traffic-zonal O/D matrices from TCS O-D ones. The assigned volumes with the estimated traffic-zonal O-D matrices produced the only 17.9% error all over the TCS expressway section when compared to the real traffic volumes. So, the proposed model enables for us to estimate more accurate O/D matrics than any other existing methods.
Suggestion of Design Criteria in Merge Areas of Climbing Lanes
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 1, 1999, Pages 19~28
This study deals with developing Critical GaP Model and Merge Probability Model which describe traffic patterns in the microscopic view, for the Purpose of suggesting a proper design criteria within the climbing lane section. Minimum tolerance speeds at the end of the climbing lane are calculated 60km/hr for 2-lane freeway, and 75km/hr for 4-lane freeway. In case of 2-lane freeway, the result is same as existing design criteria. and a new value is 15km/hr higher than existing design criteria for 4-lane freeway. In addition, auxiliary length at the end of the climbing lane is needed about 200m for 4-lane freeway to adjust high minimum tolerance speed. Therefore we propose to increase minimum tolerance speed for 4-lane freeway.
The Effect of Rain on Traffic Flows in Urban Freeway Basic Segments
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 1, 1999, Pages 29~39
An earlier study of the effect of rain found that the capacity of freeway systems was reduced, but did not address the effects of rain on the nature of traffic flows. Indeed, the substantial variation due to the intensity of adverse weather conditions is entirely rational so that its effects must be considered in freeway facility design. However, all of the data in Highway Capacity Manual(HCM) have come from ideal conditions. The primary objective of this study is to investigate the effect of rain on urban freeway traffic flows in Seoul. To do so, the relations between three key traffic variables(flow rates, speed, occupancy), their threshold values between congested and uncontested traffic flow regimes, and speed distribution were investigated. The traffic data from Olympic Expressway in Seoul were obtained from Imagine Detection System (Autoscope) with 30 seconds and 1 minute time periods. The slope of the regression line relating flow to occupancy in the uncongested regime decreases when it is raining. In essence, this result indicates that the average service flow rate (it may be interpreted as a capacity of freeway) is reduced as weather conditions deteriorate. The reduction is in the range between 10 and 20%, which agrees with the range proposed by 1994 US HCM. It is noteworthy that the service flow rates of inner lanes are relatively higher than those of other lanes. The average speed is also reduced in rainy day, but the flow-speed relationship and the threshold values of speed and occupancy (these are called critical speed and critical occupancy) are not very sensitive to the weather conditions.
The Effect of Road Investment on Logistics Cost in Manufacturing Industry -Investigation of the Investment Effects Using Stated Preference-
Chung, Il-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 1, 1999, Pages 41~52
Recently, much literature has surveyed the economic effects of transportation investment, focusing on the relationship between transportation infrastructure investment and economic development. Although the conventional views assume that transportation investment stimulates economic growth, the results of recent studies are not conclusive and in some cases reject the conventional views. The contradictory results are linked with double counting Problem and Keynesian/Neo-classical economics theory. This article investigates the economic effects of road transportation with regard to freight transport using Stated Preference technique. This study examines, in particular, the value of time saving for freight which has been rarely studied in this area. In the first part, the value of time saving, excluding the value for driver and operating cost, is theoretically investigated through the model of continuous review system and periodic review system. At last, the empirical study using the Seated Preference technique shows the value of time saving for freight and the value of reliability, compared with other studies and the value of those in COBA. The result makes us conclude that road investment produces the secondary effects as well as the direct benefit such as time saving for passengers, operating cost saving. and accident cost reduction. The secondary effect includes the contribution to economic development.
A study on improving the organizational structure of traffic safety facilities operation using a delphi technique
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 1, 1999, Pages 53~65
This paper attempts to find an improved organizational structure for operating the traffic safety facilities. Currently, police is in charge of the facilities while the local government is in charge of its budget. By doing so, many inefficiencies and problems occur in these things. A delphi technique is used to survey these inefficiencies. Problems, and improved role and organization by three expert groups in local government, police and university The survey results are analyzed by each expert group as well as by the total group. The multidimensional scaling technique is also used. The most preferable answer is to newly establish a traffic experts' agency under the local government. The second preferable answer is to set the current traffic police under the control of the local government.
Design Guideline for Spacing between Tunnel and Interchange
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 1, 1999, Pages 67~74
Where an interchange is located just after a tunnel not only it is impossible to install the traffic signs in tunnel sections but also sufficient sight distance to identify the interchange can't be provided. The objective of this study is to suggest the safety based spacing between tunnel and interchange. For this study accident rate was used as an index representing characteristics for vehicle operation to suggest the appropriate spacing. Traffic volume and the number of accidents on freeway from 1992 to 1997 were analyzed. The relationship between accident rate and spacing represents negative logarithm function such that shorter spacing increases accident rate. An appropriate safety based spacing between tunnel and interchange for four lane freeway with the design speed of 100kph was found as 2.6km.
Estimation of Risk and Optimal Route to Transport Hazardous Materials -Application to Metropolitan Area-
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 1, 1999, Pages 75~89
Vehicle accident involving hazardous material brings about enormous loss of lives and Properties besides life injury, property damage, and traffic delay. It is necessary for us to determine route for hazardous material prudently and systematically to prevent vehicle accident involving hazardous material and to minimize loss. Therefore, this study presents a model that establishes route for hazardous material considering various standards and purposes for determining vehicle route of hazardous material and improves safety and operation efficiency in transporting hazardous material by means of minimizing risk accompanied with transport of hazardous material and optimizing travel time, travel distance, and cost of transportation. First, this paper presents a model formula that includes variables such as accident numbers, exposed population around link, exposed population on link, and density to represent risk for the use of the standard index of route for hazardous material It can calculate accident rate and Possible
Evaluation of Urban Freeway Traffic Management Strategies Using Variable Message Signs
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 1, 1999, Pages 91~102
The objective of this study is to evaluate traffic management strategies using Variable Message Signs(MCS) on urban freeways. It is well known that real-time information on traffic conditions increases driver's comfort, and reduces the risks of accidents if drivers are aware of the traffic situation in advance, they decide whether to divert from the freeway or continue on the planned route. The experimental data collected on the Olympic highway we have shown the following results : 1. when the information on both the congested freeway and uncontested diversion route is displayed on the variable message sign. an additional 1.7 percent of traffic diverted, which results in a 3.7 percent reduction in total travel time. 2 Compared with one Proposed VMS message of 'reduce the speed', the other Proposed VMS message of 'keep speed 70km/h' is found to be much more effective in reducing mean speed.
New Method for Vehicle Detection Using Hough Transform
Kim, Dae-Hyon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 1, 1999, Pages 105~112
Image Processing Technique has been used as an efficient method to collect traffic information on the road such as vehicle counts, speed, queues, congestion and incidents. Most of the current methods which have been used to detect vehicles by the image processing are based on point processing, dealing with the local gray level of each pixel in the small window. However, these methods have some drawbacks. Firstly, detection is restricted by image quality. Secondly, they can not deal with occlusion and perspective projection problems, In this research, a new method which possibly deals with occlusion and perspective problems will be proposed. It extracts spatial information such as the position, the relationship of vehicles in 3-dimensional space, as well as vehicle detection in the image. The main algorithm used in this research is based on an extension of the Hough Transform. The Hough Transform which is proposed to estimates parameters of vertices and directed edges analytically on the Hough Space, is a valuable method for the 3-dimensional analysis of static scenes, motion detection and the estimation of viewing parameters.
VOT Derivation for Different Trip Purposes, Travel Modes and Testing of Their Significance
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 1, 1999, Pages 113~129
It is widely recognized that the value of travel time (VOT) plays an important role both in choosing the transportation alternatives on an individual level, and in analyzing and evaluating transportation plans and other public policy makings on a collective level. There is, however, a great deal of difficulties to correctly estimate the VOT. In addition, although there are lots of methods to estimate the VOT so for, not many recommendations have been presented to reflect the localities associated with the VOT derivation in Korea. This study aims at deriving the VOT for different trip purposes and travel modes with their significances tested. To accomplish this purposes, a logit-based travel mode choice model based on revealed preference (RP) data has been formulated, calibrated using the discrete choice model of LIMDEP package for various trip purpose models. For each trip purpose and travel mode, the VOT has been calculated along with the significance testing of the derived VOTs. From the results given in this research, the VOTs for different purposes and modes are identified different, and they are statistically significant. The updated results here in this paper may be a yardstick in evaluating the transportation plans and policies by providing more detailed VOT information for different categories, especially in urban context.
Analytical Study of Delay Model of Traffic Signal Progression Evaluation on Arterial
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 1, 1999, Pages 131~139
The quality of progression at signalized intersection has the largest potential effect. TRANSYT-7F is widely used to estimate the signal progression delay, but the progress of collecting and executing the compute program appears to be rather cumbersome. The research is to develop the analytical and progressing platoon delay model that is as simple as the methodology of HCM and familiar with the output of simulation model. The general approach to this research was conducted to examine the Rouphail and NCHRP 339 methodology together with the existing progression delay model (TRANSYT-7F. HCM). The scope is contained to be applicable only to cycles with no overflow queue and to obtain a comprehensive evaluation of the effects of changes in the quality of traffic signal progression on stopped delay and to be analyzed a simple mathematical method. The principle assumption for this model is that secondary flows is dispersed and partly mixed with average flow of the primary progressed flow. A second assumption is that through flow is consisted with the part of saturation flow at the front of it and the part of average flow at the rear of it. The delay equations vary for two arrival. The conclusion of this study could be summarized as 1)The evaluation of this model was consistently similar to that of TRANSYT-7F, 2) Platoon pattern has the real traffic flow characteristics. 3) The computing process of progression delay is made to have simple logic and easy calculation by integration, 4) This model could be estimated to be applied in almost all case.
Using Traffic Prediction Models for Providing Predictive Traveler Information : Reviews & Prospects
Ran, Bin ; Choi, Kee-Choo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 1, 1999, Pages 141~157
This paper first reviews current practices of traveler information providing and provides some perspectives regarding the possible near term milestones in traveler information providing. Then, reviews of four types of prediction models: 1) dynamic traffic assignment (DTA) model; 2) statistical model; 3) simulation model; and 4) heuristic model are described in the sense that various prediction models are needed to support providing predictive traveler information in the near future. Next, the functional requirements and capabilities of the four types of prediction models are discussed and summarized along with some advantages and disadvantages of these models with reference to short-term travel time prediction. Furthermore, a comprehensive prediction procedure, which combines the four types of prediction models, is presented, together with the data requirements for each type of prediction model.
Simulation Models for Container Terminal Planning
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 1, 1999, Pages 159~171
This Paper aims to develop container terminal simulation models for medium and long term decision makings. It first undertakes in-depth survey of literature. finds its shortcomings and suggests some directions for improvement. It then proposes detailed design for the simulation models. Based on this it finally developes several simulation models and applies them to a hypothetical situation of a container terminal development. The results reveal that basic design questions such as length of quay, number of quay crane, size of storage area are well produced through the models.
Building a TDM Impact Analysis System for the Introduction of Short-term Congestion Management Program in Seoul
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 1, 1999, Pages 173~185
The purpose of this study is to develope a forecasting model to implement short-term Congestion Management Program (CMP) based on TDM strategies in Seoul. The CMP is composed of three elements: 1) setting a goal of short-term traffic management. 2) developing a model to forecast the impacts of TDM alternatives, and 3) finding TDM measures to achieve the goal To Predict the impacts of TDM alternatives, a model called SECOMM (SEoul COngestion Management Model) is developed. The model assumes that trip generation and distribution are not changing in a short term, and that only mode split and traffic assignment are affected by TDM. The model includes the parameter values calibrated by a discrete mode choice model, and roadway and transit networks with 1,020 zones. As a TDM measure implement, it affects mode choice behavior first and then the speeds of roadway network. The chanced speed again affects the mode choice behavior and the roadway speeds. These steps continue until the network is equilibrated. The study recommends that CMP be introduced in Seoul, and that road way conditions be monitored regularly to secure the prediction accuracy of SECOMM. Also, TDM should be the major Policy tools in removing short-term congestion problems in a big city.
Analysis of the Mechanism of Automated Speed Enforcement Systems on Traffic Safety
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 1, 1999, Pages 187~196
The increasing interest in the use of Automated Speed Enforcement (ASE) systems in Korea enables to enforce speed violation by National Police Agency. We have analyzed the mechanism of ASE systems on traffic safety throughout Korea. 1 The data collected on a 2km road-section of each 32 ASE stations during one rear period indicate significant safety improvement. The results were (a) a decrease in the total number of accidents of 28%, (b) a decrease in the number of fatalities of 60%. 2. The study also that ASE systems are effective to reduce average speed, speed variance, and short headway. 3. Based on the operational data collected at 15 locations, an aggregate safety prediction model is proposed as a multiple regressions form. The primary operational variables that appear to affect the frequencies of accident are : average speed, speed variance, and the number of vehicles exceeding 30km/h of posted speed limit
Risk Cognition Analysis for Car Accidents
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 1, 1999, Pages 207~222
Key Issues of Honam High Speed Railway Planning
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 1, 1999, Pages 223~233
Analytic Hierarchy Approach for Transport Project Appraisal -An Application to Korea-
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 1, 1999, Pages 237~238